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2-Heptenal


Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBP-1935.Bartley, 1988He, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Tstart: -100. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101945.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101951.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedApiezon L948.Minyard, Tumlinson, et al., 1967N2, Gas Chrom P; Column length: 3.0 m; Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 4000140.1364.Minyard, Tumlinson, et al., 1967N2, GAS Chrom P; Column length: 10. m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS960.Weissbecker, Holighaus, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 1.5 min, 6. K/min, 200. C @ 5. min
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS963.Bruna, Hierro, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB959.Oruna-Concha, Ames, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 8. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS963.Bruna, Hierro, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB952.Chevance and Farmer, 199960. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryBPX-5940.Mandin, Duckham, et al., 199950. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryBPX-5968.Mandin, Duckham, et al., 199950. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryOV-101936.Misharina, Golovnya, et al., 199250. m/0.31 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
PackedApiezon M927.Golovnya and Uraletz, 1971N2, Celite 545, 6. K/min; Column length: 1.5 m; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 200. C
PackedApiezon M930.Golovnya and Uraletz, 1971N2, Celite 545, 6. K/min; Column length: 1.5 m; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5MS957.Turchini, Giani, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C => 120C/min => 60C1.5C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 280C
CapillaryHP-5951.Engel, Baty, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 5C(5min) => 3C/min => 20C => 5C/min => 100C 15C/min => 150C (5min)
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB962.Oruna-Concha, Bakker, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C => rapidly => 40C(8min) => 4C/min => 250C(10min)
CapillaryDB-5970.Parker, Hassell, et al., 200050. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: oC(5min) => 60C/min => 60C (5min) => 4C/min => 250C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1352.Beauchene, Grua-Priol, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 160. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1321.Chevance, Farmer, et al., 200060. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1320.Chevance and Farmer, 199960. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1313.Chevance and Farmer, 1999, 260. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryFFAP1353.Ranau, Kleeberg, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(3min) => 3C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 220C(13.5min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1327.Ziegleder, 2001He; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 45C(4min) => 30C/min => 60C (5min) => 3C/min => 220C (40min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-101120.941.Kenndler, Jenner, et al., 1985He; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane75.909.Swoboda and Lea, 1965Celite (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1. m

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryUltra-2952.Ceva-Antunes, Bizzo, et al., 200625. m/0.25 mm/0.33 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5964.Campeol, Flamini, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-5959.García, Martín, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-5958.Boylston and Viniyard, 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, 35. C @ 15. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 45. min
CapillaryDB-5954.Kondjoyan, Viallon, et al., 199760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 2. min
CapillaryDB-5956.Kondjoyan, Viallon, et al., 199760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 2. min
CapillaryUltra-2963.King, Matthews, et al., 199550. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryUltra-2975.King, Hamilton, et al., 199350. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryHG-5961.Drumm and Spanier, 199150. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 15. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 45. min
CapillaryHP-5940.Spadone, Takeoka, et al., 1990H2, 16. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-5957.Spadone, Takeoka, et al., 1990H2, 16. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1928.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1926.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySLB-5 MS956.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySLB-5 MS959.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5MS961.Cole, Haber, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(10min) => 3C/min => 200C => 2C/min => 220C
CapillaryDB-1931.Lin, Peng, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 40C(1min) => 5C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 200C(9min)
CapillaryDB-1921.Cramer, Mattinson, et al., 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 33C(5min) => 2C/min => 50c => 5C/min => 225C
CapillaryHP-5 MS957.Turchini, Giani, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (1 min) 120 0C/min -> 60 0C 1.5 0C/min -> 100 0C 5 0C/min -> 280 0C
CapillaryDB-5960.Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 200450. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillaryMDN-5941.Moretti, Madonia, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 30 0C (1 min) ballistically -> 60 0C 2 0C/min -> 120 0C 5 0C/min -> 280 0C (5 min)
CapillaryMDN-5949.Turchimi, Mentasti, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (1 min) 120 0C/min -> 60 0C 2 0C/min -> 280 0C
CapillaryDB-5963.Chung, Heymann, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C => 5C/min => 120C => 2C/min => 160C => 7C/min => 250C
CapillaryHP-5MS960.Ansorena, Gimeno, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane948.Spanier, Shahidi, et al., 2001Program: not specified
CapillaryMethyl Silicone932.Misharina, 1995Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax1333.Feng, Zhuang, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1334.Guo, Wu, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryRTX-Wax1349.Galindo-Cuspinera, Lubran, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 180. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1320.Buttery and Ling, 199830. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min, 170. C @ 30. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-Wax1336.Steullet and Guerin, 1994H2, 60. C @ 5. min, 8. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-Wax1338.Steullet and Guerin, 1994H2, 60. C @ 5. min, 8. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-Wax1336.Steullet and Guerin, 199430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 8. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1336.Steullet and Guerin, 199430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 8. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1337.Steullet and Guerin, 199430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 8. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1338.Steullet and Guerin, 199430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 8. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax1320.Feng, Zhuang, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1327.Ziegleder, 1998He; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 45C(4min) => 30C/min => 60C (5min) => 3C/min => 220C(40min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1313.Luning, de Rijk, et al., 199450. m/0.32 mm/1.5 «mu»m; Program: 40C => 2C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 250C

