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Cyclohexanone, 2,2,6-trimethyl-


Phase change data

Go To: Top, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil451.7KN/AWeast and Grasselli, 1989 

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Notice: Concentration information is not available for this spectrum and, therefore, molar absorptivity values cannot be derived.

Additional Data

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Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
State gas
Instrument HP-GC/MS/IRD

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 1990.
NIST MS number 114775

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-11008.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-11008.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryOV-1011019.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011022.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1320.Buttery, Ling, et al., 198250. C @ 30. min, 1. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1303.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1307.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-51035.Xian Q., Chen H., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1022.9Zhao C.X., Li, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryBP-11013.Mariotti, Tomi, et al., 199750. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-51036.Gómez, Ledbetter, et al., 1993He, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5MS1027.Carasek and Pawliszyn, 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 5C/min => 200C (2min) => 30C/min => 260C
CapillaryBPX-51047.Cardeal, da Silva, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 35C(5min) => 3C/min => 210C => 40C/min => 240C (4min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryZB-Wax1284.Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBP-201312.Mariotti, Tomi, et al., 199750. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1282.Ferrari, Lablanquie, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(0.7min) => 20C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-Wax1335.Radovic, Careri, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 30C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-11011.Xu, Tang, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 2. min
CapillaryHP-11017.Bendimerad and Bendiab, 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-51035.9Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillaryHP-11011.Valette, Fernandez, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryOptima-11019.Brun, Bessière, et al., 200125. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryPONA1029.Ramalho, de Freitas, et al., 199950. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-5 MS1036.Gomez and Ledbetter, 1994Helium, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11012.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11007.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11012.Flath, Mon, et al., 198350. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryTR-5 MS1026.Kurashov, Mitrukova, et al., 201415. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 80 0C (3 min) 4 0C/min -> 120 0C (3 min) 5 0C/min -> 150 0C (3 min) 15 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillaryTR-5 MS1041.Kurashov, Krylova, et al., 201315. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 80 0C (3 min) 4 0C/min -> 120 0C (3 min) 5 0C/min -> 150 0C (3 mion) 15 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillarySLB-5 MS1035.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySLB-5 MS1040.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1035.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1043.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-11035.Xu, Tang, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5 MS1047.Cajka, Hajslova, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C (0.75 min) 10 0C/min -> 200 0C 30 0C/min -> 245 0C (1.25 min)
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1016.Weyerstahl, Marschall, et al., 1998He; Column length: 25. m; Phase thickness: 0.39 «mu»m; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBP-201323.Rawat, Gulati, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryBP-201323.Rawat, Gulati, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryInnowax1310.Bendimerad and Bendiab, 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1308.Kawakami, Kobayashi, et al., 1993He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1308.Kawakami and Kobayashi, 1991He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1317.Kanasawud and Crouzet, 199050. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 40. m; Column diameter: 0.4 mm; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1320.Buttery, Parker, et al., 198150. C @ 30. min, 1. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1320.Buttery and Kamm, 198050. C @ 30. min, 1. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryInnowax FSC1328.Baser, Özek, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryInnowax FSC1327.Baser, Özek, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillarySupelcowax-101336.Ramalho, de Freitas, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m; Program: 50 C(5min) => 3C/min => 200C(4min) => 3C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-Wax1333.Weyerstahl, Marschall, et al., 1998N2; Column length: 60. m; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillarySupelcowax 101307.Castioni and Kapetanidis, 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (10 min) 2 0C/min -> 80 0C 3 0C/min -> 100 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (30 min)
CapillarySupelcowax 101300.Castioni and Kapetanidis, 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySupelcowax 101328.Castioni and Kapetanidis, 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Weast and Grasselli, 1989
CRC Handbook of Data on Organic Compounds, 2nd Editon, Weast,R.C and Grasselli, J.G., ed(s)., CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL, 1989, 1. [all data]

Takeoka, Flath, et al., 1990
Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Guentert, M., Volatile Constituents of Apricot (Prunus armeniaca), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 2, 471-477, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00092a031 . [all data]

Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981
Yamaguchi, K.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of green tea, Gyokuro (Camellia sinensis L. var Yabukita), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 2, 366-370, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00104a035 . [all data]

Buttery, Ling, et al., 1982
Buttery, R.G.; Ling, L.C.; Wellso, S.G., Oat leaf volatiles: possible insect attractants, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1982, 30, 4, 791-792, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00112a045 . [all data]

Xian Q., Chen H., et al., 2006
Xian Q.; Chen H.; Zou H.; Yin D., Chemical composition of essential oils of two submerged macrophytes, Ceratophyllum demersum L. and Vallisneria spiralis L., Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 524-526, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1588 . [all data]

