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Pyridine, 2-(1-methyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)-


Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1160.1362.Erdmann, Rochholz, et al., 1992 
CapillaryBP-1130.1328.Japp, Gill, et al., 198725. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryBP-1130.1327.Japp, Gill, et al., 198725. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, N2
PackedSE-30160.1360.Musumarra, Scarlata, et al., 1987N2, 1% se-30 on Anachrom ABS(80-100mesh); Column length: 2. m
PackedOV-101200.1377.Huber, Kenndler, et al., 1979N2; Column length: 2. m
PackedApiezon L150.1355.Huber, Kenndler, et al., 1979 
PackedOV-1150.1345.Berninger and Möller, 1977 
PackedApiezon L150.1355.Donike and Stratmann, 1976Chromosorb W
PackedOV-101150.1341.Möller, 1976N2, Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m
PackedOV-101190.1370.Möller, 1976N2, Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-11310.Jenett-Siems, Weigl, et al., 2005He, 6. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillarySE-301328.Schepers, Wijsbeek, et al., 198225. m/0.49 mm/1.14 «mu»m, 100. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 275. C @ 15. min

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedOV-1011340.McLinden and Stenhouse, 1979N2, Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m; Program: not specified
PackedOV-11340.Berninger, Grunnagel, et al., 1975N2, Chromosorb G, AW-DMCS; Column length: 2. m; Program: not specified
PackedOV-11360.Berninger, Grunnagel, et al., 1975N2, Chromosorb G, AW-DMCS; Column length: 2. m; Program: not specified
PackedSE-301340.Moffat, Stead, et al., 1974Column length: 2. m; Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedPEG-20M160.1848.Huber, Kenndler, et al., 1979N2
PackedPEG-20M160.1848.Donike and Stratmann, 1976Chromosorb W

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1339.Kim, Shin, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-51360.Moio, Piombino, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-51381.Moio and Addeo, 199830. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-51384.Moio and Addeo, 199830. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillarySPB-11354.Christ, Noomano, et al., 198830. m/0.75 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He, 10. K/min, 280. C @ 12. min; Tstart: 160. C
CapillaryCBP-11301.Oyama, Sano, et al., 1987N2, 6. K/min; Column length: 12. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Tstart: 120. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11326.Perrigo, Peel, et al., 198515. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 8. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 120. C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1311.0Newton and Foery, 198412. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 1. min, 20. K/min, 300. C @ 3. min
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1346.0Newton and Foery, 198412. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 1. min, 20. K/min, 300. C @ 3. min
CapillaryDB-11326.Perrigo, Ballantyne, et al., 198415. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 8. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 120. C
CapillaryDB-11329.Perrigo, Ballantyne, et al., 198415. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 12. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 120. C
CapillaryDB-11330.Perrigo, Ballantyne, et al., 198415. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 15. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 120. C
CapillaryDB-11323.Perrigo, Ballantyne, et al., 198415. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 120. C
CapillarySE-301315.Anderson and Stafford, 198315. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 295. C
PackedSE-301340.Perrigo and Peel, 1981N2, Chromosorb W, 130. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 290. C @ 8. min; Column length: 1.8 m

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1332.Aderjan and Bogusz, 198810. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, He; Program: 100 0C (2 min ) 15 0C/min -> 200 0C 10 0C/min -> 300 0C (8 min hold)
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1348.Aderjan and Bogusz, 198810. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryBP-11331.Stowell and Wilson, 198712. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 120C => 8C/min => 270C => 25C/min => 300C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1842.Kim, Shin, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryApieson L / KOH150.1341.Caddy, Fish, et al., 1973 
CapillaryApieson L / KOH150.1343.Caddy, Fish, et al., 1973 
CapillaryApieson L / KOH150.1346.Caddy, Fish, et al., 1973 
CapillaryApieson L / KOH150.1350.Caddy, Fish, et al., 1973 
CapillaryApieson L / KOH150.1353.Caddy, Fish, et al., 1973 
CapillaryApieson L / KOH150.1354.Caddy, Fish, et al., 1973 
CapillaryApieson L / KOH190.1387.Caddy, Fish, et al., 1973 

