Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

NOTICE: Due to scheduled maintenance at our Gaithersburg campus, this site will not be available from 5:00 pm EDT (21:00 UTC) on Friday October 25 until 5:00 pm (21:00 UTC) on Sunday October 27. We apologize for any inconvenience this outage may cause.

2-Heptenal, (E)-


Phase change data

Go To: Top, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein

Reduced pressure boiling point

Tboil (K) Pressure (atm) Reference
363.70.066Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990

Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

Mass spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

Due to licensing restrictions, this spectrum cannot be downloaded.

Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin TNO Volatile Compounds in Food - Chemical Concepts
NIST MS number 249464

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1927.Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-1929.Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySE-54952.Rembold, Wallner, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 0. C @ 12. min, 12. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySE-30941.Greenberg, 1981He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C
CapillarySE-30941.Greenberg, 1981He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1318.Umano and Shibamoto, 1987He, 40. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-5957.Engel and Ratel, 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillaryRH-5MS959.Hashizume M., Gordon M.H., et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 350. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-5960.Methven L., Tsoukka M., et al., 200760. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 260. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5978.Flamini, Tebano, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB942.Ziegenbein, Hanssen, et al., 2006H2, 10. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 270. C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB967.Aliani and Farmer, 200560. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min; Column length: 5. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS961.Elmore, Cooper, et al., 20050. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5MS956.Pino, Mesa, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillarySPB-5957.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-5954.Siegmund and Murkovic, 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.1 «mu»m, -30. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-1927.Cavalli, Fernandez, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-1926.Cavalli, Fernandez, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillarySPB-1931.Chisholm, Jell, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-5978.Dural, Bagci, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-5978.Flamini, Cioni, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-5978.Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryBPX-5975.Bredie, Mottram, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB962.Elmore, Campo, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-5964.Flamini, Cioni, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-1930.Kim, 200160. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryBPX-5957.Oruna-Concha, Duckham, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB930.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/0.4 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 60. min
CapillaryHP-5958.Shalit, Katzir, et al., 2001He, 50. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1937.Wu, Wang, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryBPX-5970.Aaslyng, Elmore, et al., 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillarySPB-1923.Chen, Huang, et al., 199860. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryBP-1932.Sinyinda and Gramshaw, 1998He, 5. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryBP-1931.Sinyinda and Gramshaw, 1998He, 5. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryDB-5953.Gómez, Ledbetter, et al., 1993He, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5954.Boué, Shih, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 10C/min => 60C =3C/min => 150C => 20C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillaryBPX-5960.Byrne, Bredie, et al., 200250. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C (5min) => 40C/min => 40C (2min) => 4C/min => 280C
CapillaryHP-5940.Carrapiso, Ventanas, et al., 200250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 35C(5min) => 10C/min => 150C => 20C/min => 250C(10 min)
CapillaryDB-5955.Beaulieu and Grimm, 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C (1min) => 5C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 250C (9min)
CapillaryCP-Sil 8CB-MS962.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C(5min) => 40C/min => 40C (2min) => 4C/min => 280C
CapillaryBPX-5970.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 199950. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C(5min) => 40C/min => 40C(2min) => 4C/min => 280C
CapillaryBPX-5968.Bredie, Mottram, et al., 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: OC (5min) => 60C/min => 60C(5min) => 4C/min => 250C
CapillaryBPX-5972.Elmore, Mottram, et al., 199750. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 0C (10min) => 40C/min => 40C (2min) => 4C/min => 280C
CapillaryDB-1930.Mikolajczak, Zilkowski, et al., 1984He; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax1332.Hashizume M., Gordon M.H., et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101292.Chung, Fung, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 35. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 195. C @ 60. min
