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1-Butyl radical

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Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LBLHLM - Sharon G. Lias, John E. Bartmess, Joel F. Liebman, John L. Holmes, Rhoda D. Levin, and W. Gary Mallard
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C4H9+ (ion structure unspecified)

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.02 ± 0.04PESchultz, Houle, et al., 1984LBLHLM
8.01 ± 0.05EILossing and Semeluk, 1970RDSH
8.01 ± 0.05EIMelton and Joy, 1967RDSH
8.50 ± 0.04PESchultz, Houle, et al., 1984Vertical value; LBLHLM

References

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Schultz, Houle, et al., 1984
Schultz, J.C.; Houle, F.A.; Beauchamp, J.L., Photoelectron spectroscopy of 1-propyl, 1-butyl, isobutyl, neopentyl and 2-butyl radicals: Free radical precursors to high energy carbonium ion isomers, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1984, 106, 3917. [all data]

Lossing and Semeluk, 1970
Lossing, F.P.; Semeluk, G.P., Free radicals by mass spectrometry. XLII.Ionization potentials and ionic heats of formation for C1-C4 alkyl radicals, Can. J. Chem., 1970, 48, 955. [all data]

Melton and Joy, 1967
Melton, C.E.; Joy, H.W., Mass-spectrometric and theoretical evidence for NH4 and H3O, J. Chem. Phys., 1967, 46, 4275. [all data]


Notes

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