Zhao C.X., Li, et al., 2006
Zhao C.X.; Li, X.N.; Liang Y.Z.; Fang H.Z.; Huang L.F.; Guo F.Q., Comparative analysis of chemical components of essential oils from different samples of Rhododendron with the help of chemometrics methods, Chemom. Intell. Lab. Syst., 2006, 82, 1-2, 218-228, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemolab.2005.08.008 . [all data]

Mariotti, Tomi, et al., 1997
Mariotti, J.P.; Tomi, F.; Casanova, J.; Costa, J.; Bernardini, A.F., Composition of the essential oil of Cistus Iadaniferus L. cultivated in corsica (France), Flavour Fragr. J., 1997, 12, 3, 147-151, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199705)12:3<147::AID-FFJ631>3.0.CO;2-Q . [all data]

Gómez, Ledbetter, et al., 1993
Gómez, E.; Ledbetter, C.A.; Hartsell, P.L., Volatile compounds in apricot, plum, and their interspecific hybrids, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1993, 41, 10, 1669-1676, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00034a029 . [all data]

Carasek and Pawliszyn, 2006
Carasek, E.; Pawliszyn, J., Screening of Tropical Fruit Volatile Compounds Using Solid-Phase Microextraction (SPME) Fibers and Internally Cooled SPME Fiber, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 23, 8688-8696, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0613942 . [all data]

Cardeal, da Silva, et al., 2006
Cardeal, Z.L.; da Silva, M.D.R.G.; Marriott, P.J., Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography/mass spectrometric analysis of pepper volatiles, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 2006, 20, 19, 2823-2836, https://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.2665 . [all data]

Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 2004
Ledauphin, J.; Saint-Clair, J.-F.; Lablanquie, O.; Guichard, H.; Founier, N.; Guichard, E.; Barillier, D., Identification of trace volatile compounds in freshly distilled calvados and cognac using preparative separations coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 16, 5124-5134, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf040052y . [all data]

Ferrari, Lablanquie, et al., 2004
Ferrari, G.; Lablanquie, O.; Cantagrel, R.; Ledauphin, J.; Payot, T.; Fournier, N.; Guichard, E., Determination of key odorant compounds in freshly distilled cognac using GC-O, GC-MS, and sensory evaluation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 18, 5670-5676, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf049512d . [all data]

Radovic, Careri, et al., 2001
Radovic, B.S.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M.; Gerboles, M.; Anklam, E., Analytical, nutritional, and clinical methods section. Contribution of dynamic headspace GC-MS analysis of aroma compounds to authenticity testing of honey, Food Chem., 2001, 72, 4, 511-520, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(00)00263-6 . [all data]

Xu, Tang, et al., 2010
Xu, X.; Tang, Z.; Liang, Y., Comparative analysis of plant essential oils by GC-MS coupled with integrated chemometric resolution methods, Anal. Methods, 2010, 2, 4, 359-367, https://doi.org/10.1039/b9ay00213h . [all data]

Bendimerad and Bendiab, 2005
Bendimerad, N.; Bendiab, S.A.T., Composition and antibacterial activity of Pseudocytisus integrifolius (Salisb.) essential oil from Algeria, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 8, 2947-2952, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf047937u . [all data]

Leffingwell and Alford, 2005
Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 4, 2, 899-915. [all data]

Valette, Fernandez, et al., 2003
Valette, L.; Fernandez, X.; Poulain, S.; Loiseau, A.-M.; Lizzani-Cuvelier, L.; Levieil, R.; Restier, L., Volatile constituents from Romanesco cauliflower, Food Chem., 2003, 80, 3, 353-358, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(02)00272-8 . [all data]

Brun, Bessière, et al., 2001
Brun, G.; Bessière, J.-M.; Dijoux-Franca, M.-G.; David, B.; Mariotte, A.-M., Volatile components of Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don (Apocynaceae), Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 2, 116-119, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.958 . [all data]

Ramalho, de Freitas, et al., 1999
Ramalho, P.S.; de Freitas, V.A.P.; Macedo, A.; Silva, G.; Silva, A.M.S., Volatile components of Cistus ladanifer leaves, Flavour Fragr. J., 1999, 14, 5, 300-302, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199909/10)14:5<300::AID-FFJ830>3.0.CO;2-X . [all data]

Gomez and Ledbetter, 1994
Gomez, E.; Ledbetter, C.A., Comparative study of the aromatic profiles of two different plum species: Prunus salicina Lindl and Prunus simonii L., J. Sci. Food Agric., 1994, 65, 1, 111-115, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740650116 . [all data]

