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Potassium ion (1+)


Ion clustering data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
RCD - Robert C. Dunbar
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

Potassium ion (1+) + Argon = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Argon)

By formula: K+ + Ar = (K+ bullet Ar)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar2.8 ± 0.7kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 9 values; Individual data points

Potassium ion (1+) + potassium bromide = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet potassium bromide)

By formula: K+ + BrK = (K+ bullet BrK)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar41.5kcal/molMSKudin, Gusarov, et al., 1973gas phase; Knudsen cell; M
Deltar40.8kcal/molMSChupka, 1959gas phase; Knudsen cell; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.8cal/mol*KMSChupka, 1959gas phase; Knudsen cell; M

Potassium ion (1+) + 2H-Tetrazole = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2H-Tetrazole)

By formula: K+ + CH2N4 = (K+ bullet CH2N4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.3 ± 1.2kcal/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 2000RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + Methyl Alcohol = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: K+ + CH4O = (K+ bullet CH4O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.9kcal/molHPMSEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; switching reaction,n(K+)H2O; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar31.6cal/mol*KHPMSEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; switching reaction,n(K+)H2O; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet Methyl Alcohol) + Methyl Alcohol = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (K+ bullet CH4O) + CH4O = (K+ bullet 2CH4O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.0kcal/molHPMSEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar35.cal/mol*KHPMSEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Methyl Alcohol) + Methyl Alcohol = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 3Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (K+ bullet 2CH4O) + CH4O = (K+ bullet 3CH4O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.5kcal/molHPMSEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28.cal/mol*KHPMSEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 3Methyl Alcohol) + Methyl Alcohol = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 4Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (K+ bullet 3CH4O) + CH4O = (K+ bullet 4CH4O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.5kcal/molHPMSEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar29.cal/mol*KHPMSEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Water bullet Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (K+ bullet CH4O) + H2O = (K+ bullet H2O bullet CH4O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.6kcal/molHPMSEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.5cal/mol*KHPMSEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Water bullet 2Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (K+ bullet 2CH4O) + H2O = (K+ bullet H2O bullet 2CH4O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar11.3kcal/molHPMSEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.0cal/mol*KHPMSEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet Methyl Alcohol bullet Water) + Methyl Alcohol = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Methyl Alcohol bullet Water)

By formula: (K+ bullet CH4O bullet H2O) + CH4O = (K+ bullet 2CH4O bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.5kcal/molHPMSEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar27.3cal/mol*KHPMSEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Methyl Alcohol bullet Water) + Methyl Alcohol = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 3Methyl Alcohol bullet Water)

By formula: (K+ bullet 2CH4O bullet H2O) + CH4O = (K+ bullet 3CH4O bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.5kcal/molHPMSEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.6cal/mol*KHPMSEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; M

Potassium ion (1+) + Methylamine = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Methylamine)

By formula: K+ + CH5N = (K+ bullet CH5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.1kcal/molHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976gas phase; switching reaction(K+)H2O; Davidson and Kebarle, 1976, 2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.8cal/mol*KHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976gas phase; switching reaction(K+)H2O; Davidson and Kebarle, 1976, 2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.7kcal/molHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976gas phase; switching reaction(K+)H2O; Davidson and Kebarle, 1976, 2; M

Potassium ion (1+) + Carbon monoxide = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Carbon monoxide)

By formula: K+ + CO = (K+ bullet CO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar4.3 ± 1.2kcal/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 2000RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + Carbon dioxide = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Carbon dioxide)

By formula: K+ + CO2 = (K+ bullet CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar8.5kcal/molHPMSCastleman and Keesee, 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.2cal/mol*KHPMSCastleman and Keesee, 1981gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
3.7310.DTKeller and Beyer, 1971gas phase; low E/N; M

Potassium ion (1+) + Acetonitrile = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Acetonitrile)

By formula: K+ + C2H3N = (K+ bullet C2H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.4kcal/molHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976, 2gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.5cal/mol*KHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976, 2gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet Acetonitrile) + Acetonitrile = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Acetonitrile)

By formula: (K+ bullet C2H3N) + C2H3N = (K+ bullet 2C2H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.6kcal/molHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976, 2gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.2cal/mol*KHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976, 2gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Acetonitrile) + Acetonitrile = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 3Acetonitrile)

By formula: (K+ bullet 2C2H3N) + C2H3N = (K+ bullet 3C2H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.2kcal/molHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976, 2gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28.3cal/mol*KHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976, 2gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 3Acetonitrile) + Acetonitrile = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 4Acetonitrile)

By formula: (K+ bullet 3C2H3N) + C2H3N = (K+ bullet 4C2H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.6kcal/molHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976, 2gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar27.5cal/mol*KHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976, 2gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 4Acetonitrile) + Acetonitrile = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 5Acetonitrile)

By formula: (K+ bullet 4C2H3N) + C2H3N = (K+ bullet 5C2H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar11.5kcal/molHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976, 2gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar33.7cal/mol*KHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976, 2gas phase; M

Potassium ion (1+) + C2H3N3 = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet C2H3N3)

By formula: K+ + C2H3N3 = (K+ bullet C2H3N3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.1 ± 1.4kcal/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 2000RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + 1H-1,2,4-Triazole = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 1H-1,2,4-Triazole)

By formula: K+ + C2H3N3 = (K+ bullet C2H3N3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.8 ± 1.2kcal/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 2000RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + Acetamide = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Acetamide)

By formula: K+ + C2H5NO = (K+ bullet C2H5NO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar29.7kcal/molCIDTKlassen, Anderson, et al., 1996RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + Glycine = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Glycine)

By formula: K+ + C2H5NO2 = (K+ bullet C2H5NO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar30.0kcal/molCIDTKlassen, Anderson, et al., 1996RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + Dimethyl Sulfoxide = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Dimethyl Sulfoxide)

By formula: K+ + C2H6OS = (K+ bullet C2H6OS)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar31.1kcal/molCIDTKlassen, Anderson, et al., 1996RCD
Deltar35.kcal/molHPMSSunner, 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar31.cal/mol*KHPMSSunner, 1984gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet Dimethyl Sulfoxide) + Dimethyl Sulfoxide = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Dimethyl Sulfoxide)

