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Octanoic acid, 3-methylbutyl ester


Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-541442.Janzanntti, Franco, et al., 20002. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.21 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1433.Kaul and Vats, 19985. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-11430.Takeoka, Buttery, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-11435.Takeoka, Buttery, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-541452.Janzanntti, Franco, et al., 2000Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.21 mm; Program: 50C (10min) => 2C/min => 75C => 3C/min => 150C => 5C/min => 200C

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1658.Tressl, Friese, et al., 1978He, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 190. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1450.4Andriamaharavo, 201430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1 min) => 5 C/min => 210C => 10 C/min => 280C (15 min)
CapillaryDB-51450.Beaulieu and Grimm, 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C (1min) => 5C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 250C (9min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1670.Gurbuz O., Rouseff J.M., et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min, 265. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1673.Gurbuz O., Rouseff J.M., et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 7. K/min, 265. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryZB-Wax1658.Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 1.8 K/min, 220. C @ 10. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1658.Romeo, Ziino, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C(5min) => 10C/min => 80C => 2C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-Wax1651.Ferrari, Lablanquie, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(0.7min) => 20C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 240C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51433.Scrivanti, Anton, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 2. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryBP-11423.Boti, Muselli, et al., 200650. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-51446.Fan and Qian, 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-51446.Fan and Qian, 200630. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-51445.Fan and Qian, 2006, 230. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-51444.El-Sayed, Heppelthwaite, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1446.Tesevic, Nikicevic, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4.3 K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 285. C
CapillaryBP-51449.Lopez, Ferreira, et al., 199950. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 190. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1450.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1450.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryBPX-51452.se Souza, Cardeal, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (5 min) 3 0C/min -> 210 0C 40 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillaryBPX-51450.se Souza, Cardeal, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51444.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 7 oC/min -> 160 0C 9 0C/min -> 200 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-51448.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-11429.Bosch-Fuste, Riu-Aumatell, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(10min) => 2C/min => 200C(1min) => 2C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillaryLM-51452.Janzanntti, Franco, et al., 2007Helium; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: 50 0C (10 min) 2 oC/min -> 75 0C 3 0C/min -> 150 0C 5 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillaryLM-51428.Janzanntti, Franco, et al., 2007Helium; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryLM-51442.Janzanntti, Franco, et al., 2007Helium; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-11429.Riu-Aumatell, Bosch-Fuste´, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301433.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51448.Demyttenaere, Dagher, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(1min) => 5C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 220C(2min)
CapillaryHP-51446.Demyttenaere, Sánchez Martínez, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C => 5C/min => 220C => 10C/min => 240C(5min)
CapillaryHP-5MS1448.Demyttenaere, Dagher, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(1min) => 5C/min => 220C => 10C/min => 240C(2min)
CapillaryHP-5MS1446.Demyttenaere, Sánchez Martínez, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C => 5C/min => 160C => 10C/min => 220C (10min)

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1657.Zhao, Xu, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryBP-201648.Boti, Muselli, et al., 200650. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1652.Fan and Qian, 2006, 230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1654.Fan and Qian, 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1671.Ebeler, Terrien, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1654.Lopez, Ferreira, et al., 199960. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 190. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1645.Werkhoff, Güntert, et al., 199860. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1664.Wyllie, Brophy, et al., 199070. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1660.Lee, Chong, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1655.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1668.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1651.Zhao, Xu, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1674.Li, Tao, et al., 200830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 4 0C/min -> 160 0C 7 0C/min -> 220 0C (8 min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1674.Yongsheng, Hua, et al., 200830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (4 min) 3 0C/min -> 50 0C 5 0C/min -> 120 0C 7 0C/min -> 175 0C 10 0C/min -> 230 0C (8 min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101652.Bosch-Fuste, Riu-Aumatell, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(10min) => 2C/min => 200C(1min) => 2C/min => 250C (10min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1674.Li, Tao, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 160C => 7C/min => 230C (8min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101649.Riu-Aumatell, Bosch-Fuste´, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1664.Kivcak, Akay, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1648.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryPEG1663.Vas, Gal, et al., 199840. m/0.182 mm/0.30 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 35 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 100 0C 3 0C/min -> 200 0C (1 min) 20 0C/min -> 240 0C (2 min)
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1640.Vernin, Lageot, et al., 1998Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Janzanntti, Franco, et al., 2000
Janzanntti, N.S.; Franco, M.R.B.; Lanças, F.M., Identificação de compostos voláteis de maçãs (Malus domestica) cultivar fuji, por cromatografia gasosa-espectrometria de massas, Cienc. Tecnol. Aliment., 2000, 20, 2, 164-171, retrieved from http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sciarttextpid=S0101-20612000000200007lng=ptnrm=iso. [all data]

