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Pentadecane, 2,6,10,14-tetramethyl-

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Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30200.1709.Shlyakhov, 1984 
Capillaryn-Dotriacontane200.1697.Shlyakhov, 1984 
CapillaryApiezon L200.1682.Shlyakhov, 1984 
CapillaryApiezon L200.1687.Shlyakhov, 1984 
PackedApiezon L200.1681.9Fisch, Olácsi, et al., 1980 
PackedSE-30150.1708.Shlyakhov, Anvaer, et al., 1975 
PackedSE-30200.1709.Shlyakhov, Anvaer, et al., 1975 
PackedApiezon L130.1687.Shlyakhov, Anvaer, et al., 1975 
PackedApiezon L150.1687.Shlyakhov, Anvaer, et al., 1975 
CapillarySE-30100.1709.Shlyakhov, Koreshkova, et al., 1975 
CapillaryApiezon L100.1687.Shlyakhov, Koreshkova, et al., 1975 

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1707.Kenig, Simons, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(1.5min) => 20C/min => 130C => 4C/min => 315C (90min)
CapillaryApiezon L1681.Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillaryApiezon L1684.Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillaryApiezon L1685.Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillaryApiezon L1685.Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillaryApiezon L1687.Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillaryApiezon L1687.Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillaryApiezon L1687.Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillaryApiezon L1688.Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillaryApiezon L1692.Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS1703.Elmore, Cooper, et al., 20050. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryCross-Linked Methylsilicone1712.Khorasheh, Gray, et al., 19895. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryOV-11710.Berthou and Friocourt, 198150. m/0.30 mm/0.15 «mu»m, H2, 0.5 K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryOV-11708.Berthou and Friocourt, 198150. m/0.30 mm/0.15 «mu»m, H2, 0.5 K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1703.7Andriamaharavo, 201430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1 min) => 5 C/min => 210C => 10 C/min => 280C (15 min)
CapillaryDB-5MS1703.Turchini, Giani, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C => 120C/min => 60C1.5C/min => 100C => 5C/min => 280C
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS1702.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C(5min) => 40C/min => 40C (2min) => 4C/min => 280C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1664.Selli, Rannou, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min, 260. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101669.Chung, Yung, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101671.Chung, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101672.Chung and Cadwallader, 199360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 40. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101670.Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101672.Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1655.Pennarun, Prost, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 6C/min => 70C => 4C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 250C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-11712.Hu, Liang, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 2. min
CapillaryVF-51701.Li and Zhao, 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 10. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-1011696.Mastelic, Jerkovic, et al., 200625. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 15. min
CapillaryUltra-21704.King, Hamilton, et al., 199350. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryApieson L1685.Albaigès, Borbón, et al., 1981He, Gas-Chrom Q, 6. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 120. C; Tend: 280. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryRTX-5 MS1649.Nadaf, Halimi, et al., 201215. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 150 0C 10 0C/min -> 280 0C (3 min)
CapillaryRTX-5 MS1705.Nadaf, Halimi, et al., 201215. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 150 0C 10 0C/min -> 280 0C (3 min)
CapillaryHP-51703.Pugliese, Sirtori, et al., 200950. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
Capillary 1710.Cripps, 1995Program: not specified
CapillarySqualane1684.Petrov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillaryApiezon L1692.Shlyakhov, 1984Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-11709.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1709.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryApiezon L1687.Douglas, Blumer, et al., 1971Program: not specified
CapillaryRTV-5021712.Blumer and Thomas, 1965Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1668.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified
CapillarySuperox 0.6; Carbowax 20M1664.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillarySuperox 0.6; Carbowax 20M1675.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1675.Blumer and Thomas, 1965Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5MS283.84Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min; Tend: 310. C
CapillaryDB-5MS288.01Chen, Keeran, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 40. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 310. C

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Shlyakhov, 1984
Shlyakhov, A.F., Gas chromatography in organic geochemistry, Nedra, Moscow, 1984, 221. [all data]

Fisch, Olácsi, et al., 1980
Fisch, I.; Olácsi, I.; Takács, J.; Vörós, J., Pyrolysis and gas chromatographic examination of phytol and isoprenoid hydrocarbons. Pre-calculation of retention indices by computer, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 1980, 1, 4, 275-295, https://doi.org/10.1016/0165-2370(80)80013-1 . [all data]

