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Furaneol


Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax2039.Yeo and Shibamoto, 1991He, 60. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 180. C @ 30. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1097.Jarunrattanasri, Theerakulkait, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-51073.Ruiz Perez-Cacho, Mahattanatawee, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 7. K/min, 265. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-51077.Scheidig, Czerny, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.24 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-51071.Steinhaus and Schieberle, 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-11068.Osorio, Alarcon, et al., 200625. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-5MS1051.Schwambach and Peterson, 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 2. min
CapillaryDB-5MS1053.Schwambach and Peterson, 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 2. min
CapillaryDB-5MS1072.Carunchia Whetstine, Croissant, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 3. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-51056.Colahan-Sederstrom and Peterson, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 30. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 2. min
CapillaryHP-51060.Mahattanatawee, Goodner, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-5MS1071.Whetstine, Cadwallader, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 3. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryZB-51062.Bell, 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 7. K/min, 265. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryZB-51064.Bell, 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 7. K/min, 265. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillarySPB-11078.Chisholm, Jell, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5MS1096.Karagül-Yüceer, Vlahovich, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryHP-5MS1055.Lalel, Singh, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min, 310. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-51063.Peterson and Reineccius, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 4. min
CapillaryDB-51064.Valim, Rouseff, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillaryDB-51083.Karagül-Yüceer, Cadwallader, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-51055.Wu and Cadwallader, 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-51057.Karagül-Yüceer, Drake, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-11075.Lin and Rouseff, 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 7. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryHP-51060.0Siegmund, Derler, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5.3 K/min, 280. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillaryDB-11023.Wu, Wang, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryDB-5MS1056.Chassagne, Boulanger, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryBPX-51075.Hill, Isaacs, et al., 199950. m/0.325 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBPX-51076.Hill, Isaacs, et al., 199950. m/0.325 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-51043.da Silva, Borba, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryDB-51050.Sakho, Chassagne, et al., 1997H2, 60. C @ 3. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-11024.Specht and Baltes, 199460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-11031.Wu, Kuo, et al., 199150. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 40. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1071.8Andriamaharavo, 201430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1 min) => 5 C/min => 210C => 10 C/min => 280C (15 min)
CapillarySPB-51110.Majcher and Jelen, 200730. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m; Program: 40C(1min) => 6C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 280C
CapillarySE-541071.Schuh and Schieberle, 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 6C/min => 150C => 20C/min => 230C
CapillaryDB-51099.Majcher and Jelén, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(1min) => 6C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 280C
CapillaryDB-51062.Wang, Finn, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryDB-51076.Klesk, Qian, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryDB-51072.Klesk and Qian, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillaryDB-51080.Engel and Schieberle, 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 230C (15min)
CapillaryDB-51077.Jezussek, Juliano, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(1min) => 40C/min => 50C(2min) => 6C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-51058.Zehentbauer and Reineccius, 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35 C (2 min) 40 C/min -> 50 C (2 min) 4 C/min -> 230 C
CapillarySE-541080.Engel, Hoffmann, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(1min) => 6C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 230C
CapillarySE-541050.Zimmermann and Schieberle, 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 180C 20C/min => 240C(10min)
CapillarySE-541062.Buettner and Schieberle, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 50C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillarySE-541076.Fickert and Schieberle, 199825. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 4C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 240C
CapillarySE-541062.Hinterholzer and Schieberie, 199830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 50C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillarySE-541100.Hofmann and Schieberle, 199830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 50C(5min) => 6C/min => 230C(15min)
CapillarySE-541068.Hofmann and Schieberle, 1998, 230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 50C(5min) => 6C/min => 230(15min)
