Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

Pyrazine, 2,5-dimethyl-3-(2-methylpropyl)-


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBPX-51227.Oruna-Concha, Duckham, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBPX-51207.Oruna-Concha, Duckham, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-11184.Zhang, Dorjpalam, et al., 199250. m/0.32 mm/1.5 «mu»m, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 40. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51193.Moon, Cliff, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 3C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 260C(2min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1549.Kim, 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51208.Fadel, Mageed, et al., 2006He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryBPX-51207.Dickschat, Reichenbach, et al., 200525. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 320. C
CapillaryDB-5MS1208.Welty, Marshall, et al., 2001He, 40. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-51185.Characterization of Pyrazines in Some Chinese Liquors and Their Approximate Concentrations, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(2min) => 2C/min => 140C => 10C/min => 280C (10min)
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1184.Counet, Callemien, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m; Program: 36C => 20C/min => 85C => 1C/min => 145C=3C/min => 250C(30min)

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1506.Characterization of Pyrazines in Some Chinese Liquors and Their Approximate Concentrations, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryFFAP1521.Vernin, Metzger, et al., 1988He, 60. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryFFAP1520.Vernin, Metzger, et al., 1988He, 60. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tend: 240. C

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Oruna-Concha, Duckham, et al., 2001
Oruna-Concha, M.J.; Duckham, S.C.; Ames, J.M., Comparison of volatile compounds isolated from the skin and flesh of four potato cultivars after baking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 5, 2414-2421, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0012345 . [all data]

Zhang, Dorjpalam, et al., 1992
Zhang, Y.; Dorjpalam, B.; Ho, C.-T., Contribution of peptides to volatile formation in the Maillard reaction of casein hydrolysate with glucose, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1992, 40, 12, 2467-2471, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00024a026 . [all data]

Moon, Cliff, et al., 2006
Moon, S.-Y.; Cliff, M.A.; Li-Chan, E.C.Y., Odour-active components of simulated beef flavour analysed by solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and -olfactometry, Food Res. Int., 2006, 39, 3, 294-308, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2005.08.002 . [all data]

Kim, 2001
Kim, J.S., Einfluss der Temperatur beim Rösten von Sesam auf Aroma und antioxidative Eigenschaften des Öls, PhD Thesis, Technischen Universität Berlin zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades, Berlin, 2001, 151. [all data]

Fadel, Mageed, et al., 2006
Fadel, H.H.M.; Mageed, M.A.A.; Samad, A.K.M.E.A.; Lotfy, S.N., Cocoa substitute: Evaluation of sensory qualities and flavour stability, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2006, 223, 1, 125-131, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-005-0162-3 . [all data]

Dickschat, Reichenbach, et al., 2005
Dickschat, J.S.; Reichenbach, H.; Wagner-Döbler, I.; Schulz, S., Novel Pyrazines from the Myxobacterium Chondromyces crocatus and Marine Bacteria, Eur. J. Org. Chem., 2005, 2005, 19, 4141-4153, https://doi.org/10.1002/ejoc.200500280 . [all data]

Welty, Marshall, et al., 2001
Welty, W.M.; Marshall, R.T.; Grün, I.U.; Ellersieck, M.R., Effects of Milk Fat, Cocoa Butter, or Selected Fat Replacers on Flavor Volatiles of Chocolate Ice Cream, J. Dairy Sci., 2001, 84, 1, 21-30, https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(01)74447-5 . [all data]

Characterization of Pyrazines in Some Chinese Liquors and Their Approximate Concentrations, 2007
Characterization of Pyrazines in Some Chinese Liquors; Their Approximate Concentrations, W. Fan; Y. Xu; Y. Zhang, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 9956-9962. [all data]

Counet, Callemien, et al., 2002
Counet, C.; Callemien, D.; Ouwerx, C.; Collin, S., Use of gas chromatography-olfactometry to identify key odorant compounds in dark chocolate. Comparison of samples before and after conching, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 8, 2385-2391, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0114177 . [all data]

Vernin, Metzger, et al., 1988
Vernin, G.; Metzger, J.; Obretenov, T.; Suon, K.-N.; Fraisse, D., GC/MS (EI,PCI,SIM)-data bank analysis of volatile compounds arising from thermal degradation of glucose-valine amadori intermediates in Flavors and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Essential Oils, Fragrances and Flavors, Lawrence,B.M.; Mookherjee,B.D.; Willis,B.J., ed(s)., Elsevier, New York, 1988, 999-1028. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References