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Ephedrine


Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedSE-30140.1388.Musumarra, Scarlata, et al., 1987N2, 1% se-30 on Anachrom ABS(80-100mesh); Column length: 2. m
PackedOV-1150.1370.Berninger and Möller, 1977 
PackedApiezon L150.1381.Donike and Stratmann, 1976Chromosorb W

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-301337.Schepers, Wijsbeek, et al., 198225. m/0.49 mm/1.14 «mu»m, 100. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 275. C @ 15. min

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedOV-1011350.McLinden and Stenhouse, 1979N2, Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m; Program: not specified
PackedOV-11360.Berninger, Grunnagel, et al., 1975N2, Chromosorb G, AW-DMCS; Column length: 2. m; Program: not specified
PackedOV-11365.Berninger, Grunnagel, et al., 1975N2, Chromosorb G, AW-DMCS; Column length: 2. m; Program: not specified
PackedSE-301350.Moffat, Stead, et al., 1974Column length: 2. m; Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedPEG-20M160.2089.Donike and Stratmann, 1976Chromosorb W

Kovats' RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 20M2082.Moffat, Stead, et al., 1974Column length: 1. m; Program: not specified

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-11376.Christ, Noomano, et al., 198830. m/0.75 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 10. K/min, 280. C @ 12. min; Tstart: 160. C
CapillaryCBP-11330.Oyama, Sano, et al., 1987N2, 6. K/min; Column length: 12. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Tstart: 120. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11350.Perrigo, Peel, et al., 198515. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 8. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 120. C
CapillaryDB-11350.Perrigo, Ballantyne, et al., 198415. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 8. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 120. C
CapillarySE-301336.Anderson and Stafford, 198315. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 295. C
PackedSE-301370.Perrigo and Peel, 1981N2, Chromosorb W, 130. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 290. C @ 8. min; Column length: 1.8 m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1365.University Centre for Pharmacy, 200312.5 m/0.32 mm/1.5 «mu»m; Program: 135C(4min) => 13C/min => 200C => 8C/min => 240C => 6C/min => 312C (6min)
CapillaryBP-11350.Stowell and Wilson, 198712. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 120C => 8C/min => 270C => 25C/min => 300C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryApieson L / KOH150.1356.Caddy, Fish, et al., 1973 
CapillaryApieson L / KOH150.1358.Caddy, Fish, et al., 1973 
CapillaryApieson L / KOH150.1361.Caddy, Fish, et al., 1973 
CapillaryApieson L / KOH150.1366.Caddy, Fish, et al., 1973 
CapillaryApieson L / KOH150.1368.Caddy, Fish, et al., 1973 
CapillaryApieson L / KOH150.1370.Caddy, Fish, et al., 1973 
CapillaryApieson L / KOH190.1398.Caddy, Fish, et al., 1973 
CapillaryApieson L / KOH190.1400.Caddy, Fish, et al., 1973 
CapillaryApieson L / KOH190.1403.Caddy, Fish, et al., 1973 

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedSE-301363.MHA, 9999Nitrogen, Chromosorb G AW DMCS (80-100 mesh); Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-11363.Yashiki, Kojima, et al., 199530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 25. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-51339.Phillips, Logan, et al., 199015. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 10. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 150. C
CapillaryBP-11350.Stowell and Wilson, 198512. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 8. K/min; Tstart: 120. C; Tend: 280. C
PackedOV-11350.Marozzi, Gambaro, et al., 1982Gas Chrom P, 2.5 K/min; Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 120. C; Tend: 200. C
PackedSE-301370.Marozzi, Gambaro, et al., 1982Gas Chrom P, 2.5 K/min; Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 120. C; Tend: 200. C
PackedSE-301370.Peel and Perrigo, 1976Nitrogen, Chromosorb W AW DMS (80-100 mesh), 130. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 290. C @ 8. min; Column length: 2. m
PackedSE-301370.Peel and Perrigo, 1975N2, Chromosorb W AW DMS, 130. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 290. C @ 8. min; Column length: 2. m

