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Pyridazine

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas66.53 ± 0.30kcal/molCcbTjebbes, 1962 

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid53.75 ± 0.22kcal/molCcbTjebbes, 1962 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-566.59 ± 0.22kcal/molCcbTjebbes, 1962 

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil481.2KN/AWeast and Grasselli, 1989BS
Tboil480.35KN/ALecat, 1947Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.6 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap12.8 ± 0.1kcal/molCTjebbes, Mollberg, et al., 1962AC
Deltavap12.8 ± 0.1kcal/molCTjebbes, 1962ALS
Deltavap12.8kcal/molN/ATjebbes, 1962DRB

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: John E. Bartmess

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C4H3N2- + Hydrogen cation = Pyridazine

By formula: C4H3N2- + H+ = C4H4N2

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar382.4 ± 2.5kcal/molTDEqMeot-ner and Kafafi, 1988gas phase; Pyridazine. Anchored to 88MEO scale, not the "87 Acidity Scale".
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar374.00 ± 0.70kcal/molN/AWren, Vogelhuber, et al., 2012gas phase
Deltar373.4 ± 2.0kcal/molTDEqMeot-ner and Kafafi, 1988gas phase; Pyridazine. Anchored to 88MEO scale, not the "87 Acidity Scale".

IR Spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Coblentz Society, Inc.

Condensed Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Notice: Except where noted, spectra from this collection were measured on dispersive instruments, often in carefully selected solvents, and hence may differ in detail from measurements on FTIR instruments or in other chemical environments. More information on the manner in which spectra in this collection were collected can be found here.

Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

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Owner COPYRIGHT (C) 1988 by COBLENTZ SOCIETY INC.
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin DOW CHEMICAL COMPANY
Source reference COBLENTZ NO. 06364
Date 1965/11/10
State LIQUID (NEAT)
Instrument BECKMAN IR-9 (GRATING)
Instrument parameters ORDER CHANGES: 670, 1200, 2000 CM-1
Path length CAPILLARY
SPECTRAL CONTAMINATION DUE TO H2O AROUND 1670, 3450 AND AN UNKNOWN AROUND 400 CM-1
Resolution 2
Sampling procedure TRANSMISSION
Data processing DIGITIZED BY COBLENTZ SOCIETY (BATCH I) FROM HARD COPY

This IR spectrum is from the Coblentz Society's evaluated infrared reference spectra collection.


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW-5023
NIST MS number 230162

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Tjebbes, 1962
Tjebbes, J., The heats of combustion and formation of the three diazines and their resonance energies, Acta Chem. Scand., 1962, 16, 916-921. [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Lecat, 1947
Lecat, M., Some azeotropes of which one constituant is heterocyclic nitrogen, Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles, Ser. 1, 1947, 61, 73. [all data]

Tjebbes, Mollberg, et al., 1962
Tjebbes, Jan; Mollberg, René; Lindberg, Bengt; McKay, James; Theander, Olof; Flood, H., The Heats of Combustion and Formation of the Three Diazines and their Resonance Energies., Acta Chem. Scand., 1962, 16, 916-921, https://doi.org/10.3891/acta.chem.scand.16-0916 . [all data]

Meot-ner and Kafafi, 1988
Meot-ner, M.; Kafafi, S.A., Carbon Acidities of Aromatic Compounds, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1988, 110, 19, 6297, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00227a003 . [all data]

Wren, Vogelhuber, et al., 2012
Wren, S.W.; Vogelhuber, K.M.; Garver, J.M.; Kato, S.; Sheps, L.; Bierbaum, V.M.; Lineberger, W.C., C-H Bond Strengths and Acidities in Aromatic Systems: Effects of Nitrogen Incorporation in Mono-, Di-, and Triazines, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2012, 134, 15, 6584-6595, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja209566q . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References