CapillarySE-541100.Hofmann and Schieberle, 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (2min) => 40C/min => 50C (5min) => 6C/min => 230C (15min)
CapillarySE-541100.Hofmann and Schieberle, 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (2min) => 40C/min => 50C (5min) => 6C/min => 230C (15min)
CapillaryDB-5MS1051.Milo and Reineccius, 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 250C
CapillarySE-541071.Münch, Hofmann, et al., 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (2min) => 40C/min => 50C (2min) => 240C (10min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax2037.Botelho, Caldeira, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 3.5 K/min, 180. C @ 25. min
CapillaryInnowax2064.Botelho, Caldeira, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 45. C @ 5. min, 3.5 K/min, 210. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-FFAP2028.Jarunrattanasri, Theerakulkait, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2048.Mahattanatawee K., Perez-Cacho P.R., et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2039.Pozo-Bayon M.A., Ruiz-Rodriguez A., et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2050.Ruiz Perez-Cacho, Mahattanatawee, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-FFAP2024.Scheidig, Czerny, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.24 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryFFAP2030.Steinhaus and Schieberle, 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2031.Osorio, Alarcon, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2033.Schwambach and Peterson, 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 30. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 4. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2033.Schwambach and Peterson, 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 30. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 4. min
CapillaryOV-3512022.Bonvehí, 200550. m/0.32 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2047.Carunchia Whetstine, Croissant, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 3. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-FFAP2041.Colahan-Sederstrom and Peterson, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 30. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 2. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2054.Whetstine, Cadwallader, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 3. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2043.Bell, 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 7. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2033.Mahajan, Goddik, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax Etr2015.Ménager, Jost, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 245. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2028.Hayata, Sakamoto, et al., 2003He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-FFAP2026.Karagül-Yüceer, Vlahovich, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2039.Valim, Rouseff, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 7. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-FFAP1991.Karagül-Yüceer, Cadwallader, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-FFAP2016.Karagül-Yüceer, Cadwallader, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2045.Wu and Cadwallader, 200230. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-FFAP2018.Zhou, Wintersteen, et al., 200215. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 225. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2027.Karagül-Yüceer, Drake, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2060.Lee, Suriyaphan, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2046.Lin and Rouseff, 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2043.3Siegmund, Derler, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1.1 K/min, 250. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2024.Chassagne, Boulanger, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 3. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2031.Escudero and Etiévant, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 5. K/min; Tstart: 67. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2027.Umano, Hagi, et al., 1992He, 40. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 58CB2000.Pabst, Barron, et al., 199130. m/0.25 mm/0.22 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1997.Suárez, Duque, et al., 199130. m/0.259 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2000.Suárez, Duque, et al., 199130. m/0.259 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1997.Suárez, Duque, et al., 199130. m/0.259 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2001.Suárez, Duque, et al., 199130. m/0.259 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB2040.Baltes and Mevissen, 1988He, 50. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.24 mm; Tend: 210. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-102030.Majcher and Jelen, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 5C/min => 240C
CapillaryFFAP2042.Frauendorfer and Schieberle, 200625. m/0.32 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(1min) => 40C/min => 60C(1min) => 6C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 240C
CapillaryFFAP2025.Schuh and Schieberle, 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 6C/min => 150C => 20C/min => 230C
CapillarySOLGel-Wax1994.Aubert, Baumann, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(5min) => 3C/min => 150C => 5C/min => 250C(10 min)
CapillaryFFAP2035.Fritsch and Schieberle, 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillarySupelcowax-102030.Majcher and Jelén, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60(2min)C => 5C/min => 240C
