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Triphenylene

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas270.1 ± 4.4kJ/molReviewRoux, Temprado, et al., 2008There are sufficient literature values to make a qualified recommendation where the suggested value is in good agreement with values predicted using thermochemical cycles or from reliable estimates. In general, the evaluated uncertainty limits are on the order of (2 to 4) kJ/mol.; DRB

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
48.5550.Dorofeeva O.V., 1988Recommended values were calculated statistically mechanically using force field approximation for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons to estimate the needed vibrational frequencies (see also [ Dorofeeva O.V., 1986, Moiseeva N.F., 1989]). These functions are reproduced in the reference book [ Frenkel M., 1994].; GT
79.65100.
114.46150.
153.60200.
215.30273.15
236.5 ± 2.0298.15
238.10300.
317.76400.
384.32500.
437.57600.
480.13700.
514.58800.
542.86900.
566.371000.
586.101100.
602.771200.
616.951300.
629.081400.
639.511500.

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafsolid150. ± 2.9kJ/molReviewRoux, Temprado, et al., 2008There are sufficient literature values to make a qualified recommendation where the suggested value is in good agreement with values predicted using thermochemical cycles or from reliable estimates. In general, the evaluated uncertainty limits are on the order of (2 to 4) kJ/mol.; DRB
Deltafsolid151.8 ± 1.5kJ/molCcbDouslin, Scott, et al., 1976crystal phase; see Good, 1978; ALS
Deltafsolid141.0 ± 0.46kJ/molCcrWestrum and Wong, 1967ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacsolid-8950.0 ± 1.2kJ/molCcbDouslin, Scott, et al., 1976crystal phase; see Good, 1978; Corresponding «DELTA»fsolid = 151.9 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacsolid-8939.24 ± 0.46kJ/molCcrWestrum and Wong, 1967Corresponding «DELTA»fsolid = 141.1 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacsolid-8945.4 ± 2.2kJ/molCcbMagnus, Hartmann, et al., 1951Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -8945.9 ± 2.2 kJ/mol; Corresponding «DELTA»fsolid = 147.3 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
solid,1 bar254.68J/mol*KN/AWong and Westrum, 1971DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of solid

Cp,solid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
259.20298.15Wong and Westrum, 1971T = 5 to 514 K.; DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil711.2KN/AAldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990BS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus473.6KN/ACasellato, Vecchi, et al., 1973Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.4 K; TRC
Tfus474.KN/ASangster and Irvine, 1956Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
Tfus468.KN/ABlum-Bergmann, 1938Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 3. K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple471.01KN/AWong and Westrum, 1971, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.01 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap106.1 ± 3.9kJ/molCGCHanshaw, Nutt, et al., 2008AC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltasub120.1 ± 3.3kJ/molReviewRoux, Temprado, et al., 2008There are sufficient literature values to make a qualified recommendation where the suggested value is in good agreement with values predicted using thermochemical cycles or from reliable estimates. In general, the evaluated uncertainty limits are on the order of (2 to 4) kJ/mol.; DRB
Deltasub127. ± 4.kJ/molVKruif, 1980ALS
Deltasub127. ± 4.kJ/molTE,MEKruif, 1980Based on data from 381. - 406. K.; AC
Deltasub107.kJ/molVWakayama and Inokuchi, 1967ALS

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
88.5398.GCLei, Chankalal, et al., 2002Based on data from 323. - 473. K.; AC
67.7550.N/ADykyj, Svoboda, et al., 1999Based on data from 535. - 768. K.; AC

Enthalpy of sublimation

DeltasubH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
114.5383.GSNass, Lenoir, et al., 1995Based on data from 313. - 453. K.; AC
107.6378.N/AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 363. - 468. K.; AC
107.1425.MEWakayama and Inokuchi, 1967, 2AC
118. ± 4.368.N/AHoyer and Peperle, 1958Based on data from 338. - 398. K. See also Cox and Pilcher, 1970, 2.; AC
118.0 ± 4.2338.VHoyer and Peperle, 1958, 2Reanalyzed by Pedley, Naylor, et al., 1986, Original value = 115. kJ/mol; ALS
110.293.VMagnus, Hartmann, et al., 1951ALS