CapillaryStabilwax1332.Cros S., Lignot B., et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryStabilwax1309.Cros, Lignot, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101335.Elmore, Nisyrios, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1334.Nielsen, Larsen, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 10. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1334.Nielsen, Larsen, et al., 2004, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 10. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1334.Nielsen, Larsen, et al., 2004, 330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 10. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1306.Nielsen and Poll, 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 30. min
CapillaryStabilwax1309.Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1334.Nielsen, Larsen, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 30. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1309.Brunton, Cronin, et al., 200260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryEC-WAX1336.le Guen, Prost, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1314.Kim, 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min
CapillaryAT-Wax1326.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1342.le Guen, Prost, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1338.Le Guen, Prost, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1336.Le Guen, Prost, et al., 200060. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1320.Cha, Kim, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1291.Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 199560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1273.Wu and Liou, 1992H2, 50. C @ 10. min, 1.5 K/min, 200. C @ 80. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB1317.Salter L.J., Mottram D.S., et al., 198860. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1286.Wu and Liou, 1986H2, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 55. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 50. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101323.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillarySupelcowax-101320.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1328.Romeo, Ziino, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C(5min) => 10C/min => 80C => 2C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-Wax1323.Hallier, Prost, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(5min) => 10C/min => 160C => 15C/min => 230C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1330.Verzera, Ziino, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C(5min) => 10C/min => 80C => 2C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-Wax1342.Sérot, Regost, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 5C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-Wax1339.Sérot, Regost, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 5C/min => 180C => 10C/min => 250C
CapillaryHP-Innowax1336.Iversen, Jakobsen, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 32C(1.5min) => 3C/min => 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 200C (10min)
CapillaryHP-Innowax1339.Iversen, Jakobsen, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 32C(1.5min) => 3C/min => 40C (10min) => 3C/min => 200C (10min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS954.Phungpanya, Thongpoon, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryHP-5957.Piyachaiseth, Jirapakkul, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 1. min, 10. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS956.Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryHP-5957.Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 5. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryDB-5 MS951.Chen, Song, et al., 200930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-5 MS960.Chen, Song, et al., 200930. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryMega 5 MS925.Romeo, Verzera, et al., 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryRTX-5 MS956.Watcharananun, Cadwallader, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 225. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS953.Zhao, Zeng, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS955.Forero, Quijano, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min
CapillarySPB-1934.Frerot, Velluz, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-5964.Mildner-Szkudlarz and Jelen, 200810. m/0.10 mm/0.40 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 20. K/min, 280. C @ 1. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS962.Thakeow, Angeli, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 1.5 min, 6.5 K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane956.Ramirez R. and Cava R., 200730. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 7. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane956.Ramirez R. and Cava R., 200730. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 7. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-5958.Kucuk, Gulec, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 260. C @ 13. min
CapillarySPB-5954.Pino, Marquez, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-1931.Bendimerad and Bendiab, 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryRTX-5Sil952.Holland, Larkov, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-5MS956.Krist, Stuebiger, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 38. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 2. min
CapillaryMDN-5959.van Loon, Linssen, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min
CapillaryMDN-5960.van Loon, Linssen, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min, 270. C @ 5. min
CapillarySPB-5960.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-5955.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane956.Ramírez, Estévez, et al., 20040. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 7. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5953.Dhanda, Pegg, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 280. C @ 4. min
