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(+)-4-Carene


Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51004.de Feo, Porta, et al., 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryEquity-51030.Rocha, Coelho, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 260. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-51014.Silva, Barbosa, et al., 200730. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 55. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-51022.Liu J.M., Nan P., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5MS1009.Vujisic L., Vuckovic I., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 4.3 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 285. C
CapillaryOptima 51008.Vérité, Nacer, et al., 200425. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone998.Píry, Príbela, et al., 199525. m/0.2 mm/0.3 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-51001.Le Quere and Latrasse, 199060. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1149.Rega, Fournier, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1149.Rega, Fournier, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 5. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1144.Píry, Príbela, et al., 199550. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 170. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1128.Le Quere and Latrasse, 199030. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-11017.Xu, Tang, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 2. min
CapillaryDB-5996.Amiri, 200750. m/0.20 mm/0.32 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 60. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-51022.Wang, Yang, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-51002.5Gawdzik, Mardarowicz, et al., 199630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1002.Bai, Liu, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (1 min) 10 0C/min -> 180 0C (1 min) 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (15 min)
CapillaryDB-51001.Nezhadali and Parsa, 201030. m/0.20 mm/0.32 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (1 min) 3 0C/min -> 140 0C 50 0C/min -> 250 0C (3 min)
CapillaryDB-11022.Xu, Tang, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1998.Yu, Li, et al., 2009Helium; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 40 0C 2 0C/min -> 130 0C (5 min) 10 0C/min -> 230 0C (15 min)
CapillaryHP-5MS1018.Chokeprasert P., Charles A.L., et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C => 3C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 230C(2min)
CapillaryOV-1998.Hafez and Abdel-Salam, 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45 0C (4 min) 3 0C/min -> 75 0C 4 0C/min -> 115 0C 6 0C/min -> 312 0C
CapillarySE-30987.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-51011.Viana, Andrade-Neto, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.1 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C => 4C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 280C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone987.Zenkevich, 1996Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelco CO Wax-101157.Prompona, Kandylis, et al., 201260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (6 min) 2 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 200 0C 25 0C/min -> 250 0C (6 min)

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

de Feo, Porta, et al., 1998
de Feo, V.; Porta, G.D.; Urrunaga Soria, E.; Urrunaga Soria, R.; Senatore, F., Composition of the essential oil of Tagetes filifolia Lag., Flavour Fragr. J., 1998, 13, 3, 145-147, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199805/06)13:3<145::AID-FFJ707>3.0.CO;2-Q . [all data]

Rocha, Coelho, et al., 2007
Rocha, S.M.; Coelho, E.; Zrostlikova, J.; Delgadillo, I.; Coimbra b, M.A., Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography with time-of-flight mass spectrometry of monoterpenoids as a powerful tool for grape origin traceability, J. Chromatogr. A, 2007, 1161, 1-2, 292-299, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2007.05.093 . [all data]

Silva, Barbosa, et al., 2007
Silva, C.J.; Barbosa, L.C.A.; Maltha, C.R.A.; Pinheiro, A.L.; Ismail, F.M.D., Comparative study of the essential oils of seven Melaleuca (Myrtaceae) species grown in Brazil, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 6, 474-478, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1823 . [all data]

Liu J.M., Nan P., et al., 2006
Liu J.M.; Nan P.; Tsering Q.; Tsering T.; Bai Z.K.; Wang L.; Liu Z.J.; Zhong Y., Volatile constituents of the leaves and flowers of Salvia przewalskii Maxim. from Tibet, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 435-438, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1607 . [all data]

Vujisic L., Vuckovic I., et al., 2006
Vujisic L.; Vuckovic I.; Tesevic V.; Dokovic D.; Ristic M.S.; Janackovic P.; Milosavljevic S., Comparative examination of the essential oils of Anthemis ruthenica and A-arvensis wild-growing in Serbia, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 458-461, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1681 . [all data]

Vérité, Nacer, et al., 2004
Vérité, P.; Nacer, A.; Kabouche, Z.; Seguin, E., Composition of seeds and stems essential oils of Pituranthos scoparius (Coss. Dur.) Schinz, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 6, 562-564, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1353 . [all data]

Píry, Príbela, et al., 1995
Píry, J.; Príbela, A.; Durcanská, J.; Farkas, P., Fractionation of volatiles from blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum L.) by different extractive methods, Food Chem., 1995, 54, 1, 73-77, https://doi.org/10.1016/0308-8146(95)92665-7 . [all data]

Le Quere and Latrasse, 1990
Le Quere, J.-L.; Latrasse, A., Composition of the Essential Oils of Blackcurrant Buds (Ribes nigrum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 1, 3-10, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00091a001 . [all data]

