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Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5HP-5HP-5 MSHP-5 MSHP-5
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.30.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHydrogen
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 50.60.60.70.70.
Tend (C) 300.240.220.290.290.
Heat rate (K/min) 50.3.5.5.5.
Initial hold (min) 5.2.10.  
Final hold (min) 5.  10. 
I 1715.1713.1719.1716.1717.
ReferenceBi Kouame, Bedi, et al., 2010Kahriman, Tosun, et al., 2010Ogunwande, Flamini, et al., 2010Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 2010Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 2010
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5 MSHP-1HP-5 MSHP-5HP-5MS
Column length (m) 30.25.30.30.30.
Carrier gas Helium HeliumHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.170.25 0.25
Tstart (C) 60.50.50.70.60.
Tend (C) 240.260.230.240.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.1.4.5.2.
Initial hold (min)  5.4. 8.
Final hold (min)  5.10. 15.
I 1715.1697.1707.1717.1702.
ReferenceSilva, Pott, et al., 2010Wetwiayaklung, Thavanapong, et al., 2009Forero, Quijano, et al., 2008Asekun, Olusegun, et al., 2007Ferhat, Tigrine-Kordjani, et al., 2007
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5HP-5DB-5DB-5DB-5
Column length (m) 25.30.30.30.25.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeHeN2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.520.250.250.250.15
Tstart (C) 40.40.60.50.50.
Tend (C) 280.260.220.250.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.4.4.4.4.
Initial hold (min)     3.
Final hold (min)      
I 1711.1708.1714.1724.1695.
ReferencePavlovic, Petrovic, et al., 2007Ristic, Krivokuca-Dokic, et al., 2007Morteza-Semnani, Akbarzadeh, et al., 2006Najafpour Navaei, Mirza, et al., 2006Ouamba, Ouabonzi, et al., 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase PE-5HP-5HP-1DB-5DB-5
Column length (m) 50.30.50.30.30.
Carrier gas HeH2HeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.20.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.50.250.25
Tstart (C) 100.50.60.60.60.
Tend (C) 280.280.250.240.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.4.2.3.4.
Initial hold (min) 1.2.  4.
Final hold (min)  10.60.  
I 1705.1707.1693.1713.1716.
ReferencePandey-Rai S., Mallavarapu G.R., et al., 2006Pino, Sauri-Duch, et al., 2006Bendimerad and Bendiab, 2005Chaverri and Cicció, 2005Morteza-Semnani and Saeedi, 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5CP Sil 5 CBDB-5HP-1DB-5
Column length (m) 30.30.60.50.30.
Carrier gas HeliumN2HeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.250.20.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.50.25
Tstart (C) 40.50.35.60.60.
Tend (C) 300.200.280.220.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.5.5.2.3.
Initial hold (min)   2.  
Final hold (min) 5. 4.40. 
I 1714.1697.1715.1690.1694.
ReferenceUtsunomia, Kawata, et al., 2005Agnaniet, Menut, et al., 2004Dhanda, Pegg, et al., 2003Valette, Fernandez, et al., 2003Limberger, Simões-Pires, et al., 2002
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5Optima-1OV-101Optima-1HP-5MS
Column length (m) 30.25.50.25.30.
Carrier gas HeHeN2HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.200.250.200.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25 0.250.25
Tstart (C) 60.50.80.50.40.
Tend (C) 240.250.200.250.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.2.3.10.
Initial hold (min)  3. 3.1.
Final hold (min)     20.
I 1715.1696.1690.1698.1720.
ReferenceMaia, da Silva, et al., 2002Brun, Bessière, et al., 2001Yang, 2001de Beck, Bessière, et al., 2000Tkachev, Dobrotvorsky, et al., 2000
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101OV-101Cross-Linked MethylsiliconeOV-101OV-101
Column length (m) 50.50.25.50.50.
Carrier gas N2N2He  
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)      
Tstart (C) 80.80.35.80.80.
Tend (C) 200.200.225.200.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.4.2.2.
Initial hold (min)   3.  
Final hold (min)      
I 1694.1697.1695.1690.1692.
ReferenceTamura, Nakamoto, et al., 1995Tamura, Nakamoto, et al., 1995Bravo and Hotchkiss, 1993Tamura, Yang, et al., 1993Tamura, Yang, et al., 1993
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5Ultra-1OV-101OV-101OV-101
Column length (m) 60.25.50.50.50.
Carrier gas HeHeNitrogenNitrogenN2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.320.250.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 1.00.25   
Tstart (C) 40.80.70.80.80.
Tend (C) 240.260.200.200.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.2.2.2.
Initial hold (min)      
Final hold (min)      
I 1710.1692.1696.1694.1693.
ReferenceBerdague, Denoyer, et al., 1991Okumura, 1991Sugisawa, Nakamura, et al., 1990Sugisawa, Nakamura, et al., 1990Yang and Sugisawa, 1990
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase OV-101SE-54Methyl Silicone
Column length (m) 50.25.25.
Carrier gas N2N2 
Substrate    
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.2
Phase thickness (mum)    
Tstart (C) 80.60.80.
Tend (C) 200.260.225.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.6.4.
Initial hold (min)  2. 
Final hold (min)   20.
I 1693.1720.1694.
ReferenceYang and Sugisawa, 1990Bestmann, Classen, et al., 1988Lorenz, Stern, et al., 1983
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Bi Kouame, Bedi, et al., 2010
Bi Kouame, F.P.; Bedi, G.; Koffi, A.M.; Chalchat, J.C.; Guessan, T.Y.N., Volatile constituents from leaves of Morinda morindoides (Rubiaceae): a medicinal plant from the Ivory Coast, The Open Nat. Prod. J., 2010, 3, 1, 6-9, https://doi.org/10.2174/1874848101003010006 . [all data]

