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Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5MSHP-5MSHP-5MSDB-5DB-1
Column length (m) 30.30.60.30.25.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.2
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.25 
Tstart (C) 60.60.40.60.60.
Tend (C) 180.280.250. 220.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.2.3.3.3.
Initial hold (min)  8.1. 3.
Final hold (min) 15.30.20.  
I 1372.1376.1394.1377.1387.
ReferenceAngioni, Barra, et al., 2006Hazzit, Baaliouamer, et al., 2006Jalali-Heravi, Zekavat, et al., 2006Lucero, Fredrickson, et al., 2006Mevy, Bessiere, et al., 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5BP-1DB-5SPB-1DB-5
Column length (m) 25.25.30.30.30.
Carrier gas  N2 HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.20.320.250.320.26
Phase thickness (mum) 0.330.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.60.40.60.60.
Tend (C) 240.220.210.240.246.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.5.2.4.3.
Initial hold (min)   2.4. 
Final hold (min)  13.33.2. 
I 1376.1379.1375.1398.1377.
ReferenceOliveira, Leitao, et al., 2006Raina, Verma, et al., 2006Sylvestre, Pichette, et al., 2006Walde, Jyothirmayi, et al., 2006Adams, Morris, et al., 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5HP-5MSDB-5MSDB-5DB-5
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30. 
Carrier gas HeHeHeHelium 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.260.250.250.25 
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.25 
Tstart (C) 60.50.60.60.60.
Tend (C) 246.250.240.255.240.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.3.3.3.
Initial hold (min)  10.   
Final hold (min)  5.   
I 1376.1378.1378.1377.1378.
ReferenceAdams and Nguyen, 2005Asuming, Beauchamp, et al., 2005Maia, Andrade, et al., 2005Medina, Lucero, et al., 2005Shatar S., 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5SPB-5HP-5DB-5DB-5
Column length (m) 30.60.30.25.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.251.0.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.60.60.60.60.
Tend (C) 230.200.260.180.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 8.4.3.5.4.
Initial hold (min)    6.4.
Final hold (min) 4.30. 15. 
I 1380.1390.1377.1374.1376.
ReferenceAment K., Kant M.R., et al., 2004Gauvin, Lecomte, et al., 2004Lopes, Strobl, et al., 2004Merle, Morón, et al., 2004Morteza-Semnani, Azadbakht, et al., 2004
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5MSDB-5CP Sil 8 CBHP-5MSHP-5MS
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeH2HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.320.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.60.50.70.70.
Tend (C) 240.300.220.250.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.5.3.3.3.
Initial hold (min)   2.5.5.
Final hold (min)      
I 1376.1367.1389.1367.1380.
ReferencePalmeira, Moura, et al., 2004Santos, Lopes, et al., 2004Schwob, Bessiere, et al., 2004Siani, Garrido, et al., 2004Siani, Garrido, et al., 2004
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-1DB-5HP-5MSHP-5HP-5MS
Column length (m) 50.25.30.30.30.
Carrier gas N2HeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.25 0.251.0.25
Tstart (C) 95.40.50.40.60.
Tend (C) 240.280.280.250.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.3.4.5.3.
Initial hold (min)  5.2.1. 
Final hold (min)  5.10.  
I 1375.1372.1382.1407.1359.
ReferenceVelasco-Negueruela, Sanz, et al., 2004Amparo Blázquez, Pérez, et al., 2003Baranauskiene, Venskutonis, et al., 2003Bouzouita, Kachouri, et al., 2003Couladis, Chinou, et al., 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5MSDB-5CP Sil 5 CBHP-5DB-5
Column length (m) 30.30.25.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.150.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.60.50.60.50.
Tend (C) 280. 230.280.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.3.3.0.5
Initial hold (min)     5.
Final hold (min)     10.
I 1351.1377.1380.1364.1375.