By formula: (K+ bullet C2H6OS) + C2H6OS = (K+ bullet 2C2H6OS)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar29.kcal/molHPMSSunner, 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar34.cal/mol*KHPMSSunner, 1984gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Dimethyl Sulfoxide) + Dimethyl Sulfoxide = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 3Dimethyl Sulfoxide)

By formula: (K+ bullet 2C2H6OS) + C2H6OS = (K+ bullet 3C2H6OS)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.kcal/molHPMSSunner, 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28.cal/mol*KHPMSSunner, 1984gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 3Dimethyl Sulfoxide) + Dimethyl Sulfoxide = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 4Dimethyl Sulfoxide)

By formula: (K+ bullet 3C2H6OS) + C2H6OS = (K+ bullet 4C2H6OS)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.kcal/molHPMSSunner, 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar30.cal/mol*KHPMSSunner, 1984gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 4Dimethyl Sulfoxide) + Dimethyl Sulfoxide = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 5Dimethyl Sulfoxide)

By formula: (K+ bullet 4C2H6OS) + C2H6OS = (K+ bullet 5C2H6OS)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.8kcal/molHPMSSunner, 1984gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar37.cal/mol*KHPMSSunner, 1984gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 5Dimethyl Sulfoxide) + Dimethyl Sulfoxide = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 6Dimethyl Sulfoxide)

By formula: (K+ bullet 5C2H6OS) + C2H6OS = (K+ bullet 6C2H6OS)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.5kcal/molHPMSSunner, 1984gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar40.cal/mol*KHPMSSunner, 1984gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M

Potassium ion (1+) + Dimethyl ether = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Dimethyl ether)

By formula: K+ + C2H6O = (K+ bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17.4 ± 1.0kcal/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 2000RCD
Deltar22.2kcal/molHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976, 3gas phase; M
Deltar20.8kcal/molHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.8cal/mol*KHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976, 3gas phase; M
Deltar24.8cal/mol*KHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet Dimethyl ether) + Dimethyl ether = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Dimethyl ether)

By formula: (K+ bullet C2H6O) + C2H6O = (K+ bullet 2C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.5 ± 1.2kcal/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 2000RCD

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Dimethyl ether) + Dimethyl ether = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 3Dimethyl ether)

By formula: (K+ bullet 2C2H6O) + C2H6O = (K+ bullet 3C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.6 ± 1.0kcal/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 2000RCD

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 3Dimethyl ether) + Dimethyl ether = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 4Dimethyl ether)

By formula: (K+ bullet 3C2H6O) + C2H6O = (K+ bullet 4C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.0 ± 1.9kcal/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 2000RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + Dimethylamine = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Dimethylamine)

By formula: K+ + C2H7N = (K+ bullet C2H7N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.5kcal/molHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.4cal/mol*KHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976gas phase; M

Potassium ion (1+) + Ethylenediamine = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Ethylenediamine)

By formula: K+ + C2H8N2 = (K+ bullet C2H8N2)

Bond type: Polydentate bonding in non-hydrogen-bonded positive ions

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.7kcal/molHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976, 3gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.3cal/mol*KHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976, 3gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet Ethylenediamine) + Ethylenediamine = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Ethylenediamine)

By formula: (K+ bullet C2H8N2) + C2H8N2 = (K+ bullet 2C2H8N2)

Bond type: Polydentate bonding in non-hydrogen-bonded positive ions

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.2kcal/molHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976, 3gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar32.0cal/mol*KHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976, 3gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Ethylenediamine) + Ethylenediamine = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 3Ethylenediamine)

By formula: (K+ bullet 2C2H8N2) + C2H8N2 = (K+ bullet 3C2H8N2)

Bond type: Polydentate bonding in non-hydrogen-bonded positive ions

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.9kcal/molHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976, 3gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.3cal/mol*KHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976, 3gas phase; M

Potassium ion (1+) + 1,3,5-Triazine = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 1,3,5-Triazine)

By formula: K+ + C3H3N3 = (K+ bullet C3H3N3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.2 ± 0.7kcal/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2000RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + 1H-Pyrazole = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 1H-Pyrazole)

By formula: K+ + C3H4N2 = (K+ bullet C3H4N2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.0 ± 0.8kcal/molCIDTHuang and Rodgers, 2002RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + 1H-Imidazole = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 1H-Imidazole)

By formula: K+ + C3H4N2 = (K+ bullet C3H4N2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.0 ± 1.3kcal/molCIDTHuang and Rodgers, 2002RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + Acetone = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Acetone)

By formula: K+ + C3H6O = (K+ bullet C3H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.4kcal/molCIDTKlassen, Anderson, et al., 1996RCD
Deltar26.kcal/molHPMSSunner, 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.cal/mol*KHPMSSunner, 1984gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet Acetone) + Acetone = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Acetone)

By formula: (K+ bullet C3H6O) + C3H6O = (K+ bullet 2C3H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.kcal/molHPMSSunner, 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.cal/mol*KHPMSSunner, 1984gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Acetone) + Acetone = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 3Acetone)

By formula: (K+ bullet 2C3H6O) + C3H6O = (K+ bullet 3C3H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.kcal/molHPMSSunner, 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.cal/mol*KHPMSSunner, 1984gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
9.2293.ES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 3Acetone) + Acetone = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 4Acetone)

By formula: (K+ bullet 3C3H6O) + C3H6O = (K+ bullet 4C3H6O)

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
6.0293.ES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1995gas phase; M

Potassium ion (1+) + Formamide, N,N-dimethyl- = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Formamide, N,N-dimethyl-)

By formula: K+ + C3H7NO = (K+ bullet C3H7NO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar29.5kcal/molCIDTKlassen, Anderson, et al., 1996RCD
Deltar31.kcal/molHPMSSunner, 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.cal/mol*KHPMSSunner, 1984gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet Formamide, N,N-dimethyl-) + Formamide, N,N-dimethyl- = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Formamide, N,N-dimethyl-)

By formula: (K+ bullet C3H7NO) + C3H7NO = (K+ bullet 2C3H7NO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.kcal/molHPMSSunner, 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.cal/mol*KHPMSSunner, 1984gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Formamide, N,N-dimethyl-) + Formamide, N,N-dimethyl- = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 3Formamide, N,N-dimethyl-)