CapillaryStabilwax2064.Wang, Finn, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryStabilwax2063.Wang, Finn, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryStabilwax2056.Klesk, Qian, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax2031.Selli, Cabaroglu, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2; Program: 60C(3min) => 2C/min => 220C => 3C/min => 245C (20min)
CapillaryStabilwax2053.Klesk and Qian, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillaryFFAP2030.Engel and Schieberle, 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 230C (15min)
CapillaryFFAP2024.Fuhrmann and Grosch, 200225. m/0.32 mm/0.3 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(2min) => 5C/min => 170C => 20C/min => 240C (10min)
CapillaryFFAP2027.Jezussek, Juliano, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(1min) => 40C/min => 50C(2min) => 6C/min => 240C
CapillaryFFAP2025.Rhlid, Fleury, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 50C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C(10min)
CapillaryDB-FFAP2038.Zehentbauer and Reineccius, 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35 0C (2 min) 40 K/min -> 60 0C (2 min) 6 K/min -> 230 0C
CapillaryFFAP2030.Engel, Hoffmann, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(1min) => 40C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 230C
CapillaryDB-FFAP2033.Rychlik and Bosset, 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 5C/min => 240C
CapillaryFFAP2047.Zimmermann and Schieberle, 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 180C 20C/min => 240C(10min)
CapillaryFFAP2024.Buettner and Schieberle, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryDB-FFAP2031.Mutti and Grosch, 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillaryFFAP2032.Fickert and Schieberle, 199825. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryFFAP2016.Hofmann and Schieberle, 199830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(5min) => 6C/min => 230C(15min)
CapillaryFFAP2016.Hofmann and Schieberle, 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (5min) => 6C/min => 230C (15min)
CapillaryFFAP2016.Hofmann and Schieberle, 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (5min) => 6C/min => 230C (15min)
CapillaryFFAP2035.Kubícková and Grosch, 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryFFAP2030.Münch, Hofmann, et al., 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 240C (10min)
CapillaryFFAP2016.Hofmann and Schieberle, 199530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (5min) => 6C/min => 230C (15min)
CapillaryCarbowax1991.Baltes w. and Bochmann G., 1987Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax1991.Baltes w. and Bochmann G., 1987Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax1992.Baltes w. and Bochmann G., 1987Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax1993.Baltes w. and Bochmann G., 1987Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51046.Cais-Sokolinska, Majcher, et al., 201125. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 1. min, 20. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryRTX-5 MS1071.Watcharananun, Cadwallader, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 225. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-51064.Gogus, Ozel, et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 7. min, 15. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-5 MS1047.Schirack, Drake, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-51059.Lin, Rouseff, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryDB-51067.Sanz, Czerny, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5MS1070.Cadwallader and Heo, 200130. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 225. C @ 30. min
CapillaryOV-1011034.Friedrich, Acree, et al., 20016. K/min; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-5MS1061.Lee, Suriyaphan, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-51060.Rouseff, Jella, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 6. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillaryDB-5MS1065.Suriyaphan, Drake, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 195. C @ 40. min
CapillaryDB-51062.Kotseridis and Baumes, 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 245. C @ 20. min
CapillaryOV-1011032.Tamura, Boonbumrung, et al., 2000Nitrogen, 40. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-11049.Chen and Ho, 199960. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryBP-51081.Lopez, Ferreira, et al., 199950. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryHP-11029.Ong and Acree, 19994. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-1011033.Deibler, Acree, et al., 199810. m/0.25 mm/0.52 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 3. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryHP-11029.Ong and Acree, 19984. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-11029.Ong, Acree, et al., 19984. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11046.Tai and Ho, 199860. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-11030.Buttery, Ling, et al., 199730. C @ 25. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryUltra 11030.Farkas, Sádecká, et al., 199750. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, Helium, 30. C @ 1. min, 1.7 K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-1011023.Roberts and Acree, 199635. C @ 3. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 12. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryOV-1011028.Roberts and Acree, 199635. C @ 3. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 12. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryOV-1011032.Roberts and Acree, 199412. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, 35. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryDB-11030.Nishibori and Bernhard, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 8. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
PackedSE-541080.Schieberle, 1991Chromosorb G AW DMCS (100-120 mesh), 50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 3. m

