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1-Cyclohexene-1-carboxaldehyde, 2,6,6-trimethyl-


Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51224.Mevy, Bessiere, et al., 200625. m/0.2 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1219.Tayoub, Schwob, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1219.Tayoub, Schwob, et al., 2006, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-51222.Nickavar, Salehi-Sormagi, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillaryDB-11194.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-11196.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-11190.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-11194.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryOV-1011200.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011200.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1600.Buttery, Ling, et al., 198250. C @ 30. min, 1. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1584.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1586.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Petro1196.Pang T., Zhu S., et al., 200750. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryDB-Petro1196.Pang T., Zhu S., et al., 200750. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryRTX-11197.Paolini, Muselli, et al., 200760. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryMega 5MS1223.Condurso, Verzera, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1214.Kukic J., Petrovic S., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-51216.Vundac, Pfeifhofer, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryHP-51224.Xian Q., Chen H., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1226.1Zhao C.X., Li, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryHP-51223.Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-51223.Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 2005, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryZB-51214.Mahattanatawee, Rouseff, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min, 265. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryRTX-11197.Paolini, Costa, et al., 200560. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1220.Pino, Mesa, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-51223.Ceccarini, Macchia, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-51223.Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryZB-51224.Gocmen, Gurbuz, et al., 20040. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 7. K/min, 265. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1218.Grujic-Jovanovic, Skaltsa, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-51220.Javidnia, Miri, et al., 2004He, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-51223.Bader, Caponi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-51223.Campeol, Flamini, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-51223.Campeol, Flamini, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-51223.Dural, Bagci, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-51223.Flamini, Cioni, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-51218.Skaltsa, Demetzos, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1196.Pino and Marbot, 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryHP-5MS1218.Skaltsa, Mavrommati, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-51217.Lazari, Skaltsa, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-51217.Lazari, Skaltsa, et al., 2000, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-51210.Lazari, Skaltsa, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-51219.Gómez, Ledbetter, et al., 1993He, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1222.5Andriamaharavo, 201430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1 min) => 5 C/min => 210C => 10 C/min => 280C (15 min)
CapillaryVF-5MS1217.Carasek and Pawliszyn, 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 200C (2min) => 30C/min => 260C
CapillaryDB-51220.Beaulieu and Grimm, 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C (1min) => 5C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 250C (9min)
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1234.Duckham, Dodson, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 0C => rapidly => 40C(8min) => 4C/min => 250C(10min)
CapillaryHP-11202.Sing, Smadja, et al., 199250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, He; Program: 20C(0.5min) => 60C => 4C/min => 250C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax Etr1603.Aubert and Chanforan, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryRTX-Wax1611.Paolini, Muselli, et al., 200760. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryZB-Wax1606.Ledauphin, Basset, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1590.Varming, Andersen, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 25. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1632.Mahattanatawee, Rouseff, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryRTX-Wax1611.Paolini, Costa, et al., 200560. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101603.Riu-Aumatell, Lopez-Tamames, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1598.Aubert and Bourger, 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-Wax1602.Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1624.Gocmen, Gurbuz, et al., 20040. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 7. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryZB-Wax1606.Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1599.Varming, Andersen, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 25. min
CapillaryHP-Wax1601.Bader, Caponi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryAT-Wax1604.Pino and Marbot, 200160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101631.Lazari, Skaltsa, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2.5 K/min; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1622.Cha, Kim, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1619.Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 199560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1626.Condurso, Verzera, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C(5min) => 10C/min => 80C => 2C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-Wax1598.Guillot, Peytavi, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C => 5C/min => 200C => 6C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillarySOLGel-Wax1581.Aubert, Baumann, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(5min) => 3C/min => 150C => 5C/min => 250C(10 min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax1610.Bisio, Ciarallo, et al., 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(8min) => 3C/min => 180C(5min) => 40C/min => 250C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1217.Fanaro, Duarte, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 0.5 min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 0.5 min
CapillaryHP-51218.Kahriman, Tosun, et al., 201130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-51221.Bi Kouame, Bedi, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 5. min, 50. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-51217.Kahriman, Tosun, et al., 201030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1226.Lazarevic, Radulovic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1226.Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryHP-51227.Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 5. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1223.Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 2010, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryRTX-11197.Paolini, Tomi, et al., 200860. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-51225.Asekun, Olusegun, et al., 2007He, 5. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1208.Ferhat, Tigrine-Kordjani, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-51222.Kucuk, Gulec, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 260. C @ 13. min
CapillaryCP-Sil 5 CB1182.Olawore, Usman, et al., 200625. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-51205.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 70. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-51206.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 70. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-51208.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 70. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1208.Tigrine-Kordiani, Meklati, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-5MS1200.Tzakou, Said, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-51218.Yayli, Gülec, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 260. C @ 14. min
CapillaryHP-51221.Yayli, Gülec, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 260. C @ 14. min