By formula: (K+ bullet 2C3H7NO) + C3H7NO = (K+ bullet 3C3H7NO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.kcal/molHPMSSunner, 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.cal/mol*KHPMSSunner, 1984gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 3Formamide, N,N-dimethyl-) + Formamide, N,N-dimethyl- = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 4Formamide, N,N-dimethyl-)

By formula: (K+ bullet 3C3H7NO) + C3H7NO = (K+ bullet 4C3H7NO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.kcal/molHPMSSunner, 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.cal/mol*KHPMSSunner, 1984gas phase; M

Potassium ion (1+) + Acetamide, N-methyl- = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Acetamide, N-methyl-)

By formula: K+ + C3H7NO = (K+ bullet C3H7NO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar30.4kcal/molCIDTKlassen, Anderson, et al., 1996RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + Methylamine, N,N-dimethyl- = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Methylamine, N,N-dimethyl-)

By formula: K+ + C3H9N = (K+ bullet C3H9N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.0kcal/molHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976gas phase; switching reaction(K+)H2O; Davidson and Kebarle, 1976, 2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.4cal/mol*KHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976gas phase; switching reaction(K+)H2O; Davidson and Kebarle, 1976, 2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.0kcal/molHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976gas phase; switching reaction(K+)H2O; Davidson and Kebarle, 1976, 2; M

Potassium ion (1+) + Propylamine = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Propylamine)

By formula: K+ + C3H9N = (K+ bullet C3H9N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.8kcal/molHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.5cal/mol*KHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976gas phase; M

Potassium ion (1+) + Uracil = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Uracil)

By formula: K+ + C4H4N2O2 = (K+ bullet C4H4N2O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.1kcal/molCIDCCerda and Wesdemiotis, 1996RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + Pyrazine = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Pyrazine)

By formula: K+ + C4H4N2 = (K+ bullet C4H4N2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.1 ± 0.9kcal/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2000RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + Pyrrole = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Pyrrole)

By formula: K+ + C4H5N = (K+ bullet C4H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.0 ± 1.0kcal/molCIDTHuang and Rodgers, 2002RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + Cytosine = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Cytosine)

By formula: K+ + C4H5N3O = (K+ bullet C4H5N3O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.3kcal/molCIDCCerda and Wesdemiotis, 1996RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + 1H-Imidazole, 1-methyl- = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 1H-Imidazole, 1-methyl-)

By formula: K+ + C4H6N2 = (K+ bullet C4H6N2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28.0 ± 0.6kcal/molCIDTHuang and Rodgers, 2002RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + 1H-Pyrazole, 1-methyl- = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 1H-Pyrazole, 1-methyl-)

By formula: K+ + C4H6N2 = (K+ bullet C4H6N2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.5 ± 0.9kcal/molCIDTHuang and Rodgers, 2002RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + N,N-Dimethylacetamide = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet N,N-Dimethylacetamide)

By formula: K+ + C4H9NO = (K+ bullet C4H9NO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar29.0kcal/molCIDTKlassen, Anderson, et al., 1996RCD
Deltar31.kcal/molHPMSSunner, 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.cal/mol*KHPMSSunner, 1984gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet N,N-Dimethylacetamide) + N,N-Dimethylacetamide = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2N,N-Dimethylacetamide)

By formula: (K+ bullet C4H9NO) + C4H9NO = (K+ bullet 2C4H9NO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.kcal/molHPMSSunner, 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.cal/mol*KHPMSSunner, 1984gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2N,N-Dimethylacetamide) + N,N-Dimethylacetamide = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 3N,N-Dimethylacetamide)

By formula: (K+ bullet 2C4H9NO) + C4H9NO = (K+ bullet 3C4H9NO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.kcal/molHPMSSunner, 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.cal/mol*KHPMSSunner, 1984gas phase; M

Potassium ion (1+) + Ethyl ether = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Ethyl ether)

By formula: K+ + C4H10O = (K+ bullet C4H10O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.3kcal/molHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.7cal/mol*KHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976gas phase; M

Potassium ion (1+) + Ethane, 1,2-dimethoxy- = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Ethane, 1,2-dimethoxy-)

By formula: K+ + C4H10O2 = (K+ bullet C4H10O2)

Bond type: Polydentate bonding in non-hydrogen-bonded positive ions

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28.4 ± 1.0kcal/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 2000RCD
Deltar30.8kcal/molHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976, 3gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.8cal/mol*KHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976, 3gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet Ethane, 1,2-dimethoxy-) + Ethane, 1,2-dimethoxy- = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Ethane, 1,2-dimethoxy-)

By formula: (K+ bullet C4H10O2) + C4H10O2 = (K+ bullet 2C4H10O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.3 ± 2.9kcal/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 2000RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: K+ + C5H5N = (K+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.6 ± 0.9kcal/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2000RCD
Deltar20.7kcal/molHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.6cal/mol*KHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976gas phase; M

Potassium ion (1+) + Guanine = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Guanine)

By formula: K+ + C5H5N5O = (K+ bullet C5H5N5O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28.0kcal/molCIDCCerda and Wesdemiotis, 1996RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + Adenine = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Adenine)

By formula: K+ + C5H5N5 = (K+ bullet C5H5N5)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.3kcal/molCIDCCerda and Wesdemiotis, 1996RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + Thymine = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Thymine)

By formula: K+ + C5H6N2O2 = (K+ bullet C5H6N2O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.4kcal/molCIDCCerda and Wesdemiotis, 1996RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + 3-Aminopyridine = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 3-Aminopyridine)

By formula: K+ + C5H6N2 = (K+ bullet C5H6N2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.2 ± 0.8kcal/molCIDTRodgers, 2001RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + 4-Aminopyridine = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 4-Aminopyridine)

By formula: K+ + C5H6N2 = (K+ bullet C5H6N2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.0 ± 0.8kcal/molCIDTRodgers, 2001RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + 2-Aminopyridine = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2-Aminopyridine)

By formula: K+ + C5H6N2 = (K+ bullet C5H6N2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.7 ± 0.9kcal/molCIDTRodgers, 2001RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + 1H-Pyrrole, 1-methyl- = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 1H-Pyrrole, 1-methyl-)