Kaul and Vats, 1998
Kaul, V.K.; Vats, S.K., Essential oil composition of Bothriochloa pertusa and phyletic relationship in aromatic grasses, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 1998, 26, 3, 347-356, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(97)00103-8 . [all data]

Takeoka, Buttery, et al., 1992
Takeoka, G.R.; Buttery, R.G.; Flath, R.A., Volatile constituents of Asian pear (Pyrus serotina), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1992, 40, 10, 1925-1929, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00022a040 . [all data]

Tressl, Friese, et al., 1978
Tressl, R.; Friese, L.; Fendesack, F.; Köppler, H., Gas chromatographic--mass spectrometric investigation of hop aroma constituents in beer, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1978, 26, 6, 1422-1426, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf60220a037 . [all data]

Andriamaharavo, 2014
Andriamaharavo, N.R., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2014. [all data]

Beaulieu and Grimm, 2001
Beaulieu, J.C.; Grimm, C.C., Identification of volatile compounds in cantaloupe at various developmental stages using solid phase microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 3, 1345-1352, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0005768 . [all data]

Gurbuz O., Rouseff J.M., et al., 2006
Gurbuz O.; Rouseff J.M.; Rouseff R.L., Comparison of aroma volatiles in commercial Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon wines using gas chromatography - Olfactometry and gas chromatography - Mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 11, 3990-3996, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf053278p . [all data]

Ledauphin, Saint-Clair, et al., 2004
Ledauphin, J.; Saint-Clair, J.-F.; Lablanquie, O.; Guichard, H.; Founier, N.; Guichard, E.; Barillier, D., Identification of trace volatile compounds in freshly distilled calvados and cognac using preparative separations coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 16, 5124-5134, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf040052y . [all data]

Romeo, Ziino, et al., 2007
Romeo, V.; Ziino, M.; Giuffrrida, D.; Condurso, C.; Verzera, A., Flavour profile of capers (Capparis spinosa L.) from the Eolian Archipelago by HS-SPME/GC?MS, Food Chem., 2007, 101, 3, 1272-1278, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.12.029 . [all data]

Ferrari, Lablanquie, et al., 2004
Ferrari, G.; Lablanquie, O.; Cantagrel, R.; Ledauphin, J.; Payot, T.; Fournier, N.; Guichard, E., Determination of key odorant compounds in freshly distilled cognac using GC-O, GC-MS, and sensory evaluation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 18, 5670-5676, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf049512d . [all data]

Scrivanti, Anton, et al., 2009
Scrivanti, L.R.; Anton, A.M.; Zygadlo, J.A., Essential oil conposition of Bothriochloa Kuntze (Poaceae) from South America and their chemotaxonomy, Biochem. Systematics Ecol., 2009, 37, 3, 206-213, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2009.03.009 . [all data]

Boti, Muselli, et al., 2006
Boti, J.B.; Muselli, A.; Tomi, F.; Koukoua, G.; N'Guessan, T.Y.; Costa, J.; Casanova, J., Combined analysis of Cymbopogon giganteus Chiov. leaf oil from Ivory Coast by GC/RI, GC/MS and 13C-NMR, C.R. Chim., 2006, 9, 1, 164-168, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crci.2005.10.003 . [all data]

Fan and Qian, 2006
Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds of Chinese Wuliangye and Jiannanchun Liquors by Aroma Extract Dilution Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 7, 2695-2704, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf052635t . [all data]

Fan and Qian, 2006, 2
Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Identification of aroma compounds in Chinese 'Yanghe Daqu' liquor by normal phase chromatography fractionation followed by gas chromatography/olfactometry, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 2, 333-342, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1621 . [all data]