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1011350.Zenkevich and Malamakhov, 1987He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.24 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryBP-11346.Stowell and Wilson, 198512. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 120 0X 8 0C/min -> 270 0C 25 0C/min -> 300 0C (5 min)
CapillaryBP-11346.Stowell and Wilson, 198512. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 120 0X 8 0C/min -> 270 0C 25 0C/min -> 300 0C (5 min)
CapillaryBP-11350.Stowell and Wilson, 198512. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 120 0X 8 0C/min -> 270 0C 25 0C/min -> 300 0C (5 min)
CapillaryBP-11350.Stowell and Wilson, 198512. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryBP-11348.Stowell and Wilson, 198512. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 120 0X 8 0C/min -> 270 0C 25 0C/min -> 300 0C (5 min)
CapillaryBP-11350.Stowell and Wilson, 198512. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 120 0X 8 0C/min -> 270 0C 25 0C/min -> 300 0C (5 min)
CapillaryBP-11351.Stowell and Wilson, 198512. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 120 0X 8 0C/min -> 270 0C 25 0C/min -> 300 0C (5 min)
CapillaryBP-11352.Stowell and Wilson, 198512. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 120 0X 8 0C/min -> 270 0C 25 0C/min -> 300 0C (5 min)
CapillaryBP-11357.Stowell and Wilson, 198512. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 120 0X 8 0C/min -> 270 0C 25 0C/min -> 300 0C (5 min)
CapillaryBP-11358.Stowell and Wilson, 198512. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 120 0X 8 0C/min -> 270 0C 25 0C/min -> 300 0C (5 min)
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1363.Bogusz, Wijsbeek, et al., 198325. m/0.32 mm/0.48 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (2.5 min) 30 0C/min -> 190 0C 7 0C/min -> 295 9C (7 min)
PackedSE-301355.Bogusz, Wijsbeek, et al., 1983Program: not specified
OtherMethyl Silicone1363.Ardrey and Moffat, 1981Program: not specified
CapillaryApieson L / KOH1366.Caddy, Fish, et al., 1973Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M / KOH150.2064.Caddy, Fish, et al., 1973 
CapillaryCarbowax 20M / KOH150.2072.Caddy, Fish, et al., 1973 
CapillaryCarbowax 20M / KOH150.2085.Caddy, Fish, et al., 1973 

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Musumarra, Scarlata, et al., 1987
Musumarra, G.; Scarlata, G.; Romano, G.; Cappello, G.; Clementi, S.; Giulietti, G., Qualitative organic analysis. Part 2. Identification of drugs by principal components analysis of standardized TLC data in four eluent systems and of retention indices on SE 30, J. Anal. Toxicol., 1987, 11, 4, 154-163, https://doi.org/10.1093/jat/11.4.154 . [all data]

Berninger and Möller, 1977
Berninger, H.; Möller, M.R., Retentionsindices zur gaschromatographischen Identifizierung von Arzneimitteln, Arch. Toxicol., 1977, 37, 4, 295-305, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00330821 . [all data]

Donike and Stratmann, 1976
Donike, M.; Stratmann, D., Gas-chromatographische identifizierung von stimulantien der phenyläthylaminreihe mit hilfe der retnetions-indices, Z. Anal. Chem., 1976, 279, 2, 129-131, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00440798 . [all data]

Schepers, Wijsbeek, et al., 1982
Schepers, P.; Wijsbeek, J.; Franke, J.P.; de Zeeuw, R.A., Applicability of capillary gas chromatography to substance identification in toxicology by means of retention indices, J. Forensic Sci., 1982, 27, 1, 49-60. [all data]

McLinden and Stenhouse, 1979
McLinden, V.J.; Stenhouse, A.M., A chromatography system for drug identification, Forensic Sci. Int., 1979, 13, 71-79, https://doi.org/10.1016/0379-0738(79)90265-2 . [all data]

Berninger, Grunnagel, et al., 1975
Berninger, H.; Grunnagel, R.; Mall, S.; Moller, M.R., Gas chromatographic identification of unknown substances from body fluids by menas of retention indices, Beitr. Gerichtl. Med., 1975, 33, 185-191. [all data]

Moffat, Stead, et al., 1974
Moffat, A.C.; Stead, A.H.; Smalldon, K.W., Optimum use of paper, thin-layer and gas-liquid chromatography for the identification of basic drugs. III. Gas-liquid chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1974, 90, 1, 19-33, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)94770-3 . [all data]

Christ, Noomano, et al., 1988
Christ, D.W.; Noomano, P.; Rosas, M.; Rhone, D., Retention indices by wide-bore capillary gas chromatography with nitrogen-phosphorus detection, J. Anal. Toxicol., 1988, 12, 2, 84-88, https://doi.org/10.1093/jat/12.2.84 . [all data]

Oyama, Sano, et al., 1987
Oyama, N.; Sano, T.; Syoyama, M.; Maeda, K., Studies on systematic analysis of poisonous compounds in forensic chemistry. II. Application of capillary column gas chromatography to substance identification by means of retention indices, Eisei Kagaku, 1987, 33, 5, 342-348, https://doi.org/10.1248/jhs1956.33.342 . [all data]

Perrigo, Peel, et al., 1985
Perrigo, B.J.; Peel, H.W.; Ballantyne, D.J., Use of Dual-Column Fused-Silica Capillary Gas Chromatography in Combination with Detector Response Factors for Analytical Toxicology., J. Chromatogr., 1985, 341, 81-88, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4347(00)84011-6 . [all data]