By formula: K+ + C5H7N = (K+ bullet C5H7N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.0 ± 1.5kcal/molCIDTHuang and Rodgers, 2002RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + Benzene, fluoro- = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Benzene, fluoro-)

By formula: K+ + C6H5F = (K+ bullet C6H5F)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.2 ± 0.7kcal/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002RCD

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet Benzene, fluoro-) + Benzene, fluoro- = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Benzene, fluoro-)

By formula: (K+ bullet C6H5F) + C6H5F = (K+ bullet 2C6H5F)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.0 ± 0.7kcal/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + Phenol = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Phenol)

By formula: K+ + C6H6O = (K+ bullet C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17.7 ± 0.8kcal/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002, 2RCD

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet Phenol) + Phenol = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Phenol)

By formula: (K+ bullet C6H6O) + C6H6O = (K+ bullet 2C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.3 ± 0.8kcal/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002, 2RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + Benzene = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Benzene)

By formula: K+ + C6H6 = (K+ bullet C6H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17.5 ± 0.9kcal/molCIDTAmicangelo and Armentrout, 2000RCD
Deltar19.2kcal/molHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.6cal/mol*KHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet Benzene) + Benzene = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Benzene)

By formula: (K+ bullet C6H6) + C6H6 = (K+ bullet 2C6H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.1 ± 1.7kcal/molCIDTAmicangelo and Armentrout, 2000RCD
Deltar18.8kcal/molHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar33.9cal/mol*KHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Benzene) + Benzene = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 3Benzene)

By formula: (K+ bullet 2C6H6) + C6H6 = (K+ bullet 3C6H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.5kcal/molHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar32.7cal/mol*KHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 3Benzene) + Benzene = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 4Benzene)

By formula: (K+ bullet 3C6H6) + C6H6 = (K+ bullet 4C6H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.6kcal/molHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar41.4cal/mol*KHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet Benzene) + Water = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Water bullet Benzene)

By formula: (K+ bullet C6H6) + H2O = (K+ bullet H2O bullet C6H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.1kcal/molHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; switching reaction(K+ C6H6)C6H6; Searles and Kebarle, 1969; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar29.9cal/mol*KHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; switching reaction(K+ C6H6)C6H6; Searles and Kebarle, 1969; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Benzene) + Water = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Water bullet 2Benzene)

By formula: (K+ bullet 2C6H6) + H2O = (K+ bullet H2O bullet 2C6H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.7kcal/molHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; switching reaction(K+ 2H2O)C6H6; Searles and Kebarle, 1969; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.1cal/mol*KHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; switching reaction(K+ 2H2O)C6H6; Searles and Kebarle, 1969; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet Benzene bullet Water) + Benzene = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Benzene bullet Water)

By formula: (K+ bullet C6H6 bullet H2O) + C6H6 = (K+ bullet 2C6H6 bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.4kcal/molHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(K+ 3H2O)C6H6, Searles and Kebarle, 1969; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar30.1cal/mol*KHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(K+ 3H2O)C6H6, Searles and Kebarle, 1969; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet Benzene bullet 2Water) + Benzene = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Benzene bullet 2Water)

By formula: (K+ bullet C6H6 bullet 2H2O) + C6H6 = (K+ bullet 2C6H6 bullet 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.8kcal/molHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; switching reaction(K+ 3H2O)C6H6; Searles and Kebarle, 1969; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar33.7cal/mol*KHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; switching reaction(K+ 3H2O)C6H6; Searles and Kebarle, 1969; M

Potassium ion (1+) + Aniline = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Aniline)

By formula: K+ + C6H7N = (K+ bullet C6H7N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.8kcal/molHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.7cal/mol*KHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976gas phase; M

Potassium ion (1+) + Pyridine, 4-methyl- = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Pyridine, 4-methyl-)

By formula: K+ + C6H7N = (K+ bullet C6H7N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.6 ± 1.0kcal/molCIDTRodgers, 2001, 2RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + Pyridine, 3-methyl- = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Pyridine, 3-methyl-)

By formula: K+ + C6H7N = (K+ bullet C6H7N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.8 ± 0.8kcal/molCIDTRodgers, 2001, 2RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + Pyridine, 2-methyl- = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Pyridine, 2-methyl-)

By formula: K+ + C6H7N = (K+ bullet C6H7N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.4 ± 0.8kcal/molCIDTRodgers, 2001, 2RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + Anisole = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Anisole)

By formula: K+ + C7H8O = (K+ bullet C7H8O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.9 ± 0.7kcal/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2003RCD

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet Anisole) + Anisole = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Anisole)

By formula: (K+ bullet C7H8O) + C7H8O = (K+ bullet 2C7H8O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.7 ± 0.6kcal/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2003RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + Toluene = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Toluene)

By formula: K+ + C7H8 = (K+ bullet C7H8)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.1 ± 1.2kcal/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002, 3RCD

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet Toluene) + Toluene = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Toluene)

By formula: (K+ bullet C7H8) + C7H8 = (K+ bullet 2C7H8)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17.9 ± 1.1kcal/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2002, 3RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + 12-Crown-4 = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 12-Crown-4)

By formula: K+ + C8H16O4 = (K+ bullet C8H16O4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar45.2 ± 2.9kcal/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 2000RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + 15-Crown-5 = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 15-Crown-5)

By formula: K+ + C10H20O5 = (K+ bullet C10H20O5)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar49.0 ± 3.6kcal/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 2000RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + 1,4,7,10,13,16-Hexaoxacyclooctadecane = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 1,4,7,10,13,16-Hexaoxacyclooctadecane)

By formula: K+ + C12H24O6 = (K+ bullet C12H24O6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar56.2 ± 3.1kcal/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 2000RCD

Potassium ion (1+) + potassium chloride = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet potassium chloride)

By formula: K+ + ClK = (K+ bullet ClK)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar41.2kcal/molMSChupka, 1959gas phase; Knudsen cell; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.6cal/mol*KMSChupka, 1959gas phase; Knudsen cell; M

Potassium ion (1+) + Water = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Water)