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Sil 5 CB1025.Collin, Nizet, et al., 201250. m/0.32 mm/1.20 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 36 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 0C/min -> 145 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillarySLB-5 MS1059.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySLB-5 MS1061.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil-5 CB1025.Bailly and Collin, 201050. m/0.32 mm/1.20 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 36 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 0C/min -> 145 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryDB-51096.San-Juan, Petka, et al., 201030. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 100 0C 6 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min)
CapillaryCP-Sil 5 CB1025.Bailly, Jerkovic, et al., 200950. m/0.32 mm/1.20 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 36 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 0C -> 145 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillarySE-541070.Christlbauer and Schieberle, 200930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (2 min) 10 0C/min -> 50 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryRTX-5 MS1108.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (5 min) 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 300 0C
CapillaryRTX-5 MS1090.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-51064.Prat, Trias, et al., 200930. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 40 0C 2 0C/min -> 12 0C/min -> 105 0C 6 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min)
CapillaryZB-51083.de Simon, Estruelas, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 230 0C (10 min) 10 0C/min -> 270 0C (21 min)
CapillaryHP-5 MS1060.Wan Aida, Ho, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 20 0C/min -> 80 0C (1 min) 20 0C -> 100 0C (1 min) 30 0C/min -> 230 0C (2 min)
CapillaryDB-51070.Buettner, 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillaryHP-5MS1060.Ho, Wan Aida, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(2min) => 20C/min => 80C (1min) => 20C/min => 100C(1min) => 30C/min => 230C(3min)
CapillarySE-541070.Lasekan, Buettner, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillaryCP-Sil 5 CB1025.Bailly, Jerkovic, et al., 200650. m/0.32 mm/1.20 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 36 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 0C/min -> 1345 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1025.Bailly, Jerkovic, et al., 2006, 250. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 36C => 20C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-51063.Tokitomo, Steihaus, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 40 0C/min -> 60 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 180 0C 10 0C/min -> 240 0C (5 min)
CapillarySE-541062.Buettner, 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 50C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryMFE-731096.Escudero, Gogorza, et al., 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS1098.Martí, Mestres, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(5min) => 2C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 210C (30min)
CapillaryDB-51090.Qian and Reineccius, 200330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m; Program: 35C(4min) => 2C/min => 130C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1023.Counet, Callemien, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m; Program: 36C => 20C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C=3C/min => 250C(30min)
CapillaryMFE-731096.Ferreira, Ortín, et al., 2002H2; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51090.Jordán, Goodner, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryMFE-731096.Aznar, López, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.1 «mu»m, H2; Program: 40C(5min) => 2C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 210C(30min)
CapillaryMFE-731096.Ferreira, Aznar, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.1 «mu»m, H2; Program: 40 C (5min) => 2C/min => 120C => 10 C/min => 210 C (30min)
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1024.Lermusieau, Bulens, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m; Program: 36C => 20C/min => 120C(20min) => 2C/min => 250C(30min)
CapillaryHP-11028.Teai, Claude-Lafontaine, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, N2; Program: 40C => 2C/min => 130C => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-51056.Lin, Fay, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (2 min) 40 0C/min -> 50 0C (1 min) 6 0C/min -> 180 0C 10 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-51066.Matsui, Guth, et al., 199830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(1min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 230C
CapillaryDB-51061.Guth, 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C (1min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillarySE-541065.Lizárraga-Guerra, Guth, et al., 1997He; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 35C => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C
CapillarySE-541070.Schermann and Schieberle, 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-51070.Schieberle, 1996Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-541061.Guth and Grosch, 1994Program: 0C (2min) => 6C/min => 50C (2min) => 6C/min => 230 C (10min)
CapillarySE-541061.Guth and Grosch, 1993Program: not specified
CapillarySE-541065.Blank, Sen, et al., 1992Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax2007.Onishi, Inoue, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2028.Kumazawa, Sakai, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryTC-Wax2030.Miyazawa, Fujita, et al., 2010Helium, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryFFAP2031.Christlbauer and Schieberle, 200930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2062.Moon and Shibamoto, 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 210. C @ 70. min
