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Bromine anion


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Reactions 51 to 100

Bromine anion + Benzene = (Bromine anion bullet Benzene)

By formula: Br- + C6H6 = (Br- bullet C6H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar9.0 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17.0cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Deltar17.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar2.5 ± 1.0kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; B
Deltar3.9 ± 2.6kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
0.0423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Bromine anion + Benzonitrile = (Bromine anion bullet Benzonitrile)

By formula: Br- + C7H5N = (Br- bullet C7H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.7 ± 1.8kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff measured at 423 K, «DELTA»Saff taken as that of PhNO2..Br-; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.2 ± 1.0kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff measured at 423 K, «DELTA»Saff taken as that of PhNO2..Br-; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
6.2423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Bromine anion + Phenol, 3-(trifluoromethyl)- = (Bromine anion bullet Phenol, 3-(trifluoromethyl)-)

By formula: Br- + C7H5F3O = (Br- bullet C7H5F3O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.7 ± 1.8kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B
Deltar12.6kcal/molPHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.0 ± 1.0kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
4.1423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Bromine anion + Aniline = (Bromine anion bullet Aniline)

By formula: Br- + C6H7N = (Br- bullet C6H7N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.6 ± 1.8kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff measured at 423 K, «DELTA»Saff taken as that of PhNO2..Br-; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.1 ± 1.0kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff measured at 423 K, «DELTA»Saff taken as that of PhNO2..Br-; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
6.1423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Bromine anion + Benzoic acid = (Bromine anion bullet Benzoic acid)

By formula: Br- + C7H6O2 = (Br- bullet C7H6O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.3 ± 1.8kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff measured at 423 K, «DELTA»Saff taken as that of PhNO2..Br-; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar9.8 ± 1.0kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff measured at 423 K, «DELTA»Saff taken as that of PhNO2..Br-; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
9.8423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Bromine anion bullet 2Acetonitrile) + Acetonitrile = (Bromine anion bullet 3Acetonitrile)

By formula: (Br- bullet 2C2H3N) + C2H3N = (Br- bullet 3C2H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar9.20 ± 0.40kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar10.40 ± 0.70kcal/molN/AMarkovich, Perera, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar10.00kcal/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1972gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.7cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; M
Deltar21.7cal/mol*KHPMSYamdagni and Kebarle, 1972gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar4.2 ± 1.3kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; B
Deltar3.60kcal/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1972gas phase; B

(Bromine anion bullet Acetonitrile) + Acetonitrile = (Bromine anion bullet 2Acetonitrile)

By formula: (Br- bullet C2H3N) + C2H3N = (Br- bullet 2C2H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar11.70 ± 0.40kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar11.50 ± 0.70kcal/molN/AMarkovich, Perera, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar11.80kcal/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1972gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17.0cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; M
Deltar20.4cal/mol*KHPMSYamdagni and Kebarle, 1972gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.6 ± 1.3kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; B
Deltar5.80kcal/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1972gas phase; B

Bromine anion + Methyl Alcohol = (Bromine anion bullet Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: Br- + CH4O = (Br- bullet CH4O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.50 ± 0.10kcal/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar13.9 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1991gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17.6cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Yamabe, 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar8.00 ± 0.10kcal/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar8.7 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1991gas phase; B
Deltar8.4 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRETanabe, Morgon, et al., 1996gas phase; Anchored to H2O..Br- of Hiraoka, Mizure, et al., 19882; B

Bromine anion + Phenol, 2-(trifluoromethyl)- = (Bromine anion bullet Phenol, 2-(trifluoromethyl)-)

By formula: Br- + C7H5F3O = (Br- bullet C7H5F3O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.1kcal/molPHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(Br-)C6H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(Br-)C6H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
14.4423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(Br-)C6H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Bromine anion bullet Nitric acid) + Nitric acid = (Bromine anion bullet 2Nitric acid)