By formula: K+ + H2O = (K+ bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.9kcal/molHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976, 2gas phase; M
Deltar16. ± 3.kcal/molHPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar19.4 ± 2.5kcal/molMSBurdett and Hayhurst, 1982gas phase; flame source, about 1600 K; M
Deltar17.9kcal/molHPMSSearles and Kebarle, 1969gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.9cal/mol*KHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976, 2gas phase; M
Deltar23.cal/mol*KN/ABlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar21.3cal/mol*KMSBurdett and Hayhurst, 1982gas phase; flame source, about 1600 K; M
Deltar21.6cal/mol*KHPMSSearles and Kebarle, 1969gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
9.0300.HPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
0.4840.MSChupka, 1959gas phase; Knudsen cell, 840+-50K; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet Water) + Methyl Alcohol = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Methyl Alcohol bullet Water)

By formula: (K+ bullet H2O) + CH4O = (K+ bullet CH4O bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.6kcal/molHPMSEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar32.5cal/mol*KHPMSEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Water) + Methyl Alcohol = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Methyl Alcohol bullet 2Water)

By formula: (K+ bullet 2H2O) + CH4O = (K+ bullet CH4O bullet 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.6kcal/molHPMSEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; switching reaction,n(K+)3H2O; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar30.9cal/mol*KHPMSEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; switching reaction,n(K+)3H2O; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet Water bullet Methyl Alcohol) + Water = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Water bullet Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (K+ bullet H2O bullet CH4O) + H2O = (K+ bullet 2H2O bullet CH4O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.1kcal/molHPMSEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.6cal/mol*KHPMSEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet Water) + Benzene = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Benzene bullet Water)

By formula: (K+ bullet H2O) + C6H6 = (K+ bullet C6H6 bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.8kcal/molHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; switching reaction(K+)2H2O; Searles and Kebarle, 1969; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar27.1cal/mol*KHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; switching reaction(K+)2H2O; Searles and Kebarle, 1969; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Water) + Benzene = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Benzene bullet 2Water)

By formula: (K+ bullet 2H2O) + C6H6 = (K+ bullet C6H6 bullet 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.4kcal/molHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; switching reaction(K+)3H2O; Searles and Kebarle, 1969; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.3cal/mol*KHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; switching reaction(K+)3H2O; Searles and Kebarle, 1969; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 3Water) + Benzene = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Benzene bullet 3Water)

By formula: (K+ bullet 3H2O) + C6H6 = (K+ bullet C6H6 bullet 3H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.6kcal/molHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; switching reaction(K+)4H2O; Searles and Kebarle, 1969; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar27.6cal/mol*KHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; switching reaction(K+)4H2O; Searles and Kebarle, 1969; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet Water bullet Benzene) + Water = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Water bullet Benzene)

By formula: (K+ bullet H2O bullet C6H6) + H2O = (K+ bullet 2H2O bullet C6H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.7kcal/molHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(K+)3H2O; Searles and Kebarle, 1969; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.4cal/mol*KHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(K+)3H2O; Searles and Kebarle, 1969; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet Water bullet 2Benzene) + Water = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Water bullet 2Benzene)

By formula: (K+ bullet H2O bullet 2C6H6) + H2O = (K+ bullet 2H2O bullet 2C6H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.2kcal/molHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; From thermochemical cycle(K+ 3H2O)C6H6; Searles and Kebarle, 1969; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar29.4cal/mol*KHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; From thermochemical cycle(K+ 3H2O)C6H6; Searles and Kebarle, 1969; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Water bullet Benzene) + Water = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 3Water bullet Benzene)

By formula: (K+ bullet 2H2O bullet C6H6) + H2O = (K+ bullet 3H2O bullet C6H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar11.8kcal/molHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(K+)4H2O; Searles and Kebarle, 1969; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.3cal/mol*KHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(K+)4H2O; Searles and Kebarle, 1969; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet Water) + Water = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Water)

By formula: (K+ bullet H2O) + H2O = (K+ bullet 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16. ± 3.kcal/molHPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar16.1kcal/molHPMSSearles and Kebarle, 1969gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.cal/mol*KN/ABlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar24.2cal/mol*KHPMSSearles and Kebarle, 1969gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
9.2300.HPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Water) + Water = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 3Water)

By formula: (K+ bullet 2H2O) + H2O = (K+ bullet 3H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.0kcal/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; M
Deltar14. ± 3.kcal/molHPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar13.2kcal/molHPMSSearles and Kebarle, 1969gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.5cal/mol*KES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; M
Deltar23.cal/mol*KN/ABlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar23.0cal/mol*KHPMSSearles and Kebarle, 1969gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.3kcal/molES/HPMSBlades, Klassen, et al., 1996gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
6.6300.HPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 3Water) + Water = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 4Water)

By formula: (K+ bullet 3H2O) + H2O = (K+ bullet 4H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13. ± 3.kcal/molHPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar11.8kcal/molHPMSSearles and Kebarle, 1969gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.cal/mol*KN/ABlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar24.7cal/mol*KHPMSSearles and Kebarle, 1969gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
5.9300.HPMSBlades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990gas phase; electospray, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 4Water) + Water = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 5Water)

By formula: (K+ bullet 4H2O) + H2O = (K+ bullet 5H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar10.7kcal/molHPMSSearles and Kebarle, 1969gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.2cal/mol*KHPMSSearles and Kebarle, 1969gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 5Water) + Water = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 6Water)

By formula: (K+ bullet 5H2O) + H2O = (K+ bullet 6H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar10.0kcal/molHPMSSearles and Kebarle, 1969gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.7cal/mol*KHPMSSearles and Kebarle, 1969gas phase; M

Potassium ion (1+) + Hydrogen = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Hydrogen)

By formula: K+ + H2 = (K+ bullet H2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1.86kcal/molSIDTBushnell, Kemper, et al., 1994gas phase; «DELTA»rH(0K) = 1.45 kcal/mol; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.5cal/mol*KSIDTBushnell, Kemper, et al., 1994gas phase; «DELTA»rH(0K) = 1.45 kcal/mol; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet Hydrogen) + Hydrogen = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Hydrogen)

By formula: (K+ bullet H2) + H2 = (K+ bullet 2H2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1.47kcal/molSIDTBushnell, Kemper, et al., 1994gas phase; «DELTA»rH(0K) = 1.35 kcal/mol; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar11.2cal/mol*KSIDTBushnell, Kemper, et al., 1994gas phase; «DELTA»rH(0K) = 1.35 kcal/mol; M

