Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

NOTICE: Due to scheduled maintenance at our Gaithersburg campus, this site will not be available from 5:00 pm EDT (21:00 UTC) on Friday October 25 until 5:00 pm (21:00 UTC) on Sunday October 27. We apologize for any inconvenience this outage may cause.

Pyrazine, 1,4-dioxide

Data at NIST subscription sites:

NIST subscription sites provide data under the NIST Standard Reference Data Program, but require an annual fee to access. The purpose of the fee is to recover costs associated with the development of data collections included in such sites. Your institution may already be a subscriber. Follow the links above to find out more about the data in these sites and their terms of usage.


Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas152.kJ/molSemiStewart, 2004 
Deltafgas186.5 ± 1.9kJ/molCcbAcree, Powell, et al., 1997ALS

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid116.9 ± 0.8kJ/molCcbAcree, Powell, et al., 1997 
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacsolid-2215.3 ± 1.6kJ/molCcbAcree, Powell, et al., 1997 

Phase change data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus574.KN/AThornton, Verhoeven, et al., 1990Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 4. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub69.6 ± 1.7kJ/molCAcree, Powell, et al., 1997ALS
Deltasub116.9 ± 0.8kJ/molCAcree, Powell, et al., 1997AC

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Gas phase ion energetics data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.33 ± 0.02PEMaier, Muller, et al., 1975Vertical value

Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

Mass spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
NIST MS number 1699

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Stewart, 2004
Stewart, J.J.P., Comparison of the accuracy of semiempirical and some DFT methods for predicting heats of formation, J. Mol. Model, 2004, 10, 1, 6-10, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00894-003-0157-6 . [all data]

Acree, Powell, et al., 1997
Acree, W.E., Jr.; Powell, J.R.; Tucker, S.A.; Ribeiro da Silva, M.D.M.C.; Matos, M.A.R.; Goncalves, J.M.; Santos, L.M.N.B.F.; Morais, V.M.F.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemical and theroretical study of some quinoxaline 1,4-dioxides and pyrazine 1,4-dioxide, J. Org. Chem., 1997, 62, 3722-3726. [all data]

Thornton, Verhoeven, et al., 1990
Thornton, D.A.; Verhoeven, P.F.M.; Watkins, G.M.; Desseyn, H.O.; Van Der Veken, B.J., Isotope labeling studies of some aromatic N-oxides-I. A full vibrational assignment of the infrared and Raman spectra (4000-50 cm-1) of pyrazine N, N'-dioxide and its fully deuterated analog, Spectrochim. Acta, Part A, 1990, 46, 1439-51. [all data]

Maier, Muller, et al., 1975
Maier, J.P.; Muller, J.-F.; Kubota, T., 182. Ionisation energies and the electronic structures of the N-oxides of diazabenzenes, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1975, 58, 1634. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References