By formula: (Br- bullet HNO3) + HNO3 = (Br- bullet 2HNO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.1kcal/molFADavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; From thermochemical cycle(Br-/NO3- - HNO3/HBr), Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.6cal/mol*KN/ADavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; From thermochemical cycle(Br-/NO3- - HNO3/HBr), Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar11.1kcal/molFADavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; From thermochemical cycle(Br-/NO3- - HNO3/HBr), Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Bromine anion bullet 4Water) + Water = (Bromine anion bullet 5Water)

By formula: (Br- bullet 4H2O) + H2O = (Br- bullet 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar10.80 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar6.2 ± 2.3kcal/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28.4cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar2.3 ± 1.2kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; B

(Bromine anion bullet 5Water) + Water = (Bromine anion bullet 6Water)

By formula: (Br- bullet 5H2O) + H2O = (Br- bullet 6H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar10.30 ± 0.50kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar6.0 ± 2.3kcal/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28.2cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1.8 ± 2.1kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; B

(Bromine anion bullet 6Water) + Water = (Bromine anion bullet 7Water)

By formula: (Br- bullet 6H2O) + H2O = (Br- bullet 7H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar10.00kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; Entropy estimated; B,M
Deltar2.5 ± 2.3kcal/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar29.cal/mol*KN/AHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1.30kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; Entropy estimated; B

Bromine anion + p-Cresol = (Bromine anion bullet p-Cresol)

By formula: Br- + C7H8O = (Br- bullet C7H8O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.3 ± 1.8kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar10.6 ± 1.0kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
10.6423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Bromine anion + Phenol, 3-methyl- = (Bromine anion bullet Phenol, 3-methyl-)

By formula: Br- + C7H8O = (Br- bullet C7H8O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.6 ± 1.8kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar10.9 ± 1.0kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
10.9423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Bromine anion + m-Guaiacol = (Bromine anion bullet m-Guaiacol)

By formula: Br- + C7H8O2 = (Br- bullet C7H8O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.1 ± 1.8kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.4 ± 1.0kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
12.4423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Bromine anion + Mequinol = (Bromine anion bullet Mequinol)

By formula: Br- + C7H8O2 = (Br- bullet C7H8O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.0 ± 1.8kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar11.3 ± 1.0kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
11.3423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Bromine anion + Phenol, 2-fluoro- = (Bromine anion bullet Phenol, 2-fluoro-)

By formula: Br- + C6H5FO = (Br- bullet C6H5FO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.9 ± 1.8kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar11.2 ± 1.0kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
11.2423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Bromine anion + Phenol, 4-fluoro- = (Bromine anion bullet Phenol, 4-fluoro-)

By formula: Br- + C6H5FO = (Br- bullet C6H5FO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.3 ± 1.8kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.6 ± 1.0kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
13.6423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Bromine anion + Phenol, 3-fluoro- = (Bromine anion bullet Phenol, 3-fluoro-)

By formula: Br- + C6H5FO = (Br- bullet C6H5FO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.4 ± 1.8kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.7 ± 1.0kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
13.7423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Bromine anion + Phenol, 3-amino- = (Bromine anion bullet Phenol, 3-amino-)

By formula: Br- + C6H7NO = (Br- bullet C6H7NO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.3 ± 1.8kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar10.6 ± 1.0kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
10.6423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Bromine anion + Phenol, 4-amino- = (Bromine anion bullet Phenol, 4-amino-)

By formula: Br- + C6H7NO = (Br- bullet C6H7NO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.5 ± 1.8kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar9.8 ± 1.0kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
9.8423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Bromine anion + Phenol, 2-methyl- = (Bromine anion bullet Phenol, 2-methyl-)

By formula: Br- + C7H8O = (Br- bullet C7H8O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.6 ± 1.8kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar10.9 ± 1.0kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
10.9423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Bromine anion + Phenol, 2-chloro- = (Bromine anion bullet Phenol, 2-chloro-)