Perrigo, Ballantyne, et al., 1984
Perrigo, B.J.; Ballantyne, D.J.; Peel, H.W., Condierations in developing a data base for drugs on a DBI capillary column, J. Can. Soc. Forensic Sci., 1984, 17, 2, 41-49, https://doi.org/10.1080/00085030.1984.10757360 . [all data]

Anderson and Stafford, 1983
Anderson, W.H.; Stafford, D.T., Applications of capillary gas chromatography in routine toxicological analyses, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1983, 6, 5, 247-254, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240060506 . [all data]

Perrigo and Peel, 1981
Perrigo, B.J.; Peel, H.W., The use of retention indices and temperature-programmed gas chromatography in analytical toxicology, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1981, 19, 5, 219-226, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/19.5.219 . [all data]

University Centre for Pharmacy, 2003
University Centre for Pharmacy, University of Groninger, Systematic toxicological analysis, 2003, retrieved from http://www.farm.rug.nl/InterACT/wijopnet.html. [all data]

Stowell and Wilson, 1987
Stowell, A.; Wilson, L.W., A simple approach to the interlaboratory transfer of drug retention indices determined by temperature programmed capillary gas chromatography, J. Forensic Sci., 1987, 32, 5, 1214-1220. [all data]

Caddy, Fish, et al., 1973
Caddy, B.; Fish, F.; Scott, D., Chromatographic screening for drugs of abuse using capillary columds. II. Peak identification on support coated open tubular columns for a series of central nervous system stimulating drugs, Chromatographia, 1973, 6, 7, 293-300, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02269329 . [all data]

MHA, 9999
MHA, Directorate of ForensicScience., Forensic Toxicology, 9999. [all data]

Yashiki, Kojima, et al., 1995
Yashiki, M.; Kojima, T.; Miyazaki, T.; Nagasawa, N.; Iwasaki, Y.; Hara, K., Detection of amphetamines in urine using head space-solid phase microextraction and chemical ionization selected ion monitoring, Forensic Sci. Int., 1995, 76, 3, 169-177, https://doi.org/10.1016/0379-0738(95)01819-0 . [all data]

Phillips, Logan, et al., 1990
Phillips, A.M.; Logan, B.K.; Stafford, D.T., Further applications for capillary gas chromatography in routine quantitative toxicological analyses, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1990, 13, 11, 754-758, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240131106 . [all data]

Stowell and Wilson, 1985
Stowell, A.; Wilson, L., Use of retention indices in drug screening by capillary gas chromatography, Rep. # CD 2362, Department of Scientific and Industrial Reseach, Chemistry Division, Lower Hutt, NZ, 1985, 32. [all data]

Marozzi, Gambaro, et al., 1982
Marozzi, E.; Gambaro, V.; Saligari, E.; Mariani, R.; Lodi, F., Use of the retention index in gas chromatographic studies of drugs, J. Anal. Toxicol., 1982, 6, 4, 185-192, https://doi.org/10.1093/jat/6.4.185 . [all data]

Peel and Perrigo, 1976
Peel, H.W.; Perrigo, B., A practical gas chromatographic screening procedure for toxicological analysis, Can. Soc. Forens. Sci. J., 1976, 9, 2, 69-74, https://doi.org/10.1080/00085030.1976.10757247 . [all data]

Peel and Perrigo, 1975
Peel, H.W.; Perrigo, B., A practical gas chromatographic screening procedure for toxicological analysis, Can.Soc.Forens.Sci.J., 1975, 9, 2, 69-74, https://doi.org/10.1080/00085030.1976.10757247 . [all data]

Zenkevich and Malamakhov, 1987
Zenkevich, I.G.; Malamakhov, A.C., Evaluation of Molecular Weights of Organic Compounds based on Retention Parameters at Chromato-Spectral Analysys. Additional Criterion of Molecular Ions' Identification, Vestn. St. Petersb. Univ. Ser. 4: Fiz. Khim, 1987, 2, 101-106. [all data]

Bogusz, Wijsbeek, et al., 1983
Bogusz, M.; Wijsbeek, J.; Franke, J.P.; de Zeeuw, R.A., Applicability of capillary gas chromatography to systematic toxicological analysis: occurence of concentration-dependent retention behavior, J. Analyt. Toxicol., 1983, 7, 4, 188-192, https://doi.org/10.1093/jat/7.4.188 . [all data]

Ardrey and Moffat, 1981
Ardrey, R.E.; Moffat, A.C., Gas-liquid chromatographic retention indices of 1318 substances of toxicological interest on SE-30 or OV-1 stationary phase, J. Chromatogr., 1981, 220, 3, 195-252, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)81925-1 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References