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1,3-Pentadiene, (E)-

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas75.77 ± 0.67kJ/molCmFraser and Prosen, 1955ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacgas-3186.7 ± 0.63kJ/molCmFraser and Prosen, 1955Corresponding «DELTA»fgas = 75.81 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas315.60J/mol*KN/AMesserly J.F., 1970GT

Constant pressure heat capacity of gas

Cp,gas (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
36.9650.Thermodynamics Research Center, 1997Comparison with other statistical thermodynamics calculations [ Petrova-Kuminskaya S.V., 1986, Compton D.A.C., 1977] show that S and Cp values from TRC Tables are possibly underestimated at high temperatures.; GT
50.54100.
62.88150.
74.55200.
92.60273.15
99.06298.15
99.54300.
125.09400.
147.98500.
167.43600.
183.91700.
198.0800.
210.1900.
220.61000.
229.61100.
237.41200.
244.21300.
250.11400.
255.21500.

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid227.11J/mol*KN/AMesserly, Todd, et al., 1970 

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
149.33298.15Messerly, Todd, et al., 1970T = 12 to 320 K.

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Chris Muzny, director
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil315.1 ± 0.4KAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus185.2 ± 0.9KAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple185.71KN/AMesserly, Todd, et al., 1970, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.05 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap27.8kJ/molN/AReid, 1972AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
30.7242.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 228. - 256. K.; AC
29.5271.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 256. - 324. K.; AC
31.3230.IPOsborn and Douslin, 1969Based on data from 213. - 242. K.; AC
28.3304.MMForziati, Camin, et al., 1950Based on data from 292. - 316. K.; AC

Antoine Equation Parameters

log10(P) = A − (B / (T + C))
    P = vapor pressure (bar)
    T = temperature (K)

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Temperature (K) A B C Reference Comment
213.14 - 242.224.253421196.308-32.775Osborn and Douslin, 1969Coefficents calculated by NIST from author's data.

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
7.1438185.71Messerly, Todd, et al., 1970DH
7.14185.7Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
38.468185.71Messerly, Todd, et al., 1970DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

C5H7- + Hydrogen cation = 1,3-Pentadiene, (E)-

By formula: C5H7- + H+ = C5H8

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1545. ± 5.0kJ/molD-EAZimmerman, Gygax, et al., 1978gas phase; Acid: 1,4-pentadiene. (Z)-1,3-pentadiene is 7.0 kcal/mol more stable(weaker acid); B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1525. ± 7.9kJ/molH-TSZimmerman, Gygax, et al., 1978gas phase; Acid: 1,4-pentadiene. (Z)-1,3-pentadiene is 7.0 kcal/mol more stable(weaker acid); B

1,3-Pentadiene, (Z)- = 1,3-Pentadiene, (E)-

By formula: C5H8 = C5H8

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-4.23 ± 0.75kJ/molEqkEgger and Benson, 1965gas phase; Heat of isomerization; ALS

Chlorine anion + 1,3-Pentadiene, (E)- = (Chlorine anion bullet 1,3-Pentadiene, (E)-)

By formula: Cl- + C5H8 = (Cl- bullet C5H8)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.5kJ/molTDEqFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias
L - Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to C5H8+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
IE (evaluated)8.59 ± 0.02eVN/AN/AL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)834.1kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity804.4kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.59 ± 0.02PEMasclet, Mouvier, et al., 1981LLK
8.61 ± 0.02PEBieri, Burger, et al., 1977LLK
8.60EILossing and Traeger, 1975LLK
8.61PEBeez, Bieri, et al., 1973LLK
8.56PEDewar and Worley, 1968RDSH

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C3H2+20.9 ± 0.1?EIFranklin and Mogenis, 1967RDSH
C3H3+15.16 ± 0.02?EIFranklin and Mogenis, 1967RDSH
C3H4+12.63 ± 0.02C2H4EIFranklin and Mogenis, 1967RDSH
C3H5+14.20 ± 0.02?EIFranklin and Mogenis, 1967RDSH
C3H6+12.73 ± 0.03C2H2EIFranklin and Mogenis, 1967RDSH
C4H3+16.36 ± 0.08CH3+H2EIFranklin and Mogenis, 1967RDSH
C4H4+21.12 ± 0.08?EIFranklin and Mogenis, 1967RDSH
C4H5+12.57 ± 0.05CH3EIFranklin and Mogenis, 1967RDSH
C4H6+13.1 ± 0.1?EIFranklin and Mogenis, 1967RDSH
C5H5+13.90 ± 0.05H2+HEIFranklin and Mogenis, 1967RDSH
C5H6+12.34 ± 0.06H2EIFranklin and Mogenis, 1967RDSH
C5H7+8.60HEILossing and Traeger, 1975, 2LLK
C5H7+10.52HEILossing and Traeger, 1975LLK
C5H7+10.93 ± 0.02HEIFranklin and Mogenis, 1967RDSH