By formula: Br- + C6H5ClO = (Br- bullet C6H5ClO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.2 ± 1.8kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar11.5 ± 1.0kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
11.5423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Bromine anion + Benzene, nitro- = (Bromine anion bullet Benzene, nitro-)

By formula: Br- + C6H5NO2 = (Br- bullet C6H5NO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.0 ± 1.8kcal/molTDAsPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.2cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.5 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
6.5423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Bromine anion + Nitric acid = (Bromine anion bullet Nitric acid)

By formula: Br- + HNO3 = (Br- bullet HNO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.0kcal/molFADavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(Br-/NO3-HNO3/HBr), «DELTA»rH>; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.5cal/mol*KFADavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(Br-/NO3-HNO3/HBr), «DELTA»rH>; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
13.4367.FADavidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(Br-/NO3-HNO3/HBr), «DELTA»rH>; M

Bromine anion + 1,3,5-Trinitrobenzene = (Bromine anion bullet 1,3,5-Trinitrobenzene)

By formula: Br- + C6H3N3O6 = (Br- bullet C6H3N3O6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; 1,3,5-trinitrobenzene, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.1 ± 1.0kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff at 423 K, «DELTA»Saff taken as that of mCF3-nitrobenzene..Br-; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
13.1423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; 1,3,5-trinitrobenzene, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Bromine anion bullet Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Bromine anion bullet 2Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (Br- bullet CO2) + CO2 = (Br- bullet 2CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.1 ± 2.0kcal/molPDisArnold, Bradforth, et al., 1995gas phase; EA given is Vertical Detachment Energy. Affinity: difference between successive EAs in (Y); B
Deltar6.0 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.0cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar0.3 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B

Bromine anion + Carbon dioxide = (Bromine anion bullet Carbon dioxide)

By formula: Br- + CO2 = (Br- bullet CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.3 ± 2.0kcal/molPDisArnold, Bradforth, et al., 1995, 2gas phase; Affinity: shift in apparent EA from lesser-solvated ion. Ignores any neutral-neutral bond.; B
Deltar6.7 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.5cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1.8 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B

(Bromine anion bullet 2Methyl Alcohol) + Methyl Alcohol = (Bromine anion bullet 3Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (Br- bullet 2CH4O) + CH4O = (Br- bullet 3CH4O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar9.50 ± 0.50kcal/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar10.6 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1991gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.6cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Yamabe, 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar4.25kcal/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar4.2 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1991gas phase; B

(Bromine anion bullet Methyl Alcohol) + Methyl Alcohol = (Bromine anion bullet 2Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (Br- bullet CH4O) + CH4O = (Br- bullet 2CH4O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.00 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar12.5 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1991gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.7cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Yamabe, 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.62kcal/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar6.3 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1991gas phase; B

Bromine anion + Methane, bromo- = (Bromine anion bullet Methane, bromo-)

By formula: Br- + CH3Br = (Br- bullet CH3Br)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar11.2 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar9.20 ± 0.50kcal/molTDAsDougherty and Roberts, 1974gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.0cal/mol*KHPMSDougherty and Roberts, 1974gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar4.60 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar5.00 ± 0.80kcal/molTDAsDougherty and Roberts, 1974gas phase; B

Bromine anion + Ethene, tetrafluoro- = C2BrF4-

By formula: Br- + C2F4 = C2BrF4-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.10 ± 0.50kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mochizuki, et al., 2008gas phase; The experimental HOF of C2F4 has been questioned as being too positive: Curtiss, Raghavachari, et al., 7374, 11CHA/DEN; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar2.33 ± 0.50kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mochizuki, et al., 2008gas phase; The experimental HOF of C2F4 has been questioned as being too positive: Curtiss, Raghavachari, et al., 7374, 11CHA/DEN; B