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Bartley, 1988
Bartley, J.P., Volatile flavours of Australian tropical fruits, Biomed. Environ. Mass Spectrom., 1988, 16, 1-12, 201-205, https://doi.org/10.1002/bms.1200160136 . [all data]

Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 1984
Ohnishi, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds from heated beef fat and beef fat with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1984, 32, 5, 987-992, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00125a008 . [all data]

Minyard, Tumlinson, et al., 1967
Minyard, J.P.; Tumlinson, J.H.; Thompson, A.C.; Hedin, P.A., Constituents of the cotton bud. The carbonyl compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1967, 15, 3, 517-524, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf60151a021 . [all data]

Weissbecker, Holighaus, et al., 2004
Weissbecker, B.; Holighaus, G.; Schütz, S., Gas chromatography with mass spectrometric and electroantennographic detection: analysis of wood odorants by direct coupling of insect olfaction and mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 2004, 1056, 1-2, 209-216, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2004.06.120 . [all data]

Bruna, Hierro, et al., 2003
Bruna, J.M.; Hierro, E.M.; de la Hoz, L.; Mottram, D.S.; Fernández, M.; Ordóñez, J.A., Changes in selected biochemical and sensory parameters as affected by the superficial inoculation of Penicillium camemberti on dry fermented sausages, Int. J. Food Microbiol., 2003, 85, 1-2, 111-125, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-1605(02)00505-6 . [all data]

Oruna-Concha, Ames, et al., 2002
Oruna-Concha, M.J.; Ames, J.M.; Bakker, J., Comparison of the volatile components of eight cultivars of potato after microwave baking, Lebensm. Wiss. Technol., 2002, 35, 1, 80-86, https://doi.org/10.1006/fstl.2001.0819 . [all data]

Bruna, Hierro, et al., 2001
Bruna, J.M.; Hierro, E.M.; de la Hoz, L.; Mottram, D.S.; Fernández, M.; Ordóñez, J.A., The contribution of Penicillium aurantiogriseum to the volatile composition and sensory quality of dry fermented sausages, Meat Sci., 2001, 59, 1, 97-107, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0309-1740(01)00058-4 . [all data]

Chevance and Farmer, 1999
Chevance, F.F.V.; Farmer, L.J., Identification of major volatile odor compounds in frankfurters, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 12, 5151-5160, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf990515d . [all data]

Mandin, Duckham, et al., 1999
Mandin, O.; Duckham, S.C.; Ames, J.M., Volatile compounds from potato-like model systems, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 6, 2355-2359, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf981277+ . [all data]

Misharina, Golovnya, et al., 1992
Misharina, T.A.; Golovnya, R.V.; Artamonova, M.P.; Zhuravskaya, N.K., Identification of volatile components of a model system with meat aroma, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1992, 47, 850-857. [all data]

Golovnya and Uraletz, 1971
Golovnya, V.; Uraletz, V.P., Gas chromatographic analysis of flavour components with correlation isothermal retention indices, J. Chromatogr., 1971, 61, 65-71, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)92384-7 . [all data]