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedPolydimethyl siloxane1346.MHA, 9999Nitrogen; Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-51355.Grung, Lichtenthaler, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryHP-51366.5Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillaryDB-11312.Tofern, Kaloga, et al., 1999He, 6. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryDB-51379.Moio, Dekimpe, et al., 199330. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryUltra-11307.Okumura, 199125. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryBP-11330.Stowell and Wilson, 198512. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 12. K/min; Tstart: 120. C; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryBP-11332.Stowell and Wilson, 198512. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 15. K/min; Tstart: 120. C; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryBP-11338.Stowell and Wilson, 198512. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 25. K/min; Tstart: 120. C; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryBP-11324.Stowell and Wilson, 198512. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 6. K/min; Tstart: 120. C; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryBP-11328.Stowell and Wilson, 198512. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 8. K/min; Tstart: 120. C; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryBP-11315.Stowell and Wilson, 198512. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 5. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 295. C
CapillaryBP-11326.Stowell and Wilson, 198512. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 8. K/min; Tstart: 120. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryBP-11311.Stowell and Wilson, 198512. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 20. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 300. C
PackedSE-301340.Marozzi, Gambaro, et al., 1982Gas Chrom P, 2.5 K/min; Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 120. C; Tend: 200. C
PackedSE-301335.Peel and Perrigo, 1976Nitrogen, Chromosorb W AW DMS (80-100 mesh), 130. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 290. C @ 8. min; Column length: 2. m
PackedSE-301325.Peel and Perrigo, 1976Nitrogen, Chromosorb W AW DMS (80-100 mesh), 130. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 290. C @ 8. min; Column length: 2. m
PackedSE-301326.Peel and Perrigo, 1976Nitrogen, Chromosorb W AW DMS (80-100 mesh), 130. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 290. C @ 8. min; Column length: 2. m
PackedSE-301327.Peel and Perrigo, 1976Nitrogen, Chromosorb W AW DMS (80-100 mesh), 130. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 290. C @ 8. min; Column length: 2. m
PackedSE-301327.Peel and Perrigo, 1976Nitrogen, Chromosorb W AW DMS (80-100 mesh), 130. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 290. C @ 8. min; Column length: 2. m
PackedSE-301329.Peel and Perrigo, 1976Nitrogen, Chromosorb W AW DMS (80-100 mesh), 130. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 290. C @ 8. min; Column length: 2. m
PackedSE-301329.Peel and Perrigo, 1976Nitrogen, Chromosorb W AW DMS (80-100 mesh), 130. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 290. C @ 8. min; Column length: 2. m
PackedSE-301335.Peel and Perrigo, 1975N2, Chromosorb W AW DMS, 130. C @ 2. min, 8. K/min, 290. C @ 8. min; Column length: 2. m

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1362.Grigoriev and Savchuk, 201025. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m; Program: 50 0C (0.5 min) 99 0C/min -> 100 0C (1 min) 15 0C/min -> 280 0C (20 min)
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane1375.Grigoriev and Savchuk, 201025. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m; Program: 50 0C (0.5 min) 99 0C/min -> 100 0C (1 min) 15 0C/min -> 280 0C (20 min)
CapillaryDB-5MS1346.Polzin, Stanfill, et al., 2007Column length: 30. m; Program: not specified
CapillarySF-961337.Kawasaki, Matsui, et al., 1998Column length: 40. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Program: 75C => 3C/min => 190C(25min) => 3C/min => 210C
CapillaryBP-11331.Stowell and Wilson, 198512. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 120 0X 8 0C/min -> 270 0C 25 0C/min -> 300 0C (5 min)
CapillaryBP-11340.Stowell and Wilson, 198512. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
OtherMethyl Silicone1348.Ardrey and Moffat, 1981Program: not specified
CapillaryApieson L / KOH1346.Caddy, Fish, et al., 1973Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M / KOH150.1865.Caddy, Fish, et al., 1973 
CapillaryCarbowax 20M / KOH150.1876.Caddy, Fish, et al., 1973 
CapillaryCarbowax 20M / KOH150.1887.Caddy, Fish, et al., 1973 