CapillaryStabilwax2034.Watcharananun, Cadwallader, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 225. C @ 10. min
CapillaryFFAP2071.Nebesny, Budryn, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, N2, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 320. C @ 45. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2029.Kishimoto, Wanikawa, et al., 200615. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2049.Schirack, Drake, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2049.Schirack, Drake, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2041.Kumazawa, Kubota, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax2020.Wijaya, Ulrich, et al., 200515. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, 45. C @ 5. min, 10. K/min, 210. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2072.Culleré, Escudero, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryTC-Wax2038.Ishikawa, Ito, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 8. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2042.Yanagimoto, Ochi, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2008.Akiyama, Murakami, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2040.Kumazawa and Masuda, 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2043.Kumazawa and Masuda, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2072.López, Ortín, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2073.Ferreira, Ortín, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2041.Kumazawa and Masuda, 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2039.Kumazawa and Masuda, 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2049.Lin, Rouseff, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2034.Osorio, Duque, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2036.Osorio, Duque, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-FFAP2029.Sanz, Czerny, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryTC-Wax2012.Suhardi, Suzuki, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2064.Aznar, López, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2070.Cadwallader and Heo, 200130. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 225. C @ 30. min
CapillaryFFAP2031.Ducruet, Fournier, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2064.Ferreira, Aznar, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min
CapillaryHP-FFAP2037.Preininger and Ullrich, 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 35. C
CapillaryDB-FFAP2025.Suriyaphan, Drake, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 195. C @ 40. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2026.Wei, Mura, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2043.Kotseridis and Baumes, 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 245. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2050.Tamura, Boonbumrung, et al., 2000Nitrogen, 40. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2030.Buttery, Orts, et al., 199930. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 170. C @ 60. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2031.Lopez, Ferreira, et al., 199960. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax2020.Ong and Acree, 19994. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2030.Buttery and Ling, 199830. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 170. C @ 30. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryHP-Innowax2020.Ong and Acree, 19984. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax2020.Ong, Acree, et al., 19984. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2014.Werkhoff, Güntert, et al., 199860. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2013.Cutzach, Chatonnet, et al., 199750. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 45. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2057.Farkas, Sádecká, et al., 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 35. C @ 0.5 min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2035.Sekiwa, Kubota, et al., 1997He, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryHP-Innowax2042.Ulrich, Hoberg, et al., 199760. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 1.5 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1988.Kubota, Matsujage, et al., 199650. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 2. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2040.Morales, Albarracín, et al., 199630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 20. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1995.Morales, Albarracín, et al., 199630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2043.Roberts and Acree, 199650. C @ 3. min, 6. K/min; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 225. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1982.Roberts and Acree, 199425. m/0.32 mm/0.3 «mu»m, 35. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2047.Eiserich, Macku, et al., 1992He, 60. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 180. C @ 30. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryFFAP-CB1992.Collin, Nizet, et al., 201225. m/0.32 mm/0.30 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 36 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 0C/min -> 145 0C 3 0C/min -> 220 0C
CapillaryFFAP1992.Bailly and Collin, 201025. m/0.32 mm/0.30 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 36 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 0C/min -> 145 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryDB-Wax2060.Parker, Tsormpatsidis, et al., 2010Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax2045.San-Juan, Petka, et al., 201030. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 100 0C 6 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min)
