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4a«alpha»,4b«beta»-Gibbane-1«alpha»,10«beta»-dicarboxylic acid, 1,4a-dimethyl-8-methylene-, dimethyl ester


Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-12346.Tanno, Yokota, et al., 1992Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.258 mm; Program: 130C(2m) => 32C/min => 220(4min) => 8C/min270C(2min)
CapillaryUltra-22329.Talon M., Koornneef M., et al., 199025. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m; Program: 50C => 40C/min => 220C => 6C/min => 280C
CapillaryUltra-22328.Talon, Koornneef, et al., 199025. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m; Program: 50C => 40C/min => 220C => 6C/min => 280C
CapillaryUltra-22329.Talon, Koornneef, et al., 199025. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m; Program: 50C => 40C/min => 220C => 6C/min => 280C
CapillaryUltra-22331.Talon, Koornneef, et al., 199025. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m; Program: 50C => 40C/min => 220C => 6C/min => 280C
CapillaryUltra-22331.Talon and Zeevaart, 199025. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 40C/min => 220C => 6C/min => 280C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-12335.Kim, Lee, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1min) => 15C/min => 200C => 5C/min => 285C
CapillaryHP-12335.Kim, Lee, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1min) => 15C/min => 200C => 5C/min => 285C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB2359.Kappers, Jordi, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He; Program: 200C => 25C/min => 250C => 4C/min => 280C(4min)
CapillaryOV-12333.Kobayashi, Spray, et al., 199625. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 50C(2min) => 10C/min => 150C => 3C/min => 300C
CapillaryDB-12345.Pearce, Koshioka, et al., 199415. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60(0.1 min)-200 0C at 20 deg/min; 200-300 0C at 5 deg/min
CapillarySE-522326.Hedden, Hoad, et al., 199325. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 15C/min => 240C => 4C/min => 300C
CapillarySE-522326.Hedden, Hoad, et al., 199325. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 15C/min => 240C => 4C/min => 300C
CapillaryOV-12323.Gaskin, Gilmour, et al., 1984He; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Program: 60C(2min) => 13C/min => 150C => 3C/min => 280C(10min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-12332.Oyama, Yamauchi, et al., 1996160. C @ 2. min, 16. K/min; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.258 mm; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane2326.Fujioka, Yamane, et al., 1988200. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 320. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane2360.Davidson, Elliott, et al., 2003Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-12359.Yamazaki, Nishijima, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C92min) => 30C/min => 210C => 2C/min => 280C(5min)
CapillaryBPX-52324.Helliwell, Chandler, et al., 2001 
CapillaryBPX-52324.Helliwell, Chandler, et al., 2001Program: 60 0C (1.5 min) 25 K/min -> 150 0C 2 K/min -> 230 0C 70 K/min -> 300 0C
CapillarySE-302359.Wang, Little, et al., 199625. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60 (2min) => 20C/min => 200C => 4C/min => 260C
CapillarySE-302361.Wang, Little, et al., 199625. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60 (2min) => 20C/min => 200C => 4C/min => 260C
CapillaryDB-12371.Kawaide, Sassa, et al., 1995He; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 80C(1min) => 30C/min => 245C => 5C/min => 300C
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane2344.Tanno, Nakayama, et al., 1995Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane2348.Tanno, Nakayama, et al., 1995Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-12369.Lange, Hedden, et al., 199325. m/0.32 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(1min) => 20C/min => 240C => 4C/min => 295C
CapillaryUltra-22331.Talon, Zeevaart, et al., 199125. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m; Program: 50C => 40C/min => 220C => 8C/min => 280C

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Tanno, Yokota, et al., 1992
Tanno, N.; Yokota, T.; Abe, M.; Okagami, N., Identification of endogenous gibberellins in dormant bulbils of Chinese yam, Dioscorea opposita, Plant Physiol., 1992, 100, 4, 1823-1826, https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.100.4.1823 . [all data]

Talon M., Koornneef M., et al., 1990
Talon M.; Koornneef M.; Zeevaart J.A.D., Accumulation of C19-gibberelins in the gibbrellin-insensitive dwarf mutant gai if Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh, Planta, 1990, 182, 4, 501-505, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02341024 . [all data]

Talon, Koornneef, et al., 1990
Talon, M.; Koornneef, M.; Zeevaart, J.A.D., Endogenous gibberellins in Arabidopsis thaliana and possible steps blocked in the biosynthetic pathways of the semidwarf ga4 and ga5 mutants, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 1990, 87, 20, 7983-7987, https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.87.20.7983 . [all data]

Talon and Zeevaart, 1990
Talon, M.; Zeevaart, J.A.D., Gibberellins and stem growth as related to photoperiod in Silene armeria L., Plant Physiol., 1990, 92, 4, 1094-1100, https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.92.4.1094 . [all data]

Kim, Lee, et al., 2003
Kim, S.-K.; Lee, S.-C.; Shin, D.-H.; Jang, S.-W.; Nam, J.-W.; Park, T.-S.; Lee, I.-J., Quantification of endogenous gibberellins in leaves and tubers of Chinese yam, Dioscorea opposita Thunb. cv. Tsukune during tuber enlargement, Plant Growth Regul., 2003, 39, 2, 125-130, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1022569506883 . [all data]