Rega, Fournier, et al., 2004
Rega, B.; Fournier, N.; Nicklaus, S.; Guichard, E., Role of pulp in flavor release and sensory perception in orange juice, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 13, 4204-4212, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf035361n . [all data]

Rega, Fournier, et al., 2003
Rega, B.; Fournier, N.; Guichard, E., Solid phase microextraction (SPME) of orange juice flavor: odor representativeness by direct gas chromatography olfactometry (D-GC-O), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 24, 7092-7099, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf034384z . [all data]

Xu, Tang, et al., 2010
Xu, X.; Tang, Z.; Liang, Y., Comparative analysis of plant essential oils by GC-MS coupled with integrated chemometric resolution methods, Anal. Methods, 2010, 2, 4, 359-367, https://doi.org/10.1039/b9ay00213h . [all data]

Amiri, 2007
Amiri, H., Quantative and qualative changes of essential oil of Salvia bracteata BAnk et Sol. in different growth stages, DARU, 2007, 15, 2, 79-82. [all data]

Wang, Yang, et al., 2006
Wang, Q.; Yang, Y.; Zhao, X.; Zhu, B.; Nan, P.; Zhao, J.; Wang, L.; Chen, F.; Liu, Z.; Zhong, Y., Chemical variation in the essential oil of Ephedra sinica from Northeastern China, Food Chem., 2006, 98, 1, 52-58, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.04.033 . [all data]

Gawdzik, Mardarowicz, et al., 1996
Gawdzik, J.; Mardarowicz, M.; Suprynowicz, Z.; Kawka, S.; Wolski, T., Supercritical fluid extraction of essential oils from the fruits of Archangelica off. Hoffm. and their characterization by GC/MS, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1996, 19, 4, 237-240, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240190416 . [all data]

Bai, Liu, et al., 2011
Bai, C.Q.; Liu, Z.L.; Liu, Q.Z., Nematicidal constituents from the essential oil of Chenopodium ambrosioides aerial parts, E-Journal of Chemistry, 2011, 8, S1, s143-s148, https://doi.org/10.1155/2011/470862 . [all data]

Nezhadali and Parsa, 2010
Nezhadali, A.; Parsa, M., Study of the volatile compounds in Artemisia Sagebrush from Iran using HS/SPME/GC/MS, Int. J. Environ. Sci. Development, 2010, 1, 3, 287-289, https://doi.org/10.7763/IJESD.2010.V1.56 . [all data]

Yu, Li, et al., 2009
Yu, L.-F.; Li, X.-R.; Liu, S.-Y.; Xu, G.-W.; Liang, Y.-Z., Comparative analysis of essential components between the herbal pair Radix Saposhnikoviae-Rhizoma seu Radix Notopterygii and its single herbs by GC-MS combined with a chemometric resolution method, Anal. Methods, 2009, 1, 1, 45-51, https://doi.org/10.1039/b9ay00044e . [all data]

Chokeprasert P., Charles A.L., et al., 2007
Chokeprasert P.; Charles A.L.; Sue K.H.; Huang T.C., Volatile components of the leaves, fruits and seeds of wampee [Clausena lansium (Lour.) Skeels], J. Food Comp. Anal., 2007, 20, 1, 52-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2006.07.002 . [all data]

Hafez and Abdel-Salam, 2004
Hafez, S.S.; Abdel-Salam, H.A., chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the volatile constituents of thuja occidentalis L. growing in Egipt, Alexandria J. Pharm. Sci., 2004, 18, 1, 41-47. [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Viana, Andrade-Neto, et al., 2002
Viana, F.A.; Andrade-Neto, M.; Pouliquen, Y.B.M.; Lucien, V.G., Chemical composition of the essential oil from roots of Philodendron acutatum Schott., J. Essent. Oil Res., 2002, 14, 3, 172-174, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2002.9699814 . [all data]

Zenkevich, 1996
Zenkevich, I.G., Analytical Parameters of Components of Essential Oils for their Chromatographic and Chromato-Mass Spectral Identification. Mono- and Sesquiterpenes, Rastitelnye Resursy (Plant resources), 1996, 34, 1-2, 48-58. [all data]

Prompona, Kandylis, et al., 2012
Prompona, K.-D.; Kandylis, P.; Tsakiris, A.; Kanellaki, M.; Kourkoutas, Y., Application of alternative technologies for elimination of artificial colorings in alcoholic beverages produced by Citrus medica and potential impact on human health, Food Nutrition Sci., 2012, 3, 07, 959-969, https://doi.org/10.4236/fns.2012.37127 . [all data]


Notes

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