De-protonation reactions

C5H7- + Hydrogen cation = 1,3-Pentadiene, (E)-

By formula: C5H7- + H+ = C5H8

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1545. ± 5.0kJ/molD-EAZimmerman, Gygax, et al., 1978gas phase; Acid: 1,4-pentadiene. (Z)-1,3-pentadiene is 7.0 kcal/mol more stable(weaker acid); B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1525. ± 7.9kJ/molH-TSZimmerman, Gygax, et al., 1978gas phase; Acid: 1,4-pentadiene. (Z)-1,3-pentadiene is 7.0 kcal/mol more stable(weaker acid); B

Ion clustering data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: John E. Bartmess

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

Chlorine anion + 1,3-Pentadiene, (E)- = (Chlorine anion bullet 1,3-Pentadiene, (E)-)

By formula: Cl- + C5H8 = (Cl- bullet C5H8)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.5kJ/molTDEqFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Gas Phase Spectrum

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IR spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Standard Reference Data Program
Collection (C) 2018 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
State gas
Instrument HP-GC/MS/IRD

This IR spectrum is from the NIST/EPA Gas-Phase Infrared Database .


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Mass spectrum
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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-IW-3674
NIST MS number 227599

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


UV/Visible spectrum

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Victor Talrose, Alexander N. Yermakov, Alexy A. Usov, Antonina A. Goncharova, Axlexander N. Leskin, Natalia A. Messineva, Natalia V. Trusova, Margarita V. Efimkina

Spectrum

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UVVis spectrum
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Additional Data

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Source Fihtengolts, et al., 1969
Owner INEP CP RAS, NIST OSRD
Collection (C) 2007 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin INSTITUTE OF ENERGY PROBLEMS OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, RAS
Source reference RAS UV No. 20115
Instrument SF-4
Boiling point 42

Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-127.515.Heberger, 199025. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-130.526.Heberger, 199025. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-140.506.Heberger, 199025. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He
CapillaryOV-175.522.Heberger, 199025. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He
PackedSqualane70.516.Safina, Poznyak, et al., 1989He, Risorb (0.2-0.3 mm); Column length: 2. m
CapillarySqualane50.515.8Papazova, Milina, et al., 1988Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane50.515.700Bajus, Veselý, et al., 1979Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane70.516.5Bajus, Veselý, et al., 1979Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane50.515.700Bajus, Veselý, et al., 1979, 2Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane70.516.2Bajus, Veselý, et al., 1979, 2Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane50.526.Rijks and Cramers, 1974N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane70.516.Rijks and Cramers, 1974N2; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillarySqualane27.513.75Schomburg and Dielmann, 1973Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane27.515.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane49.516.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane67.518.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane86.519.Hively and Hinton, 1968He, Chromosorb P; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSqualane26.518.Zulaïca and Guiochon, 1966Column length: 10. m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPetrocol DH-100528.Haagen-Smit Laboratory, 1997He; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Program: 5C(10min) => 5C/min => 50C(48min) => 1.5C/min => 195C(91min)
CapillaryDB-1526.Hoekman, 199360. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He; Program: -40 C for 12 min; -40 - 125 C at 3 deg.min; 125-185 C at 6 deg/min; 185 - 220 C at 20 deg/min; hold 220 C for 2 min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1524.Kaiser and Siegl, 199460. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, -50. C @ 4. min, 6. K/min; Tend: 180. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySqualane70.515.Schomburg, 1966 

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane: CP-Sil 5 CB521.Bramston-Cook, 201360. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 1.45 min, 3.6 K/min, 210. C @ 2.72 min
CapillaryPetrocol DH523.Supelco, 2012100. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 20. C @ 15. min, 15. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryHP-1519.Berlioz, Cordella, et al., 200650. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryOV-101521.Chupalov and Zenkevich, 1996N2, 3. K/min; Column length: 52. m; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 220. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPONA528.Perkin Elmer Instruments, 2002Column length: 100. m; Phase thickness: 0.50 «mu»m; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Ion clustering data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), UV/Visible spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Fraser and Prosen, 1955
Fraser, F.M.; Prosen, E.J., Heats of combustion and isomerization of six pentadienes and spiropentane, J. Res. NBS, 1955, 54, 143-148. [all data]

Messerly J.F., 1970
Messerly J.F., Chemical thermodynamic properties of the pentadienes. Third law studies, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1970, 15, 227-232. [all data]

Thermodynamics Research Center, 1997
Thermodynamics Research Center, Selected Values of Properties of Chemical Compounds., Thermodynamics Research Center, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, 1997. [all data]

Petrova-Kuminskaya S.V., 1986
Petrova-Kuminskaya S.V., Thermodynamic properties of 1,4-pentadiene and trans-1,3-pentadiene calculated by statistical thermodynamics method, Vestn. Beloruss. Univ., Ser. 2, 1986, 6-8. [all data]

Compton D.A.C., 1977
Compton D.A.C., Conformations of conjugated hydrocarbons. Part 2. A spectroscopic and thermodynamic study of cis- and trans-penta-1,3-diene, J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans. 2, 1977, 1311-1315. [all data]

Messerly, Todd, et al., 1970
Messerly, J.F.; Todd, S.S.; Guthrie, G.B., Chemical thermodynamic properties of the pentadienes, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1970, 15, 227-232. [all data]