Kahriman, Tosun, et al., 2010
Kahriman, N.; Tosun, G.; Genc, H.; Yayli, N., Comparative essential oil analysis of Geranium sylvaticum estracted by hydrodistillation and microwave distillation, Turk. J. Chem., 2010, 34, 969-976. [all data]

Ogunwande, Flamini, et al., 2010
Ogunwande, I.A.; Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Omikorede, O.; Azeez, R.A.; Ayodele, A.A.; Kamil, Y.O., Aromatic plants growing in Nigeria: essential oil constituents of Cassia alata (Linn.) Roxb. and Helianthus annuus L., Rec. Nat. Prod., 2010, 4, 4, 211-217. [all data]

Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 2010
Radulovic, N.; Blagojevic, P.; Palic, R., Comparative study of the leaf volatiles of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. and Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. (Ericaceae), Molecules, 2010, 15, 9, 6168-6185, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules15096168 . [all data]

Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 2010
Radulovic, N.S.; Dordevic, N.D.; Palic, R.M., Volatiles of Pleurospermum austriacum (L.) Hoffm. (Apiaceae), J. Serbian Chem. Soc., 2010, 75, 12, 1-11, https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC100323127R . [all data]

Silva, Pott, et al., 2010
Silva, D.B.; Pott, A.; Oliveira, D.C.R., Analyses of the headspace volatile constituents of aerial parts (leaves and stems), flowers and fruits of Bidens gardneri Bak. and Bidens sulphurea (Cav.) Sch. Bip. using solid-phase microextraction, J. Essen. Oil Res., 2010, 22, 6, 560-563, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2010.9700400 . [all data]

Wetwiayaklung, Thavanapong, et al., 2009
Wetwiayaklung, P.; Thavanapong, N.; Charoenteeraboon, J., Chemical constituents and antimicrobial activity os essential oil and extracts of heartwood of Aquilaria crassna obtained from water distillation and supercritical fluid carbon dioxide extraction, Silpakorn U Sci. J., 2009, 3, 1, 25-33. [all data]

Forero, Quijano, et al., 2008
Forero, M.D.; Quijano, C.E.; Pino, J.A., Volatile compounds of Chile pepper (Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum) at two ripening stages, Flavour Fragr. J., 2008, 24, 1, 25-30, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1913 . [all data]

Asekun, Olusegun, et al., 2007
Asekun, O.T.; Olusegun, E.; Adebola, O., The volatile constituents of the leaves and flowers of Kigelia africana Benth., Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 1, 21-23, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1723 . [all data]

Ferhat, Tigrine-Kordjani, et al., 2007
Ferhat, M.A.; Tigrine-Kordjani, N.; Chemat, S.; Meklati, B.Y.; Chemat, F., Rapid Extraction of Volatile Compounds Using a New Simultaneous Microwave Distillation: Solvent Extraction Device, Chromatographia, 2007, 65, 3-4, 217-222, https://doi.org/10.1365/s10337-006-0130-5 . [all data]