CapillaryHP-11203.Bendimerad and Bendiab, 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-51223.9Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1197.Olawore, Ogunwande, et al., 200525. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1218.Rohloff and Bones, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1218.Rohloff and Bones, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-51218.JAvidnia, Mojab, et al., 200425. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-51218.Priestap, van Baren, et al., 200330. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 75. C @ 4. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-11194.Valette, Fernandez, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryOptima-11196.Brun, Bessière, et al., 200125. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-51223.Campeol, Flamini, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryOptima-11197.de Beck, Bessière, et al., 200025. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryRSL-2001201.Jirovetz, Puschmann, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-11187.Lopes, Koketsu, et al., 199925. m/0.32 mm/0.17 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 260. C
CapillarySPB-Sulfur1225.Mariaca, Berger, et al., 199730. m/0.32 mm/4. «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 13. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min
CapillarySPB-Sulfur1225.Mariaca, Berger, et al., 199730. m/0.32 mm/4. «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 13. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5 MS1219.Gomez and Ledbetter, 1994Helium, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11194.Hansen, Buttery, et al., 199230. C @ 25. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-11194.Binder, Benson, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-11194.Buttery, Teranishi, et al., 1990He, 30. C @ 25. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 5. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-11193.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11194.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11194.Flath, Mon, et al., 198350. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryTR-5 MS1209.Kurashov, Mitrukova, et al., 201415. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 80 0C (3 min) 4 0C/min -> 120 0C (3 min) 5 0C/min -> 150 0C (3 min) 15 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillaryTR-5 MS1223.Kurashov, Krylova, et al., 201315. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 80 0C (3 min) 4 0C/min -> 120 0C (3 min) 5 0C/min -> 150 0C (3 mion) 15 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillarySLB-5 MS1217.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySLB-5 MS1228.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1220.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1231.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillarySiloxane, 5 % Ph1233.VOC BinBase, 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51217.Kahriman, Tosun, et al., 201130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-51234.Miyazaki, Plotto, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/1.00 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C 4 0C/min -> 230 0C 100 0C/min -> 260 0C (11.7 min)
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane, 5 % phenyl1233.Skogerson, Wohlgemuth, et al., 2011Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51217.Kahriman, Tosun, et al., 201030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51223.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 7 oC/min -> 160 0C 9 0C/min -> 200 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-51218.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-11189.Barra, Baldovini, et al., 200750. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 2C/min => 200C => 15C/min => 250C (30min)
CapillaryHP-51218.Dou, Li, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 110 0C (2 min) 3 0C/min -> 170 0C (2 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (2 min) 10 0C/min -> 260 0C (5 min)
CapillaryHP-51215.Liolios, Laouer, et al., 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51218.Kucuk, Gulec, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS1224.Xian, Chen, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 6 0C/min -> 150 0C (1 min) 10 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-51210.Riu-Aumatell, Lopez-Tamames, et al., 2005Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301200.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySF-961201.Kawasaki, Matsui, et al., 1998Column length: 40. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Program: 75C => 3C/min => 190C(25min) => 3C/min => 210C
CapillarySPB-Sulfur1219.Mariaca, Berger, et al., 199730. m/0.32 mm/4. «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes1200.Zenkevich, 1997Program: not specified
PackedOV-1011200.Swigar and Silverstein, 1981N2, Chromosorb G 60-80mesh DMCS; Column length: 2.5 m; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-20M1585.Blazevic and Mastelic, 200850. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 70. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryHP-20M1586.Blazevic and Mastelic, 200850. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 70. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax1590.Ferhat, Tigrine-Kordjani, et al., 200760. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryBP-201619.Rawat, Gulati, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryCarbowax-PEG1590.Tigrine-Kordiani, Meklati, et al., 200660. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryPEG-20M1631.Awano, Ishizaki, et al., 2005N2, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryInnowax1600.Bendimerad and Bendiab, 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1629.Rohloff and Bones, 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1623.Priestap, van Baren, et al., 200350. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 90. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax1608.Velasco-Negueruela, Pérez-Alonso, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryHP Innowax FSP1638.Kaya, Baser, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryInnowax1638.Kaya, Baser, et al., 1999, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax1638.Kaya, Baser, et al., 1999, 360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1613.Umano, Nakahara, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1638.Tümen, Baser, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1601.Werkhoff, Güntert, et al., 199860. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1593.Kawakami, Ganguly, et al., 199560. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1582.Togari, Kobayashi, et al., 199550. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1587.Togari, Kobayashi, et al., 199550. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1594.Kawakami, Kobayashi, et al., 1993He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1594.Kawakami and Kobayashi, 1991He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1614.Binder, Benson, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1616.Kanasawud and Crouzet, 199050. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 40. m; Column diameter: 0.4 mm; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1600.Buttery, Parker, et al., 198150. C @ 30. min, 1. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1600.Buttery and Kamm, 198050. C @ 30. min, 1. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1638.Tunalier, Candan, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP Innowax FSP1638.Altintas, Kose, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1638.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1638.Demirci, Baser, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1638.Kirimer N., Tabanea N., et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1638.Kivcak B., Mert T., et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryInnowax FSC1638.Saglam, Gozler, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryInnowax FSC1638.Kirimer, Tabanca, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10 min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillarySupelcowax 101617.Castioni and Kapetanidis, 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (10 min) 2 0C/min -> 80 0C 3 0C/min -> 100 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (30 min)
CapillarySupelcowax 101611.Castioni and Kapetanidis, 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySupelcowax 101635.Castioni and Kapetanidis, 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Mevy, Bessiere, et al., 2006
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Tayoub, Schwob, et al., 2006
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Tayoub, Schwob, et al., 2006, 2
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Xian Q., Chen H., et al., 2006
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Zhao C.X., Li, et al., 2006
Zhao C.X.; Li, X.N.; Liang Y.Z.; Fang H.Z.; Huang L.F.; Guo F.Q., Comparative analysis of chemical components of essential oils from different samples of Rhododendron with the help of chemometrics methods, Chemom. Intell. Lab. Syst., 2006, 82, 1-2, 218-228, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemolab.2005.08.008 . [all data]

Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 2005
Flamini, G.; Luigi Cioni, P.; Morelli, I.; Celik, S.; Gokturk, R.S.; Unal, O., Essential oil of Stachys aleurites from Turkey, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2005, 33, 1, 61-66, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2004.05.013 . [all data]

Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 2005, 2
Flamini, G.; Luigi Cioni, P.; Morelli, I., Composition of the essential oils and in vivo emission of volatiles of four Lamium species from Italy: L. purpureum, L. hybridum, L. bifidum and L. amplexicaule, Food Chem., 2005, 91, 1, 63-68, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.05.047 . [all data]

Mahattanatawee, Rouseff, et al., 2005
Mahattanatawee, K.; Rouseff, R.; Filomena Valim, M.; Naim, M., Identification and aroma impact of norisoprenoids in orange juice, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 2, 393-397, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf049012k . [all data]

Paolini, Costa, et al., 2005
Paolini, J.; Costa, J.; Bernardini, A., Analysis of the essential oil from aerial parts of Eupatorium cannabinum subsp. corsicum (L.) by gas chromatography with electron impact and chemical ionization mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 2005, 1076, 1-2, 170-178, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.03.131 . [all data]

Pino, Mesa, et al., 2005
Pino, J.A.; Mesa, J.; Muñoz, Y.; Martí, M.P.; Marbot, R., Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 6, 2213-2223, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0402633 . [all data]

Ceccarini, Macchia, et al., 2004
Ceccarini, L.; Macchia, M.; Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Caponi, C.; Morelli, I., Essential oil composition of Helianthus annuus L. leaves and heads of two cultivated hybride Carlos and Florom 350, Ind. Crops Prod., 2004, 19, 1, 13-17, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0926-6690(03)00076-1 . [all data]

Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 2004
Flamini, G.; Luigi Cioni, P.; Morelli, I., Essential oils of Galeopsis pubescens and G. tetrahit from Tuscany (Italy), Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 4, 327-329, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1307 . [all data]

Gocmen, Gurbuz, et al., 2004
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Grujic-Jovanovic, Skaltsa, et al., 2004
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Javidnia, Miri, et al., 2004
Javidnia, K.; Miri, R.; Kamalinejad, M.; Sarkarzadeh, H.; Jamalian, A., Chemical composition of the essential oils of Anthemis altissima L. grown in Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 3, 213-216, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1277 . [all data]

