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Hydrazine

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas95.35kJ/molReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in December, 1965
Deltafgas150. ± 8.kJ/molIonWillis, Lossing, et al., 1976Appearance potentials; ALS
Deltafgas50.42kJ/molCmCole and Gilbert, 1951ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacgas-622.08kJ/molCmCole and Gilbert, 1951ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas,1 bar238.66J/mol*KReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in December, 1965

Gas Phase Heat Capacity (Shomate Equation)

Cp° = A + B*t + C*t2 + D*t3 + E/t2
H° − H°298.15= A*t + B*t2/2 + C*t3/3 + D*t4/4 − E/t + F − H
S° = A*ln(t) + B*t + C*t2/2 + D*t3/3 − E/(2*t2) + G
    Cp = heat capacity (J/mol*K)
    H° = standard enthalpy (kJ/mol)
    S° = standard entropy (J/mol*K)
    t = temperature (K) / 1000.

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Temperature (K) 800. - 2000.2000. - 6000.
A 35.18240121.4010
B 96.052604.816880
C -40.50130-0.763012
D 6.6680700.043232
E -0.874233-40.78650
F 77.99150-11.38110
G 249.4250305.3440
H 95.3534095.35340
ReferenceChase, 1998Chase, 1998
Comment Data last reviewed in December, 1965 Data last reviewed in December, 1965

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid50.63kJ/molReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in December, 1965
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid,1 bar121.52J/mol*KReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in December, 1965

Liquid Phase Heat Capacity (Shomate Equation)

Cp° = A + B*t + C*t2 + D*t3 + E/t2
H° − H°298.15= A*t + B*t2/2 + C*t3/3 + D*t4/4 − E/t + F − H
S° = A*ln(t) + B*t + C*t2/2 + D*t3/3 − E/(2*t2) + G
    Cp = heat capacity (J/mol*K)
    H° = standard enthalpy (kJ/mol)
    S° = standard entropy (J/mol*K)
    t = temperature (K) / 1000.

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Temperature (K) 298. - 800.
A 48.17750
B 170.4860
C -100.8340
D 45.11350
E 0.674292
F 31.74310
G 136.8710
H 50.62640
ReferenceChase, 1998
Comment Data last reviewed in December, 1965

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil386.65KN/ATipton, Stone, et al., 1989Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
Tboil386.40KN/AFerren, Miller, et al., 1957Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
Tboil386.95KN/ABurtle, 1952Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; by extrapolation of b.p. of aqueous solutions to pure N2H4; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus275.KN/AMcMillan, 1967Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1.5 K; TRC
Tfus274.65KN/ALempe, Neuhaeuser, et al., 1966Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC
Tfus275.15KN/ABruhl, 1897Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 1. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple274.56KN/AScott, Oliver, et al., 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.1 K; TRC
Ttriple274.69KN/AScott, Oliver, et al., 1949Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
44.5303.Scott, Oliver, et al., 1949, 2Based on data from 288. - 353. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
288. - 343.5.011051724.782-41.833Scott, Oliver, et al., 1949, 2Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

2,5-Pyrrolidinedione, 1-bromo- + 0.5Hydrazine = Hydrogen bromide + Succinimide + 0.5Nitrogen

By formula: C4H4BrNO2 + 0.5H4N2 = HBr + C4H5NO2 + 0.5N2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-260.3 ± 0.46kJ/molCmHoward and Skinner, 1966solid phase; solvent: Aqueous solution; Reanalyzed by Pedley, Naylor, et al., 1986, Original value = -261.7 ± 0.46 kJ/mol

N-Chlorosuccinimide + 0.5Hydrazine = Succinimide + Hydrogen chloride + 0.5Nitrogen

By formula: C4H4ClNO2 + 0.5H4N2 = C4H5NO2 + HCl + 0.5N2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-283.6 ± 0.3kJ/molCmHoward and Skinner, 1966solid phase; solvent: Aqueous solution

Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
NIST MS number 38

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References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Chase, 1998
Chase, M.W., Jr., NIST-JANAF Themochemical Tables, Fourth Edition, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, Monograph 9, 1998, 1-1951. [all data]

Willis, Lossing, et al., 1976
Willis, C.; Lossing, F.P.; Back, R.A., The heat of formation of N2H2 and the proton affinity of N2, Can. J. Chem., 1976, 54, 1-3. [all data]

Cole and Gilbert, 1951
Cole, L.G.; Gilbert, E.C., The heats of combustion of some nitrogen compounds and the apparent energy of the N-N bond, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1951, 73, 5423-5427. [all data]

Tipton, Stone, et al., 1989
Tipton, T.; Stone, D.A.; KuBulat, K.; Person, W.B., Experimental and theoretical studies of the infrared spectra of hydrazines: N2H4, N2H3D, N2H2D2, N2HD3, and N2D4, J. Phys. Chem., 1989, 93, 2917. [all data]

Ferren, Miller, et al., 1957
Ferren, R.A.; Miller, J.G.; Day, A.R., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1957, 79, 70. [all data]

Burtle, 1952
Burtle, J.G., Vapor Pressure-Composition Measurement son Aqueous Hydrazine Solutions, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1952, 44, 1675. [all data]

McMillan, 1967
McMillan, J.A., Hydrazine-1,1-Dimethylhydrazine Solid-Liquid Phase Diagram, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1967, 12, 39. [all data]

Lempe, Neuhaeuser, et al., 1966
Lempe, D.; Neuhaeuser, S.; Maeder, H.J.; Bittrich, H.-J., Equilibriums in Ternary Liquid-Liquid Systems; Triethylamine + Water and Monoethylamine, Diethylamine, and Hydrazine, Wiss. Z. Tech. Hochsch. Chem. "Carl Schorlemmer" Leuna-Me- rseburg, 1966, 8, 158. [all data]

Bruhl, 1897
Bruhl, J.W., Spectrochemistry of nitrogen containing compounds V, Z. Phys. Chem., Stoechiom. Verwandtschaftsl., 1897, 22, 373. [all data]

Scott, Oliver, et al., 1949
Scott, D.W.; Oliver, G.D.; Gross, M.E.; Hubbard, W.N.; Huffman, H.M., Hydrazine: Heat Capacity, Heats of Fusion and Vaporization, Vapor Pressure, Entropy and Thermodynamic Functions, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1949, 71, 2293-7. [all data]

Scott, Oliver, et al., 1949, 2
Scott, D.W.; Oliver, G.D.; Gross, Margaret E.; Hubbard, W.N.; Huffman, Hugh M., Hydrazine: Heat Capacity, Heats of Fusion and Vaporization, Vapor Pressure, Entropy and Thermodynamic Functions, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1949, 71, 7, 2293-2297, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja01175a007 . [all data]

Howard and Skinner, 1966
Howard, P.B.; Skinner, H.A., Thermochemistry of some reactions of aqueous hydrazine with halogens, hydrogen halides and N-halogenosuccinimides, J. Chem. Soc. A, 1966, 1536-1540. [all data]

Pedley, Naylor, et al., 1986
Pedley, J.B.; Naylor, R.D.; Kirby, S.P., Thermochemical Data of Organic Compounds, Chapman and Hall, New York, 1986, 1-792. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References