Messerly, Todd, et al., 1970, 2
Messerly, J.F.; Todd, S.S.; Guthrie, G.B., Chemical thermodynamic properties of the pentadienes. Third law studies., J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1970, 15, 227-32. [all data]

Reid, 1972
Reid, Robert C., Handbook on vapor pressure and heats of vaporization of hydrocarbons and related compounds, R. C. Wilhort and B. J. Zwolinski, Texas A Research Foundation. College Station, Texas(1971). 329 pages.$10.00, AIChE J., 1972, 18, 6, 1278-1278, https://doi.org/10.1002/aic.690180637 . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Osborn and Douslin, 1969
Osborn, Ann G.; Douslin, Donald R., Vapor pressure relations for the seven pentadienes, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1969, 14, 2, 208-209, https://doi.org/10.1021/je60041a010 . [all data]

Forziati, Camin, et al., 1950
Forziati, A.F.; Camin, D.L.; Rossini, F.D., Density, refractive index, boiling point, and vapor pressure of eight monoolefin (1-alkene), six pentadiene, and two cyclomonoolefin hydrocarbons, J. RES. NATL. BUR. STAN., 1950, 45, 5, 406, https://doi.org/10.6028/jres.045.044 . [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Zimmerman, Gygax, et al., 1978
Zimmerman, A.H.; Gygax, R.; Brauman, J.I., Electron photodetachment spectroscopy of polyene anions. Electron affinities of pentadienyl and heptatrienyl radicals, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1978, 100, 5595. [all data]

Egger and Benson, 1965
Egger, K.W.; Benson, S.W., Nitric oxide and iodine catalyzed isomerization of olefins. IV. Thermodynamic data from equilibrium studies of the geometrical isomerization of 1,3-pentadiene, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1965, 87, 3311-3314. [all data]

French, Ikuta, et al., 1982
French, M.A.; Ikuta, S.; Kebarle, P., Hydrogen bonding of O-H and C-H hydrogen donors to Cl-. Results from mass spectrometric measurement of the ion-molecule equilibria RH + Cl- = RHCl-, Can. J. Chem., 1982, 60, 1907. [all data]

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Masclet, Mouvier, et al., 1981
Masclet, P.; Mouvier, G.; Bocquet, J.F., Effets electroniques et effets steriques dus a la substitution alcoyle dans les dienes conjugues, J. Chim. Phys., 1981, 78, 99. [all data]

Bieri, Burger, et al., 1977
Bieri, G.; Burger, F.; Heilbronner, E.; Maier, J.P., Valence ionization enrgies of hydrocarbons, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1977, 60, 2213. [all data]

Lossing and Traeger, 1975
Lossing, F.P.; Traeger, J.C., Stabilization in cyclopentadienyl, cyclopentenyl, and cyclopentyl cations, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1975, 97, 1579. [all data]

Beez, Bieri, et al., 1973
Beez, M.; Bieri, G.; Bock, H.; Heilbronner, E., The ionization potentials of butadiene, hexatriene, andtheir methyl derivatives: evidence for through space interaction between double bond «pi»-orbitals and non-bonded pseudo-«pi» orbitals of methyl groups?, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1973, 56, 1028. [all data]

Dewar and Worley, 1968
Dewar, M.J.S.; Worley, S.D., Ionization potential of cis-1,3-butadiene, J. Chem. Phys., 1968, 49, 2454. [all data]

Franklin and Mogenis, 1967
Franklin, J.L.; Mogenis, A., An electron impact study of ions from several dienes, J. Phys. Chem., 1967, 71, 2820. [all data]

Lossing and Traeger, 1975, 2
Lossing, F.P.; Traeger, J.C., Free radicals by mass spectrometry XLVI. Heats of formation of C5H7 and C5H9 radicals and cations., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1975, 19, 9. [all data]

Fihtengolts, et al., 1969
Fihtengolts, V.S., et al., Atlas of UV Absorption Spectra of Substances Used in Synthetic Rubber Manufacture, 1969, 10. [all data]

Heberger, 1990
Heberger, K., Identification of C5H8 Isomers Through Reactions of Singlet Methylene, CH21A1), with Unsaturated Hydrocarbons Using Capillary Gas Chromatography - Mass Spectrometry, Analyst, 1990, 115, 6, 725-729, https://doi.org/10.1039/an9901500725 . [all data]

Safina, Poznyak, et al., 1989
Safina, L.R.; Poznyak, T.I.; Lisitsyn, D.M.; Kiseleva, E.V.; Kovalev, G.I., Selective gas-chromatographic determination of trace unsaturated and aromatic-hydrocarbons in complex-mixtures, J. Appl. Chem. USSR (Engl. Transl.), 1989, 44, 5, 749-754. [all data]

Papazova, Milina, et al., 1988
Papazova, D.; Milina, R.; Dimov, N., Comparative evaluation of retention of hydrocarbons present in the C5-petroleum fraction of methylsilicone and squalane phases, Chromatographia, 1988, 25, 3, 177-180, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02316441 . [all data]

Bajus, Veselý, et al., 1979
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Notes

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