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Phenol, 3-fluoro-

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Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-696.6kcal/molCcbSwarts, 1919Not corrected for CODATA value of «DELTA»fH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil451.2KN/AWeast and Grasselli, 1989BS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap14.4 ± 0.2kcal/molCRibeiro da Silva and Ferreira, 2009AC

Reduced pressure boiling point

Tboil (K) Pressure (atm) Reference Comment
370. - 376.0.061PCR Inc., 1990BS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
12.0388.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 373. - 451. K.; AC

Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C6H4FO- + Hydrogen cation = Phenol, 3-fluoro-

By formula: C6H4FO- + H+ = C6H5FO

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar343.6 ± 2.1kcal/molG+TSFujio, McIver, et al., 1981gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar343.6 ± 2.8kcal/molD-EAHernandez-Gill, Wentworth, et al., 1984gas phase; B
Deltar344.5 ± 2.3kcal/molG+TSKebarle and McMahon, 1977gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar336.8 ± 2.0kcal/molIMREFujio, McIver, et al., 1981gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar336.7 ± 2.9kcal/molH-TSHernandez-Gill, Wentworth, et al., 1984gas phase; B
Deltar337.6 ± 2.0kcal/molIMREKebarle and McMahon, 1977gas phase; B

Iodide + Phenol, 3-fluoro- = (Iodide bullet Phenol, 3-fluoro-)

By formula: I- + C6H5FO = (I- bullet C6H5FO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.4 ± 1.8kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar10.5 ± 1.0kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
10.7423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Bromine anion + Phenol, 3-fluoro- = (Bromine anion bullet Phenol, 3-fluoro-)

By formula: Br- + C6H5FO = (Br- bullet C6H5FO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.4 ± 1.8kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.7 ± 1.0kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
13.7423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
MM - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner)
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi

View reactions leading to C6H5FO+ (ion structure unspecified)

Proton affinity at 298K

Proton affinity (kcal/mol) Reference Comment
192.Bogdanov, van Duijn, et al., 2002MM

Gas basicity at 298K

Gas basicity (review) (kcal/mol) Reference Comment
185.Bogdanov, van Duijn, et al., 2002MM

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.73 ± 0.03SOikawa, Abe, et al., 1985LBLHLM
9.05 ± 0.02PEMaier, Marthaler, et al., 1980Vertical value; LLK
8.99PEPalmer, Moyes, et al., 1979Vertical value; LLK

De-protonation reactions

C6H4FO- + Hydrogen cation = Phenol, 3-fluoro-

By formula: C6H4FO- + H+ = C6H5FO

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar343.6 ± 2.1kcal/molG+TSFujio, McIver, et al., 1981gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar343.6 ± 2.8kcal/molD-EAHernandez-Gill, Wentworth, et al., 1984gas phase; B
Deltar344.5 ± 2.3kcal/molG+TSKebarle and McMahon, 1977gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar336.8 ± 2.0kcal/molIMREFujio, McIver, et al., 1981gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar336.7 ± 2.9kcal/molH-TSHernandez-Gill, Wentworth, et al., 1984gas phase; B
Deltar337.6 ± 2.0kcal/molIMREKebarle and McMahon, 1977gas phase; B

Ion clustering data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

Bromine anion + Phenol, 3-fluoro- = (Bromine anion bullet Phenol, 3-fluoro-)

By formula: Br- + C6H5FO = (Br- bullet C6H5FO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.4 ± 1.8kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.7 ± 1.0kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
13.7423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Iodide + Phenol, 3-fluoro- = (Iodide bullet Phenol, 3-fluoro-)

By formula: I- + C6H5FO = (I- bullet C6H5FO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.4 ± 1.8kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar10.5 ± 1.0kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
10.7423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

IR Spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Condensed Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Notice: Except where noted, spectra from this collection were measured on dispersive instruments, often in carefully selected solvents, and hence may differ in detail from measurements on FTIR instruments or in other chemical environments. More information on the manner in which spectra in this collection were collected can be found here.

Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

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Owner COBLENTZ SOCIETY
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin DOW CHEMICAL COMPANY
Source reference COBLENTZ NO. 6449
Date 1954/07/19
Name(s) 3-fluorophenol
State SOLUTION (10% CCl4 FOR 2-7.6, 10% CS2 FOR 7.6-15.9 MICRON)
Instrument BAIRD (PRISM)
Instrument parameters NaCl PRISM
Path length 0.012 CM, 0.011 CM
SPECTRAL CONTAMINATION DUE TO CCl4 AROUND 1550 CM-1
Resolution 2
Sampling procedure TRANSMISSION
Data processing DIGITIZED BY NIST FROM HARD COPY

This IR spectrum is from the Coblentz Society's evaluated infrared reference spectra collection.


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-IW-2227
NIST MS number 227813

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


References

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Swarts, 1919
Swarts, F., Etudes thermochimiques sur les combinaisons organiques fluorees, J. Chim. Phys., 1919, 17, 3-70. [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Ribeiro da Silva and Ferreira, 2009
Ribeiro da Silva, Manuel A.V.; Ferreira, Ana I.M.C. Lobo, Experimental and Computational Thermochemical Study of the Three Monofluorophenol Isomers «8224», J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2009, 54, 9, 2517-2526, https://doi.org/10.1021/je9000872 . [all data]

PCR Inc., 1990
PCR Inc., Research Chemicals Catalog 1990-1991, PCR Inc., Gainesville, FL, 1990, 1. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Fujio, McIver, et al., 1981
Fujio, M.; McIver, R.T., Jr.; Taft, R.W., Effects on the acidities of phenols from specific substituent-solvent interactions. Inherent substituent parameters from gas phase acidities, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1981, 103, 4017. [all data]

Hernandez-Gill, Wentworth, et al., 1984
Hernandez-Gill, N.; Wentworth, W.E.; Chen, E.C.M., Electron affinities of fluorinated phenoxy radicals, J. Phys. Chem., 1984, 88, 6181. [all data]

Kebarle and McMahon, 1977
Kebarle, P.; McMahon, T.B., Intrinsic Acidities of Substituted Phenols and Benzoic Acids Determined by Gas Phase Proton Transfer Equilibria, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1977, 99, 7, 2222, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00449a032 . [all data]

Paul and Kebarle, 1990
Paul, G.J.C.; Kebarle, P., Stabilities in the Gas Phase of the Hydrogen Bonded Complexes, YC6H4OH-X-, of Substituted Phenols, YC6H4OH, with the Halide Anions X-(Cl-, Br-), Can. J. Chem., 1990, 68, 11, 2070, https://doi.org/10.1139/v90-316 . [all data]

Bogdanov, van Duijn, et al., 2002
Bogdanov, B.; van Duijn, D.; Ingemann, S.; Hammerum, S., Protonation of fluorophenols and fluoroanisoles in the gas phase: experiment and theory, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2002, 4, 2904. [all data]

Oikawa, Abe, et al., 1985
Oikawa, A.; Abe, H.; Mikami, N.; Ito, M., Electronic spectra and ionization potentials of rotational isomers of severaldDisubstituted benzenes, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1985, 116, 50. [all data]

Maier, Marthaler, et al., 1980
Maier, J.P.; Marthaler, O.; Mohraz, M., Emission spectra of the cations of some fluorosubstituted phenols in the gaseous phase, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 1980, 19, 11. [all data]

Palmer, Moyes, et al., 1979
Palmer, M.H.; Moyes, W.; Speirs, M.; Ridyard, J.N.A., The electronic structure of substituted benzenes; ab initio calculations and photoelectron spectra for phenol, the methyl- and fluoro-derivatives, and the dihydroxybenzenes, J. Mol. Struct., 1979, 52, 293. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), NIST Free Links, References