ReferenceGkinis, Tzakou, et al., 2003Lucero, Estell, et al., 2003Ogunwande, Olawore, et al., 2003Özcan, Tzakou, et al., 2003Viña and Murillo, 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5SPB-1HP-5CP Sil 5 CBHP-5
Column length (m) 25.30.30.25.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.220.320.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.25 0.25
Tstart (C) 60.60.60.50.60.
Tend (C) 240.225.200.230.240.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.2.4.3.3.
Initial hold (min)  2.1.  
Final hold (min)  5.15. 20.
I 1370.1366.1375.1380.1376.
ReferenceEl-Ghorab, Fadel, et al., 2002Jayaprakasha, Rao, et al., 2002Juliani and Simon, 2002Kasali, Adio, et al., 2002Mita, Tsitsimpikou, et al., 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase BP-1BP-1Cross-Linked MethylsiliconeHP-5MSBP-1
Column length (m) 60.25.50.30.30.
Carrier gas N2N2HeHeN2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.20.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.60.100.50.60.
Tend (C) 220.220.280.250.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.5.4.3.5.
Initial hold (min)      
Final hold (min)  15.  13.
I 1373.1380.1379.1376.1379.
ReferenceRaina, Lal, et al., 2002Raina, Srivastava, et al., 2002Rajeswara Rao, Kaul, et al., 2002Salido, Altarejos, et al., 2002Shawl, Srivastava, et al., 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5PTE-5PTE-5BP-1DB-1
Column length (m) 25.60.60.25.28.
Carrier gas HeH2H2N2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.200.320.320.550.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.390.390.250.25
Tstart (C) 50.60.60.60.50.
Tend (C) 240.285.285.220.270.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.4.34.35.4.5
Initial hold (min)     1.
Final hold (min)    15. 
I 1377.1378.1380.1377.1376.
ReferenceAkrout, Chemli, et al., 2001Gudzic, Dordevic, et al., 2001Gudzic, Dordevic, et al., 2001Jain, Aggarwal, et al., 2001Nagalakshmi, Thangadurai, et al., 2001
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-1HP-1DB-1HP-5DB-1
Column length (m) 50.50.30.30.30.
Carrier gas N2HeHeHe 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 80.100.40.60.80.
Tend (C) 225.250.260.280.225.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.5.2.3.4.
Initial hold (min)  7.5.  
Final hold (min)   20.  
I 1366.1377.1367.1376.1363.
ReferencePalá-Paúl, Velasco-Negueruela, et al., 2001Raina, Srivastava, et al., 2001Senatore and Rigano, 2001Tzakou and Couladis, 2001Abella, Cortella, et al., 2000
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5SE-54DB-5Methyl SiliconeSE-30
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.25.
Carrier gas He HeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.260.260.260.320.22
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.60.60.60.70.
Tend (C) 240.246.246.225.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.3.2.5.
Initial hold (min)    2. 
Final hold (min)    5. 
I 1376.1376.1376.1381.1372.
ReferenceAdams, 2000Adams, 2000, 2Adams, 2000, 3Jayaprakasha, Rao, et al., 2000Kardali, Velasco-Negueruela, et al., 2000
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase BP-1HP-5MSDB-5DB-5SPB-1
Column length (m) 25.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas N2He HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.500.250.320.260.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25 0.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.60.50.60.50.
Tend (C) 220.280.250.246.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.3.3.3.2.
Initial hold (min)   5. 3.
Final hold (min) 10.   5.
I 1380.1376.1381.1376.1378.
ReferenceRao, Sastry, et al., 2000Roussis, Tsoukatou, et al., 2000Tzakou, Harvala, et al., 2000Adams, 1999John, Rao, et al., 1999
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101DB-5DB-5HP-5MSDB-5
Column length (m) 25.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas    HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.320.25
Phase thickness (mum)    0.250.25
Tstart (C) 50.60.60.70.60.
Tend (C) 200.240.240.250.240.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.3.3.3.3.
Initial hold (min)    5. 
Final hold (min)      
I 1384.1376.1376.1370.1377.