CapillaryFFAP1992.Bailly, Jerkovic, et al., 200925. m/0.32 mm/0.30 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 36 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 0C -> 145 0C 3 0C/min -> 230 0C
CapillaryDB-Wax2045.Ferreira, Juan, et al., 200930. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 100 0C 6 0C/min -> 220 0C (40 min)
CapillaryDB-FFAP1998.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryDB-FFAP2016.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax2054.Prat, Trias, et al., 200930. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 40 0C 2 0C/min -> 12 0C/min -> 105 0C 6 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min)
CapillarySupelcowax-102013.de Simon, Estruelas, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 230 0C (10 min) 10 0C/min -> 270 0C (21 min)
CapillaryFFAP2040.Frauendorfer and Schieberle, 2008Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-FFAP2031.Buettner, 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillaryDB-FFAP2038.Lasekan, Buettner, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 50C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 230C(10min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax2042.Viegas and Bassoli, 200760. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 4 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) 8 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax2002.Viegas and Bassoli, 200760. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryFFAP-CB1992.Bailly, Jerkovic, et al., 200625. m/0.32 mm/0.30 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 36 0C 20 0C/min -> 85 0C 1 0C/min -> 1345 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryFFAP1992.Bailly, Jerkovic, et al., 2006, 225. m/0.32 mm/0.3 «mu»m, He; Program: 36C => 20C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C => 3C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-Wax2018.Krings, Zelena, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C(5min) => 5C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 240C (10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax2018.Krings, Zelena, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C(5min) => 5C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 240C (10min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 58CB2022.Tokitomo, Steihaus, et al., 200525. m/0.32 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 40 0C/min -> 60 0C (1 min) 6 0C/min -> 180 0C 10 0C/min -> 240 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-FFAP2024.Buettner, 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryDB-FFAP2031.Buettner, 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 230C (10min)
CapillaryFFAP2039.Didzbalis, Ritter, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(1min) => 60C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 230C
CapillaryDB-Wax2073.Escudero, Gogorza, et al., 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax Etr2066.Landy, Nicklaus, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2; Program: 35C => 10C/min => 110C => 5C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 220C(15min)
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB2071.Martí, Mestres, et al., 200350. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(10min) => 5C/min => 100C => 3C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 210C (10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax2034.Peterson and Reineccius, 2003Program: not specified
CapillaryFFAP2025.Bel Rhild, Fleury, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 180 0C 10 0C/min -> 180 0C (10 min)
CapillaryFFAP2025.Bel Rhild, Fleury, et al., 2002, 230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 6 oC/min -> 180 0C 10 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillaryTRWAX2040.Torrens, 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-FFAP2035.Mayer and Grosch, 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35 0C (2 min) 40 K/min -> 60 0C (1 min) 6 K/min -> 240 0C
CapillaryDB-Wax2002.Miranda, Nogueira, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 25 0C (0.5 min) 50 K/min -> 50 0C 3.5 K/min -> 150 0C 7.5 K/min -> 240 0C
CapillaryFFAP2023.Lambert, Demazeau, et al., 199930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryFFAP2012.Matsui, Guth, et al., 199830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(1min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 230C
CapillaryFFAP2020.Zehentbauer and Grosch, 199825. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(2min) => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 230C
CapillaryDB-FFAP2025.Guth, 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C (1min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillaryDB-FFAP2015.Lizárraga-Guerra, Guth, et al., 1997He; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 35C => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 250C
CapillaryFFAP2022.Schermann and Schieberle, 199730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C (2min) => 40C/min => 60C (2min) => 6C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 240C
CapillaryFFAP2025.Guth and Grosch, 1994Program: not specified
CapillaryFFAP2034.Schieberle and Grosch, 1994He; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 35C => 40C/min => 60C(2min) => 4C/min => 240C
CapillaryFFAP2045.Blank and Schieberle, 199330. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (2 min) 40 0C/min -> 50 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 180 0C 10 0C/min -> 230 0C (10 min)
CapillaryFFAP2025.Guth and Grosch, 1993Program: not specified
CapillaryFFAP2035.Blank, Sen, et al., 1992Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