Bromine anion + Propane, 2-bromo-2-methyl- = (Bromine anion bullet Propane, 2-bromo-2-methyl-)

By formula: Br- + C4H9Br = (Br- bullet C4H9Br)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.6 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar12.40kcal/molTDAsDougherty, 1974gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.3cal/mol*KHPMSDougherty, 1974gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.30 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar6.70kcal/molTDAsDougherty, 1974gas phase; B

Bromine anion + Ethyl bromide = (Bromine anion bullet Ethyl bromide)

By formula: Br- + C2H5Br = (Br- bullet C2H5Br)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.0 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar11.60kcal/molTDAsDougherty, 1974gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.2cal/mol*KHPMSDougherty, 1974gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.90 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar5.90kcal/molTDAsDougherty, 1974gas phase; B

Bromine anion + Propane, 2-bromo- = (Bromine anion bullet Propane, 2-bromo-)

By formula: Br- + C3H7Br = (Br- bullet C3H7Br)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.2 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar12.20kcal/molTDAsDougherty, 1974gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.9cal/mol*KHPMSDougherty, 1974gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.30 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar6.30kcal/molTDAsDougherty, 1974gas phase; B

Bromine anion + Benzene, nitroso- = (Bromine anion bullet Benzene, nitroso-)

By formula: Br- + C6H5NO = (Br- bullet C6H5NO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.7 ± 1.8kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff measured at 303 K, corrected to 423 K, «DELTA»Saff taken as that of PhNO2..Br-; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.2 ± 1.0kcal/molIMREPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; «DELTA»Gaff measured at 303 K, corrected to 423 K, «DELTA»Saff taken as that of PhNO2..Br-; B

Bromine anion + Xenon = (Bromine anion bullet Xenon)

By formula: Br- + Xe = (Br- bullet Xe)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar3.60 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsWada, Kikkawa, et al., 2007gas phase; B
Deltar2.90 ± 0.10kcal/molLPESYourshaw, Lenzer, et al., 1998gas phase; Given: 0.12692(.0005) eV; B
Deltar3.40kcal/molMoblGatland, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-1.17 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsWada, Kikkawa, et al., 2007gas phase; B

Bromine anion + Hydrogen cyanide = (Bromine anion bullet Hydrogen cyanide)

By formula: Br- + CHN = (Br- bullet CHN)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.4 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-ner, Cybulski, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Deltar16.0 ± 2.0kcal/molEstLarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; Extrapolated from other halide data; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.8cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, Cybulski, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.5 ± 1.6kcal/molTDAsMeot-ner, Cybulski, et al., 1988gas phase; B

Bromine anion + Benzaldehyde = (Bromine anion bullet Benzaldehyde)

By formula: Br- + C7H6O = (Br- bullet C7H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.2kcal/molPHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
4.7423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Bromine anion bullet Sulfur dioxide) + Hydrogen bromide = (Bromine anion bullet Hydrogen bromide bullet Sulfur dioxide)

By formula: (Br- bullet O2S) + HBr = (Br- bullet HBr bullet O2S)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.2kcal/molPHPMSCaldwell and Kebarle, 1985gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(Br- HBr)SO2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.2cal/mol*KPHPMSCaldwell and Kebarle, 1985gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(Br- HBr)SO2; M

(Bromine anion bullet Sulfur dioxide) + Hydrogen chloride = (Bromine anion bullet Hydrogen chloride bullet Sulfur dioxide)

By formula: (Br- bullet O2S) + HCl = (Br- bullet HCl bullet O2S)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.4kcal/molPHPMSCaldwell and Kebarle, 1985gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(Br-)SO2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.6cal/mol*KPHPMSCaldwell and Kebarle, 1985gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(Br-)SO2; M