Potassium ion (1+) + Ammonia = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Ammonia)

By formula: K+ + H3N = (K+ bullet H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.1kcal/molHPMSCastleman, 1978gas phase; M
Deltar17.8kcal/molHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.0cal/mol*KHPMSCastleman, 1978gas phase; M
Deltar28.0cal/mol*KHPMSDavidson and Kebarle, 1976gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet Ammonia) + Ammonia = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Ammonia)

By formula: (K+ bullet H3N) + H3N = (K+ bullet 2H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.3kcal/molHPMSCastleman, 1978gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.8cal/mol*KHPMSCastleman, 1978gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2Ammonia) + Ammonia = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 3Ammonia)

By formula: (K+ bullet 2H3N) + H3N = (K+ bullet 3H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.5kcal/molHPMSCastleman, 1978gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar27.7cal/mol*KHPMSCastleman, 1978gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 3Ammonia) + Ammonia = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 4Ammonia)

By formula: (K+ bullet 3H3N) + H3N = (K+ bullet 4H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar11.6kcal/molHPMSCastleman, 1978gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.4cal/mol*KHPMSCastleman, 1978gas phase; M

Potassium ion (1+) + helium = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet helium)

By formula: K+ + He = (K+ bullet He)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar0.58kcal/molSCATTERINGGislason, 1984gas phase; M
Deltar0.53kcal/molIMobViehland, 1984gas phase; M
Deltar0.53kcal/molIMobTakebe, 1983gas phase; M
Deltar0.57kcal/molIMobRobson and Kumar, 1973gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 2potassium) + potassium = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 3potassium)

By formula: (K+ bullet 2K) + K = (K+ bullet 3K)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar10.4kcal/molPDissBrechignac, Cahuzac, et al., 1990gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 3potassium) + potassium = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 4potassium)

By formula: (K+ bullet 3K) + K = (K+ bullet 4K)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.5kcal/molPDissBrechignac, Cahuzac, et al., 1990gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 4potassium) + potassium = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 5potassium)

By formula: (K+ bullet 4K) + K = (K+ bullet 5K)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.5kcal/molPDissBrechignac, Cahuzac, et al., 1990gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 5potassium) + potassium = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 6potassium)

By formula: (K+ bullet 5K) + K = (K+ bullet 6K)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17.3kcal/molPDissBrechignac, Cahuzac, et al., 1990gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 6potassium) + potassium = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 7potassium)

By formula: (K+ bullet 6K) + K = (K+ bullet 7K)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.4kcal/molPDissBrechignac, Cahuzac, et al., 1990gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 7potassium) + potassium = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 8potassium)

By formula: (K+ bullet 7K) + K = (K+ bullet 8K)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.8kcal/molPDissBrechignac, Cahuzac, et al., 1990gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 8potassium) + potassium = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 9potassium)

By formula: (K+ bullet 8K) + K = (K+ bullet 9K)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar11.5kcal/molPDissBrechignac, Cahuzac, et al., 1990gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 9potassium) + potassium = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 10potassium)

By formula: (K+ bullet 9K) + K = (K+ bullet 10K)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.1kcal/molPDissBrechignac, Cahuzac, et al., 1990gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 10potassium) + potassium = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 11potassium)

By formula: (K+ bullet 10K) + K = (K+ bullet 11K)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.9kcal/molPDissBrechignac, Cahuzac, et al., 1990gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 11potassium) + potassium = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 12potassium)

By formula: (K+ bullet 11K) + K = (K+ bullet 12K)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.4kcal/molPDissBrechignac, Cahuzac, et al., 1990gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 12potassium) + potassium = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 13potassium)

By formula: (K+ bullet 12K) + K = (K+ bullet 13K)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.4kcal/molPDissBrechignac, Cahuzac, et al., 1990gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 13potassium) + potassium = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 14potassium)

By formula: (K+ bullet 13K) + K = (K+ bullet 14K)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.9kcal/molPDissBrechignac, Cahuzac, et al., 1990gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 14potassium) + potassium = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 15potassium)

By formula: (K+ bullet 14K) + K = (K+ bullet 15K)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.1kcal/molPDissBrechignac, Cahuzac, et al., 1990gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 15potassium) + potassium = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 16potassium)

By formula: (K+ bullet 15K) + K = (K+ bullet 16K)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.0kcal/molPDissBrechignac, Cahuzac, et al., 1990gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 16potassium) + potassium = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 17potassium)

By formula: (K+ bullet 16K) + K = (K+ bullet 17K)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.5kcal/molPDissBrechignac, Cahuzac, et al., 1990gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 17potassium) + potassium = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 18potassium)

By formula: (K+ bullet 17K) + K = (K+ bullet 18K)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.1kcal/molPDissBrechignac, Cahuzac, et al., 1990gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 18potassium) + potassium = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 19potassium)

By formula: (K+ bullet 18K) + K = (K+ bullet 19K)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.7kcal/molPDissBrechignac, Cahuzac, et al., 1990gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 19potassium) + potassium = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 20potassium)

By formula: (K+ bullet 19K) + K = (K+ bullet 20K)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17.3kcal/molPDissBrechignac, Cahuzac, et al., 1990gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 20potassium) + potassium = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 21potassium)

By formula: (K+ bullet 20K) + K = (K+ bullet 21K)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.9kcal/molPDissBrechignac, Cahuzac, et al., 1990gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 21potassium) + potassium = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 22potassium)

By formula: (K+ bullet 21K) + K = (K+ bullet 22K)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.3kcal/molPDissBrechignac, Cahuzac, et al., 1990gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 22potassium) + potassium = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 23potassium)

By formula: (K+ bullet 22K) + K = (K+ bullet 23K)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.6kcal/molPDissBrechignac, Cahuzac, et al., 1990gas phase; M

(Potassium ion (1+) bullet 23potassium) + potassium = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet 24potassium)

By formula: (K+ bullet 23K) + K = (K+ bullet 24K)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.8kcal/molPDissBrechignac, Cahuzac, et al., 1990gas phase; M