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
24.190471.06N/ASabbah and El Watik, 1992DH
24.744471.01N/AWong and Westrum, 1971DH
23.0471.2DSCKestens, Auclair, et al., 2010AC
24.74471.N/ADomalski and Hearing, 1996AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
52.53471.01Wong and Westrum, 1971DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
MM - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner)
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
B - John E. Bartmess

View reactions leading to C18H12+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)7.87 ± 0.02eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)819.2kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity791.2kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
0.2850 ± 0.0080ECDBecker and Chen, 1966B
0.13998ECDWentworth and Becker, 1962B

Proton affinity at 298K

Proton affinity (kJ/mol) Reference Comment
818.0Aue, Guidoni, et al., 2000Experimental literature data re-evaluated by the authors using ab initio protonation entropies; MM

Gas basicity at 298K

Gas basicity (review) (kJ/mol) Reference Comment
792.9Aue, Guidoni, et al., 2000Experimental literature data re-evaluated by the authors using ab initio protonation entropies; MM

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.0 ± 0.2EIShushan and Boyd, 1980LLK
7.84 ± 0.05EQMautner(Meot-Ner), 1980LLK
7.89 ± 0.04PEBoschi, Clar, et al., 1974LLK
7.84 ± 0.01PEDewar and Goodman, 1972LLK
8.2 ± 0.3EIWacks, 1964RDSH
8.17CTSBriegleb, 1964RDSH
8.08CTSKinoshita, 1962RDSH
8.1CTSBriegleb, Czekalla, et al., 1961RDSH
8.09CTSBirks and Stifkin, 1961RDSH
7.95CTSBriegleb and Czekalla, 1959RDSH
8.13CTSMatsen, 1956RDSH
7.88 ± 0.02PESchmidt, 1977Vertical value; LLK
7.88PEClar and Schmidt, 1976Vertical value; LLK
7.86PEBrogli and Heilbronner, 1972Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C16H10+16.3 ± 0.3C2H2EIShushan and Boyd, 1980LLK
C18H11+15.4 ± 0.3HEIShushan and Boyd, 1980LLK

IR Spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
State gas
Instrument HP-GC/MS/IRD

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW- 122
NIST MS number 228263

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Eugeny B. Stern, Antonina A. Goncharova, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Additional Data

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Source missing citation
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 9066
Instrument Zeiss PMQ II
Melting point 199
Boiling point 425

Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-522395.Carugno and Rossi, 1967N2, 1.8 K/min; Column length: 65. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 300. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone2401.Oda, Ichikawa, et al., 1996Program: 50C (2min) => 20C/min => 160C => 5C/min => 210C => 10C/min => 300C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone2411.Oda, Yasuhara, et al., 199825. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50 0C (2 min) 20 0C/min -> 160 0C 5 0C/min -> 210 0C 10 0C/min -> 300 0C

Lee's RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedMethyl Silicone200.399.40Shlyakhov, 1984 
PackedMethyl Silicone235.399.56Shlyakhov, 1984 
PackedMethyl Silicone260.399.71Shlyakhov, 1984 
PackedMethyl Silicone300.399.57Shlyakhov, 1984 