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1829.Liardon and Ledermann, 1980H2, 2. K/min; Column length: 39. m; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Erdmann, Rochholz, et al., 1992
Erdmann, F.; Rochholz, G.; Schütz, H., Retention-indices on OV-1 of approximately 170 commonly used pesticides, Mikrochim. Acta, 1992, 106, 3-6, 219-226, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01242093 . [all data]

Japp, Gill, et al., 1987
Japp, M.; Gill, R.; Osselton, M.D., Comparison of drug retention indices determined on packed, wide bore capillary and narrow bore capillary columns, J. Forensic Sci., 1987, 32, 6, 1574-1586. [all data]

Musumarra, Scarlata, et al., 1987
Musumarra, G.; Scarlata, G.; Romano, G.; Cappello, G.; Clementi, S.; Giulietti, G., Qualitative organic analysis. Part 2. Identification of drugs by principal components analysis of standardized TLC data in four eluent systems and of retention indices on SE 30, J. Anal. Toxicol., 1987, 11, 4, 154-163, https://doi.org/10.1093/jat/11.4.154 . [all data]

Huber, Kenndler, et al., 1979
Huber, J.F.K.; Kenndler, E.; Reich, G., Quantitation of the Information Content of Multi-Dimensional Gas Chromatography and Low- Resolution Mass Spectrometry in the Identification of Doping Drugs, J. Chromatogr., 1979, 172, 1, 15-30, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)90941-5 . [all data]

Berninger and Möller, 1977
Berninger, H.; Möller, M.R., Retentionsindices zur gaschromatographischen Identifizierung von Arzneimitteln, Arch. Toxicol., 1977, 37, 4, 295-305, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00330821 . [all data]

Donike and Stratmann, 1976
Donike, M.; Stratmann, D., Gas-chromatographische identifizierung von stimulantien der phenyläthylaminreihe mit hilfe der retnetions-indices, Z. Anal. Chem., 1976, 279, 2, 129-131, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00440798 . [all data]

Möller, 1976
Möller, M.R., Comparability of retention indices of polar substances at elevated temperatures, Chromatographia, 1976, 9, 7, 311-314, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02268832 . [all data]

Jenett-Siems, Weigl, et al., 2005
Jenett-Siems, K.; Weigl, R.; Böhm, A.; Mann, P.; Tofern-Reblin, B.; Ott, S.C.; Ghomian, A.; Kaloga, M.; Siems, K.; Witte, L.; Hilker, M.; Müller, F.; Eich, E., Chemotaxonomy of the pantropical genus Merremia (Convolvulaceae) based on the distribution of tropane alkaloids, Phytochemistry, 2005, 66, 12, 1448-1464, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2005.04.027 . [all data]

Schepers, Wijsbeek, et al., 1982
Schepers, P.; Wijsbeek, J.; Franke, J.P.; de Zeeuw, R.A., Applicability of capillary gas chromatography to substance identification in toxicology by means of retention indices, J. Forensic Sci., 1982, 27, 1, 49-60. [all data]

McLinden and Stenhouse, 1979
McLinden, V.J.; Stenhouse, A.M., A chromatography system for drug identification, Forensic Sci. Int., 1979, 13, 71-79, https://doi.org/10.1016/0379-0738(79)90265-2 . [all data]

Berninger, Grunnagel, et al., 1975
Berninger, H.; Grunnagel, R.; Mall, S.; Moller, M.R., Gas chromatographic identification of unknown substances from body fluids by menas of retention indices, Beitr. Gerichtl. Med., 1975, 33, 185-191. [all data]

Moffat, Stead, et al., 1974
Moffat, A.C.; Stead, A.H.; Smalldon, K.W., Optimum use of paper, thin-layer and gas-liquid chromatography for the identification of basic drugs. III. Gas-liquid chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1974, 90, 1, 19-33, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)94770-3 . [all data]