El-Sayed, Heppelthwaite, et al., 2005
El-Sayed, A.M.; Heppelthwaite, V.J.; Manning, L.M.; Gibb, A.R.; Suckling, D.M., Volatile constituents of fermented sugar baits and their attraction to lepidopteran species, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 4, 953-958, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf048521j . [all data]

Tesevic, Nikicevic, et al., 2005
Tesevic, V.; Nikicevic, N.; Jovanovic, A.; Djokovic, D.; Vujisic, L.; Vuckovic, I.; Bonic, M., Volatile components from old plum brandies, Food Technol. Biotechnol., 2005, 43, 4, 367-372. [all data]

Lopez, Ferreira, et al., 1999
Lopez, R.; Ferreira, V.; Hernandez, P.; Cacho, J.F., Identification of impact odorants of young red wines made with Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon and Grenache grape varieties: a comparative study, J. Sci. Food Agric., 1999, 79, 11, 1461-1467, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(199908)79:11<1461::AID-JSFA388>3.0.CO;2-K . [all data]

Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012
Robinson, A.L.; Adams, D.O.; Boss, P.K.; Heymann, H.; Solomon, P.S.; Trengove, R.D., Influence of geographic origine on the sensory characteristics and wine composition of Vitus viniferas cv. Cabernet Sauvignon wines from Australia (Supplemental data), Am. J. Enol. Vitic., 2012, 64, 4, 467-476, https://doi.org/10.5344/ajev.2012.12023 . [all data]

se Souza, Cardeal, et al., 2009
se Souza, P.P.; Cardeal, Z.DeL.; Augusti, R.; Morrison, P.; Marriott, P.J., Determination of volatile compounds in Brazilian distilled cachaca by using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography and effects of production pathways, J. Chromatogr. A., 2009, 1216, 14, 2881-2890, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2008.10.061 . [all data]

Zhao, Li, et al., 2008
Zhao, Y.; Li, J.; Xu, Y.; Duan, H.; Fan, W.; Zhao, G., EXtraction, preparation and identification of volatile compounds in Changyu XO brandy, Chinese J. Chromatogr., 2008, 26, 2, 212-222, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1872-2059(08)60014-0 . [all data]

Bosch-Fuste, Riu-Aumatell, et al., 2007
Bosch-Fuste, J.; Riu-Aumatell, M.; Guadayol, J.M.; Caixach, J.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Volatile profiles of sparkling wines obtained by three extraction methods and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis, Food Chem., 2007, 105, 1, 428-435, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.12.053 . [all data]

Janzanntti, Franco, et al., 2007
Janzanntti, N.S.; Franco, M.R.B.; Lancas, F.M., Identificacao de compostos volateis de macas (Malus domestica) cultivar fuji, por chromatoghrafia gasosa-espectrometria de massas, 2007, retrieved from http://www.bibvirt.futuro.nsp.br/content/download/7005/56300/file/cta20u26.pdf. [all data]

Riu-Aumatell, Bosch-Fuste´, et al., 2006
Riu-Aumatell, M.; Bosch-Fuste´, J.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Development of volatile compounds of cava (Spanish sparkling wine) during long ageing time in contact with lees, Food Chem., 2006, 95, 2, 237-242, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.01.029 . [all data]

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Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Demyttenaere, Dagher, et al., 2003
Demyttenaere, J.C.R.; Dagher, C.; Sandra, P.; Kallithraka, S.; Verhé, R.; de Kimpe, N., Flavour analysis of Greek white wine by solid-phase microextraction-capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 2003, 985, 1-2, 233-246, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)01467-X . [all data]

Demyttenaere, Sánchez Martínez, et al., 2003
Demyttenaere, J.C.R.; Sánchez Martínez, J.I.; Verhé, R.; Sandra, P.; de Kimpe, N., Analysis of volatiles of malt whisky by solid-phase microextraction and stir bar sorptive extraction, J. Chromatogr. A, 2003, 985, 1-2, 221-232, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)01471-1 . [all data]

Demyttenaere, Dagher, et al., 2002
Demyttenaere, J.C.R.; Dagher, C.; Verhé, R.; Sandra, P., Flavour analysis of Greek white wine using solid phase microextraction - capillary GC/MS in 25th International Symposium on Capillary Chromatography, 2002, 1-16. [all data]