Shlyakhov, Anvaer, et al., 1975
Shlyakhov, A.F.; Anvaer, B.I.; Zolotareva, O.V.; Romina, N.N.; Novikova, N.V.; Koreshkova, R.I., On the possibility of group indentification of hydrocarbons by gas chromatography from temperature coefficients of retention indices, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1975, 30, 788-792. [all data]

Shlyakhov, Koreshkova, et al., 1975
Shlyakhov, A.F.; Koreshkova, R.I.; Telkova, M.S., Gas Chromatography of Isoprenoid Alkanes, J. Chromatogr., 1975, 104, 2, 337-349, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)91857-0 . [all data]

Kenig, Simons, et al., 2005
Kenig, F.; Simons, D.-J.H.; Crich, D.; Cowen, J.P.; Ventura, G.T.; Rehbein-Khalily, T., Structure and distribution of branched aliphatic alkanes with quaternary carbon atoms in Cenomanian and Turonian black shales of Pasquia Hills (Saskatchewan, Canada), Org. Geochem., 2005, 36, 1, 117-138, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orggeochem.2004.06.014 . [all data]

Elmore, Cooper, et al., 2005
Elmore, J.S.; Cooper, S.L.; Enser, M.; Mottram, D.S.; Sinclair, L.A.; Wilkinson, R.G.; Wood, J.D., Dietary manipulation of fatty acid composition in lamb meat and its effect on the volatile aroma compounds of grilled lamb, Meat Sci., 2005, 69, 2, 233-242, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2004.07.002 . [all data]

Khorasheh, Gray, et al., 1989
Khorasheh, F.; Gray, M.R.; Selucky, M.L., Correlation for Kováts retention index of C9-C26 monoalkyl and polymethyl alkanes and alkenes, J. Chromatogr., 1989, 481, 1-16, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)96747-0 . [all data]

Berthou and Friocourt, 1981
Berthou, F.; Friocourt, M.P., Gas Chromatographic Separation of Diastereomeric Isoprenoids as Molecular Markers of Oil Pollution, J. Chromatogr., 1981, 219, 3, 393-402, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)80383-0 . [all data]

Andriamaharavo, 2014
Andriamaharavo, N.R., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2014. [all data]

Turchini, Giani, et al., 2004
Turchini, G.M.; Giani, I.; Caprino, F.; Moretti, V.M.; Valfrè, F., Discrimination of origin of farmed trout by means of biometrical parameters, fillet composition and flavor volatile compounds, Ital. J. Anim. Sci., 2004, 3, 123-140. [all data]

Elmore, Mottram, et al., 2000
Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Enser, M.; Wood, J.D., The effects of diet and breed on the volatile compounds of cooked lamb, Meat Sci., 2000, 55, 2, 149-159, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0309-1740(99)00137-0 . [all data]

Selli, Rannou, et al., 2006
Selli, S.; Rannou, C.; Prost, C.; Robin, J.; Serot, T., Characterization of Aroma-Active Compounds in Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) Eliciting an Off-Odor, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 25, 9496-9502, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0619582 . [all data]

Chung, Yung, et al., 2001
Chung, H.Y.; Yung, I.K.S.; Kim, J.-S., Comparison of volatile components in dried scallops (Chlamys farreri and Patinopecten yessoensis) prepared by boiling and steaming methods, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 1, 192-202, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf000692a . [all data]

Chung, 1999
Chung, H.Y., Volatile components in crabmeats of Charybdis feriatus, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 6, 2280-2287, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf981027t . [all data]

Chung and Cadwallader, 1993
Chung, H.Y.; Cadwallader, K.R., Volatile components in blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) meat and processing by-product, J. Food Sci., 1993, 58, 6, 1203-1207, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1993.tb06148.x . [all data]

Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 1989
Tanchotikul, U.; Hsieh, T.C.-Y., Volatile Flavor Components in Crayfish Waste, J. Food Sci., 1989, 54, 6, 1515-1520, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1989.tb05149.x . [all data]

Pennarun, Prost, et al., 2002
Pennarun, A.L.; Prost, C.; Demaimay, M., Identification and origin of the character-impact compounds of raw oyster Crassostrea gigas, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2002, 82, 14, 1652-1660, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1236 . [all data]