Turchini, Giani, et al., 2004
Turchini, G.M.; Giani, I.; Caprino, F.; Moretti, V.M.; Valfrè, F., Discrimination of origin of farmed trout by means of biometrical parameters, fillet composition and flavor volatile compounds, Ital. J. Anim. Sci., 2004, 3, 123-140. [all data]

Engel, Baty, et al., 2002
Engel, E.; Baty, C.; le Corre, D.; Souchon, I.; Martin, N., Flavor-active compounds potentially implicated in cooked cauliflower acceptance, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 22, 6459-6467, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf025579u . [all data]

Oruna-Concha, Bakker, et al., 2002
Oruna-Concha, M.J.; Bakker, J.; Ames, J.M., Comparison of the volatile components of two cultivars of potato cooked by boiling, conventional baking and microwave baking, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2002, 82, 9, 1080-1087, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1148 . [all data]

Parker, Hassell, et al., 2000
Parker, J.K.; Hassell, G.M.E.; Mottram, D.S.; Guy, R.C.E., Sensory and instrumental analyses of volatiles generated during the extrusion cooking of oat flours, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 8, 3497-3506, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf991302r . [all data]

Beauchene, Grua-Priol, et al., 2000
Beauchene, D.; Grua-Priol, J.; Lamer, T.; Demaimay, M.; Quemeneur, F., Concentration by pervaporation of aroma compounds from Fucus serratus, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2000, 75, 451-458. [all data]

Chevance, Farmer, et al., 2000
Chevance, F.F.V.; Farmer, L.J.; Desmond, E.M.; Novelli, E.; Troy, D.J.; Chizzolini, R., Effect of some fat replacers on the release of volatile aroma compounds from low-fat meat products, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 8, 3476-3484, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf991211u . [all data]

Chevance and Farmer, 1999, 2
Chevance, F.F.V.; Farmer, L.J., Release of volatile odor compounds from full-fat and reduced-fat frankfurters, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 12, 5161-5168, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9905166 . [all data]

Ranau, Kleeberg, et al., 2005
Ranau, R.; Kleeberg, K.K.; Schlegelmilch, M.; Streese, J.; Stegmann, R.; Steinhart, H., Analytical determination of the suitability of different processes for the treatment of odorous waste gas, Waste Management, 2005, 25, 9, 908-916, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2005.07.004 . [all data]

Ziegleder, 2001
Ziegleder, G., Odorous compounds in paperboard as influenced by recycled material and storage, Packag. Technol. Sci., 2001, 14, 4, 131-136, https://doi.org/10.1002/pts.541 . [all data]

Kenndler, Jenner, et al., 1985
Kenndler, E.; Jenner, P.; Huber, J.F.K., Identification and Quantitative Estimation of Organic Pollutants in the Exhaust Air of Electric Ranges by Two-dimensional GC and GC/MS, Fresenius J. Anal. Chem., 1985, 322, 2, 198-204, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00517659 . [all data]

Swoboda and Lea, 1965
Swoboda, P.A.T.; Lea, C.H., The flavour volatiles of fats and fat-containing foods. II - a gas chromatographic investigation of volatile autoxidation products from sunflower oil, J. Sci. Food Agriculture, 1965, 16, 11, 680-689, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740161108 . [all data]

Ceva-Antunes, Bizzo, et al., 2006
Ceva-Antunes, P.M.N.; Bizzo, H.R.; Silva, A.S.; Carvalho, C.P.S.; Antunes, O.A.C., Analysis of volatile composition of siriguela (Spondias purpurea L.) by solid phase microextraction (SPME), LWT, 2006, 39, 4, 437-443, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2005.02.007 . [all data]

Campeol, Flamini, et al., 2001
Campeol, E.; Flamini, G.; Chericoni, S.; Catalano, S.; Cremonini, R., Volatile compounds from three cultivars of Olea europaea from Italy, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 11, 5409-5411, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010455n . [all data]