CapillaryMDN-5964.Mildner-Szkudlarz, Jelen, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 20. K/min, 280. C @ 1. min
CapillaryDB-5954.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 40. min
CapillarySPB-5953.Sebastian, Viallon-Fernandez, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 30. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillarySPB-1929.Vichi, Castellote, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySPB-1931.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySPB-1934.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2003, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-5961.Flamini, Ertugrul, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillarySPB-5958.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryOptima 1924.Fons, Rapior, et al., 199825. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1927.Buttery and Ling, 1995He, 30. C @ 25. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryDB-5 MS953.Gomez and Ledbetter, 1994Helium, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-5961.Lee, Macku, et al., 199160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-5963.Macku and Shibamoto, 1991He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 160. C
CapillaryDB-1927.Binder, Benson, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-1927.Binder, Turner, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-1927.Binder, Turner, et al., 1990, 24. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-1927.Buttery, Takeoka, et al., 199030. C @ 25. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min; Column length: 60. m
CapillaryDB-1927.Buttery, Teranishi, et al., 1990He, 30. C @ 25. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 5. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryOV-101931.Yang and Sugisawa, 1990N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-101932.Yang and Sugisawa, 1990N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-1928.Binder and Flath, 198950. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySE-30929.Heydanek and McGorrin, 198140. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5970.Miyazaki, Plotto, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/1.00 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C 4 0C/min -> 230 0C 100 0C/min -> 260 0C (11.7 min)
CapillarySLB-5 MS956.Costa, De Fina, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 3 0C/min -> 250 0C (1 min) 10 0C/min -> 300 0C (5 min)
CapillarySLB-5 MS947.Costa, De Fina, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5957.Ventanas, Estevez, et al., 200850. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (10 min) 5 0C/min -> 200 0C 15 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
CapillaryDB-5 MS961.Watanabe, Ueda, et al., 200830. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: -10 0C (3 min) 50 0C/min -> 40 0C 5 0C/min -> 290 0C (5 min)
CapillaryHP-5 MS957.Xie, Sun, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C
CapillaryHP-5 MS958.Xie, Sun, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C
CapillaryHP-1934.Barra, Baldovini, et al., 200750. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 2C/min => 200C => 15C/min => 250C (30min)
CapillaryHP-5940.Carrapiso and Garsia, 200750. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 35 0C (10 min) 10 0C/min -> 150 0C 20 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-5 MS967.Moriarity, Bansal, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (10 min) 3 0C/min -> 200 0C 2 0C/min -> 220 0C
Capillary5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane958.Beaulieu J.C. and Lea J.M., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.75 «mu»m; Program: 50C(1min) => 5C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 190C => 30C/min => 250C(1min)
CapillaryHP-5961.Kucuk, Gulec, et al., 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5960.Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 200450. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m; Program: 40C(10min) => 5C/min => 200C => 20C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryDB-5946.Matsui, Guth, et al., 199830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(1min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 230C
CapillaryDB-1927.Binder and Flath, 1989Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryFFAP1313.Piyachaiseth, Jirapakkul, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 5. min
CapillaryTC-Wax1346.Miyazawa, Fujita, et al., 2010Helium, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryCP-Wax1332.Mo, Fan, et al., 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryStabilwax1333.Watcharananun, Cadwallader, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 35. C @ 5. min, 6. K/min, 225. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-FFAP1328.Guzman-Geronimo, Lopez, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 120. C @ 5. min
CapillaryHP-Innowax1324.Thakeow, Angeli, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 1.5 min, 6.5 K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryStabilwax1309.Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryInnowax1280.Bendimerad and Bendiab, 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101361.Rochat and Chaintreau, 200560. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101362.Rochat and Chaintreau, 200560. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101366.Rochat and Chaintreau, 200560. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 20. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1297.N/A30. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillaryZB-Wax1297.Wu, Krings, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1336.López, Ezpeleta, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-FFAP1328.López, Guzmán, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min, 120. C @ 3. min