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5400.00Pedersen, Durant, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 1.5 min, 6. K/min, 310. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5400.Marynowski, Pieta, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS400.00zu Reckendorf, 200325. m/0.25 mm/0.33 «mu»m, 5. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 320. C
CapillaryDB-5MS399.94Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryHP-5400.Piao, Chu, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-5400.Piao, Chu, et al., 199930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 20. min
CapillarySE-52400.00Hasegawa, Muragishi, et al., 19883. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 130. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-5400.0Wise, Benner, et al., 198830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5399.75Rostad and Pereira, 198630. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5399.6Quilliam, Lant, et al., 198530. m/0.32 mm/0.1 «mu»m, He, 10. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 290. C
PackedMethyl Silicone399.64Shlyakhov, 19842. K/min; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillarySE-52400.00Vassilaros, Kong, et al., 198220. m/0.30 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 265. C
CapillarySE-52400.00Lee, Vassilaros, et al., 197912. m/0.3 mm/0.34 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C

Lee's RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS400.Wang, Li, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 6C/min => 258C => 2C/min => 300C(4min)
CapillaryHP-5MS400.00Wang, Li, et al., 2007, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: not specified
CapillaryLM-5399.84Ré-Poppi and Santiago-Silva, 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 15C/min => 180C => 5C/min => 280C (10min)
CapillaryHP-5 MS400.1Brack and Schirmer, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 70 0C 7 0C/min -> 280 0C (2 min) 7 0C/min -> 300 0C (2 min)
CapillaryLM-5399.98Ré-Poppi and Santiago-Silva, 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 15C/min => 180C => 5C/min => 280C(5min)
CapillaryLM-5400.00Ré-Poppi and Santiago-Silva, 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(2min) => 15C/min => 180C => 5C/min => 280C(5min)
CapillaryHP Ultra 2400.zu Reckendorf, 200025. m/0.20 mm/0.33 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (2 min) 4 0C/min -> 230 0C 3 0C/min -> 320 0C (6 min)
CapillaryHP-5400.00Reckendorf, 199725. m/0.2 mm/0.11 «mu»m, He; Program: 106C(0.2min) => 40C/min => 120C => 3C/min => 310C(10min)
CapillaryDB-5400.Zamperlini, Silva, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 90C (1min) => 10C/min => 120C => 4C/min => 310C (20min)
CapillaryDB-5401.45Zamperlini, Silva, et al., 199730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 90C (1min) => 10C/min => 120C => 4C/min => 310C (20min)
CapillaryDB-5400.Takada, Onda, et al., 1990He; Program: 70C(2min) => 30C/min => 150C => 5C/min => 200C => 4C/min => 310C
CapillaryOV-101400.0Tucminen, Wickstrom, et al., 1986Program: not specified
CapillarySE-52398.78Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillarySE-52397.36Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillarySE-52399.63Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillarySE-52400.00Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillarySE-52403.65Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Roux, Temprado, et al., 2008
Roux, M.V.; Temprado, M.; Chickos, J.S.; Nagano, Y., Critically Evaluated Thermochemical Properties of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 2008, 37, 4, 1855-1996. [all data]

Dorofeeva O.V., 1988
Dorofeeva O.V., Thermodynamic Properties of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in the Gaseous Phase. Institute for High Temperatures, USSR Academy of Sciences, Preprint No.1-238 (in Russian), Moscow, 1988. [all data]

Dorofeeva O.V., 1986
Dorofeeva O.V., On calculation of thermodynamic properties of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, Thermochim. Acta, 1986, 102, 59-66. [all data]

Moiseeva N.F., 1989
Moiseeva N.F., Development of Benson group additivity method for estimation of ideal gas thermodynamic properties of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, Thermochim. Acta, 1989, 153, 77-85. [all data]

Frenkel M., 1994
Frenkel M., Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds in the Gas State, Vol. I, II, Thermodynamics Research Center, College Station, Texas, 1994, 1994. [all data]

Douslin, Scott, et al., 1976
Douslin, D.R.; Scott, D.W.; Good, W.D.; Osborn, A.G., Thermodynamic properties of organic compounds and thermodynamic properties of fluids, Gov. Rep. Announce. Index U.S., 1976, 76, 97. [all data]

Good, 1978
Good, W.D., The enthalpies of formation of some bridged-ring polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1978, 10, 553-558. [all data]

