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Thiazole

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Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid40.619cal/mol*KN/ASoulie, Goursot, et al., 1969 
liquid40.619cal/mol*KN/AGoursot and Westrum, 1968 

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
28.920298.15Soulie, Goursot, et al., 1969T = 4 to 350 K.
28.920298.15Goursot and Westrum, 1968T = 5 to 340 K. Glass transition 145 to 175 K.

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil390.7KN/AWeast and Grasselli, 1989BS
Tboil391.39KN/ASoulie, Bares, et al., 1975Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; calculated from Antoine equations based on obs. data; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus239.58KN/AMeyer and Metzger, 1966Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple239.53KN/ASoulie, Goursot, et al., 1969, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC
Ttriple239.48KN/AGoursot and Westrum, 1968, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.02 K; TRC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
9.49348.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 333. - 393. K.; AC
9.30351.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 336. - 391. K. See also Soulie, Goursot, et al., 1969, 3.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (atm)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
336.13 - 391.414.259761424.453-56.993Soulie, Goursot, et al., 1969, 4Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kcal/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
2.2800239.53Soulie, Goursot, et al., 1969DH
2.292239.48Goursot and Westrum, 1968DH
2.29239.4Goursot, Westrum, et al., 1968See also Meyer and Metzger, 1966.; AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (cal/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
9.570239.53Soulie, Goursot, et al., 1969DH
9.570239.48Goursot and Westrum, 1968DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)216.kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity208.4kcal/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.50PEDaamen, Oskam, et al., 1979Vertical value; LLK

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

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Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
State gas
Instrument HP-GC/MS/IRD

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
NIST MS number 341368

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Eugeny B. Stern, Antonina A. Goncharova, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Additional Data

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Source missing citation
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 9074
Instrument Zeiss PMQ II
Boiling point 118

Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-101110.760.Zhuravleva, 200050. m/0.3 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-101110.760.Zhuravleva, Shenderyuk, et al., 199050. m/0.30 mm/0.40 «mu»m, He
PackedApiezon L100.729.Yakush, Golovnya, et al., 1986Chromosorb GAW; Column length: 2.5 m

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryPEG-40M110.1259.Zhuravleva, Shenderyuk, et al., 199050. m/0.30 mm/0.40 «mu»m, He

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5735.Methven L., Tsoukka M., et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 260. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-1705.Rochat S., de Saint Laumer J.Y., et al., 200720. m/0.18 mm/0.18 «mu»m, 60. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-1709.Rochat S., de Saint Laumer J.Y., et al., 200720. m/0.18 mm/0.18 «mu»m, 60. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB739.Elmore, Campo, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryBPX-5730.Ames, Guy, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBPX-5730.Ames, Guy, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-1706.Kim, 200160. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySE-30686.Misharina, Golovnya, et al., 199450. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 8. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1707.Zhang and Ho, 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-1707.Zhang and Ho, 1991, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-1707.Zhang and Ho, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-1707.Zhang, Chien, et al., 198860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 40. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-5694.Majcher and Jelen, 200730. m/0.53 mm/1.5 «mu»m; Program: 40C(1min) => 6C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 280C
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS740.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C(5min) => 40C/min => 40C (2min) => 4C/min => 280C
CapillaryDB-5735.Parker, Hassell, et al., 200050. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: oC(5min) => 60C/min => 60C (5min) => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryBPX-5760.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 199950. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C(5min) => 40C/min => 40C(2min) => 4C/min => 280C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1238.Mahadevan and Farmer, 200660. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryFFAP1210.Calvo-Gómez, Morales-López, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1244.Kim, 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101252.Chung, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1265.Shimoda, Peralta, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1249.Chung, Eiserich, et al., 1994He, 60. C @ 4. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101262.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-1711.Frerot, Velluz, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-5728.Fadel, Mageed, et al., 2006He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1726.Tai and Ho, 199860. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-1709.Yu, Wu, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-1703.Yu, Wu, et al., 199460. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-1716.Yu, Wu, et al., 1994, 260. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-5742.Lee, Macku, et al., 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-5745.Macku and Shibamoto, 1991He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 160. C
CapillaryDB-1707.Guntert, Brüning, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1705.Chantreau, Rochat, et al., 200620. m/0.18 mm/0.18 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1709.Chantreau, Rochat, et al., 200620. m/0.18 mm/0.18 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30715.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryBPX-5735.Machiels, van Ruth, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (4min) => 2C/min => 90C => 4C/min => 130C => 8C/min => 250 C (10min)
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB740.Gijs, Piraprez, et al., 200050. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 33C (16.5min) => 2C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C (9min)
CapillaryMethyl Silicone688.Misharina, 1995Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax1229.Puvipirom and Chaisei, 201215. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-Wax1270.Sanz, Maeztu, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryHP-Wax1270.Maeztu, Sanz, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryHP-Wax1270.Sanz, Ansorena, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1239.Horiuchi, Umano, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1248.Umano, Hagi, et al., 1995He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1247.Eiserich, Macku, et al., 1992He, 60. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 180. C @ 30. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax1240.Guntert, Brüning, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1235.Shibamoto and Russell, 19771. K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1239.Shibamoto and Russell, 19771. K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1235.Shibamoto and Russell, 1976N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1240.Shibamoto and Russell, 1976N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1262.Gonzalez-Rios, Suarez-Quiroz, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 44 0C 3 0C/min -> 170 0C 8 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryDB-Wax1260.Gonzalez-Rios, Suarez-Quiroz, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1246.Kim. J.H., Ahn, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C 4 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1246.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Soulie, Goursot, et al., 1969
Soulie, M.A.; Goursot, P.; Peneloux, A.; Metzger, J., Properties thermochimiques du thiazole, J. chim. Phys. physicochim. Biol., 1969, 66, 603-606. [all data]

Goursot and Westrum, 1968
Goursot, P.; Westrum, E.F., Jr., Heat capacity and thermodynamic functions of thiazole from 5 to 340K, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1968, 13, 471-475. [all data]

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Soulie, Bares, et al., 1975
Soulie, M.A.; Bares, D.; Metzger, J., Vapor Pressures of Some Azaaromatic Compounds, C. R. Seances Acad. Sci., Ser. C, 1975, 281, 341. [all data]

Meyer and Metzger, 1966
Meyer, R.; Metzger, J., C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, Ser. C, 1966, 263, 1333. [all data]

Soulie, Goursot, et al., 1969, 2
Soulie, M.A.; Goursot, P.; Peneloux, A.; Metzger, J., Thermodynamic properties of thiazole, J. Chim. Phys. Phys.-Chim. Biol., 1969, 66, 603-6. [all data]

Goursot and Westrum, 1968, 2
Goursot, P.; Westrum, E.F., Heat capacity and thermodynamic functions of thiazole from 5 to 340 K, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1968, 13, 471. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Soulie, Goursot, et al., 1969, 3
Soulie, M.A.; Goursot, P.; Peneloux, A.; Metzger, J., J. Chim. Phys. Phys.-Chim. Biol., 1969, 66, 4, 603. [all data]

Soulie, Goursot, et al., 1969, 4
Soulie, M.A.; Goursot, P.; Peneloux, A.; Metzger, J., Proprietes Thermochimiques du Thiazole, J. Chim. Phys. Phys. Chim. Biol., 1969, 66, 603-610. [all data]

Goursot, Westrum, et al., 1968
Goursot, P.; Westrum, E.F., Jr.; Metzger, J., C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, Ser. C, 1968, 266, 590. [all data]

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Daamen, Oskam, et al., 1979
Daamen, H.; Oskam, A.; Stufkens, D.J.; Waaijers, H.W., Bonding properties of group VIB metal pentacarbonyl azole complexes studied by electronic absorption, photoelectron, 13C NMR and vibrational spectroscopy, Inorg. Chim. Acta, 1979, 34, 253. [all data]

Zhuravleva, 2000
Zhuravleva, I.L., Evaluation of the polarity and boiling points of nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compounds by gas chromatography, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 2000, 49, 2, 325-328, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02494682 . [all data]

Zhuravleva, Shenderyuk, et al., 1990
Zhuravleva, I.L.; Shenderyuk, V.V.; Yakush, E.V.; Golovnya, R.V., Calculation of retention indexes of alkyloxazoles and alkylthiazoles in capillary chromatography, Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR, Div. Chem. Sci. (Engl. Transl.), 1990, 6, 6, 1204-1210, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00962384 . [all data]

Yakush, Golovnya, et al., 1986
Yakush, E.V.; Golovnya, R.V.; Zhuravleva, I.L.; Grigor'eva, D.N., Thermodynamic criterion and its use for identification of alkylthiazols from gas chromatographic data, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1986, 41, 884-889. [all data]

Methven L., Tsoukka M., et al., 2007
Methven L.; Tsoukka M.; Oruna-Concha M.J.; Parker J.K.; Mottram D.S., Influence of sulfur amino acids on the volatile and nonvolatile components of cooked salmon (Salmo salar), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 4, 1427-1436, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0625611 . [all data]

Rochat S., de Saint Laumer J.Y., et al., 2007
Rochat S.; de Saint Laumer J.Y.; Chaintreau A., Analysis of sulfur compounds from the in-oven roast beef aroma by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr. A, 2007, 1147, 1, 85-94, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2007.02.039 . [all data]

Elmore, Campo, et al., 2002
Elmore, J.S.; Campo, M.M.; Enser, M.; Mottram, D.S., Effect of lipid composition on meat-like model systems containing cysteine, ribose, and polyunsaturated fatty acids, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 5, 1126-1132, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0108718 . [all data]

Ames, Guy, et al., 2001
Ames, J.M.; Guy, R.C.E.; Kipping, G.J., Effect of pH and temperature on the formation of volatile compounds in cysteine/reducing sugar/starch mixtures during extrusion cooking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 4, 1885-1894, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0012547 . [all data]

Kim, 2001
Kim, J.S., Einfluss der Temperatur beim Rösten von Sesam auf Aroma und antioxidative Eigenschaften des Öls, PhD Thesis, Technischen Universität Berlin zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades, Berlin, 2001, 151. [all data]

Misharina, Golovnya, et al., 1994
Misharina, T.A.; Golovnya, R.V.; Strashnenko, E.S.; Medvedeva, I.B., Sorbtion-structural mass-spectrometric characteristics of volatile components of model systems and flavor compounds with meat odor, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1994, 49, 7, 722-728. [all data]

Zhang and Ho, 1991
Zhang, Y.; Ho, C.-T., Formation of meatlike aroma compounds from thermal reaction of inosine 5'-monophosphate with cysteine and glutathione, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 6, 1145-1148, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00006a031 . [all data]

Zhang and Ho, 1991, 2
Zhang, Y.; Ho, C.-T., Comparison of the volatile compounds formed from the thermal reaction of glucose with cysteine and glutathione, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 4, 760-763, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00004a029 . [all data]

Zhang and Ho, 1989
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Notes

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References