Pavlovic, Petrovic, et al., 2007
Pavlovic, M.; Petrovic, S.; Ristic, M.; Maksimovic, Z.; Kovacevic, N., Essential oil of filipendula hexapetala, Chem. Natural Compounds, 2007, 43, 2, 228-229, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10600-007-0088-z . [all data]

Ristic, Krivokuca-Dokic, et al., 2007
Ristic, M.; Krivokuca-Dokic, D.; Radanovic, D.; Nastovski, T., Etarsko ulje Arnica montata i Arnica chamissonis, Hem. Ind., 2007, 61, 5, 272-277, https://doi.org/10.2298/HEMIND0704272R . [all data]

Morteza-Semnani, Akbarzadeh, et al., 2006
Morteza-Semnani, K.; Akbarzadeh, M.; Changizi, S., Essential oils composition of Stachys byzantina, S. inflata, S. lavandulifolia and S. laxa from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 2, 300-303, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1594 . [all data]

Najafpour Navaei, Mirza, et al., 2006
Najafpour Navaei, M.; Mirza, M.; Dini, M., Chemical composition of the essential oils of Rubia tinctorum L. aerial parts from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 519-520, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1667 . [all data]

Ouamba, Ouabonzi, et al., 2006
Ouamba, J.-M.; Ouabonzi, A.; Ekouya, A.; Bessière, J.-M.; Menut, C.; Abena, A.A.; Banzouzi, J.-T., Volatile constituents of the essential oil leaf of Lantana salvifolia Jacq. (Verbenaceae), Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 1, 158-161, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1553 . [all data]

Pandey-Rai S., Mallavarapu G.R., et al., 2006
Pandey-Rai S.; Mallavarapu G.R.; Naqvi A.A.; Yadav A.; Rai S.K.; Srivastava S.; Singh D.; Mishra R.; Kumar S., Volatile components of leaves and flowers of periwinkle Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don from New Delhi, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 427-430, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1606 . [all data]

Pino, Sauri-Duch, et al., 2006
Pino, J.; Sauri-Duch, E.; Marbot, R., Changes in volatile compounds of Habanero chile pepper (Capsicum chinense Jack. cv. Habanero) at two ripening stages, Food Chem., 2006, 94, 3, 394-398, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.11.040 . [all data]

Bendimerad and Bendiab, 2005
Bendimerad, N.; Bendiab, S.A.T., Composition and antibacterial activity of Pseudocytisus integrifolius (Salisb.) essential oil from Algeria, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 8, 2947-2952, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf047937u . [all data]

Chaverri and Cicció, 2005
Chaverri, C.; Cicció, J.F., Essential oil of trees of the genus Ocotea (Lauraceae) in Costa Rica. I. Ocotea brenesii, Rev. Biol. Trop., 2005, 53, 3-4, 431-436, https://doi.org/10.15517/rbt.v53i3-4.14611 . [all data]

Morteza-Semnani and Saeedi, 2005
Morteza-Semnani, K.; Saeedi, M., The essential oil composition of Phlomis bruguieri Desf. from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 3, 344-346, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1459 . [all data]

Utsunomia, Kawata, et al., 2005
Utsunomia, H.; Kawata, J.; Chanoki, W.; Shirakawa, N.; Miyazawa, M., Components of Essential Oil from Woods of Prunus mume Sieb. at Zucc., J. Oleo Sci., 2005, 54, 11, 609-612, https://doi.org/10.5650/jos.54.609 . [all data]

Agnaniet, Menut, et al., 2004
Agnaniet, H.; Menut, C.; Bessière, J.-M., Aromatic plants of tropical central Africa. Part XLIX: chemical composition of essential oils of the leaf and rhizome of Aframomum giganteum K. Schum from Gabon, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 3, 205-209, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1403 . [all data]

Dhanda, Pegg, et al., 2003
Dhanda, J.S.; Pegg, R.B.; Shand, P.J., Saskatchewan specialty livestock value-added program - Saskatchewan agri-food innovation fund (AFIF) Project #98000016, 2003, retrieved from http://www.agr.gov.sk.ca/afif/Projects/19980016.pdf. [all data]

Valette, Fernandez, et al., 2003
Valette, L.; Fernandez, X.; Poulain, S.; Loiseau, A.-M.; Lizzani-Cuvelier, L.; Levieil, R.; Restier, L., Volatile constituents from Romanesco cauliflower, Food Chem., 2003, 80, 3, 353-358, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(02)00272-8 . [all data]