Westrum and Wong, 1967
Westrum, E.F., Jr.; Wong, S., Strain energies and thermal properties of globular and polynuclear aromatic molecules, AEC Rept. Coo-1149-92, Contract AT(11-1)-1149, 1967, 1-7. [all data]

Magnus, Hartmann, et al., 1951
Magnus, A.; Hartmann, H.; Becker, F., Verbrennungswarmen und resonanzenergien von mehrkernigen aromatischen kohlenwasserstoffen, Z. Phys. Chem., 1951, 197, 75-91. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds, Academic Press, New York, 1970, 1-636. [all data]

Wong and Westrum, 1971
Wong, W-K.; Westrum, E.F., Jr., Thermodynamics of polynuclear aromatic molecules. I. Heat capacities and enthalpies of fusion of pyrene, flouranthene, and triphenylene, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1971, 3, 105-124. [all data]

Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990
Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., Catalog Handbook of Fine Chemicals, Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc., Milwaukee WI, 1990, 1. [all data]

Casellato, Vecchi, et al., 1973
Casellato, F.; Vecchi, C.; Girell, A., Differential calorimetric study of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, Thermochim. Acta, 1973, 6, 4, 361, https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(73)87003-0 . [all data]

Sangster and Irvine, 1956
Sangster, R.C.; Irvine, J.W., Study of Organic Scintillators, J. Chem. Phys., 1956, 24, 670. [all data]

Blum-Bergmann, 1938
Blum-Bergmann, O., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1938, 60, 1999. [all data]

Wong and Westrum, 1971, 2
Wong, W.-K.; Westrum, E.F., Thermodynamics of Polynuclear Aromatic Molecules. 1. Heat Capacities and Enthalpies of Fusion of Pyrene, Fluoranthene, and Triphenylene, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1971, 3, 105-24. [all data]

Hanshaw, Nutt, et al., 2008
Hanshaw, William; Nutt, Marjorie; Chickos, James S., Hypothetical Thermodynamic Properties. Subcooled Vaporization Enthalpies and Vapor Pressures of Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2008, 53, 8, 1903-1913, https://doi.org/10.1021/je800300x . [all data]

Kruif, 1980
Kruif, C.G., Enthalpies of sublimation and vapour pressures of 11 polycyclic hydrocarbons, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1980, 12, 243-248. [all data]

Wakayama and Inokuchi, 1967
Wakayama, N.; Inokuchi, H., Heats of sublimation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and their molecular packings, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 1967, 40, 2267. [all data]

Lei, Chankalal, et al., 2002
Lei, Ying Duan; Chankalal, Raymond; Chan, Anita; Wania, Frank, Supercooled Liquid Vapor Pressures of the Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2002, 47, 4, 801-806, https://doi.org/10.1021/je0155148 . [all data]

Dykyj, Svoboda, et al., 1999
Dykyj, J.; Svoboda, J.; Wilhoit, R.C.; Frenkel, M.L.; Hall, K.R., Vapor Pressure of Chemicals: Part A. Vapor Pressure and Antoine Constants for Hydrocarbons and Sulfur, Selenium, Tellurium and Hydrogen Containing Organic Compounds, Springer, Berlin, 1999, 373. [all data]

Nass, Lenoir, et al., 1995
Nass, Karen; Lenoir, Dieter; Kettrup, Antonius, Calculation of the Thermodynamic Properties of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons by an Incremental Procedure, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl., 1995, 34, 16, 1735-1736, https://doi.org/10.1002/anie.199517351 . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Wakayama and Inokuchi, 1967, 2
Wakayama, Nobuko; Inokuchi, Hiroo, Heats of Sublimation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Their Molecular Packings, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 1967, 40, 10, 2267-2271, https://doi.org/10.1246/bcsj.40.2267 . [all data]

Hoyer and Peperle, 1958
Hoyer, H.; Peperle, W., Z. Elektrochem., 1958, 62, 61. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970, 2
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Notes

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