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Phenanthrene, 2-methyl-

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Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5MSHP-55 % Phenyl methyl siloxane5 % Phenyl methyl siloxaneHP-5
Column length (m) 30.30.  30.
Carrier gas  He  Helium
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.3  0.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25  0.25
Tstart (C)
Tend (C) 300.200.250.300.310.
Heat rate (K/min)
Initial hold (min) 2.5. 2.1.5
Final hold (min) 16.15. 10.10.
I 319.78312.3320.17319.50319.85
ReferenceSun, Zhou, et al., 2008Shao, Wang, et al., 2006Skrbic and Onjia, 2006Skrbic and Onjia, 2006Pedersen, Durant, et al., 2005
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase HP-5DB-5MSPTE-5HP-5SE-52
Column length (m)
Carrier gas He    
Column diameter (mm)
Phase thickness (mum) 
Tstart (C)
Tend (C) 300.310.300.280.250.
Heat rate (K/min)
Initial hold (min)  1.1.52. 
Final hold (min)   12.520. 
I 319.03319.76320.08319.48320.39
ReferenceMarynowski, Pieta, et al., 2004Chen, Keeran, et al., 2002Wang, Jia, et al., 2000Piao, Chu, et al., 1999Wang, Peng, et al., 1997
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-5DB-5SE-54DB-5DB-5
Column length (m)
Carrier gas HeHeHe  
Column diameter (mm) 0.30.320.220.320.25
Phase thickness (mum)  0.250.20 0.25
Tstart (C)
Tend (C) 270.300.300.300.280.
Heat rate (K/min)
Initial hold (min) 2.2. 1.2.
Final hold (min)    10.5.
I 320.34319.99320.08320.1319.76
ReferenceWilliams and Horne, 1995Wang, Fingas, et al., 1994Guillén, Blanco, et al., 1989Palmentier, Britten, et al., 1989Wise, Benner, et al., 1988
Column type CapillaryCapillary
Active phase SE-52SE-52
Column length (m) 20.12.
Carrier gas H2He
Column diameter (mm) 0.300.3
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.34
Tstart (C) 40.50.
Tend (C) 265.250.
Heat rate (K/min) 4.2.
Initial hold (min) 2. 
Final hold (min)   
I 319.93320.17
ReferenceVassilaros, Kong, et al., 1982Lee, Vassilaros, et al., 1979


Go To: Top, Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Sun, Zhou, et al., 2008
Sun, P.; Zhou, Q.; Li, G.; Wang, X.; Zhao, Y.; Cao, L., fingerprint analysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in crude oil by internal standard method, J. Instrumental Anal., 2008, 27, 4, 344-348. [all data]

Shao, Wang, et al., 2006
Shao, X.; Wang, G.; Sun, Y.; Zhang, R.; Xie, K.; Liu, H., Determination and Characterization of the Pyrolysis Products of Isoprocarb by GC-MS, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 2006, 44, 3, 141-147, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/44.3.141 . [all data]

Skrbic and Onjia, 2006
Skrbic, B.; Onjia, A., Prediction of Lee Retention Indices of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Artificial Neural Networks, J. Chromatorg. A, 2006, 1108, 2, 279-284, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.01.080 . [all data]

Pedersen, Durant, et al., 2005
Pedersen, D.U.; Durant, J.L.; Taghizadeh, K.; Hemond, H.F.; Lafleur, A.L.; Cass, G.R., Human cell mutagenes in respirable airborne particles from the Northeastern United States. 2. Quantification of mutagenes and other organic compounds., Environ. Sci. Technol., 2005, 39, 24, 9547-9560, https://doi.org/10.1021/es050886c . [all data]

Marynowski, Pieta, et al., 2004
Marynowski, L.; Pieta, M.; Janeczek, J., Composition and source of polycyclic aromatic compounds in deposited dust from selected sites around the Upper Silesia, Poland, Geol. Q., 2004, 48, 2, 169-180. [all data]

Chen, Keeran, et al., 2002
Chen, P.H.; Keeran, W.S.; Van Ausdale, W.A.; Schindler, D.R.; Roberts, D.W., Application of Lee retention indices to the confirmation of tentatively identified compounds from GC/MS analysis of environmental samples, Technical paper, Analytical Services Division, Environmental ScienceEngineering, Inc, PO Box 1703, Gainesville, FL 32602, 2002, 11. [all data]

Wang, Jia, et al., 2000
Wang, J.; Jia, C.R.; Wong, C.K.; Wong, P.K., Characterization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons created in lubricating oils, Water Air Soil Poll., 2000, 120, 3/4, 381-396, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1005251618062 . [all data]

Piao, Chu, et al., 1999
Piao, M.; Chu, S.; Zheng, M.; Xu, X., Characterization of the combustion products of polyethylene, Chemosphere, 1999, 39, 9, 1497-1512, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(99)00054-5 . [all data]

Wang, Peng, et al., 1997
Wang, Y.; Peng, P.; Cui, S.; Zhang, Y., Identification of PAH in the Suzhou River bed sediments by GC/MS and PAH retention index system, J. Nanjing Norm. Univ. (Nat. Sci.), 1997, 20, 2, 47-68. [all data]

Williams and Horne, 1995
Williams, P.T.; Horne, P.A., Analysis of aromatic hydrocarbons in pyrolytic oil derived from biomass, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 1995, 31, 15-37, https://doi.org/10.1016/0165-2370(94)00814-H . [all data]

Wang, Fingas, et al., 1994
Wang, Z.; Fingas, M.; Li, K., Fractionation of a light crude oil and identification and quantitation of aliphatic, aromatic, and biomarker comopunds by GC-FID and GC-MS, Part II, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1994, 32, 9, 367-382, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/32.9.367 . [all data]

Guillén, Blanco, et al., 1989
Guillén, M.D.; Blanco, J.; Bermejo, J.; Blanco, C.G., Temperature programmed retention indices of some PAHs on Capillary columns coated with OV-1701 and SE-54, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1989, 12, 8, 552-554, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240120816 . [all data]

Palmentier, Britten, et al., 1989
Palmentier, J.-P.F.; Britten, A.J.; Charbonneau, G.M.; Karasek, F.W., Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in lubricating oil base stocks using high-performance liquid chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 469, 241-251, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)96459-3 . [all data]

Wise, Benner, et al., 1988
Wise, S.A.; Benner, B.A.; Byrd, G.D.; Chesler, S.N.; Rebbert, R.E.; Schantz, M.M., Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in a coal tar standard reference material, Anal. Chem., 1988, 60, 9, 887-894, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00160a012 . [all data]

Vassilaros, Kong, et al., 1982
Vassilaros, D.L.; Kong, R.C.; Later, D.W.; Lee, M.L., Linear retention index system for polycyclic aromatic compounds. Critical evaluation and additional indices, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 252, 1-20, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)88394-1 . [all data]

Lee, Vassilaros, et al., 1979
Lee, M.L.; Vassilaros, D.L.; White, C.M.; Novotny, M., Retention Indices for Programmed-Temperature Capillary-Column Gas Chromatography of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Anal. Chem., 1979, 51, 6, 768-773, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac50042a043 . [all data]


Go To: Top, Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp, References