Bader, Caponi, et al., 2003
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Campeol, Flamini, et al., 2003
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Dural, Bagci, et al., 2003
Dural, H.; Bagci, Y.; Ertugrul, K.; Demirelma, H.; Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I., Essential oil composition of two endemic Centaurea species from Turkey, Centaurea mucronifera and Centaurea chrysantha, collected in the same habitat, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2003, 31, 12, 1417-1425, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(03)00128-5 . [all data]

Flamini, Cioni, et al., 2003
Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I.; Ceccarini, L.; Andolfi, L.; Macchia, M., Composition of the essential oil of Medicago marina L. from the coastal dunes of Tuscany, Italy, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 5, 460-462, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1253 . [all data]

Skaltsa, Demetzos, et al., 2003
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Pino and Marbot, 2001
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R., Volatile flavor constituents of acerola (Malpighia emarginata DC.) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 12, 5880-5882, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010270g . [all data]

Skaltsa, Mavrommati, et al., 2001
Skaltsa, H.D.; Mavrommati, A.; Constantinidis, T., A chemotaxonomic investigation of volatile constituents in Stachys subsect. Swainsonianeae (Labiatae), Phytochemistry, 2001, 57, 2, 235-244, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(01)00003-6 . [all data]

Lazari, Skaltsa, et al., 2000
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Lazari, Skaltsa, et al., 2000, 2
Lazari, D.M.; Skaltsa, H.D.; Constantinidis, T., Volatile constituents of Centaurea pelia DC., C. thessala Hausskn. subsp. drakiensis (Freyn Sint.) Georg. and C. zuccariniana DC. from Greece, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 1, 7-11, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(200001/02)15:1<7::AID-FFJ860>3.0.CO;2-3 . [all data]

Lazari, Skaltsa, et al., 1999
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Gómez, Ledbetter, et al., 1993
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Andriamaharavo, 2014
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Carasek and Pawliszyn, 2006
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Beaulieu and Grimm, 2001
Beaulieu, J.C.; Grimm, C.C., Identification of volatile compounds in cantaloupe at various developmental stages using solid phase microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 3, 1345-1352, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0005768 . [all data]

Duckham, Dodson, et al., 2001
Duckham, S.C.; Dodson, A.T.; Bakker, J.; Ames, J.M., Volatile flavour components of baked potato flesh. A comparison of eleven potato cultivars, Nahrung/Food, 2001, 45, 5, 317-323, https://doi.org/10.1002/1521-3803(20011001)45:5<317::AID-FOOD317>3.0.CO;2-4 . [all data]

Sing, Smadja, et al., 1992
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Aubert and Chanforan, 2007
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Ledauphin, Basset, et al., 2006
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Varming, Andersen, et al., 2006
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Riu-Aumatell, Lopez-Tamames, et al., 2005
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Aubert and Bourger, 2004
Aubert, C.; Bourger, N., Investigation of volatiles in charentais cantaloupe melons (Cucumis melo Var. cantalupensis). Characterization of aroma constituents in some cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 14, 4522-4528, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf049777s . [all data]

Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 2004
Ledauphin, J.; Saint-Clair, J.-F.; Lablanquie, O.; Guichard, H.; Founier, N.; Guichard, E.; Barillier, D., Identification of trace volatile compounds in freshly distilled calvados and cognac using preparative separations coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 16, 5124-5134, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf040052y . [all data]

Varming, Andersen, et al., 2004
Varming, C.; Andersen, M.L.; Poll, L., Influence of thermal treatment on black currant (Ribes nigrum L.) juice aroma, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 25, 7628-7636, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf049435m . [all data]

Cha, Kim, et al., 1998
Cha, Y.J.; Kim, H.; Cadwallader, K.R., Aroma-active compounds in Kimchi during fermentation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 5, 1944-1953, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9706991 . [all data]

Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 1995
Shimoda, M.; Shigematsu, H.; Shiratsuchi, H.; Osajima, Y., Comparison of volatile compounds among different grades of green tea and their relations to odor attributes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 6, 1621-1625, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00054a038 . [all data]

Guillot, Peytavi, et al., 2006
Guillot, S.; Peytavi, L.; Bureau, S.; Boulanger, R.; Lepoutre, J.-P.; Crouzet, J.; Schorr-Galindo, S., Aroma characterization of various apricot varieties using headspace-solid phase microextraction combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and gas chromatography-olfactometry, Food Chem., 2006, 96, 1, 147-155, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.04.016 . [all data]

Aubert, Baumann, et al., 2005
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Castioni, P.; Kapetanidis, I., Volatile constituents from Brunfelsia grandiflora ssp. grandiflora: qualitative analysis by GC-MS, Scientia Pharmaceutica, 1996, 64, 83-91. [all data]


Notes

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