Potassium ion (1+) + K2O4S = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet K2O4S)

By formula: K+ + K2O4S = (K+ bullet K2O4S)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar38.kcal/molMSKudin, Gusarov, et al., 1973gas phase; Knudsen cell; M

Potassium ion (1+) + Krypton = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Krypton)

By formula: K+ + Kr = (K+ bullet Kr)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar3.21kcal/molIMobGatland, 1984gas phase; M
Deltar2.89kcal/molSCATTERINGGislason, 1984gas phase; M
Deltar2.94kcal/molIMobViehland, 1984gas phase; M
Deltar3.71kcal/molIMobTakebe, 1983gas phase; M

Potassium ion (1+) + Nitrogen = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Nitrogen)

By formula: K+ + N2 = (K+ bullet N2)

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
1.0310.DTBeyer and Keller, 1971gas phase; low E/N; M

Potassium ion (1+) + neon = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet neon)

By formula: K+ + Ne = (K+ bullet Ne)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1.09kcal/molSCATTERINGGislason, 1984gas phase; M
Deltar0.92kcal/molIMobViehland, 1984gas phase; M
Deltar0.95kcal/molIMobTakebe, 1983gas phase; M
Deltar0.99kcal/molIMobRobson and Kumar, 1973gas phase; M

Potassium ion (1+) + Xenon = (Potassium ion (1+) bullet Xenon)

By formula: K+ + Xe = (K+ bullet Xe)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar4.31kcal/molIMobGatland, 1984gas phase; M
Deltar3.78kcal/molSCATTERINGGislason, 1984gas phase; M
Deltar4.84kcal/molIMobViehland, 1984gas phase; M
Deltar5.33kcal/molIMobTakebe, 1983gas phase; M

References

Go To: Top, Ion clustering data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Kudin, Gusarov, et al., 1973
Kudin, L.S.; Gusarov, A.V.; Gorokhov, L.N., Mass Spectrometer Study of Equilibria Involving Ions. 1. Potassium Bromide and Sulfate, High Temp., 1973, 11, 50. [all data]

Chupka, 1959
Chupka, W.A., Dissociation Energies of Some Gaseous Halide Complex Ions and the Hydrated Ion K(H2O)+, J. Chem. Phys., 1959, 40, 2, 458, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1729974 . [all data]

Rodgers and Armentrout, 2000
Rodgers, M.T.; Armentrout, P.B., Noncovalent Metal-Ligand Bond Energies as Studied by Threshold Collision-Induced Dissociation, Mass Spectrom. Rev., 2000, 19, 4, 215, https://doi.org/10.1002/1098-2787(200007)19:4<215::AID-MAS2>3.0.CO;2-X . [all data]

Evans and Keesee, 1991
Evans, D.H.; Keesee, R.G., Thermodynamics of Gas-Phase Mixed-Solvent Cluster Ions - Water and Methanol on K+ and Cl- and Comparison to Liquid Solutions, J. Phys. Chem., 1991, 95, 9, 3558, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100162a024 . [all data]

Davidson and Kebarle, 1976
Davidson, W.R.; Kebarle, P., Binding Energies and Stabilities of Potassium Ion Complexes from Studies of Gas Phase Ion Equilibria K+ + M = K+.M, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1976, 98, 20, 6133, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00436a011 . [all data]

Davidson and Kebarle, 1976, 2
Davidson, W.R.; Kebarle, P., Ionic Solvation by Aprotic Solvents. Gas Phase Solvation of the Alkali Ions by Acetonitrile, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1976, 98, 20, 6125, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00436a010 . [all data]

Castleman and Keesee, 1981
Castleman, A.W.; Keesee, R.G., Electron and Ion Swarms, Proc. Second Int. Swarm Seminar, L. G. Christoforou, ed. (Pergamon Press, New York), 1981, 189-201. [all data]

Keller and Beyer, 1971
Keller, G.E.; Beyer, R.A., Drift Tube Studies of Carbon Dioxide Clustering to Potassium and Sodium Ions, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc., 1971, 16, 214. [all data]

Klassen, Anderson, et al., 1996
Klassen, J.S.; Anderson, S.G.; Blades, A.T.; Kebarle, P., Reaction Enthalpies for M+L = M+ + L, Where M+ = Na+ and K+ and L = Acetamide, N-Methylacetamide, N,N-Dimethylacetamide, Glycine, and Glycylglycine, from Determinations of the Collision-Induced Dissociation Thresholds, J. Phys. Chem., 1996, 100, 33, 14218, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp9608382 . [all data]

Sunner, 1984
Sunner, J. Kebarle, Ion - Solvent Molecule Interactions in the Gas Phase. The Potassium Ion and Me2SO, DMA, DMF, and Acetone, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1984, 106, 21, 6135, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00333a002 . [all data]

Davidson and Kebarle, 1976, 3
Davidson, W.R.; Kebarle, P., Binding Energies and Stabilities of Potassium Ion Complexes with Ethylene Diamine and Dimethoxyethane (Glyme) from Measurements of the Complexing Equilibria in the Gas Phase, Can. J. Chem., 1976, 54, 16, 2594, https://doi.org/10.1139/v76-368 . [all data]

Amunugama and Rodgers, 2000
Amunugama, R.; Rodgers, M.T., Absolute Alkali Metal Ion Binding Affinities of Several Azines Determined by Threshold Collision-Induced Dissociation and Ab Initio Theory, Int. J. Mass Spectrom., 2000, 195/196, 439, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1387-3806(99)00145-1 . [all data]

Huang and Rodgers, 2002
Huang, H.; Rodgers, M.T., Sigma versus Pi interactions in alkali metal ion binding to azoles: Threshold collision-induced dissociation and ab initio theory studies, J. Phys. Chem. A, 2002, 106, 16, 4277, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp013630b . [all data]

Blades, Klassen, et al., 1995
Blades, A.T.; Klassen, J.S.; Kebarle, P., Free Energies of Hydration in the Gas Phase on the Anions of Some Oxo Acids of C, N, S, P, Cl and I, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1995, 117, 42, 10563, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00147a019 . [all data]

Cerda and Wesdemiotis, 1996
Cerda, B.A.; Wesdemiotis, C., PAs of Peptides, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1996, 118, 11884. [all data]

