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Azulene, 1,2,3,5,6,7,8,8a-octahydro-1,4-dimethyl-7-(1-methylethenyl)-, [1S-(1«alpha»,7«alpha»,8a«beta»)]-


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
NIST MS number 9227

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Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51508.Sylvestre, Pichette, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 210. C @ 33. min
CapillaryHP-51526.Bouzouita, Kachouri, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-51505.Viña and Murillo, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 0.5 K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-51506.Juliani and Simon, 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-51505.da Silva, Zoghbi, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-1011509.Padrayuttawat, Tamura, et al., 199650. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 80. C
CapillaryHP-11490.Raharivelomanana, Cambon, et al., 19936. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryOV-1011482.Shibamoto, Kamiya, et al., 1981N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedSE-301525.Minyard, Tumlinson, et al., 1967He, Chromasorb W; Column length: 6.1 m; Program: 150C (10min) => 15C/min => 200C(16min) => 10C/min => 240C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51505.Martins, Santos, et al., 200730. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 60. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-51505.Quijano, Salamanca, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-51508.Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1505.Pino, Mesa, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-51503.Flamini, Cioni, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-51506.Sartoratto, Machado, et al., 200425. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 7. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-51490.Stashenko, Jaramillo, et al., 200450. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 15. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 40. min
CapillaryPE-51508.Isidorov and Vinogorova, 2003He, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-51508.Fokialakis, Magiatis, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 60. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-51500.Kovacevic, Pavlovic, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryRTX-51512.Mondello, Zappia, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min
CapillaryRTX-51491.Shellie, Mondello, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryRTX-51494.Shellie, Mondello, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-51505.Nogueira, Bittrich, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryMega 5MS1494.Verzera, Trozzi, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-11508.Stashenko, Wiame, et al., 199530. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011502.Yang, Sugisawa, et al., 1992N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011503.Yang, Sugisawa, et al., 1992N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51509.Andrade, Sampaio, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 4C/min => 220C => 20C/min => 280C
CapillaryCBP-51506.Silva, Oliveira, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C => 3C/min => 246C => 10C/min => 270C (5min)
CapillarySPB-11510.Díaz-Maroto, Sánchez Palomo, et al., 200450. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 70C(3min) => 4C/min => 120C => 8C/min => 250C
CapillaryCBP-51491.Azevedo, Campos, et al., 200250. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 3C/min => 240C => 10C/min => 280C(10min)
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1517.Duckham, Dodson, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 0C => rapidly => 40C(8min) => 4C/min => 250C(10min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1613.Brophy, Goldsack, et al., 200060. m/0.50 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1613.Brophy, Goldsack, et al., 2000, 260. m/0.53 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1613.Brophy, Goldsack, et al., 2000, 360. m/0.53 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1613.Brophy, Goldsack, et al., 1999He, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1613.Brophy, Goldsack, et al., 1999, 2He, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1618.Brophy, Forster, et al., 1998He, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySP-10001613.Brophy, Forster, et al., 1998, 2He, 3. K/min; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1613.Brophy, Goldsack, et al., 1998He, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 65. C; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1613.Brophy, Goldsack, et al., 1998, 2He, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1613.Brophy, Goldsack, et al., 1997He, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 65. C; Tend: 225. C
CapillarySP-10001613.Brophy, Goldsack, et al., 1997, 2He, 3. K/min; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tstart: 65. C; Tend: 225. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5 MS1509.Mesa-Arango, Betancur-Galvis, et al., 201060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 15. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS1506.Ogunwande, Flamini, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-5 MS1502.Silva, Pott, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-11513.Xu, Tang, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 2. min
CapillaryHP-51508.Maridass, 200925. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 7. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-11504.Wetwiayaklung, Thavanapong, et al., 200925. m/0.32 mm/0.17 «mu»m, 50. C @ 5. min, 1. K/min, 260. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-11500.Wetwiayaklung, Thavanapong, et al., 200925. m/0.32 mm/0.17 «mu»m, 50. C @ 5. min, 1. K/min, 260. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-51515.Bertrand, Comte, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-51500.Figuérédo, Cabassu, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min
CapillaryCP-Sil 5 CB1509.Olawore, Usman, et al., 200625. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-51505.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 70. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-11498.Pala-Paul, Perez-Alonso, et al., 200550. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 95. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1517.Tesso, König, et al., 20053. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-51470.Tzakou and Constantinidis, 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1503.Couladis, Özcan, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-11502.Fernandez, Lizzani-Cuvelier, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 45. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-51504.Zoghbi, Andrade, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-51493.Caredda, Marongiu, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-5MS1507.Maia, Zoghbi, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-5MS1504.Zoghbi, Andrade, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryDB-11490.Hedin, McKibben, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 45. C @ 2. min, 15. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-51515.Novak, Novak, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-5MS1503.Zoghbi, Andrade, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillarySE-301455.Jantan, Ahmad, et al., 1998He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1489.Bos, Woerdenbag, et al., 199725. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1489.Bos, Woerdenbag, et al., 199725. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1489.Bos, Woerdenbag, et al., 1997, 225. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-51489.Elias, Simoneit, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-51504.Elias, Simoneit, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1502.Gopalakrishnan, Menon, et al., 199350. m/0.25 mm/0.17 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1515.Gopalakrishnan, Menon, et al., 199350. m/0.25 mm/0.17 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySE-541498.Kollmannsberger, Nitz, et al., 199230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 60. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 2. min
CapillaryOV-1011501.Sugisawa, Yang, et al., 1989N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011503.Sugisawa, Yang, et al., 1989N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySE-301502.Ramaswami, Briscese, et al., 198850. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min; Column length: 30. m
CapillarySE-301502.Ramaswami, Briscese, et al., 198650. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min; Column length: 30. m

