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Cyclopentane, butyl-

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1100.938.3Anders, Anders, et al., 198555. m/0.21 mm/0.35 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryDB-160.929.4Lubeck and Sutton, 1983Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.264 mm
CapillaryDB-160.929.8Lubeck and Sutton, 198360. m/0.259 mm/1. «mu»m
CapillarySqualane86.936.4Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane86.937.2Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
CapillarySqualane86.937.8Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979N2; Column length: 50. m
PackedSqualane100.938.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978 
PackedSqualane120.942.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978 
PackedSqualane60.930.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978 
PackedSqualane80.934.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978 
CapillarySqualane86.936.4Nabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane96.937.1Nabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane100.937.Rang, Orav, et al., 1977Nitrogen or helium; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane100.938.Dielmann, Schwengers, et al., 1974Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane120.942.Dielmann, Schwengers, et al., 1974Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane60.930.Dielmann, Schwengers, et al., 1974Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane80.934.Dielmann, Schwengers, et al., 1974Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSE-30110.940.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974N2, Chrom W; Column length: 6.1 m
PackedSE-30120.944.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974N2, Chrom W; Column length: 6.1 m
PackedSE-30130.946.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974N2, Chrom W; Column length: 6.1 m
PackedSE-30140.949.Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974N2, Chrom W; Column length: 6.1 m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1931.Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-1932.Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryApiezon L947.Louis, 1971N2, 1. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPetrocol DH-100935.85Haagen-Smit Laboratory, 1997He; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Program: 5C(10min) => 5C/min => 50C(48min) => 1.5C/min => 195C(91min)

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryPEG 4000100.1009.Rang, Orav, et al., 1988 
CapillaryPEG 400060.993.Rang, Orav, et al., 1988 
CapillaryPEG 400070.997.Rang, Orav, et al., 1988 
CapillaryPEG 400080.1001.Rang, Orav, et al., 1988 
CapillaryPEG-20M100.997.Rang, Orav, et al., 1988 
CapillaryPEG-20M110.1000.Rang, Orav, et al., 1988 
CapillaryPEG-20M120.1004.Rang, Orav, et al., 1988 
CapillaryPEG-20M80.989.Rang, Orav, et al., 1988 
CapillaryPEG-20M90.994.Rang, Orav, et al., 1988 
CapillaryPEG-20M100.996.7Orav, Kuningas, et al., 1982He; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryPEG-20M110.1000.5Orav, Kuningas, et al., 1982He; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryPEG-20M120.1004.5Orav, Kuningas, et al., 1982He; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryPEG-20M80.988.9Orav, Kuningas, et al., 1982He; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryPEG-20M90.993.8Orav, Kuningas, et al., 1982He; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryPEG 4000100.1009.Rang, Orav, et al., 1977Nitrogen or Helium; Column length: 45. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS936.Elmore, Cooper, et al., 20050. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryUltra-1931.Olson, Sinkevitch, et al., 19924. K/min; Tstart: -40. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryPetrocol DH930.White, Hackett, et al., 1992100. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 1. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 220. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS937.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C(5min) => 40C/min => 40C (2min) => 4C/min => 280C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPetrocol DH934.Supelco, 2012100. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 20. C @ 15. min, 15. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryMDN-5937.van Loon, Linssen, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5941.Macku and Shibamoto, 1991He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 160. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySqualane930.Chen, 2008Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryRTX-Wax979.Galindo-Cuspinera, Lubran, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 180. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax971.Horiuchi, Umano, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 50. C

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Anders, Anders, et al., 1985
Anders, G.; Anders, K.; Engewald, W., Identification of non-branched alkenylcycloalkanes with a terminal double bond from retention index increments, Chromatographia, 1985, 20, 2, 83-86, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02280602 . [all data]

Lubeck and Sutton, 1983
Lubeck, A.J.; Sutton, DL., Kovats retention indices of selected hydrocarbons through C10 on bonded phase fused silica capillaries, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr. Chromatogr. Comm., 1983, 6, 6, 328-332, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240060612 . [all data]

Nabivach and Kirilenko, 1979
Nabivach, V.M.; Kirilenko, A.V., The use of retention indices for identifying the components of crude benzene, Solid Fuel Chem. (Engl. Transl.), 1979, 13, 3, 82-87. [all data]

Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978
Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192. [all data]

Nabivach, Bur'yan, et al., 1978
Nabivach, V.M.; Bur'yan, P.; Matsak, I., Retention indices of aromatic hydrocarbons on a squalane capillary column, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1978, 33, 7, 1108-1113. [all data]

Rang, Orav, et al., 1977
Rang, S.; Orav, A.; Kuningas, K.; Eisen, O., Capillary Gas Chromatography of Monosubstituted Cyclopentenes and Cyclohexenes, Chromatographia, 1977, 10, 3, 115-122, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02297862 . [all data]

