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Propanoic acid, 2-methyl-, 3-methylbutyl ester

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Phase change data

Go To: Top, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil442.95KN/ALecat, 1943Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
Tboil442.1KN/ALecat, 1927Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.5 K; TRC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
47.4302.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 287. - 442. K. See also Stull, 1947.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
287.9 - 442.04.61881848.636-41.246Stull, 1947Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW-5747
NIST MS number 228634

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedSE-30150.994.Ashes and Haken, 1974Celaton (62-72 mesh); Column length: 3.7 m
PackedOV-1150.998.Ashes and Haken, 1971 
PackedSE-30150.998.Germaine and Haken, 1969Celite 560; Column length: 3.7 m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBP-11000.Srivastava, Ahmad, et al., 200325. m/0.55 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 60. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30994.Chretien and Dubois, 1978Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1190.Tressl, Friese, et al., 1978He, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 190. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1996.Omidbaigi, Sefidkon, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-51020.Moio and Addeo, 199830. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-51021.Moio and Addeo, 199830. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 210. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1013.4Andriamaharavo, 201430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1 min) => 5 C/min => 210C => 10 C/min => 280C (15 min)
CapillaryDB-1996.Eri, Khoo, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: -20C (5min) => 10C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 200C => 10C/min => 280C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryStabilwax1214.Fang and Qian, 200530. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101187.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101195.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(1min) => 10C/min => 120C => 15C/min => 200C (1min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5 MS1014.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS1015.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1018.Forero, Quijano, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryZB-1995.Mierendorff, Stahl-Biskup, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 3. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-1998.Audino, Alzogaray, et al., 2007He, 50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryHP-51021.Pino, Sauri-Duch, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-51018.3Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillaryZB-1995.Mierendorff, Stahl-Biskup, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 45. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryDB-51013.Zoghbi, Andrade, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-51017.Gallori, Flamini, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-1994.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1998.Shiota, 199330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryOV-101997.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1014.Nance and Setzer, 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (10 min) 3 0C/min -> 200 0C 2 0C/min -> 220 0C
CapillarySLB-5 MS1014.Costa, De Fina, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C (1 min) 10 0C/min -> 300 0C (5 min)
CapillarySLB-5 MS1007.Costa, De Fina, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-30994.Liu, Liang, et al., 2007Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51011.Splivallo, Bossi, et al., 2007He; Program: 50C => 3C/min => 200C(10min) => 10C/min => 290C(10min)
CapillarySE-521019.Tognolini, Barocelli, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C => 1C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillarySE-30997.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB992.Lermusieau, Bulens, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m; Program: 36C => 20C/min => 120C(20min) => 2C/min => 250C(30min)

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax CB1194.Alves, da Penha, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 150. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1183.Audino, Alzogaray, et al., 2007He, 50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Column length: 30. m; Phase thickness: 0.32 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-Wax1234.Alves and Franco, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1183.Wei, Mura, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1187.Anker, Jurs, et al., 19902. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryInnowax FSC1195.Polatoglu, Demirci, et al., 201060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (10 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (10 min) 1 0C/min -> 240 0C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1187.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Lecat, 1943
Lecat, M., Azeotropes of Ethyl Urethane and other Azeotropes, C. R. Hebd. Seances Acad. Sci., 1943, 217, 273. [all data]

Lecat, 1927
Lecat, M., New binary azeotropes: 6th list, Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles, Ser. B, 1927, 47, 63-71. [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Stull, 1947
Stull, Daniel R., Vapor Pressure of Pure Substances. Organic and Inorganic Compounds, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1947, 39, 4, 517-540, https://doi.org/10.1021/ie50448a022 . [all data]

Ashes and Haken, 1974
Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. VI. Structure-retention increments of aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 1974, 101, 1, 103-123, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)94737-5 . [all data]

Ashes and Haken, 1971
Ashes, J.R.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. Part V. Retention of aliphatic esters on non-polar, donar and acceptor stationary phases, J. Chromatogr., 1971, 60, 33-44, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)95527-4 . [all data]

Germaine and Haken, 1969
Germaine, R.W.; Haken, J.K., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. Part 1. Simple aliphatic esters, J. Chromatogr., 1969, 43, 33-42, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)99162-3 . [all data]