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Wu, Wang, et al., 2000
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Chassagne, Boulanger, et al., 1999
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Wu, Kuo, et al., 1991
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Andriamaharavo, 2014
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Majcher and Jelen, 2007
Majcher, M.A.; Jelen, H.H., Effect of Cysteine and Cystine Addition on Sensory Profile and Potent Odorants of Extruded Potato Snacks, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 14, 5754-5760, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0703147 . [all data]

Schuh and Schieberle, 2006
Schuh, C.; Schieberle, P., Characterization of the Key Aroma Compounds in the Beverage Prepared from Darjeeling Black Tea: Quantitative Differences between Tea Leaves and Infusion, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 3, 916-924, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf052495n . [all data]

Majcher and Jelén, 2005
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Wang, Finn, et al., 2005
Wang, Y.; Finn, C.; Qian, M.C., Impact of Growing Environment on Chickasaw Blackberry ( Rubus L.) Aroma Evaluated by Gas Chromatography Olfactometry Dilution Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 9, 3563-3571, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf048102m . [all data]

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Klesk and Qian, 2003
Klesk, K.; Qian, M., Aroma extract dilution analysis of Cv. Marion (Rubus spp. hyb) and Cv. Evergreen (R. Iaciniatus L.) blackberries, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 11, 3436-3441, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0262209 . [all data]

Engel and Schieberle, 2002
Engel, W.; Schieberle, P., Identification and quantitation of key aroma compounds formed in Maillard-type reactions of fructose with cysteamine or isothiaproline (1,3-thiazolidine-2-carboxylic acid), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 19, 5394-5399, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0203186 . [all data]

Jezussek, Juliano, et al., 2002
Jezussek, M.; Juliano, B.O.; Schieberle, P., Comparison of key aroma compounds in cooked brown rice varieties based on aroma extract dilution analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 5, 1101-1105, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0108720 . [all data]

Zehentbauer and Reineccius, 2002
Zehentbauer, G.; Reineccius, G.A., Determination of key aroma components of cheddar cheese using dynamic headspace dilution assay, Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 4, 300-305, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1102 . [all data]

Engel, Hoffmann, et al., 2001
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Zimmermann and Schieberle, 2000
Zimmermann, M.; Schieberle, P., Important odorants of sweet bell pepper powder (Capsicum annuum cv. annuum): differences between samples of Hungarian and Morrocan origin, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2000, 211, 3, 175-180, https://doi.org/10.1007/s002170050019 . [all data]

Buettner and Schieberle, 1999
Buettner, A.; Schieberle, P., Characterization of the most odor-active volatiles in fresh, hand squeezed juice of grapefruit (Citrus paradise Macfayden), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 12, 5189-5193, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf990071l . [all data]

Fickert and Schieberle, 1998
Fickert, B.; Schieberle, P., Identification of the key odorants in barley malt (caramalt) using GC/MS techniques and odour dilution analyses, Nahrung, 1998, 42, 6, 371-375, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1521-3803(199812)42:06<371::AID-FOOD371>3.0.CO;2-V . [all data]

Hinterholzer and Schieberie, 1998
Hinterholzer, A.; Schieberie, P., Identification of the most odour-active volatiles in fresh, hand-extracted juice of valencia late oranges by odour dilution techniques, Flavour Fragr. J., 1998, 13, 1, 49-55, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199801/02)13:1<49::AID-FFJ691>3.0.CO;2-S . [all data]

Hofmann and Schieberle, 1998
Hofmann, T.; Schieberle, P., Identification of key aroma compounds generated from cysteine and carbohydrates under roasting conditions, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch. A, 1998, 207, 3, 229-236, https://doi.org/10.1007/s002170050324 . [all data]

Hofmann and Schieberle, 1998, 2
Hofmann, T.; Schieberle, P., Flavor contribution and formation of the intense roast-smelling odorants 2-propionyl-1-pyrroline and 2-propionyltetrahydropyridine in Maillard-type reactions, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 7, 2721-2726, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf971101s . [all data]

Hofmann and Schieberle, 1997
Hofmann, T.; Schieberle, P., Identification of potent aroma compounds in thermally treated mixtures of glucose/cysteine and rhamnose/cysteine using aroma extract dilution techniques, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1997, 45, 3, 898-906, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf960456t . [all data]

Milo and Reineccius, 1997
Milo, C.; Reineccius, G.A., Identification and quantification of potent odorants in regular-fat and low-fat mild cheddar cheese, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1997, 45, 9, 3590-3594, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf970152m . [all data]

Münch, Hofmann, et al., 1997
Münch, P.; Hofmann, T.; Schieberle, P., Comparison of key odorants generated by thermal treatment of commercial and self-prepared yeast extracts: influence of the amino acid composition on odorant formation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1997, 45, 4, 1338-1344, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf960658p . [all data]

