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Cr(CO)5


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: José A. Martinho Simões

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Individual Reactions

Chromium hexacarbonyl (solution) = C5CrO5 (solution) + Carbon monoxide (solution)

By formula: C6CrO6 (solution) = C5CrO5 (solution) + CO (solution)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar168.2 ± 2.5kJ/molKinSGraham and Angelici, 1967solvent: Decalin; The reaction enthalpy and entropy were identified with the enthalpy and entropy of activation for the reaction of Cr(CO)6(solution) with PBu3(solution).
Deltar159.4kJ/molKinSWerner and Prinz, 1966solvent: n-Decane+cyclohexane mixture; The reaction enthalpy and entropy were identified with the enthalpy and entropy of activation for the reactions of Cr(CO)6(solution) with a phosphine and an amine. The results were quoted from Graham and Angelici, 1967.

Chromium hexacarbonyl (g) = C5CrO5 (g) + Carbon monoxide (g)

By formula: C6CrO6 (g) = C5CrO5 (g) + CO (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar155. ± 21.kJ/molKinGFletcher and Rosenfeld, 1988 
Deltar154. ± 13.kJ/molLPHPLewis, Golden, et al., 1984Temperature range: 740-820 K. The reaction enthalpy at 298 K relies on an activation energy of 147.7 kJ/mol and assumes a negligible activation barrier for product recombination.
Deltar161.9kJ/molKinGPajaro, Calderazzo, et al., 1960Please also see Graham and Angelici, 1967. The reaction enthalpy and entropy were identified with the enthalpy and entropy of activation for the reaction of Cr(CO)6(g) with CO(g) Pajaro, Calderazzo, et al., 1960. The results were quoted from Graham and Angelici, 1967.

C12H16CrO5 (solution) = Heptane (solution) + C5CrO5 (solution)

By formula: C12H16CrO5 (solution) = C7H16 (solution) + C5CrO5 (solution)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar40.2kJ/molN/AMorse, Parker, et al., 1989solvent: Heptane; The reaction enthalpy was derived by using the LPHP value for the enthalpy of cleavage of Cr-CO bond in Cr(CO)6, 154.0 kJ/mol Lewis, Golden, et al., 1984, toghether with a PAC value for the reaction Cr(CO)6(solution) + n-C7H16(solution) = Cr(CO)5(n-C7H16)(solution) + CO(solution), 113.8 kJ/mol Morse, Parker, et al., 1989
Deltar41.kJ/molN/AYang, Vaida, et al., 1988solvent: Heptane; The reaction enthalpy was derived by using the LPHP value for the enthalpy of cleavage of Cr-CO bond in Cr(CO)6, 154.0 kJ/mol Lewis, Golden, et al., 1984, toghether with a PAC value for the reaction Cr(CO)6(solution) + n-C7H16(solution) = Cr(CO)5(n-C7H16)(solution) + CO(solution), 112.9 kJ/mol Yang, Peters, et al., 1986

C10H12CrO5 (solution) = Pentane (solution) + C5CrO5 (solution)

By formula: C10H12CrO5 (solution) = C5H12 (solution) + C5CrO5 (solution)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar37.3kJ/molN/AMorse, Parker, et al., 1989solvent: Pentane; The reaction enthalpy was derived by using the LPHP value for the enthalpy of cleavage of Cr-CO bond in Cr(CO)6, 154.0 kJ/mol Lewis, Golden, et al., 1984, toghether with a PAC value for the reaction Cr(CO)6(solution) + n-C5H12(solution) = Cr(CO)5(n-C5H12)(solution) + CO(solution), 116.7 kJ/mol Morse, Parker, et al., 1989

C7H4CrO5 (g) = C5CrO5 (g) + Ethylene (g)

By formula: C7H4CrO5 (g) = C5CrO5 (g) + C2H4 (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar105. ± 4.kJ/molKinGMcNamara, Becher, et al., 1994The reaction enthalpy was identified with the activation energy.
Deltar103. ± 10.kJ/molKinGWells, House, et al., 1994The reaction enthalpy relies on the measured activation energy and on the assumption of a negligible barrier for product recombination Wells, House, et al., 1994.