Kim, Shin, et al., 2001
Kim, T.H.; Shin, J.H.; Baek, H.H.; Lee, H.J., Volatile flavour compounds in suspension culture of Agastache rugosa Kuntze (Korean mint), J. Sci. Food Agric., 2001, 81, 6, 569-575, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.845 . [all data]

Moio, Piombino, et al., 2000
Moio, L.; Piombino, P.; Addeo, F., Odour-impact compounds of Gorgonzola cheese, J. Dairy Res., 2000, 67, 2, 273-285, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022029900004106 . [all data]

Moio and Addeo, 1998
Moio, L.; Addeo, F., Grana Padano cheese aroma, J. Dairy Res., 1998, 65, 2, 317-333, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022029997002768 . [all data]

Christ, Noomano, et al., 1988
Christ, D.W.; Noomano, P.; Rosas, M.; Rhone, D., Retention indices by wide-bore capillary gas chromatography with nitrogen-phosphorus detection, J. Anal. Toxicol., 1988, 12, 2, 84-88, https://doi.org/10.1093/jat/12.2.84 . [all data]

Oyama, Sano, et al., 1987
Oyama, N.; Sano, T.; Syoyama, M.; Maeda, K., Studies on systematic analysis of poisonous compounds in forensic chemistry. II. Application of capillary column gas chromatography to substance identification by means of retention indices, Eisei Kagaku, 1987, 33, 5, 342-348, https://doi.org/10.1248/jhs1956.33.342 . [all data]

Perrigo, Peel, et al., 1985
Perrigo, B.J.; Peel, H.W.; Ballantyne, D.J., Use of Dual-Column Fused-Silica Capillary Gas Chromatography in Combination with Detector Response Factors for Analytical Toxicology., J. Chromatogr., 1985, 341, 81-88, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4347(00)84011-6 . [all data]

Newton and Foery, 1984
Newton, B.; Foery, R.F., Retention indices and dual capillary gas chromatography for rapid identification of sedative hypnotic drugs in emergency toxicology, J. Anal. Toxicol., 1984, 8, 3, 129-134, https://doi.org/10.1093/jat/8.3.129 . [all data]

Perrigo, Ballantyne, et al., 1984
Perrigo, B.J.; Ballantyne, D.J.; Peel, H.W., Condierations in developing a data base for drugs on a DBI capillary column, J. Can. Soc. Forensic Sci., 1984, 17, 2, 41-49, https://doi.org/10.1080/00085030.1984.10757360 . [all data]

Anderson and Stafford, 1983
Anderson, W.H.; Stafford, D.T., Applications of capillary gas chromatography in routine toxicological analyses, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1983, 6, 5, 247-254, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240060506 . [all data]

Perrigo and Peel, 1981
Perrigo, B.J.; Peel, H.W., The use of retention indices and temperature-programmed gas chromatography in analytical toxicology, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1981, 19, 5, 219-226, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/19.5.219 . [all data]

Aderjan and Bogusz, 1988
Aderjan, R.; Bogusz, M., Nitroalkanes as a multidetector retention index scale for drug identification in gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1988, 454, 345-351, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)88629-X . [all data]

Stowell and Wilson, 1987
Stowell, A.; Wilson, L.W., A simple approach to the interlaboratory transfer of drug retention indices determined by temperature programmed capillary gas chromatography, J. Forensic Sci., 1987, 32, 5, 1214-1220. [all data]

Caddy, Fish, et al., 1973
Caddy, B.; Fish, F.; Scott, D., Chromatographic screening for drugs of abuse using capillary columds. II. Peak identification on support coated open tubular columns for a series of central nervous system stimulating drugs, Chromatographia, 1973, 6, 7, 293-300, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02269329 . [all data]

MHA, 9999
MHA, Directorate of ForensicScience., Forensic Toxicology, 9999. [all data]