Hu, Liang, et al., 2010
Hu, C.-D.; Liang, Y.-Z.; Guo, F.-Q.; Li, X.-R.; Wang, W.-P., Determination of essential oil composition from Osmanthus fragrans tea by GC-MS combined with a chemometric resolution method, Molecules, 2010, 15, 5, 3683-3693, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules15053683 . [all data]

Li and Zhao, 2009
Li, L.; Zhao, J., Determination of the volatile composition of Rhodobryum giganteum (Schwaegr.) Par. (Bryaceae) using solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography / mass spectrometry (GC/MS), Molecules, 2009, 14, 6, 2195-2201, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules14062195 . [all data]

Mastelic, Jerkovic, et al., 2006
Mastelic, J.; Jerkovic, I.; Mesic, M., Volatile constituents from flowers, leaves, bark and wood of Prunus mahaleb L., Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 2, 306-313, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1596 . [all data]

King, Hamilton, et al., 1993
King, M.-F.; Hamilton, B.L.; Matthews, M.A.; Rule, D.C.; Field, R.A., Isolation and identification of volatiles and condensable material in raw beef with supercritical carbon dioxide extraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1993, 41, 11, 1974-1981, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00035a030 . [all data]

Albaigès, Borbón, et al., 1981
Albaigès, J.; Borbón, J.; Gassiot, M., Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric identification of geochemically significant isoalkane hydrocarbons, J. Chromatogr., 1981, 204, 491-498, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)81696-9 . [all data]

Nadaf, Halimi, et al., 2012
Nadaf, M.; Halimi, M.; Mortazavi, M., Identification of nonpolar chemical composition Spartium junceum flower growing in Iran by GC-MS, Middle-East J. Sci. Res., 2012, 11, 2, 221-224. [all data]

Pugliese, Sirtori, et al., 2009
Pugliese, C.; Sirtori, F.; Ruiz, J.; Martin, D.; Parenti, S.; Franci, O., Effect of pasture on chestnut or acorn on fatty acid composition and aromatic profile of fat of China Senece dry-cured ham, Gracas y Aceites, 2009, 60, 3, 271-276, https://doi.org/10.3989/gya.130208 . [all data]

Cripps, 1995
Cripps, G.C., Biogenic hydrocarbons in the particulate material of the water column of the Bellingshausen Sea, Antarctica, in the region of the marginal ice zone, Deep-Sea Res. II, 1995, 42, 4-5, 1123-1135, https://doi.org/10.1016/0967-0645(95)00075-2 . [all data]

Petrov, 1984
Petrov, A.A., Hydrocarbons of petroleum, Nauka (publishing house), Moscow, 1984, 263. [all data]

Waggott and Davies, 1984
Waggott, A.; Davies, I.W., Identification of organic pollutants using linear temperature programmed retention indices (LTPRIs) - Part II, 1984, retrieved from http://dwi.defra.gov.uk/research/completed-research/reports/dwi0383.pdf. [all data]

Douglas, Blumer, et al., 1971
Douglas, A.G.; Blumer, M.; Eglinton, G.; Douraghi-Zadeh, K., Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric characterization of naturally-occurring acyclic isoprenoid carboxylic acids, Tetrahedron, 1971, 27, 6, 1071-1092, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0040-4020(01)90855-5 . [all data]

Blumer and Thomas, 1965
Blumer, M.; Thomas, D.W., Zamene, isomeric C19 monoolefins from marine zooplankton, fishes, and mammals, Science, 1965, 148, 3668, 370-371, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.148.3668.370 . [all data]

Peng, Yang, et al., 1991
Peng, C.T.; Yang, Z.C.; Ding, S.F., Prediction of rentention idexes. II. Structure-retention index relationship on polar columns, J. Chromatogr., 1991, 586, 1, 85-112, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(91)80028-F . [all data]

Chen, Keeran, et al., 2002
Chen, P.H.; Keeran, W.S.; Van Ausdale, W.A.; Schindler, D.R.; Roberts, D.W., Application of Lee retention indices to the confirmation of tentatively identified compounds from GC/MS analysis of environmental samples, Technical paper, Analytical Services Division, Environmental ScienceEngineering, Inc, PO Box 1703, Gainesville, FL 32602, 2002, 11. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References