Demyttenaere, Sánchez Martínez, et al., 2002
Demyttenaere, J.C.R.; Sánchez Martínez, J.I.; Téllez Valdés, M.J.; Verhé, R.; Sandra, P., Analysis of volatile esters of malt whisky using solid phase microextraction and dynamic headspace in 25th International Symposium on Capillary Chromatography, 2002, 1-13. [all data]

Zhao, Xu, et al., 2009
Zhao, Y.; Xu, Y.; Li, J.; Fan, W.; Jiang, W., Profile of volatile compounds in 11 brandies by headspace solid-phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Food. Sci., 2009, 74, 2, c90-c99, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2008.01029.x . [all data]

Fan and Qian, 2005
Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Headspace Solid Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography-Olfactometry Dilution Analysis of Young and Aged Chinese Yanghe Daqu Liquors, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 20, 7931-7938, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf051011k . [all data]

Ebeler, Terrien, et al., 2000
Ebeler, S.E.; Terrien, M.B.; Butzke, C.E., Analysis of brandy aroma by solid-phase microextraction and liquid-liquid extraction, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2000, 80, 5, 625-630, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(200004)80:5<625::AID-JSFA584>3.0.CO;2-5 . [all data]

Werkhoff, Güntert, et al., 1998
Werkhoff, P.; Güntert, M.; Krammer, G.; Sommer, H.; Kaulen, J., Vacuum headspace method in aroma research: flavor chemistry of yellow passion fruits, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 3, 1076-1093, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf970655s . [all data]

Wyllie, Brophy, et al., 1990
Wyllie, S.G.; Brophy, J.J.; Sarafis, V.; Hobbs, M., Volatile Components of the Fruit of Pistacia Lentiscus, J. Food. Sci., 1990, 55, 5, 1325-1326, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1990.tb03926.x . [all data]

Lee, Chong, et al., 2012
Lee, P.-R.; Chong, I.S.-M.; Yu, B.; Curran, P.; Liu, S.-Q., Effect of precursors on volatile compounds in Papaya wine fermented by mixed yeasts, Uncorrected proof, 2012, 000-000. [all data]

Welke, Manfroi, et al., 2012
Welke, J.E.; Manfroi, V.; Zanus, M.; Lazarotto, M.; Zini, C.A., Characterization of the volatile profile of Brazilian merlot wines through comprehensive two dimensional gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometric detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 2012, 1226, 124-139, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2012.01.002 . [all data]

Li, Tao, et al., 2008
Li, H.; Tao, Y.-S.; Wang, H.; Zhang, L., Impact odorants of Chardonnay dry white wine from Changli Counti (China), Eur. Food. Res. Technol., 2008, 227, 1, 287-292, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-007-0722-9 . [all data]

Yongsheng, Hua, et al., 2008
Yongsheng, T.; Hua, L.; Hua, W.; Li, Z., Volatile composition of young Cabernet Savignon red wine from Changli Counti (China), J. Food Composition and Analysis, 2008, 21, 8, 689-694, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2008.05.007 . [all data]

Li, Tao, et al., 2007
Li, H.; Tao, Y.-S.; Wang, H.; Zhang, L., Impact odorants of Chardonnay dry white wine from Changli County (China), Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2007, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-007-0722-9 . [all data]

Kivcak, Akay, et al., 2004
Kivcak, B.; Akay, S.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C., Chemical composition of essential oils from leaves and twigs of Pistacia lentiscus, Pistacia lentiscus var. chia, and Pistacia terebinthus from Turkey, Pharm. Biol, 2004, 42, 4-5, 360-366, https://doi.org/10.1080/13880200490519677 . [all data]

Vas, Gal, et al., 1998
Vas, G.; Gal, L.; Harangi, J.; Dobo, A.; Vekey, K., Determination of volatile aroma compounds of Blaeufrankisch wines extracted by solid-phase microextraction, J. Chromatogr. Sci., 1998, 36, 10, 505-510, https://doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/36.10.505 . [all data]

Vernin, Lageot, et al., 1998
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Notes

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