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Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5BP-1HP-5DB-5BP-1
Column length (m)
Carrier gas HeN2HeHeN2
Column diameter (mm)
Phase thickness (mum)
Program 60C(5min) => 3C/min => 100C => 1C/min => 160C => 10C/min => 240C(10min)60C => 5C/min => 220C(5min) => 3C/min => 245C(5min)40C(10min) => 3C/min => 200C => 2C/min => 220C35C => 4C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 280C60C => 5C/min => 220C (5min) => 3C/min => 245 C (5min)
I 1375.1369.1373.1376.1380.
Referencede Marchese, de Heluani, et al., 2007Dwivedi, Khan, et al., 2004Sibanda, Chigwada, et al., 2004Araújo, Silveira, et al., 2003Khan, Srivastava, et al., 2003
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5BP-1HP-5DB-5MSDB-5
Column length (m)
Carrier gas HeN2H2He 
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.320.250.26
Phase thickness (mum)
Program not specified60 C 5 C/min -> 220 C (5 min) 3 C/min -> 245 C (5 min)60 0C (8 min) 3 K/min -> 180 0C 20 K/min (20 min)40C => 2C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 260Cnot specified
I 1376.1380.1373.1375.1376.
ReferenceShellie and Marriott, 2003Khan, Srivastava, et al., 2002Frizzo, Serafini, et al., 2001Maia, Andrade, et al., 2000Adams, 1998
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryPacked
Active phase DB-5SF-96SF-96SE-30
Column length (m)
Carrier gas He  He
Substrate    Chromasorb W
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.750.75 
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25   
Program 40C => 2C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 240Cnot specifiednot specified150C (10min) => 15C/min => 200C(16min) => 10C/min => 240C
I 1372.1392.1392.1400.
ReferenceSantos, Andrade, et al., 1998Okamoto, Ellison, et al., 1981Malingré and Maarse, 1974Minyard, Tumlinson, et al., 1967


Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

de Marchese, de Heluani, et al., 2007
de Marchese, M.J.A.; de Heluani, C.S.; Catalán, C.A.N.; Griffin, C.A.; Vaughn, J.B., Jr.; Herz, W., Incisol, an alcohol with a novel sesquiterpene skeleton from Xenophyllum incisum, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2007, 35, 3, 169-175, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2006.10.006 . [all data]

Dwivedi, Khan, et al., 2004
Dwivedi, S.; Khan, M.; Srivastava, S.K.; Syamasunnder, K.V.; Srivastava, A., Essential oil composition of different accessions of Mentha × piperita L. grown on the northern plains of India, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 5, 437-440, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1333 . [all data]

Sibanda, Chigwada, et al., 2004
Sibanda, S.; Chigwada, G.; Poole, M.; Gwebu, E.T.; Noletto, J.A.; Schmidt, J.M.; Rea, A.I.; Setzer, W.N., Composition and bioactivity of the leaf essential oil of Heteropyxis dehniae from Zimbabwe, J. Ethnopharmacol., 2004, 92, 1, 107-111, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2004.02.010 . [all data]

Araújo, Silveira, et al., 2003
Araújo, E.C.C.; Silveira, E.R.; Lima, M.A.S.; Neto, M.A.; de Andrade, I.L.; Lima, M.A.A.; Santiago, G.M.P.; Mesquita, A.L.M., Insecticidal activity and chemical composition of volatile oils from Hyptis martiusii Benth, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 13, 3760-3762, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf021074s . [all data]

Khan, Srivastava, et al., 2003
Khan, M.; Srivastava, S.K.; Jain, N.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Yadav, A.K., Chemical composition of fruit and stem essential oils of Lantana camara from northern India, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 5, 376-379, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1197 . [all data]

Shellie and Marriott, 2003
Shellie, R.A.; Marriott, P.J., Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis of Pelargonium graveolens essential oil using rapid scanning quadrupole mass spectrometry, Analyst, 2003, 128, 7, 879-883, https://doi.org/10.1039/b304371a . [all data]

Khan, Srivastava, et al., 2002
Khan, M.; Srivastava, S.K.; Syamasundar, K.V.; Singh, M.; Naqvi, A.A., Chemical composition of leaf and flower essential oil of Lantana camara from India, Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 1, 75-77, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1047 . [all data]

Frizzo, Serafini, et al., 2001
Frizzo, C.D.; Serafini, L.A.; Dellacassa, E.; Lorenzo, D.; Moyna, P., Essential oil of Baccharis uncinella DC. from Southern Brazil, Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 4, 286-288, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.998 . [all data]

Maia, Andrade, et al., 2000
Maia, J.G.S.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Zoghbi, M.G.B., Volatile constituents of the leaves, fruits and flowers of cashew ( Anacardium occidentaleL.), J. Food Comp. Anal., 2000, 13, 3, 227-232, https://doi.org/10.1006/jfca.2000.0894 . [all data]

Adams, 1998
Adams, R.P., The essential oils and chemotaxonomy of Juniperus sect. Juniperus, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 1998, 26, 6, 637-645, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(98)00020-9 . [all data]

Santos, Andrade, et al., 1998
Santos, A.S.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Zoghbi, M.G.B.; Maia, J.G.S., Volatile constituents of fruits of Annona glabra L. from Brazil, Flavour Fragr. J., 1998, 13, 3, 148-150, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199805/06)13:3<148::AID-FFJ711>3.0.CO;2-Y . [all data]

Okamoto, Ellison, et al., 1981
Okamoto, R.A.; Ellison, B.O.; Kepner, R.E., Volatile terpenes in Sequoia sempervirens foliage. Changes in composition during maturation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 2, 324-326, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00104a026 . [all data]

Malingré and Maarse, 1974
Malingré, T.M.; Maarse, H., Composition of the essential oil of Mentha aquatica, Phytochemistry, 1974, 13, 8, 1531-1535, https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(74)80322-5 . [all data]

Minyard, Tumlinson, et al., 1967
Minyard, J.P.; Tumlinson, J.H.; Thompson, A.C.; Hedin, P.A., Constituents of the cotton bud. The carbonyl compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1967, 15, 3, 517-524, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf60151a021 . [all data]


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