Rodgers, 2001
Rodgers, M.T., Substituent Effects in the Binding of Alkali Metal Ions to Pyridines, Studied by Threshold Collision-Induced Dissociation and ab Initio Theory: The Aminopyridines, J. Phys. Chem. A, 2001, 105, 35, 8145, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp011555z . [all data]

Amunugama and Rodgers, 2002
Amunugama, R.; Rodgers, M.T., Influence of substituents on cation-pi interactions. 2. Absolute binding energies of alkali metal cation-fluorobenzene complexes determined by threshold collision-induced dissociation and theoretical studies, J. Phys. Chem. A, 2002, 106, 39, 9092, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp020459a . [all data]

Amunugama and Rodgers, 2002, 2
Amunugama, R.; Rodgers, M.T., The influence of substituents on cation-pi interactions. 4. Absolute binding energies of alkali metal cation - Phenol complexes determined by threshold collision-induced dissociation and theoretical studies, J. Phys. Chem. A, 2002, 106, 42, 9718, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp0211584 . [all data]

Amicangelo and Armentrout, 2000
Amicangelo, J.C.; Armentrout, P.B., Absolute Binding Energies of Alkali-Metal Cation Complexes with Benzene Determined by Threshold Collision-Induced Dissociation Experiments and Ab Initio Theory, J. Phys. Chem. A, 2000, 104, 48, 11420, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp002652f . [all data]

Sunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981
Sunner, J.; Nishizawa, K.; Kebarle, P., Ion - Solvent Molecule Interactions in the Gas Phase. Potassium Ion and Benzene, J. Phys. Chem., 1981, 85, 13, 1814, https://doi.org/10.1021/j150613a011 . [all data]

Searles and Kebarle, 1969
Searles, S.K.; Kebarle, P., Hydration of the Potassium Ion in the Gas Phase: Enthalpies and Entropies of Hydration Reactions K+(H2O)n-1 + H2O = K+(H2O)n for n=1 to n=6, Can. J. Chem., 1969, 47, 14, 2619, https://doi.org/10.1139/v69-432 . [all data]

Rodgers, 2001, 2
Rodgers, M.T., Substituent Effects in the Binding of Alkali Metal Ions to Pyridines, Studied by Threshold Collision-Induced Dissociation and ab Initio Theory: The Methylpyridines, J. Phys. Chem. A, 2001, 105, 11, 2374, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp004055z . [all data]

Amunugama and Rodgers, 2003
Amunugama, R.; Rodgers, M.T., Influence of substituents on cation-pi interactions - 5. Absolute binding energies of alkali metal cation-anisole complexes determined by threshold collision-induced dissociation and theoretical studies, Int. J. Mass Spectrom., 2003, 222, 1-3, 431, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1387-3806(02)00945-4 . [all data]

Amunugama and Rodgers, 2002, 3
Amunugama, R.; Rodgers, M.T., Influence of substituents on cation-pi interactions. 1. Absolute binding energies of alkali metal cation-toluene complexes determined by threshold collision-induced dissociation and theoretical studies, J. Phys. Chem. A, 2002, 106, 22, 5529, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp014307b . [all data]

Blades, Jayaweera, et al., 1990
Blades, A.T.; Jayaweera, P.; Ikonomou, M.G.; Kebarle, P., Studies of Alkaline - Earth and Transition - Metal M++ Gas - Phase Ion Chemistry, J. Chem. Phys., 1990, 92, 10, 5900, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.458360 . [all data]

Burdett and Hayhurst, 1982
Burdett, N.A.; Hayhurst, A.N., Hydration of gas phase ions and the measurement of boundary layer cooling during flame sampling into a mass spectrometer., J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 1, 1982, 78, 2997. [all data]

Blades, Klassen, et al., 1996
Blades, A.T.; Klassen, J.S.; Kebarle, P., Determination of Ion-Solvent Equilibria in the Gas Phase. Hydration of Diprotonated Diamines and Bis(trimethylammonium) Alkanes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1996, 118, 49, 12437, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja962641t . [all data]

Bushnell, Kemper, et al., 1994
Bushnell, J.E.; Kemper, P.R.; Bowers, M.T., Na+/K+(H2)1,2 clusters: experiment, J. Phys. Chem., 1994, 98, 8, 2044, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100059a011 . [all data]

Castleman, 1978
Castleman, A.W., The Properties of Clusters in the Gas Phase: Ammonia about Bi+, Rb+, and K+, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1978, 53, 3, 560, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(78)80069-4 . [all data]

Gislason, 1984
Gislason, E.A., Quoted in I. R. Gatland in Swarms of Ions and Electrons in Gases, W. Lindinger, T. D. Mark and F. Howorka, eds. (Springer, New York, 1984, 1984, 44. [all data]

Viehland, 1984
Viehland, L.A., Interaction Potentials for Li+ - Rare - Gas Systems, Chem. Phys., 1984, 78, 2, 279, https://doi.org/10.1016/0301-0104(83)85114-3 . [all data]

Takebe, 1983
Takebe, M., The Generalized Mobility Curve for Alkali Ions in Rare Gases: Clustering Reactions and Mobility Curves, J. Chem. Phys., 1983, 78, 12, 7223, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.444763 . [all data]

Robson and Kumar, 1973
Robson, R.E.; Kumar, K., Mobility and Diffusion II. Dependence on Experimental Variables and Interaction Potential for Alkali Ions in Rare Gases, Aust. J. Phys., 1973, 26, 2, 187, https://doi.org/10.1071/PH730187 . [all data]

Brechignac, Cahuzac, et al., 1990
Brechignac, C.; Cahuzac, P.; Carlier, F.; De Frutos, M.; Leyniger, J., Cohesive Energies of (K)n+ 5<n<200 from Photoevaporation Experiments, J. Chem. Phys., 1990, 93, 10, 7449, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.459418 . [all data]

Gatland, 1984
Gatland, I.R., Swarms of Ions and Electrons in Gases, W. Lindinger, T. D. Mark and F. Howorka, eds. (Springer, New York, 1984, 1984, 44. [all data]

Beyer and Keller, 1971
Beyer, R.A.; Keller, G.E., The Clustering of Atmospheric Gases to Alkali Ions, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 1971, 52, 303. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Ion clustering data, References