Habu, Flath, et al., 1985
Habu, T.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Morton, J.F., Volatile components of Rooibos tea (Aspalathus linearis), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1985, 33, 2, 249-254, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00062a024 . [all data]

Flath, Mon, et al., 1983
Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Lorenz, G.; Whitten, C.J.; Mackley, J.W., Volatile components of Acacia sp. blossoms, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1983, 31, 6, 1167-1170, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00120a008 . [all data]

Kurashov, Mitrukova, et al., 2014
Kurashov, E.A.; Mitrukova, G.G.; Krylova, Yu.V., Variations in the component composition of essential oil of Ceratophyllum demersum (Ceratophyllaceae) during vegetation (in press), Plant Resources (Rastitel'nye Resursy), 2014, 1, 000-000. [all data]

Kurashov, Krylova, et al., 2013
Kurashov, E.A.; Krylova, Yu.V.; Mitrukova, G.G., Variations in component composition of essential oil of Potamogeton pusillus (Potamogetonaceae) dirong vegetation, Plant Resources (Rastitel'nye Resursy), 2013, 000-000. [all data]

Mondello, 2012
Mondello, L., HS-SPME-GCxGC-MS analysis of Yerba Mate (Ilex paraguariensis) in Shimadzu GC-GC application compendium of comprehensive 2D GC, Vol. 1-5, Shimadzu Corp., 2012, 1-29. [all data]

Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012
Robinson, A.L.; Adams, D.O.; Boss, P.K.; Heymann, H.; Solomon, P.S.; Trengove, R.D., Influence of geographic origine on the sensory characteristics and wine composition of Vitus viniferas cv. Cabernet Sauvignon wines from Australia (Supplemental data), Am. J. Enol. Vitic., 2012, 64, 4, 467-476, https://doi.org/10.5344/ajev.2012.12023 . [all data]

Cajka, Hajslova, et al., 2007
Cajka, T.; Hajslova, J.; Cochran, J.; Holadova, K.; Klimankova, E., Solid phase microextraction - comprehensive two dimensional gas chromatography - time-of-flight mass spectrometry for the analysis of honey volatiles, J. Sep. Sci., 2007, 30, 4, 534-546, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200600413 . [all data]

Weyerstahl, Marschall, et al., 1998
Weyerstahl, P.; Marschall, H.; Weirauch, M.; Thefeld, K.; Surburg, H., Constituents of commercial Labdanum oil, Flavour Fragr. J., 1998, 13, 5, 295-318, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(1998090)13:5<295::AID-FFJ751>3.0.CO;2-I . [all data]

Rawat, Gulati, et al., 2007
Rawat, R.; Gulati, A.; Babu, G.D.K.; Acharya, R.; Kaul, V.K.; Singh, B., Characterization of volatile components of Kangra orthodox black tea by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, Food Chem., 2007, 105, 1, 229-235, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.03.071 . [all data]

Kawakami, Kobayashi, et al., 1993
Kawakami, M.; Kobayashi, A.; Kator, K., Volatile constituents of Rooibos tea (Aspalathus linearis) as affected by extraction process, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1993, 41, 4, 633-636, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00028a023 . [all data]

Kawakami and Kobayashi, 1991
Kawakami, M.; Kobayashi, A., Volatitle constituents of greem mate and roasted mate, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 7, 1275-1279, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00007a016 . [all data]

Kanasawud and Crouzet, 1990
Kanasawud, P.; Crouzet, J.C., Mechanism of formation of volatile compounds by thermal degradation of carotenoids in aqueous medium. 1. «beta»-Carotene degradation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 1, 237-243, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00091a052 . [all data]

Buttery, Parker, et al., 1981
Buttery, R.G.; Parker, F.D.; Teranishi, R.; Mon, T.R.; Ling, L.C., Volatile components of alfalfa leaf-cutter bee cells, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 5, 955-958, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00107a017 . [all data]

Buttery and Kamm, 1980
Buttery, R.G.; Kamm, J.A., Volatile components of alfalfa: possible insect host plant attractants, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1980, 28, 5, 978-981, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf60231a014 . [all data]

Baser, Özek, et al., 2004
Baser, K.H.C.; Özek, T.; Kirimer, N.; Deliorman, D.; Ergun, F., Composition of the essential oils of Galium aparine L. and Galium odoratum (L.) Scop. from Turkey, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2004, 16, 4, 305-307, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2004.9698728 . [all data]

Castioni and Kapetanidis, 1996
Castioni, P.; Kapetanidis, I., Volatile constituents from Brunfelsia grandiflora ssp. grandiflora: qualitative analysis by GC-MS, Scientia Pharmaceutica, 1996, 64, 83-91. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Phase change data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References