García, Martín, et al., 2000
García, C.; Martín, A.; Timón, M.L.; Córdoba, J.J., Microbial populations and volatile compounds in the 'bone taint' spoilage of dry cured ham, Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 2000, 30, 1, 61-66, https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1472-765x.2000.00663.x . [all data]

Boylston and Viniyard, 1998
Boylston, T.D.; Viniyard, B.T., Isolation of volatile flavor compounds from peanut butter using purge-and-trap technique in Instrumental Methods in Food and Beverage Analysis, D. Wetzel and G. Charalambous, ed(s)., 1998, 225-243. [all data]

Kondjoyan, Viallon, et al., 1997
Kondjoyan, N.; Viallon, C.; Berdagué, J.L.; Daridan, D.; Simon, M.-N.; Legault, C., Analyse comparative de la fraction volatile de jambons secs de porcs Gascon et Large-White x Landrace Français, J. Rech. C.N.R.S., 1997, 29, 405-410, retrieved from http://www.rennes.inra.fr/srp/jrp/1997/97txtQualite/Q9704.pdf. [all data]

King, Matthews, et al., 1995
King, M.-F.; Matthews, M.A.; Rule, D.C.; Field, R.A., Effect of beef packaging method on volatile compounds developed by oven roasting or microwave cooking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 3, 773-778, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00051a039 . [all data]

King, Hamilton, et al., 1993
King, M.-F.; Hamilton, B.L.; Matthews, M.A.; Rule, D.C.; Field, R.A., Isolation and identification of volatiles and condensable material in raw beef with supercritical carbon dioxide extraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1993, 41, 11, 1974-1981, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00035a030 . [all data]

Drumm and Spanier, 1991
Drumm, T.D.; Spanier, A.M., Changes in the content of lipid autoxidation and sulfur-containing compounds in cooked beef during storage, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 2, 336-343, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00002a023 . [all data]

Spadone, Takeoka, et al., 1990
Spadone, J.-C.; Takeoka, G.; Liardon, R., Analytical Investigation of Rio Off-Flavor in Green Coffee, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 1, 226-233, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00091a050 . [all data]

Habu, Flath, et al., 1985
Habu, T.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Morton, J.F., Volatile components of Rooibos tea (Aspalathus linearis), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1985, 33, 2, 249-254, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00062a024 . [all data]

Mondello, 2012
Mondello, L., HS-SPME-GCxGC-MS analysis of Yerba Mate (Ilex paraguariensis) in Shimadzu GC-GC application compendium of comprehensive 2D GC, Vol. 1-5, Shimadzu Corp., 2012, 1-29. [all data]

Cole, Haber, et al., 2007
Cole, R.A.; Haber, W.A.; Setzer, W.N., Chemical composition of essential oils of seven species of Eugenia from Monteverde, Costa Rica, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2007, 35, 12, 877-886, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2007.06.013 . [all data]

Lin, Peng, et al., 2007
Lin, L.-Y.; Peng, C.-H.; Wang, H.-E.; Wu, T.-H.; Chen, C.-C.; Yu, T.-H.; Wu, C.-M.; Peng, R.Y., Factors affecting solid phase microextraction (SPME) to concentrate the odorants of Chinese white salted noodles for GC-MS analysis, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 4, 274-279, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1792 . [all data]

Cramer, Mattinson, et al., 2005
Cramer, A.-C.J.; Mattinson, D.S.; Fellman, J.K.; Baik, B.-K., Analysis of volatile compounds from various types of barley cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 19, 7526-7531, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0506939 . [all data]

Turchini, Giani, et al., 2005
Turchini, G.M.; Giani, I.; Caprino, F.; Moretti, V.M.M.; Valfre, F., Discrimination of origin og farmed trout by means of biometrical parameters, fillet composition and flavor volatile compounds, Ital. J. Animal Sci., 2005, 3, 123-140. [all data]

Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004
Garcia-Estaban, M.; Ansorena, D.; Astiasarán, I.; Ruiz, J., Study of the effect of different fiber coatings and extraction conditions on dry cured ham volatile compounds extracted by solid-phase microextraction (SPME), Talanta, 2004, 64, 2, 458-466, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2004.03.007 . [all data]

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Notes

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