Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

n-Amyl isovalerate

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedSE-30150.1112.Ashes and Haken, 1974Celaton (62-72 mesh); Column length: 3.7 m
PackedSE-30100.1125.Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974N2, Chromosorb W AW (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3. m
PackedSE-30150.1125.Germaine and Haken, 1969Celite 560; Column length: 3.7 m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1108.Schwob, Bessiere, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 220. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5MS1107.Tuberoso, Kowalczyk, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(5min) => 2C/min => 140C= 5C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillarySE-301112.Chretien and Dubois, 1978Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 20M100.1341.Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974Chromosorb WAW (60-80 mesh); Column length: 3. m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBPX-51119.Eyres, Marriott, et al., 200725. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C => 6C/min => 210C => 10C/min => 290C (20min)
CapillaryDB-11093.Eri, Khoo, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: -20C (5min) => 10C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 200C => 10C/min => 280C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5 MS1141.Srisajjalerwaja, Apichartsrangkoon, et al., 201260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1108.Forero, Quijano, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-51155.Fan and Qian, 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-51155.Fan and Qian, 200630. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillarySE-521100.Ozcan, Chalchat, et al., 2006Helium, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-51148.Pino, Sauri-Duch, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1096.Ricci, Fraternale, et al., 200512.5 m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1111.Wang, Guo, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-51108.Masotti, Juteau, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-51106.Bicalho, Pereira, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-301112.Liu, Liang, et al., 2007Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301135.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1350.Fan and Qian, 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryInnowax FSC1303.Kaya, Benirci, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen; Program: 60 0C (10 min) 1 0C/min -> 220 0C (10 min) 1 0C/min -> 240 0C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1337.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryInnowax FSC1303.Tunalier, Kirimer, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Ashes and Haken, 1974
Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. VI. Structure-retention increments of aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 1974, 101, 1, 103-123, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)94737-5 . [all data]

Chastrette, Heintz, et al., 1974
Chastrette, M.; Heintz, M.; Druilhe, A.; Lefort, D., Analyse chromatographique d'esters aliphatiques saturés. Relations rétention-structure et prévision de la rétention, Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr., 1974, 9/10,Pt.1, 1852-1856. [all data]

Germaine and Haken, 1969
Germaine, R.W.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. Part 1. Simple aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 1969, 43, 33-42, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)99162-3 . [all data]

Schwob, Bessiere, et al., 2004
Schwob, I.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Masotti, V.; Viano, J., Changes in essential oil composition in Saint John's wort (Hypericum perforatum L.) aerial parts during its phenological cycle, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2004, 32, 8, 735-745, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2003.12.005 . [all data]

Tuberoso, Kowalczyk, et al., 2005
Tuberoso, C.I.G.; Kowalczyk, A.; Coroneo, V.; Russo, M.T.; Dessì, S.; Cabras, P., Chemical Composition and Antioxidant, Antimicrobial, and Antifungal Activities of the Essential Oil of Achillea ligustica All., J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 26, 10148-10153, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0518913 . [all data]

Chretien and Dubois, 1978
Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J-E., Topological Analysis: A Technique for the Physico-Chemical Exploitation of Retention Data in Gas-Liquid Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1978, 158, 43-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)89954-9 . [all data]

Eyres, Marriott, et al., 2007
Eyres, G.T.; Marriott, P.J.; Dufour, J.-P., Comparison of Odor-Active Compounds in the Spicy Fraction of Hop (Humulus lupulus L.) Essential Oil from Four Different Varieties, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 15, 6252-6261, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf070739t . [all data]

Eri, Khoo, et al., 2000
Eri, S.; Khoo, B.K.; Lech, J.; Hartman, T.G., Direct thermal desorption-gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry profiling of hop (Humulus lupulus L.) essential oils in support of varietal characterization, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 4, 1140-1149, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9911850 . [all data]

Srisajjalerwaja, Apichartsrangkoon, et al., 2012
Srisajjalerwaja, S.; Apichartsrangkoon, A.; Chaikham, P.; Chakrabandhu, Y.; Pathomrungsiyounggul, P.; Leksawasdi, N.; Supraditareporn, W.; Hirun, S., Color, capsaicin and volatile components of baked thai green chili (Capsicum anmuum Linn. var. Jak Ka Pat), J. Agricultural Sci., 2012, 4, 12, 75-84. [all data]

Forero, Quijano, et al., 2008
Forero, M.D.; Quijano, C.E.; Pino, J.A., Volatile compounds of Chile pepper (Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum) at two ripening stages, Flavour Fragr. J., 2008, 24, 1, 25-30, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1913 . [all data]

Fan and Qian, 2006
Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds of Chinese Wuliangye and Jiannanchun Liquors by Aroma Extract Dilution Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 7, 2695-2704, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf052635t . [all data]

Ozcan, Chalchat, et al., 2006
Ozcan, M.M.; Chalchat, J.-C.; Arslan, D.; Ates, A.; Unver, A., Comparative Essential Oil Composition and Antifungal Effect of Bitter Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare ssp. piperitum) Fruit Oils Obtained During Different Vegetation, J. Medicinal Food, 2006, 9, 4, 552-561, https://doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2006.9.552 . [all data]

Pino, Sauri-Duch, et al., 2006
Pino, J.; Sauri-Duch, E.; Marbot, R., Changes in volatile compounds of Habanero chile pepper (Capsicum chinense Jack. cv. Habanero) at two ripening stages, Food Chem., 2006, 94, 3, 394-398, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.11.040 . [all data]

Ricci, Fraternale, et al., 2005
Ricci, D.; Fraternale, D.; Giamperi, L.; Bucchini, A.; Epifano, F.; Burini, G.; Curini, M., Chemical composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of the essential oil of Teucrium marum (Lamiaceae), J. Ethnopharmacol., 2005, 98, 1-2, 195-200, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2005.01.022 . [all data]

Wang, Guo, et al., 2004
Wang, H.; Guo, Y.; Zhang, Z.; An, D., Fast analysis of volatile compounds in natural essences by automatic Static-Headspace-GC-MS, J. Instrum. Anal. (Chinese), 2004, 23, 1, 9-13. [all data]

Masotti, Juteau, et al., 2003
Masotti, V.; Juteau, F.; Bessière, J.M.; Viano, J., Seasonal and phenological variations of the essential oil from the narrow endemic species Artemisia molinieri and its biological activities, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 24, 7115-7121, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf034621y . [all data]

Bicalho, Pereira, et al., 2000
Bicalho, B.; Pereira, A.S.; Aquino Neto, F.R.; Pinto, A.C.; Rezende, C.M., Application of high-temperature gas chromatography-mass spectrometry to the investigation of glycosidically bound components related to cashew applie (Anacardium occidentale L. Var. nanum) volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 4, 1167-1174, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9909252 . [all data]

Liu, Liang, et al., 2007
Liu, F.; Liang, Y.; Cao, C.; Zhou, N., QSPR study of GC retention indices for saturated esters on seven stationary phases based on novel topological indices, Talanta, 2007, 72, 4, 1307-1315, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2007.01.038 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Kaya, Benirci, et al., 2007
Kaya, A.; Benirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C., Micromorphology of glandular trichomes of Nepeta congesta Fisch. Mey. var. congesta (LAmiaceae) and chemical analysis of the essential oils, South African J. Botany, 2007, 73, 1, 29-34, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2006.05.004 . [all data]

Tunalier, Kirimer, et al., 2002
Tunalier, Z.; Kirimer, N.; Baser, K.H.C., The composition of essential oils from various parts of Juniperus foetidissima, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 2002, 38, 1, 43-47, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1015725630556 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References