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySiloxane, 5 % Ph1508.VOC BinBase, 2012Program: not specified
Capillary5 % Phenyl polydimethyl siloxane1500.Chaverri, Diaz, et al., 2011Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane, 5 % phenyl1508.Skogerson, Wohlgemuth, et al., 2011Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-11505.Xu, Tang, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-11502.Wetwiayaklung, Thavanapong, et al., 200925. m/0.32 mm/0.17 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-11502.Wetwiayaklung, Thavanapong, et al., 200925. m/0.32 mm/0.17 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS1505.Setzer, Stokes, et al., 2007Helium; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 40 0C (10 min) 3 oC/min -> 200 0C 2 0C/min -> 220 0C
CapillarySE-541486.Souza, Souza, et al., 200625. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 110 0C 2 0C/min -> 160 0C 5 0C/min -> 290 0C (5 min)
CapillarySE-541502.Souza, Souza, et al., 200625. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-51503.Hamm, Bleton, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(1min) => 9C/min => 130C => 2C/min => 230C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1503.Couladis, Özcan, et al., 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301503.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301495.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301495.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-51503.Hamm, Lesellier, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (1min) => 9C/min => 130C => 2C/min => 230C
CapillaryDB-11503.Silva, Matos, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.1 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C => 4C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-51503.Andrade, Maia, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 2C/min => 60C => 4C/min => 260C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1503.Zenkevich, 1996Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1634.Christoph, 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryBP-201629.Dunlop, Bignell, et al., 199925. m/0.33 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryBP-201629.Bignell, Dunlop, et al., 199825. m/0.33 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 5. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryBP-201629.Bignell, Dunlop, et al., 199725. m/0.33 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 5. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryBP-201629.Bignell, Dunlop, et al., 1997, 225. m/0.33 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 5. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryBP-201629.Bignell, Dunlop, et al., 1997, 325. m/0.33 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 5. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryBP-201629.Bignell, Dunlop, et al., 1997, 425. m/0.33 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 5. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryBP-201629.Bignell, Dunlop, et al., 1997, 525. m/0.33 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryBP-201629.Bignell, Dunlop, et al., 1997, 625. m/0.33 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 5. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySP-10001613.Brophy, Goldsack, et al., 1996He, 3. K/min; Column length: 85. m; Column diameter: 0.50 mm; Tstart: 65. C; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1664.Tressl, Engel, et al., 19832. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 180. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1642.Pala-Paul, Perez-Alonso, et al., 2005N2; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1664.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Sylvestre, Pichette, et al., 2006
Sylvestre, M.; Pichette, A.; Longtin, A.; Nagau, F.; Legault, J., Essential oil analysis and anticancer activity of leaf essential oil of Croton flavens L. from Guadeloupe, J. Ethnopharmacol., 2006, 103, 1, 99-102, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2005.07.011 . [all data]

Bouzouita, Kachouri, et al., 2003
Bouzouita, N.; Kachouri, F.; Hamdi, M.; Chaabouni, M.M., Antimicrobial activity of essential oils from Tunisian aromatic plants, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 5, 380-383, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1200 . [all data]

Viña and Murillo, 2003
Viña, A.; Murillo, E., Essential oil composition from twelve varieties of basil (Ocimum spp) grown in Columbia, J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 2003, 14, 5, 744-749, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-50532003000500008 . [all data]

Juliani and Simon, 2002
Juliani, H.R.; Simon, J.E., Antioxidant acitivity of basil in Trends in new crops and new uses, Janick,J.; Whipkey,A., ed(s)., ASHA Press, Alexandria, Va, 2002, 575-579. [all data]

da Silva, Zoghbi, et al., 1999
da Silva, M.H.L.; Zoghbi, M.G.B.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Maia, J.G.S., The essential oils of Peperomia pellucida Kunth and P. circinnata link var. circinnata, Flavour Fragr. J., 1999, 14, 5, 312-314, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199909/10)14:5<312::AID-FFJ835>3.0.CO;2-B . [all data]

Padrayuttawat, Tamura, et al., 1996
Padrayuttawat, A.; Tamura, H.; Yamao, M., A split injection system for the analysis of purge and trap headspace of the volatile components in Citrus sudachi, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1996, 19, 6, 365-369, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240190613 . [all data]

Raharivelomanana, Cambon, et al., 1993
Raharivelomanana, P.; Cambon, A.; Azzaro, M.; Bianchini, J.-P.; Claude-Lafontaine, A.; George, G., Volatile Constituents of Neocallitropsis pancheri (Carriere) de Laubenfels Heartwood Extracts (Cupressaceae), J. Essent. Oil Res., 1993, 5, 6, 587-595, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1993.9698289 . [all data]

Shibamoto, Kamiya, et al., 1981
Shibamoto, T.; Kamiya, Y.; Mihara, S., Isolation and identification of volatile compounds in cooked meat: sukiyaki, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 1, 57-63, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00103a015 . [all data]

Minyard, Tumlinson, et al., 1967
Minyard, J.P.; Tumlinson, J.H.; Thompson, A.C.; Hedin, P.A., Constituents of the cotton bud. The carbonyl compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1967, 15, 3, 517-524, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf60151a021 . [all data]

Martins, Santos, et al., 2007
Martins, F.T.; Santos, M.H.; Polo, M.; Barbosa, L.C.A., Effects of the interactions among macronutrients, plant age and photoperiod in the composition of Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit essential oil from Alfenas (MG), Brazil, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 2, 123-129, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1769 . [all data]

Quijano, Salamanca, et al., 2007
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Notes

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