(Bromine anion bullet 9Methyl Alcohol) + Methyl Alcohol = (Bromine anion bullet 10Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (Br- bullet 9CH4O) + CH4O = (Br- bullet 10CH4O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar8.0 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1991gas phase; Entropy estimated.; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.cal/mol*KN/AHiraoka and Yamabe, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1.1 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1991gas phase; Entropy estimated.; B

Bromine anion + Hydrogen chloride = (Bromine anion bullet Hydrogen chloride)

By formula: Br- + HCl = (Br- bullet HCl)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.6 ± 2.0kcal/molTDEqCaldwell and Kebarle, 1985gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.0cal/mol*KPHPMSCaldwell and Kebarle, 1985gas phase; switching reaction(Br-)SO2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.0 ± 2.6kcal/molTDEqCaldwell and Kebarle, 1985gas phase; B

(Bromine anion bullet 8Methyl Alcohol) + Methyl Alcohol = (Bromine anion bullet 9Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (Br- bullet 8CH4O) + CH4O = (Br- bullet 9CH4O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar8.2 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1991gas phase; Entropy estimated.; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.cal/mol*KN/AHiraoka and Yamabe, 1991gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1.3 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Yamabe, 1991gas phase; Entropy estimated.; B

(Bromine anion bullet 4Acetonitrile) + Acetonitrile = (Bromine anion bullet 5Acetonitrile)

By formula: (Br- bullet 4C2H3N) + C2H3N = (Br- bullet 5C2H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar8.50 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar5.80 ± 0.90kcal/molN/AMarkovich, Perera, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.2cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1.8 ± 1.3kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; B

(Bromine anion bullet 5Acetonitrile) + Acetonitrile = (Bromine anion bullet 6Acetonitrile)

By formula: (Br- bullet 5C2H3N) + C2H3N = (Br- bullet 6C2H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar8.00 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar5.5 ± 1.0kcal/molN/AMarkovich, Perera, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.5cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1.20 ± 0.90kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; B

(Bromine anion bullet 6Acetonitrile) + Acetonitrile = (Bromine anion bullet 7Acetonitrile)

By formula: (Br- bullet 6C2H3N) + C2H3N = (Br- bullet 7C2H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.70 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar3.0 ± 1.1kcal/molN/AMarkovich, Perera, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.9cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar0.8 ± 1.3kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; B

Bromine anion + Ammonia = (Bromine anion bullet Ammonia)

By formula: Br- + H3N = (Br- bullet H3N)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.70 ± 0.10kcal/molTDAsEvans, Keesee, et al., 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.1cal/mol*KHPMSEvans, Keesee, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar2.00 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsEvans, Keesee, et al., 1987gas phase; B

Bromine anion + Dimethyl Sulfoxide = (Bromine anion bullet Dimethyl Sulfoxide)

By formula: Br- + C2H6OS = (Br- bullet C2H6OS)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17.30kcal/molTDAsMagnera, Caldwell, et al., 1984gas phase; B,M
Deltar17.2kcal/molHPMSCaldwell, Masucci, et al., 1989gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.4cal/mol*KPHPMSMagnera, Caldwell, et al., 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar10.90kcal/molTDAsMagnera, Caldwell, et al., 1984gas phase; B

References

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Hiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988
Hiraoka, K.; Mizuse, S.; Yamabe, S., Determination of the Stabilities and Structures of X-(C6H6) Clusters (X = Cl, Br, and I), Chem. Phys. Lett., 1988, 147, 2-3, 174, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(88)85078-4 . [all data]

Paul and Kebarle, 1991
Paul, G.J.C.; Kebarle, P., Stabilities of Complexes of Br- with Substituted Benzenes (SB) Based on Determinations of the Gas-Phase Equilibria Br- + SB = (BrSB)-, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1991, 113, 4, 1148, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00004a014 . [all data]

Paul and Kebarle, 1990
Paul, G.J.C.; Kebarle, P., Stabilities in the Gas Phase of the Hydrogen Bonded Complexes, YC6H4OH-X-, of Substituted Phenols, YC6H4OH, with the Halide Anions X-(Cl-, Br-), Can. J. Chem., 1990, 68, 11, 2070, https://doi.org/10.1139/v90-316 . [all data]

Hiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2
Hiraoka, K.; Mizuse, S.; Yamabe, S., Solvation of Halide Ions with H2O and CH3CN in the Gas Phase, J. Phys. Chem., 1988, 92, 13, 3943, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100324a051 . [all data]

Markovich, Perera, et al., 1996
Markovich, G.; Perera, L.; Berkowitz, M.L.; Cheshnovsky, O., The Solvation of Cl-, Br-, and I- in Acetonitrile Cluster: Photoelectron Spectroscopy and Molecular Dynamics Simulations., J. Chem. Phys., 1996, 105, 7, 2675, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.472131 . [all data]

Yamdagni and Kebarle, 1972
Yamdagni, R.; Kebarle, P., Solvation of negative ions by protic and aprotic solvents. Gas phase solvation of halide ions by acetonitrile and water molecules, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1972, 94, 2940. [all data]

Bogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999
Bogdanov, B.; Peschke, M.; Tonner, D.S.; Szulejko, J.E.; McMahon, T.B., Stepwise solvation of halides by alcohol molecules in the gas phase, Int. J. Mass Spectrom., 1999, 187, 707-725, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1387-3806(98)14180-5 . [all data]

Hiraoka and Yamabe, 1991
Hiraoka, K.; Yamabe, S., Solvation of Halide Ions with CH3OH in the gas Phase, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Proc., 1991, 109, 133, https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1176(91)85101-Q . [all data]

Tanabe, Morgon, et al., 1996
Tanabe, F.K.J.; Morgon, N.H.; Riveros, J.M., Relative Bromide and Iodide Affinity of Simple Solvent Molecules Determined by FT-ICR, J. Phys. Chem., 1996, 100, 8, 2862-2866, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp952290p . [all data]

Hiraoka, Mizure, et al., 1988
Hiraoka, K.; Mizure, S.; Yamabe, S.; Nakatsuji, Y., Gas Phase Clustering Reactions of CN- and CH2CN- with MeCN, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1988, 148, 6, 497, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(88)80320-8 . [all data]

Davidson, Fehsenfeld, et al., 1977
Davidson, J.A.; Fehsenfeld, F.C.; Howard, C.J., The heats of formation of NO3- and NO3- association complexes with HNO3 and HBr, Int. J. Chem. Kinet., 1977, 9, 17. [all data]

Markovich, Pollack, et al., 1994
Markovich, G.; Pollack, S.; Giniger, R.; Cheshnovsky, O., Photoelectron spectroscopy of Cl-, Br-, and I- solvated in water clusters, J. Chem. Phys., 1994, 101, 11, 9344, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.467965 . [all data]

Arnold, Bradforth, et al., 1995
Arnold, D.W.; Bradforth, S.E.; Kim, E.H.; Neumark, D.M., Study of I-(CO2)n, Br-(CO2)n, and I-(N2O)n clusters by anion photoelectron spectroscopy, J. Chem. Phys., 1995, 102, 9, 3510, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.468576 . [all data]

Hiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987
Hiraoka, K.; Mizuse, S.; Yamabe, S., Stability and Structure of Cluster Ions: Halide Ions with CO2, J. Chem. Phys., 1987, 87, 6, 3647, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.452962 . [all data]

Arnold, Bradforth, et al., 1995, 2
Arnold, D.W.; Bradforth, S.E.; Kim, E.H.; Neumark, D.M., Study of halogen carbon dioxide clusters and the fluoroformyloxyl radical by photodetachment of X(-)(CO2) (X=I,Cl,Br) and FCO2-, J. Chem. Phys., 1995, 102, 9, 3493, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.468575 . [all data]