ReferenceKuiate, Zollo, et al., 1999Lopes, Kato, et al., 1999Lopes, Kato, et al., 1999Siani, Ramos, et al., 1999da Silva, Andrade, et al., 1999
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5Methyl SiliconeBP-1DB-1BPX-5
Column length (m) 30.30.25.30.50.
Carrier gas HeHeN2HeN2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.230.22
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25  0.25
Tstart (C) 60.60.60.50.60.
Tend (C) 240.250.220.200.185.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.2.5.3.2.
Initial hold (min)  2.  10.
Final hold (min)  5.   
I 1375.1360.1378.1362.1375.
Referenceda Silva, Zoghbi, et al., 1999Adegoke, Rao, et al., 1998Kulkarni, Mallavarapu, et al., 1998Fiorini, Fourasté, et al., 1997Fournier, Hadjiakhoondi, et al., 1997
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase SPB-1DB-5OV-101SE-30DB-5
Column length (m) 30.30.50.25.30.
Carrier gas HeHeN2N2 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.2 
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.2  
Tstart (C) 60.60.80.60.40.
Tend (C) 250.240.200.180.210.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.3.2.3.2.
Initial hold (min) 2.  10.2.
Final hold (min) 5. 60.1.120.
I 1388.1376.1380.1365.1375.
ReferenceJayaprakasha, Jaganmohan Rao, et al., 1997Tellez, Estell, et al., 1997Padrayuttawat, Tamura, et al., 1996Jantan, Ali, et al., 1995Loayza, Abujder, et al., 1995
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5DB-5OV-101DB-1SPB-1
Column length (m) 30.30.25.28.50.
Carrier gas    HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm)   0.250.250.20
Phase thickness (mum)    0.25 
Tstart (C) 40.40.50.50.35.
Tend (C) 210.210.200.270.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.5.4.3.
Initial hold (min) 2.2. 1.5.
Final hold (min) 120.120.  20.
I 1374.1374.1376.1376.1370.
ReferenceLoayza, Abujder, et al., 1995Loayza, Abujder, et al., 1995Menut, Lamaty, et al., 1995Saad, El-Sharkawy, et al., 1995Wong and Tie, 1993
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type Capillary
Active phase BP-1
Column length (m) 50.
Carrier gas H2
Substrate  
Column diameter (mm) 0.33
Phase thickness (mum)  
Tstart (C) 65.
Tend (C) 220.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.
Initial hold (min) 2.
Final hold (min)  
I 1388.
ReferenceEkundayo, Laakso, et al., 1988
Comment MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Angioni, Barra, et al., 2006
Angioni, A.; Barra, A.; Coroneo, V.; Dessi, S.; Cabras, P., Chemical composition, seasonal variability, and antifungal activity of Lavandula stoechas L. ssp. stoechas essential oils from stem/leaves and flowers, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 12, 4364-4370, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0603329 . [all data]

Hazzit, Baaliouamer, et al., 2006
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Sylvestre, Pichette, et al., 2006
Sylvestre, M.; Pichette, A.; Longtin, A.; Nagau, F.; Legault, J., Essential oil analysis and anticancer activity of leaf essential oil of Croton flavens L. from Guadeloupe, J. Ethnopharmacol., 2006, 103, 1, 99-102, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2005.07.011 . [all data]

Walde, Jyothirmayi, et al., 2006
Walde, S.G.; Jyothirmayi, T.; Prabhakara Rao, P.G.; Srinivas, P., Flavour volatiles of flowers and stalks of Murraya koenigii L., Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 4, 581-584, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1737 . [all data]

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Adams, R.P.; Morris, J.A.; Pandey, R.N.; Schwarzbach, A.E., Cryptic speciation between Juniperus deltoides and Juniperus oxycedrus (Cupressaceae) in the Mediterranean, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2005, 33, 8, 771-787, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2005.01.001 . [all data]

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Baranauskiene, Venskutonis, et al., 2003
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Notes

Go To: Top, Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, References