Kappers, Jordi, et al., 1997
Kappers, I.F.; Jordi, W.; Maas, F.M.; van der Plas, L.H.W., Gibberellins in leaves of Alstroemeria hybrida: identification and quantification in relation to leaf age, J. Plant Growth Regul., 1997, 16, 4, 219-225, https://doi.org/10.1007/PL00007000 . [all data]

Kobayashi, Spray, et al., 1996
Kobayashi, M.; Spray, C.R.; Phinney, B.O.; Gaskin, P.; MacMillan, J., Gibberellin metabolism in maize. The stepwise conversion of gibberellin A12-aldehyde to gibberellin A20, Plant Physiol., 1996, 110, 413-418. [all data]

Pearce, Koshioka, et al., 1994
Pearce, D.W.; Koshioka, M.; Pharis, R.P., Chromatography of gibberellins, J. Chromatogr. A, 1994, 658, 1, 91-122, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(94)85210-3 . [all data]

Hedden, Hoad, et al., 1993
Hedden, P.; Hoad, G.V.; Gaskin, P.; Lewis, M.J.; Green, J.R.; Furber, M.; Mander, L.N., Kaurenoids and gibberellins, including the newly characterized gibberellin A88, in developing apple seeds, Phytochemistry, 1993, 32, 2, 231-237, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(00)94973-2 . [all data]

Gaskin, Gilmour, et al., 1984
Gaskin, P.; Gilmour, S.J.; Lenton, J.R.; MacMillan, J.; Sponsel, V.M., Endogenous gibberellins and kauranoids identified from developing and germinating barley grain, J. Plant Growth Regul., 1984, 2, 1-4, 229-242, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02042252 . [all data]

Oyama, Yamauchi, et al., 1996
Oyama, N.; Yamauchi, T.; Yamane, H.; Murofushi, N.; Agatsuma, M.; Pour, M.; Mander, L.N., Identification of gibberellins and 9,15-cyclogibberellins in developing apple seeds, Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem., 1996, 60, 2, 305-308, https://doi.org/10.1271/bbb.60.305 . [all data]

Fujioka, Yamane, et al., 1988
Fujioka, S.; Yamane, H.; Spray, C.R.; Gaskin, P.; Macmillan, J.; Phinney, B.O.; Takahashi, N., Qualitative and quantitative analyses of gibberellins in vegetative shoots of normal, dwarf-1, dwarf-2, dwarf-3, and dwarf-5 seedlings of Zea mays L., Plant Physiol., 1988, 88, 4, 1367-1372, https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.88.4.1367 . [all data]

Davidson, Elliott, et al., 2003
Davidson, S.E.; Elliott, R.C.; Helliwell, C.A.; Poole, A.T.; Reid, J.B., The PEa gene NA encodes ent-Kaurenoic acid oxidase, Plant Physiol., 2003, 131, 1, 335-344, https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.012963 . [all data]

Yamazaki, Nishijima, et al., 2002
Yamazaki, H.; Nishijima, T.; Koshioka, M.; Miura, H., Gibberellins do no act against abscisic acid in the regulation of bulb dormancy of Allium wakegi Araki, Plant Growth Regul., 2002, 36, 3, 223-229, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1016577529378 . [all data]

Helliwell, Chandler, et al., 2001
Helliwell, C.A.; Chandler, P.M.; Poole, A.; Dennis, E.S.; Peacock, W.J., The CYP88A cytochrome P450, ent-kaurenoic acid oxidase, catalyzes three steps of the gibberellin biosynthesis pathway, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A, 2001, 98, 4, 2065-2070, https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.98.4.2065 . [all data]

Wang, Little, et al., 1996
Wang, Q.; Little, C.H.A.; Moritz, T.; Odén, P.C., Identification of endogenous gibberellins, and metabolism of tritiated and deuterated GA4, GA9, and GA20, in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) shoots, Physiol. Plant., 1996, 97, 4, 764-771, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1996.tb00542.x . [all data]

Kawaide, Sassa, et al., 1995
Kawaide, H.; Sassa, T.; Kamiya, Y., Plant-like biosynthesis of gibberellin A1 in the fungus Phaeosphaeria Sp. L487, Phytochemistry, 1995, 39, 2, 305-310, https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(95)00006-S . [all data]

Tanno, Nakayama, et al., 1995
Tanno, N.; Nakayama, M.; Kurosawa, H.; Wakatsuki, M.; Tanno, M.; Abe, M.; Okagami, N.; Yokota, T., Endogenous gibberellins from three East Asian Stenophora species of the genus Dioscorea (Yams), Z. Naturforsch., 1995, 50c, 193-198. [all data]

Lange, Hedden, et al., 1993
Lange, T.; Hedden, P.; Graebe, J.E., Biosynthesis of 12«alpha»- and 13-hydroxylated gibberellins in a cell-free system from Cucurbita maxima endosperm and the identification of new endogenous gibberellins, Planta, 1993, 189, 3, 340-349, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00194430 . [all data]

Talon, Zeevaart, et al., 1991
Talon, M.; Zeevaart, J.A.D.; Gage, D.A., Identification of gibberellins in spinach and effects of light and darkness on their levels, Plant Physiol., 1991, 97, 4, 1521-1526, https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.97.4.1521 . [all data]


Notes

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