Botelho, Caldeira, et al., 2007
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Mahattanatawee K., Perez-Cacho P.R., et al., 2007
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Pozo-Bayon M.A., Ruiz-Rodriguez A., et al., 2007
Pozo-Bayon M.A.; Ruiz-Rodriguez A.; Pernin K.; Cayot N., Influence of eggs on the aroma composition of a sponge cake and on the aroma release in model studies on flavored sponge cakes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 4, 1418-1426, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf062203y . [all data]

Bonvehí, 2005
Bonvehí, J.S., Investigation of aromatic compounds in roasted cocoa powder, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2005, 221, 1-2, 19-29, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-005-1147-y . [all data]

Mahajan, Goddik, et al., 2004
Mahajan, S.S.; Goddik, L.; Qian, M.C., Aroma Compounds in Sweet Whey Powder, J. Dairy Sci., 2004, 87, 12, 4057-4063, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(04)73547-X . [all data]

Ménager, Jost, et al., 2004
Ménager, I.; Jost, M.; Aubert, C., Changes in physicochemical characteristics and volatile constituents of strawberry (Cv. Cigaline) during maturation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 5, 1248-1254, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0350919 . [all data]

Hayata, Sakamoto, et al., 2003
Hayata, Y.; Sakamoto, T.; Maneerat, C.; Li, X.; Kozuka, H.; Sakamoto, K., Evaluation of aroma compounds contributing to muskmelon flavor in Porapak Q extracts by aroma extract dilution analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 11, 3415-3418, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0209950 . [all data]

Zhou, Wintersteen, et al., 2002
Zhou, Q.; Wintersteen, C.L.; Cadwallader, K.R., Identification and quantification of aroma-active components that contribute to the distinct malty flavor of buckwheat honey, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 7, 2016-2021, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf011436g . [all data]

Lee, Suriyaphan, et al., 2001
Lee, G.-H.; Suriyaphan, O.; Cadwallader, K.R., Aroma components of cooked tail meat of American lobster (Homarus americanus), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 9, 4324-4332, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf001523t . [all data]

Escudero and Etiévant, 1999
Escudero, A.; Etiévant, P., Effect of antioxidants on the flavor characteristics and the gas chromatography/olfactometry profiles of champagne extracts, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 8, 3303-3308, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9813790 . [all data]

Umano, Hagi, et al., 1992
Umano, K.; Hagi, Y.; Nakahara, K.; Shoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of green and ripened pineapple (Aanas comosus [L.] Merr.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1992, 40, 4, 599-603, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00016a014 . [all data]

Pabst, Barron, et al., 1991
Pabst, A.; Barron, D.; Etiévant, P.; Schreier, P., Studies on the enzymatic hydrolysis of bound aroma constituents from raspberry fruit pulp, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 1, 173-175, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00001a034 . [all data]

Suárez, Duque, et al., 1991
Suárez, M.; Duque, C.; Wintoch, H.; Schreier, P., Glycosidically bound aroma compounds from the pulp and the peelings of lulo fruit (Solanum vestissimum D.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 9, 1643-1645, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00009a022 . [all data]

Baltes and Mevissen, 1988
Baltes, W.; Mevissen, L., Model reactions on roast aroma formation. VI. Volatile reaction products from the reaction of phenylalanine with glucose during cooking and roasting, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 1988, 187, 3, 209-214, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01043341 . [all data]

Frauendorfer and Schieberle, 2006
Frauendorfer, F.; Schieberle, P., Identification of the key aroma compounds in Cocoa powder based on molecular sensoly correlations, J. Agr. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 15, 5521-5529, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf060728k . [all data]

Aubert, Baumann, et al., 2005
Aubert, C.; Baumann, S.; Arguel, H., Optimization of the Analysis of Flavor Volatile Compounds by Liquid-Liquid Microextraction (LLME). Application to the Aroma Analysis of Melons, Peaches, Grapes, Strawberries, and Tomatoes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 23, 8881-8895, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0510541 . [all data]

Fritsch and Schieberle, 2005
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Notes

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