Srivastava, Ahmad, et al., 2003
Srivastava, S.K.; Ahmad, A.; Syamsunder, K.V.; Aggarwal, K.K.; Shanuja, S.P.S., Essential oil composition of Callistemon viminalis leaves from India, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 5, 361-363, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1143 . [all data]

Chretien and Dubois, 1978
Chretien, J.R.; Dubois, J-E., Topological Analysis: A Technique for the Physico-Chemical Exploitation of Retention Data in Gas-Liquid Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1978, 158, 43-56, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)89954-9 . [all data]

Tressl, Friese, et al., 1978
Tressl, R.; Friese, L.; Fendesack, F.; Köppler, H., Gas chromatographic--mass spectrometric investigation of hop aroma constituents in beer, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1978, 26, 6, 1422-1426, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf60220a037 . [all data]

Omidbaigi, Sefidkon, et al., 2004
Omidbaigi, R.; Sefidkon, F.; Kazemi, F., Influence of drying methods on the essential oil content and composition of Roman chamomile, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 3, 196-198, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1340 . [all data]

Moio and Addeo, 1998
Moio, L.; Addeo, F., Grana Padano cheese aroma, J. Dairy Res., 1998, 65, 2, 317-333, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022029997002768 . [all data]

Andriamaharavo, 2014
Andriamaharavo, N.R., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2014. [all data]

Eri, Khoo, et al., 2000
Eri, S.; Khoo, B.K.; Lech, J.; Hartman, T.G., Direct thermal desorption-gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry profiling of hop (Humulus lupulus L.) essential oils in support of varietal characterization, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 4, 1140-1149, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9911850 . [all data]

Fang and Qian, 2005
Fang, Y.; Qian, M., Aroma compounds in Oregon Pinot Noir wine determined by aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA), Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 1, 22-29, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1551 . [all data]

Bianchi, Careri, et al., 2007
Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 2007, 39, 4, 563-572, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200600393 . [all data]

Leffingwell and Alford, 2011
Leffingwell, J.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of the giant pufball mushroom (Calvatia gigantea), Leffingwell Rep., 2011, 4, 1-17. [all data]

Forero, Quijano, et al., 2008
Forero, M.D.; Quijano, C.E.; Pino, J.A., Volatile compounds of Chile pepper (Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum) at two ripening stages, Flavour Fragr. J., 2008, 24, 1, 25-30, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1913 . [all data]

Mierendorff, Stahl-Biskup, et al., 2008
Mierendorff, H.-G.; Stahl-Biskup, E.; Posthumus, M.A.; van Beek, T.A., Composition of commercial Cape chamomile oil (Eriocephalus punctuatus / Eriocephalus tenuifolius), 2008, retrieved from http://www.chemische-analysen-hamburg.de/Publikationen?CapeChamomileOil/. [all data]

Audino, Alzogaray, et al., 2007
Audino, P.G.; Alzogaray, R.A.; Vassena, C.; Masuh, H.; Fontán, A.; Gatti, P.; Martínez, A.; Camps, F.; Cork, A.; Zerba, E., Volatile compounds secreted by Brindley's glands of adult Triatoma infestans: identification and biological activity of previously unidentified compounds, Journal of Vector Ecology, 2007, 32, 1, 75-82, https://doi.org/10.3376/1081-1710(2007)32[75:VCSBBO]2.0.CO;2 . [all data]

Pino, Sauri-Duch, et al., 2006
Pino, J.; Sauri-Duch, E.; Marbot, R., Changes in volatile compounds of Habanero chile pepper (Capsicum chinense Jack. cv. Habanero) at two ripening stages, Food Chem., 2006, 94, 3, 394-398, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.11.040 . [all data]

Leffingwell and Alford, 2005
Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 4, 2, 899-915. [all data]

Mierendorff, Stahl-Biskup, et al., 2003
Mierendorff, H.-G.; Stahl-Biskup, E.; Posthumus, M.A.; van Beek, T.A., Composition of commercial Cape chamomile oil (Eriocephalus punctulatus), Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 6, 510-514, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1259 . [all data]

