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Pyrazine

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Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-InnowaxFFAPDB-WaxDB-WaxZB-Wax
Column length (m) 15.30.60.60.60.
Carrier gas HeliumNitrogenHeliumHeliumHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.500.500.500.500.50
Tstart (C) 40.35.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 250.250.210.210.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.4.2.2.4.
Initial hold (min)  5.5.5.5.
Final hold (min)  45.70.70.5.
I 1201.1232.1232.1231.1243.
ReferencePuvipirom and Chaisei, 2012Budryn, Nebesny, et al., 2011Moon and Shibamoto, 2010Moon and Shibamoto, 2009Marin, Pozrl, et al., 2008
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxFFAPDB-WaxDB-WaxZB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.60.30.30.
Carrier gas HeN2HeHeHelium
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.50.25 0.25
Tstart (C) 50.35.50.60.40.
Tend (C) 230.320.200.180.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.2.2.5.
Initial hold (min)  5. 5.2.
Final hold (min) 15.45.90.30.5.
I 1201.1232.1197.1217.1208.
ReferenceCharacterization of Pyrazines in Some Chinese Liquors and Their Approximate Concentrations, 2007Nebesny, Budryn, et al., 2007Fujioka and Shibamoto, 2006Osada and Shibamoto, 2006N/A
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxHP-WaxHP-WaxHP-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.60.60.60.
Carrier gas   HeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.50.50.5
Tstart (C) 30.30.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 250.250.190.190.190.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.3.3.3.
Initial hold (min) 1.1.6.6.6.
Final hold (min)      
I 1210.1214.1231.1231.1231.
ReferenceTanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 2003Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 2003Sanz, Maeztu, et al., 2002Maeztu, Sanz, et al., 2001Sanz, Ansorena, et al., 2001
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxDB-WaxPEG-20MDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.30.60.50.30.
Carrier gas    N2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.530.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Tstart (C) 30.60.30.60.70.
Tend (C) 170.210.170.180.160.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.4.2.2.2.
Initial hold (min) 4. 4. 8.
Final hold (min) 60. 30.  
I 1207.1241.1207.1180.1215.
ReferenceButtery, Orts, et al., 1999Iwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 1999Buttery and Ling, 1998Kubota, Nakamoto, et al., 1991Wong and Bernhard, 1988
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Carbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 50.39.100.100.
Carrier gas N2H2  
Substrate     
Column diameter (mm) 0.220.300.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)     
Tstart (C) 80.60.70.70.
Tend (C) 200.220.170.170.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.1.1.
Initial hold (min)     
Final hold (min)     
I 1179.1206.1212.1214.
ReferenceMihara and Enomoto, 1985Liardon and Ledermann, 1980Shibamoto and Russell, 1977Shibamoto and Russell, 1977
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Puvipirom and Chaisei, 2012
Puvipirom, J.; Chaisei, S., Contribution of roasted grains and seeds in aroma of oleang (Thai coffee drink), Int. Food Res. J., 2012, 19, 2, 583-588. [all data]

Budryn, Nebesny, et al., 2011
Budryn, G.; Nebesny, E.; Kula, J.; Majda, T.; Krysiak, W., HS-SPME/GC/MS Profiles of convectively and microwave roasted Ivory Coast Robusta coffee brews, Czech. J. Food Sci., 2011, 29, 2, 151-160. [all data]

Moon and Shibamoto, 2010
Moon, J.-K.; Shibamoto, T., Formation of volatile chemicals from thermal degradation of less volatile cofee components: quinic acid, caffeic acid, and chlorogenic acid, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2010, 58, 9, 5465-5470, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf1005148 . [all data]

Moon and Shibamoto, 2009
Moon, J.-K.; Shibamoto, T., Role of roasting conditions in the profile of volatile flavor chemicals formed from coffee beans, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 13, 5823-5831, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf901136e . [all data]

Marin, Pozrl, et al., 2008
Marin, K.; Pozrl, T.; Zlatic, E.; Plestenjak, A., A new aroma index to determine the aroma quality of roasted and ground coffee during storage, Food Technol. Biotechnol., 2008, 46, 4, 442-447. [all data]

Characterization of Pyrazines in Some Chinese Liquors and Their Approximate Concentrations, 2007
Characterization of Pyrazines in Some Chinese Liquors; Their Approximate Concentrations, W. Fan; Y. Xu; Y. Zhang, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 9956-9962. [all data]

Nebesny, Budryn, et al., 2007
Nebesny, E.; Budryn, G.; Kula, J.; Majda, T., The effect of roasting method on headspace composition of robusta coffee bean aroma, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2007, 225, 1, 9-19, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-006-0375-0 . [all data]

Fujioka and Shibamoto, 2006
Fujioka, K.; Shibamoto, T., Quantitation of volatiles and nonvolatile acids in an extract from coffee beverages: correlation with antioxidant activity, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 16, 6054-6058, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf060460x . [all data]

Osada and Shibamoto, 2006
Osada, Y.; Shibamoto, T., Antioxidative activity of volatile extracts from Maillard model systems, Food Chem., 2006, 98, 3, 522-528, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.05.084 . [all data]

Tanaka, Yamauchi, et al., 2003
Tanaka, T.; Yamauchi, T.; Katsumata, R.; Kiuchi, K., Comparison of volatile components in commercial Itohiki-Natto by solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography, Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi, 2003, 50, 6, 278-285, https://doi.org/10.3136/nskkk.50.278 . [all data]

Sanz, Maeztu, et al., 2002
Sanz, C.; Maeztu, L.; Zapelena, M.J.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Profiles of volatile compounds and sensory analysis of three blends of coffee: influence of different proportions of Arabica and Robusta and influence of roasting coffee with sugar, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2002, 82, 8, 840-847, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1110 . [all data]

Maeztu, Sanz, et al., 2001
Maeztu, L.; Sanz, C.; Andueza, S.; de Peña, M.P.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Characterization of espresso coffee aroma by static headspace GC-MS and sensory flavor profile, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 11, 5437-5444, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0107959 . [all data]

Sanz, Ansorena, et al., 2001
Sanz, C.; Ansorena, D.; Bello, J.; Cid, C., Optimizing headspace temperature and time sampling for identification of volatile compounds in ground roasted Arabica coffee, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 3, 1364-1369, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf001100r . [all data]

Buttery, Orts, et al., 1999
Buttery, R.G.; Orts, W.J.; Takeoka, G.R.; Nam, Y., Volatile flavor components of rice cakes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 10, 4353-4356, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf990140w . [all data]

Iwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 1999
Iwatsuki, K.; Mizota, Y.; Kubota, T.; Nishimura, O.; Masuda, H.; Sotoyama, K.; Tomita, M., Aroma extract dilution analysis. Evluation of aroma of pasteurized and UHT processed milk by aroma extract dilution analysis, Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi, 1999, 46, 9, 587-597, https://doi.org/10.3136/nskkk.46.587 . [all data]

Buttery and Ling, 1998
Buttery, R.G.; Ling, L.C., Additional studies on flavor components of corn tortilla chips, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 7, 2764-2769, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf980125b . [all data]

Kubota, Nakamoto, et al., 1991
Kubota, K.; Nakamoto, A.; Moriguchi, M.; Kobayashi, A.; Ishii, H., Formation of pyrrolidino[1,2-e]-4H-2,4-dimethyl-1,3,5-dithiazine in the volatiles of boiled short-necked clam, clam, and corbicula, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 6, 1127-1130, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00006a027 . [all data]

Wong and Bernhard, 1988
Wong, J.M.; Bernhard, R.A., Effect of nitrogen source on pyrazine formation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1988, 36, 1, 123-129, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00079a032 . [all data]

Mihara and Enomoto, 1985
Mihara, S.; Enomoto, N., Calculation of retention indices of pyrazines on the basis of molecular structure, J. Chromatogr., 1985, 324, 428-430, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)81342-X . [all data]

Liardon and Ledermann, 1980
Liardon, R.; Ledermann, S., volatile components of fermented soya hydrolysate. II. Composition of basic fraction, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 1980, 170, 3, 208-213, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01042542 . [all data]

Shibamoto and Russell, 1977
Shibamoto, T.; Russell, G.F., A study of the volatiles isolated from a D-glucose-hydrogen sulfide-ammonia model system, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1977, 25, 1, 109-112, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf60209a054 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp, References