Limberger, Simões-Pires, et al., 2002
Limberger, R.P.; Simões-Pires, C.; Sobral, M.; Menu, C.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Henriques, A.T., Essential oils from some Myrceugenia species (Myrtaceae), Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 5, 341-344, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1113 . [all data]

Maia, da Silva, et al., 2002
Maia, J.G.S.; da Silva, M.H.L.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Zoghbi, M.G.B.; Carreira, L.M.M., Essential oils from Astronium urundeuva (Allemao) Engl. and A. fraxinifolium Schott ex Spreng., Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 1, 72-74, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1046 . [all data]

Brun, Bessière, et al., 2001
Brun, G.; Bessière, J.-M.; Dijoux-Franca, M.-G.; David, B.; Mariotte, A.-M., Volatile components of Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don (Apocynaceae), Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 2, 116-119, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.958 . [all data]

Yang, 2001
Yang, R., Analysis of the volatile components in peel oil of Yuzu by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, Chin. J. Anal. Chem., 2001, 29, 3, 313-316. [all data]

de Beck, Bessière, et al., 2000
de Beck, P.O.; Bessière, J.M.; Dijoux-Franca, M.-G.; David, B.; Mariotte, A.-M., Volatile constituents from leaves and wood of Leea guineensis G. Don (Leeaceae) from Cameroon, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 3, 182-185, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200005/06)15:3<182::AID-FFJ888>3.0.CO;2-X . [all data]

Tkachev, Dobrotvorsky, et al., 2000
Tkachev, A.V.; Dobrotvorsky, A.K.; Vjalkov, A.I.; Morozov, S.V., Chemical composition of lipophylic compounds from the body surface of unfed adult Ixodes persulcatus ticks (Acari: Ixodidae), Experimental and Applied Acarology, 2000, 24, 2, 145-158, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006430323587 . [all data]

Tamura, Nakamoto, et al., 1995
Tamura, H.; Nakamoto, H.; Yang, R.-H.; Sugisawa, H., Characteristic aroma compounds in green algae (Ulva pertusa) volatiles, Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi, 1995, 42, 11, 887-891, https://doi.org/10.3136/nskkk.42.887 . [all data]

Bravo and Hotchkiss, 1993
Bravo, A.; Hotchkiss, J.H., Identification of volatile compounds resulting from the thermal oxidation of polyethylene, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 1993, 47, 10, 1741-1748, https://doi.org/10.1002/app.1993.070471004 . [all data]

Tamura, Yang, et al., 1993
Tamura, H.; Yang, R.-H.; Sugisawa, H., Aroma profiles of peel oils of acid citrus, ACS Sym. Ser., 1993, 525, 121-136. [all data]

Berdague, Denoyer, et al., 1991
Berdague, J.-L.; Denoyer, C.; Le Quéré, J.-L.; Semon, E., Volatile components of dry-cured ham, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 7, 1257-1261, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00007a012 . [all data]

Okumura, 1991
Okumura, T., retention indices of environmental chemicals on methyl silicone capillary column, Journal of Environmental Chemistry (Japan), 1991, 1, 2, 333-358, https://doi.org/10.5985/jec.1.333 . [all data]

Sugisawa, Nakamura, et al., 1990
Sugisawa, H.; Nakamura, K.; Tamura, H., The aroma profile of the volatile in marine green algae (Ulva pertusa), Food Reviews International, 1990, 6, 4, 573-589, https://doi.org/10.1080/87559129009540893 . [all data]

Yang and Sugisawa, 1990
Yang, R.; Sugisawa, H., Citrus Suachi Hort. ex Shirai. Volatile components in Sudachi (Citrus Sudachi Hort. ex Shirai) juice, Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gakkaishi, 1990, 37, 12, 946-952, https://doi.org/10.3136/nskkk1962.37.12_946 . [all data]

Bestmann, Classen, et al., 1988
Bestmann, H.-J.; Classen, B.; Kobold, U.; Vostrowsky, O.; Klingauf, F.; Stein, U., Steam volatile constituents from leaves of Rhus typhina, Phytochemistry, 1988, 27, 1, 85-90, https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(88)80595-8 . [all data]

Lorenz, Stern, et al., 1983
Lorenz, G.; Stern, D.J.; Flath, R.A.; Haddon, W.F.; Tillin, S.J.; Teranishi, R., Identification of sheep liver volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1983, 31, 5, 1052-1057, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00119a033 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, References