Dielmann, Schwengers, et al., 1974
Dielmann, G.; Schwengers, D.; Schomburg, G., Gas-chromatographische Retentionsdaten und Strukture chemischer Verbindungen Gesättigte und ungesättigte alkylsubstituierte Cyclopentane und Methylcyclopentane, Chromatographia, 1974, 7, 5, 215-224, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02321771 . [all data]

Mitra, Mohan, et al., 1974
Mitra, G.D.; Mohan, G.; Sinha, A., Advances in the utilization of the retention index system for characterizing hydrocarbons in complex mixtures by gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1974, 99, 215-230, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)90857-4 . [all data]

Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 1996
Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1996, 44, 3, 654-660, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf950430m . [all data]

Louis, 1971
Louis, R., Kovats-index-tafeln zur gaschromatographischen analyse von kohlenwasserstoffgemischen, Erdoel Kohle Erdgas Petrochem., 1971, 24, 2, 88-94. [all data]

Haagen-Smit Laboratory, 1997
Haagen-Smit Laboratory, Procedure for the detailed hydrocarbon analysis of gasolines by single column high efficiency (capillary) column gas chromatography, SOP NO. MLD 118, Revision No. 1.1, California Environmental Protection Agency, Air Resources Board, El Monte, California, 1997, 22. [all data]

Rang, Orav, et al., 1988
Rang, S.A.; Orav, A.E.; Kuningas, K.R.; Meister, A.E.; Strense, T.V.; Eisen, O.G., Gas-Chromatographic Characteristics of unsaturated hydrocarbons, Academy of Sciences of Estonia SSR, Tallinn, Estonia SSR, 1988, 208. [all data]

Orav, Kuningas, et al., 1982
Orav, A.; Kuningas, K.; Rang, S.; Eisen, O., Capillary gas chromatography of monosubstituted cyclopentenes and cyclohexenes C8-C15 on polyethylene glycol 20M, Eesti NSV Tead. Akad. Toim. Keem., 1982, 40-49. [all data]

Elmore, Cooper, et al., 2005
Elmore, J.S.; Cooper, S.L.; Enser, M.; Mottram, D.S.; Sinclair, L.A.; Wilkinson, R.G.; Wood, J.D., Dietary manipulation of fatty acid composition in lamb meat and its effect on the volatile aroma compounds of grilled lamb, Meat Sci., 2005, 69, 2, 233-242, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2004.07.002 . [all data]

Olson, Sinkevitch, et al., 1992
Olson, K.L.; Sinkevitch, R.M.; Sloane, T.M., Speciation and Quantitation of Hydrocarbons in Gasoline Engine Exhaust, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1992, 30, 12, 500-508, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/30.12.500 . [all data]

White, Hackett, et al., 1992
White, C.M.; Hackett, J.; Anderson, R.R.; Kail, S.; Spock, P.S., Linear temperature programmed retention indices of gasoline range hydrocarbons and chlorinated hydrocarbons on cross-linked polydimethylsiloxane, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1992, 15, 2, 105-120, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240150211 . [all data]

Elmore, Mottram, et al., 2000
Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Enser, M.; Wood, J.D., The effects of diet and breed on the volatile compounds of cooked lamb, Meat Sci., 2000, 55, 2, 149-159, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0309-1740(99)00137-0 . [all data]

Supelco, 2012
Supelco, CatalogNo. 24160-U, Petrocol DH Columns. Catalog No. 24160-U, 2012, retrieved from http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/etc/medialib/docs/Supelco/Datasheet/1/w97949.Par.0001.File.tmp/w97949.pdf. [all data]

van Loon, Linssen, et al., 2005
van Loon, W.A.M.; Linssen, J.P.H.; Legger, A.; Posthumus, M.A.; Voragen, A.G.J., Identification and olfactometry of French fries flavour extracted at mouth conditions, Food Chem., 2005, 90, 3, 417-425, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.05.005 . [all data]

Macku and Shibamoto, 1991
Macku, C.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile sulfur-containing compounds generated from the thermal interaction of corn oil and cysteine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 11, 1987-1989, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00011a021 . [all data]

Chen, 2008
Chen, H.-F., Quantitative prediction of gas chromatography retention indices with support vector machines, radial basis neutral networks and multiple linear regression, Anal. Chim. Acta, 2008, 609, 1, 24-36, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2008.01.003 . [all data]

Galindo-Cuspinera, Lubran, et al., 2002
Galindo-Cuspinera, V.; Lubran, M.B.; Rankin, S.A., Comparison of volatile compounds in water- and oil-soluble annatto (Bixa orellana L.) extracts, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 7, 2010-2015, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf011325h . [all data]

Horiuchi, Umano, et al., 1998
Horiuchi, M.; Umano, K.; Shibamoto, T., Analysis of volatile compounds formed from fish oil heated with cysteine and trimethylamine oxide, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 12, 5232-5237, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf980482m . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References