CapillaryStabilwax1309.Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 2003, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101320.Vichi, Castellote, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101321.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101321.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101313.Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2003, 230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1332.Chyau and Mau, 200160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 5. min, 1.5 K/min, 210. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1321.Weckerle, Bastl-Borrmann, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1321.Umano, Hagi, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1314.Horiuchi, Umano, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryInnowax1317.Petersen, Poll, et al., 199830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 10. min, 6. K/min, 240. C @ 25. min
CapillaryTC-Wax1303.Shuichi, Masazumi, et al., 199680. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1314.Kobayashi, Tsuda, et al., 1995He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1317.Binder, Benson, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1320.Binder, Turner, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1320.Binder, Turner, et al., 1990, 24. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1321.Binder and Flath, 198950. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySupelcowax-101323.Hsieh, Williams, et al., 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 1. K/min; Tend: 175. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1313.Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1988N2, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1315.Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1988N2, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1313.Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1987N2, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1315.Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1987N2, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1286.Wu, Liou, et al., 1987Hydrogen, 1. K/min, 200. C @ 35. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Tstart: 50. C
PackedCarbowax1314.Schieberle and Grosch, 1983He, Chromosorb G AW DMCS, 4. K/min; Column length: 3. m; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1330.Buttery, Parker, et al., 198150. C @ 30. min, 1. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1330.Buttery, Ling, et al., 198050. C @ 30. min, 1. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelco CO Wax-101334.Prompona, Kandylis, et al., 201260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (6 min) 2 0C/min -> 60 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 200 0C 25 0C/min -> 250 0C (6 min)
CapillarySupelco CO Wax-101334.Prompona, Kandylis, et al., 201260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1315.Miyazaki, Plotto, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C 4 0C/min -> 230 0C 100 0C/min -> 260 0C (11.7 min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 52 CB1329.Romeo, Verzera, et al., 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C (5 min) 3 0C/min -> 150 0C 10 0C/min -> 240 0C
CapillarySupelcowax-101334.Vichi, Guadayol, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 4C/min => 75C => 8C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryInnowax FSC1339.Baser, Özek, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min >220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1335.Tabanca, Demirci, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP Innowax FSP1335.Altintas, Kose, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1335.Demirci, Baser, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1335.Kaya, Demirci, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP Innowax FSP1335.Tasdemir, Demirci, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryInnowax1335.Baser, Özek, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60 0C (10 min) 4 K/min -> 220 0C (10 min) 1 K/min -> 240 0C
CapillaryInnowax1335.Baser, Özek, et al., 2000, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60 0C (10 min) 4 K/min -> 220 0C (10 min) 1 K/min -> 240 0C
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1320.Jakobsen, Hansen, et al., 199850. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 30C (1.5min) => 3C/min => 120C => 10C/min => 220C (3.5min)
CapillaryFFAP1287.Matsui, Guth, et al., 199830. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(1min) => 40C/min => 60C (1min) => 6C/min => 230C
CapillarySupelcowax 101316.Castioni and Kapetanidis, 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (10 min) 2 0C/min -> 80 0C 3 0C/min -> 100 0C 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (30 min)
CapillarySupelcowax 101315.Castioni and Kapetanidis, 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySupelcowax 101328.Castioni and Kapetanidis, 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1312.Luning, Carey, et al., 1995Program: 40C => 2C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 250C
CapillaryCP Wax 52 CB1310.Patterson and Stevenson, 199550. m/0.32 mm/0.20 «mu»m; Program: 50 0C (10 min) 2 0C/min -> 100 0C 5 0C/min -> 150 0C 7 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min)
CapillaryFFAP1335.Blank, Stampfli, et al., 1994Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-Wax1320.Binder and Flath, 1989Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., 1990
Aldrich Chemical Company Inc., Catalog Handbook of Fine Chemicals, Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc., Milwaukee WI, 1990, 1. [all data]

Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 1996
Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1996, 44, 3, 654-660, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf950430m . [all data]

Rembold, Wallner, et al., 1989
Rembold, H.; Wallner, P.; Nitz, S.; Kollmannsberger, H.; Drawert, F., Volatile components of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) seed, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 3, 659-662, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00087a018 . [all data]

Greenberg, 1981
Greenberg, M.J., Characterization of meat and bone meal flavor volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 6, 1276-1280, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00108a043 . [all data]

Umano and Shibamoto, 1987
Umano, K.; Shibamoto, T., Analysis of headspace volatiles from overheated beef fat, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1987, 35, 1, 14-18, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00073a004 . [all data]

Engel and Ratel, 2007
Engel, E.; Ratel, J., Correction of the data generated by mass spectrometry analyses of biological tissues: Application to food authentication, J. Chromatogr. A, 2007, 1154, 1-2, 331-341, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2007.02.012 . [all data]

Hashizume M., Gordon M.H., et al., 2007
Hashizume M.; Gordon M.H.; Mottram D.S., Light-induced off-flavor development in cloudy apple juice, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 22, 9177-9182, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0715727 . [all data]

Methven L., Tsoukka M., et al., 2007
Methven L.; Tsoukka M.; Oruna-Concha M.J.; Parker J.K.; Mottram D.S., Influence of sulfur amino acids on the volatile and nonvolatile components of cooked salmon (Salmo salar), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 4, 1427-1436, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0625611 . [all data]

Flamini, Tebano, et al., 2006
Flamini, G.; Tebano, M.; Cioni, P.L.; Bagci, Y.; Dural, H.; Ertugrul, K.; Uysal, T.; Savran, A., A multivariate statistical approach to Centaurea classification using essential oil composition data of some species from Turkey, Pl. Syst. Evol., 2006, 261, 1-4, 217-228, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00606-006-0448-3 . [all data]

Ziegenbein, Hanssen, et al., 2006
Ziegenbein, F.C.; Hanssen, H.-P.; König, W.A., Secondary metabolites from Ganoderma lucidum and Spongiporus leucomallellus, Phytochemistry, 2006, 67, 2, 202-211, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2005.10.025 . [all data]

Aliani and Farmer, 2005
Aliani, M.; Farmer, L.J., Precursors of chicken flavor. II. Identification of key flavor precursors using sensory methods, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 16, 6455-6462, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf050087d . [all data]

Elmore, Cooper, et al., 2005
Elmore, J.S.; Cooper, S.L.; Enser, M.; Mottram, D.S.; Sinclair, L.A.; Wilkinson, R.G.; Wood, J.D., Dietary manipulation of fatty acid composition in lamb meat and its effect on the volatile aroma compounds of grilled lamb, Meat Sci., 2005, 69, 2, 233-242, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2004.07.002 . [all data]

Pino, Mesa, et al., 2005
Pino, J.A.; Mesa, J.; Muñoz, Y.; Martí, M.P.; Marbot, R., Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 6, 2213-2223, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0402633 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2004
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Rosado, A.; Vázquez, C., Volatile constituents of Malay rose apple [Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. Perry], Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 1, 32-35, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1269 . [all data]

Siegmund and Murkovic, 2004
Siegmund, B.; Murkovic, M., Changes in chemical composition of pumpkin seeds during the roasting process for production of pumpkin seed oil (Part 2: volatile compounds), Food Chem., 2004, 84, 3, 367-374, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(03)00241-3 . [all data]

Cavalli, Fernandez, et al., 2003
Cavalli, J.-F.; Fernandez, X.; Lizzani-Cuvelier, L.; Loiseau, A.-M., Comparison of static headspace, headspace solid phase microextraction, headspace sorptive extraction, and direct thermal desorption techniques on chemical composition of French olive oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 26, 7709-7716, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf034834n . [all data]

Chisholm, Jell, et al., 2003
Chisholm, M.G.; Jell, J.A.; Cass, D.M., Jr., Characterization of the major odorants found in the peel oil of Citrus reticulata Blanco cv. Clementine using gas chromatography-olfactometry, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 4, 275-281, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1188 . [all data]

Dural, Bagci, et al., 2003
Dural, H.; Bagci, Y.; Ertugrul, K.; Demirelma, H.; Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I., Essential oil composition of two endemic Centaurea species from Turkey, Centaurea mucronifera and Centaurea chrysantha, collected in the same habitat, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2003, 31, 12, 1417-1425, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(03)00128-5 . [all data]

Flamini, Cioni, et al., 2003
Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I.; Ceccarini, L.; Andolfi, L.; Macchia, M., Composition of the essential oil of Medicago marina L. from the coastal dunes of Tuscany, