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1H-1,2,3-Triazole


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
RCD - Robert C. Dunbar
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C2H2N3- + Hydrogen cation = 1H-1,2,3-Triazole

By formula: C2H2N3- + H+ = C2H3N3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1449. ± 8.8kJ/molG+TSCatalan, Claramunt, et al., 1988gas phase; The authors state the acidity is for the 2H isomer, which is more stable(G3MP2B3)in the gas phase than the 1H isomer by 3 kcal/mol. However, only the 1H isomer is commercially available; thus, this may not be a clean equilibrium.; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1419. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRECatalan, Claramunt, et al., 1988gas phase; The authors state the acidity is for the 2H isomer, which is more stable(G3MP2B3)in the gas phase than the 1H isomer by 3 kcal/mol. However, only the 1H isomer is commercially available; thus, this may not be a clean equilibrium.; B

Sodium ion (1+) + 1H-1,2,3-Triazole = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet 1H-1,2,3-Triazole)

By formula: Na+ + C2H3N3 = (Na+ bullet C2H3N3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar95.8 ± 4.6kJ/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 1999RCD

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
0.00.CIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 1999RCD

1H-1,2,3-Triazole = 1H-1,2,4-Triazole

By formula: C2H3N3 = C2H3N3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.kJ/molEqkMauret, Fayet, et al., 1973liquid phase; solvent: Benzene; ALS

Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, Ion clustering data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)879.3kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity847.4kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
10.1PEPalmer, Simpson, et al., 1981LLK
10.06PECradock, Findlay, et al., 1973Vertical value; LLK

De-protonation reactions

C2H2N3- + Hydrogen cation = 1H-1,2,3-Triazole

By formula: C2H2N3- + H+ = C2H3N3

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1449. ± 8.8kJ/molG+TSCatalan, Claramunt, et al., 1988gas phase; The authors state the acidity is for the 2H isomer, which is more stable(G3MP2B3)in the gas phase than the 1H isomer by 3 kcal/mol. However, only the 1H isomer is commercially available; thus, this may not be a clean equilibrium.; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1419. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRECatalan, Claramunt, et al., 1988gas phase; The authors state the acidity is for the 2H isomer, which is more stable(G3MP2B3)in the gas phase than the 1H isomer by 3 kcal/mol. However, only the 1H isomer is commercially available; thus, this may not be a clean equilibrium.; B

Ion clustering data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Robert C. Dunbar

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

Sodium ion (1+) + 1H-1,2,3-Triazole = (Sodium ion (1+) bullet 1H-1,2,3-Triazole)

By formula: Na+ + C2H3N3 = (Na+ bullet C2H3N3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar95.8 ± 4.6kJ/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 1999 

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference
0.00.CIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 1999

Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin A. MAQUESTIAU
NIST MS number 41816

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References

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Catalan, Claramunt, et al., 1988
Catalan, J.; Claramunt, R.M.; Elguero, J.; Menedez, M.; Anvia, F.; Quian, J.H.; Taagepera, M.; Taft, R.W., Basicity and Acidity of Azoles. The Annelation Effect in Azoles., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1988, 110, 13, 4107, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00221a001 . [all data]

Rodgers and Armentrout, 1999
Rodgers, M.T.; Armentrout, P.B., Absolute Alkali Metal Ion Binding Affinities of Several Azoles Determined by Threshold Collision-Induced Dissociation, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Proc., 1999, 185/186/187, 359. [all data]

Mauret, Fayet, et al., 1973
Mauret, P.; Fayet, J.P.; Fabre, M.; Elguero, J.; Pardo, M.d.C., Tautomerism study of «upsilon»-triazole from dipolar moment measurements, J. Chim. Phys. Phys.-Chim. Biol., 1973, 70, 1483-1485. [all data]

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Palmer, Simpson, et al., 1981
Palmer, M.H.; Simpson, I.; Wheeler, J.R., Gas phase tautomerism in the triazoles and tetrazoles: A study by photoelectron spectroscopy and ab initio molecular orbital calculations, Z. Naturforsch. A:, 1981, 36, 1246. [all data]

Cradock, Findlay, et al., 1973
Cradock, S.; Findlay, R.H.; Palmer, M.H., The molecular energy levels of the azoles: A study by photoelectron spectroscopy and ab initio molecular orbital calculations, Tetrahedron, 1973, 29, 2173. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References