C5CrO5Xe (g) = C5CrO5 (g) + Xenon (g)

By formula: C5CrO5Xe (g) = C5CrO5 (g) + Xe (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar37.7 ± 3.8kJ/molKinGWells and Weitz, 1992The reaction enthalpy relies on 35.1 ± 3.8 kJ/mol for the activation energy and assumes a negligible barrier for product recombination Wells and Weitz, 1992

C5H2CrO5 (g) = Hydrogen (g) + C5CrO5 (g)

By formula: C5H2CrO5 (g) = H2 (g) + C5CrO5 (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar62.8 ± 5.4kJ/molKinGWells, House, et al., 1994The reaction enthalpy relies on the measured activation energy and on the assumption of a negligible barrier for product recombination Wells, House, et al., 1994.

C7CrF4O5 (g) = Ethene, tetrafluoro- (g) + C5CrO5 (g)

By formula: C7CrF4O5 (g) = C2F4 (g) + C5CrO5 (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar82.4 ± 5.9kJ/molKinGWells, House, et al., 1994The reaction enthalpy relies on the measured activation energy and on the assumption of a negligible barrier for product recombination Wells, House, et al., 1994.

C5CrO5 (g) = C4CrO4 (g) + Carbon monoxide (g)

By formula: C5CrO5 (g) = C4CrO4 (g) + CO (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar138.kJ/molKinGRayner, Ishikawa, et al., 1991 
Deltar167. ± 63.kJ/molMBPSVenkataraman, Hou, et al., 1990 
Deltar105. ± 21.kJ/molKinGFletcher and Rosenfeld, 1988 

C6H4CrO5 (g) = C5CrO5 (g) + Methane (g)

By formula: C6H4CrO5 (g) = C5CrO5 (g) + CH4 (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar33.5 ± 8.4kJ/molKG/ESTWells, House, et al., 1994 

References

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Graham and Angelici, 1967
Graham, J.R.; Angelici, R.J., Inorg. Chem., 1967, 6, 2082. [all data]

Werner and Prinz, 1966
Werner, H.; Prinz, R., Chem. Ber., 1966, 99, 3582. [all data]

Fletcher and Rosenfeld, 1988
Fletcher, R.T.; Rosenfeld, R.N., Recombination of Cr(CO)n with CO: Kinetics and Bond Dissociation Energies, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1988, 110, 7, 2097, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00215a014 . [all data]

Lewis, Golden, et al., 1984
Lewis, K.E.; Golden, D.M.; Smith, G.P., Organometallic bond dissociation energies: Laser pyrolysis of Fe(CO)5, Cr(CO)6, Mo(CO)6, and W(CO)6, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1984, 106, 3905. [all data]

Pajaro, Calderazzo, et al., 1960
Pajaro, G.; Calderazzo, F.; Ercoli, R., Gazz. Chim. Ital., 1960, 90, 1486. [all data]

Morse, Parker, et al., 1989
Morse, J.M., Jr.; Parker, G.H.; Burkey, T.J., Organometallics, 1989, 8, 2471. [all data]

Yang, Vaida, et al., 1988
Yang, G.K.; Vaida, V.; Peters, K.S., Polyhedron, 1988, 7, 1619. [all data]

Yang, Peters, et al., 1986
Yang, G.K.; Peters, K.S.; Vaida, V., Chem. Phys. Lett., 1986, 125, 566. [all data]

McNamara, Becher, et al., 1994
McNamara, B.; Becher, D.M.; Towns, M.H.; Grant, E.R., J. Phys. Chem., 1994, 98, 4622. [all data]

Wells, House, et al., 1994
Wells, J.R.; House, P.G.; Weitz, E., J. Phys. Chem., 1994, 98, 8343. [all data]

Wells and Weitz, 1992
Wells, J.R.; Weitz, E., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1992, 114, 2783. [all data]

Rayner, Ishikawa, et al., 1991
Rayner, D.M.; Ishikawa, Y.; Brown, C.E.; Hackett, P.A., J. Chem. Phys., 1991, 94, 5471. [all data]

Venkataraman, Hou, et al., 1990
Venkataraman, B.; Hou, H.; Zhang, Z.; Chen, S.; Bandukwalla, G.; Vernon, M., J. Chem. Phys., 1990, 92, 5338. [all data]


Notes

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