Grung, Lichtenthaler, et al., 2007
Grung, M.; Lichtenthaler, R.; Ahel, M.; Tollefsen, K.-E.; Langford, K.; Thomas, K.V., Effects-directed analysis of organic toxicants in wastewater effluent from Zagreb, Croatia, Chemosphere, 2007, 67, 1, 108-120, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2006.09.021 . [all data]

Leffingwell and Alford, 2005
Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 4, 2, 899-915. [all data]

Tofern, Kaloga, et al., 1999
Tofern, B.; Kaloga, M.; Witte, L.; Hartmann, T.; Eich, E., Occurrence of loline alkaloids in Argyreia mollis (Convolvulaceae), Phytochemistry, 1999, 51, 8, 1177-1180, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(99)00121-1 . [all data]

Moio, Dekimpe, et al., 1993
Moio, L.; Dekimpe, J.; Etievant, P.; Addeo, F., Neutral volatile compounds in the raw milks from different species, J. Dairy Res., 1993, 60, 2, 199-213, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022029900027515 . [all data]

Okumura, 1991
Okumura, T., retention indices of environmental chemicals on methyl silicone capillary column, Journal of Environmental Chemistry (Japan), 1991, 1, 2, 333-358, https://doi.org/10.5985/jec.1.333 . [all data]

Stowell and Wilson, 1985
Stowell, A.; Wilson, L., Use of retention indices in drug screening by capillary gas chromatography, Rep. # CD 2362, Department of Scientific and Industrial Reseach, Chemistry Division, Lower Hutt, NZ, 1985, 32. [all data]

Marozzi, Gambaro, et al., 1982
Marozzi, E.; Gambaro, V.; Saligari, E.; Mariani, R.; Lodi, F., Use of the retention index in gas chromatographic studies of drugs, J. Anal. Toxicol., 1982, 6, 4, 185-192, https://doi.org/10.1093/jat/6.4.185 . [all data]

Peel and Perrigo, 1976
Peel, H.W.; Perrigo, B., A practical gas chromatographic screening procedure for toxicological analysis, Can. Soc. Forens. Sci. J., 1976, 9, 2, 69-74, https://doi.org/10.1080/00085030.1976.10757247 . [all data]

Peel and Perrigo, 1975
Peel, H.W.; Perrigo, B., A practical gas chromatographic screening procedure for toxicological analysis, Can.Soc.Forens.Sci.J., 1975, 9, 2, 69-74, https://doi.org/10.1080/00085030.1976.10757247 . [all data]

Grigoriev and Savchuk, 2010
Grigoriev, A.M.; Savchuk, S.A., Correlation of the parameters of screening libraries of the gas-chromatographic retention data, Rus. J. Anal. Chem. (Engl. Transl.), 2010, 65, 4, 388-397. [all data]

Polzin, Stanfill, et al., 2007
Polzin, G.M.; Stanfill, S.B.; Brown, C.R.; Ashley, D.L.; Watson, C.H., Determination of eugenol, anethole, and coumarin in the mainstream cigarette smoke of Indonesian clove cigarettes, Food Chem. Toxicol., 2007, 45, 10, 1948-1953, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2007.04.012 . [all data]

Kawasaki, Matsui, et al., 1998
Kawasaki, W.; Matsui, K.; Akakabe, Y.; Itai, N.; Kajiwara, T., Long-chain aldehyde-forming activity in tobacco leaves, Phytochemistry, 1998, 49, 6, 1565-1568, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(98)00236-2 . [all data]

Ardrey and Moffat, 1981
Ardrey, R.E.; Moffat, A.C., Gas-liquid chromatographic retention indices of 1318 substances of toxicological interest on SE-30 or OV-1 stationary phase, J. Chromatogr., 1981, 220, 3, 195-252, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)81925-1 . [all data]

Liardon and Ledermann, 1980
Liardon, R.; Ledermann, S., volatile components of fermented soya hydrolysate. II. Composition of basic fraction, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 1980, 170, 3, 208-213, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01042542 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References