Li, Ross, et al., 1996
Li, C.; Ross, P.; Szulejko, J.; McMahon, T.B., High-Pressure Mass Spectrometric Investigations of the Potential Energy Surfaces of Gas-Phase Sn2 Reactions., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1996, 118, 39, 9360, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja960565o . [all data]

Dougherty and Roberts, 1974
Dougherty, R.C.; Roberts, J.D., SN2 reactions in the gas phase. Nucleophilicity effects, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1974, 8, 81. [all data]

Hiraoka, Mochizuki, et al., 2008
Hiraoka, K.; Mochizuki, N.; Wada, A.; Okada, H.; Ichikawa, T.; Asakawa, D.; Yazawa, I., Gas-phase ion/molecule reactions in C2F4, Int. J. Mass Spectrom., 2008, 272, 1, 22-28, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijms.2007.12.013 . [all data]

Curtiss, Raghavachari, et al., 7374
Curtiss, L.A.; Raghavachari, K.; Redfern, P.C.; Pople, J.A., Assesment of Gaussian-3 and density Functional Theories for a larger experimental test set, J. Chem. Phys. 112 (2000), 7374. [all data]

Dougherty, 1974
Dougherty, R.C., SN2 reactions in the gas phase. Alkyl group structural effects, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1974, 8, 85. [all data]

Wada, Kikkawa, et al., 2007
Wada, A.; Kikkawa, A.; Sugiyama, T.; Hiraoka, K., Thermochemical Stabilities of the Gas-phase Cluster Ions of Halide Ions with Rare Gas Atoms, Int. J. Mass Spectrom.., 2007, 267, 1-3, 284-287, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijms.2007.02.053 . [all data]

Yourshaw, Lenzer, et al., 1998
Yourshaw, I.; Lenzer, T.; Reiser, G.; Neumark, D.M., Zero electron kinetic energy spectroscopy of the KrBr-, XeBr-, and KrCl- anions, J. Chem. Phys., 1998, 109, 13, 5247-5256, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.477141 . [all data]

Gatland, 1984
Gatland, I.R., Determination of Ion-Atom Potentials from Mobility Experiments. in Swarms of Ions and Electrons In Gases, W. Lindinger, Ed., Springer-Verlag, NY,, 1984, 44. [all data]

Meot-ner, Cybulski, et al., 1988
Meot-ner, M.; Cybulski, S.M.; Scheiner, S.; Liebman, J.F., Is CN- Significantly Anisotropic? Comparison of CN- vs. Cl-: Clustering with HCN and Condensed Phase Thermochemistry, J. Phys. Chem., 1988, 92, 10, 2738, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100321a009 . [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1984
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Gas phase bihalide and pseudohalide ions. An ICR determination of hydrogen bond energies in XHY- species (X,Y = F, Cl, Br, CN), Inorg. Chem., 1984, 23, 2029. [all data]

Caldwell and Kebarle, 1985
Caldwell, G.; Kebarle, P., The hydrogen bond energies of the bihalide ions XHX- and YHX-, Can. J. Chem., 1985, 63, 1399. [all data]

Evans, Keesee, et al., 1987
Evans, D.H.; Keesee, R.G.; Castleman Jr., The Association of Ammonia with Halide Ions in the Gas Phase, J. Chem. Phys., 1987, 86, 5, 2927, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.452043 . [all data]

Magnera, Caldwell, et al., 1984
Magnera, T.F.; Caldwell, G.; Sumner, J.; Ikuta, S.; Kebarle, P., Solvation of the halide anions in dimethyl sulfoxide. Factors involved in enhanced reactivity of negative ions in dipolar aprotic solvents, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1984, 106, 6140. [all data]

Caldwell, Masucci, et al., 1989
Caldwell, G.W.; Masucci, J.A.; Ikonomou, M.G., Negative Ion Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometry - Binding of Molecules to Bromide and Iodide Anions, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1989, 24, 1, 8, https://doi.org/10.1002/oms.1210240103 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, References