Zoghbi, Andrade, et al., 2002
Zoghbi, M.G.B.; Andrade, E.H.A.; da Silva, M.H.; Maia, J.G.S.; Luz, A.I.R.; da Silva, J.D., Chemical variation in the essential oils of Hyptis crenata Pohl ex Benth., Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 1, 5-8, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1031 . [all data]

Gallori, Flamini, et al., 2001
Gallori, S.; Flamini, G.; Bilia, A.R.; Morelli, I.; Landini, A.; Vincieri, F.F., Chemical composition of some traditional herbal drug preparations: essential oil and aromatic water of costmary (Balsamita suaveolens Pers.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 12, 5907-5910, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0107656 . [all data]

Shiota, 1993
Shiota, H., New esteric components in the volatiles of banana fruit (Musa sapientum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1993, 41, 11, 2056-2062, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00035a046 . [all data]

Anker, Jurs, et al., 1990
Anker, L.S.; Jurs, P.C.; Edwards, P.A., Quantitative structure-retention relationship studies of odor-active aliphatic compounds with oxygen-containing functional groups, Anal. Chem., 1990, 62, 24, 2676-2684, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00223a006 . [all data]

Nance and Setzer, 2011
Nance, M.R.; Setzer, W.N., Volatile components of aroma hops (Humulus lupulus L.) commonly used in beer brewing, J. of Brewing and Distilling, 2011, 2, 2, 16-22. [all data]

Costa, De Fina, et al., 2008
Costa, R.; De Fina, M.R.; Valentino, M.R.; Rustaiyan, A.; Dugo, P.; Dugo, G.; Mondello, L., An investigation on the volatile composition of some Artemisia species from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2008, 24, 2, 75-82, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1919 . [all data]

Liu, Liang, et al., 2007
Liu, F.; Liang, Y.; Cao, C.; Zhou, N., QSPR study of GC retention indices for saturated esters on seven stationary phases based on novel topological indices, Talanta, 2007, 72, 4, 1307-1315, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2007.01.038 . [all data]

Splivallo, Bossi, et al., 2007
Splivallo, R.; Bossi, S.; Maffei, M.; Bonfante, P., Discrimination of truffle fruiting body versus mycelial aromas by stir bar sorptive extraction, Phytochemistry, 2007, 68, 20, 2584-2598, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2007.03.030 . [all data]

Tognolini, Barocelli, et al., 2006
Tognolini, M.; Barocelli, E.; Ballabeni, V.; Bruni, R.; Bianchi, A.; Chiavarini, M.; Impicciatore, M., Comparative screening of plant essential oils: Phenylpropanoid moiety as basic core for antiplatelet activity, Life Sciences, 2006, 78, 13, 1419-1432, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2005.07.020 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Lermusieau, Bulens, et al., 2001
Lermusieau, G.; Bulens, M.; Collin, S., Use of GC-olfactometry to identify the hop aromatic compounds in beer, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 8, 3867-3874, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0101509 . [all data]

Alves, da Penha, et al., 2012
Alves, V.C.C.; da Penha, M.F.A.; Pinto, N. deO.F.; Garruti, D. dosS., Volatile compounds profile of Musa FHIA 02: an option to counter losses by Black Sigatoka, Nat. Prod. J., 2012, 5, 55-60. [all data]

Alves and Franco, 2003
Alves, G.L.; Franco, M.R.B., Headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of volatile compounds in murici (Byrsonima crassifolia L. Rich), J. Chromatogr. A, 2003, 985, 1-2, 297-301, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)01398-5 . [all data]

Wei, Mura, et al., 2001
Wei, A.; Mura, K.; Shibamoto, T., Antioxidative activity of volatile chemicals extracted from beer, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 8, 4097-4101, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010325e . [all data]

Polatoglu, Demirci, et al., 2010
Polatoglu, K.; Demirci, F.; Demirci, B.; Goren, N.; Baser, K.H.C., Antimicrobial activity and essential oil composition of a new T. argyrophyllum (C. Koch) Tvzel var. argyrophyllium chemotype, J. Oleo Sci., 2010, 59, 6, 307-313, https://doi.org/10.5650/jos.59.307 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References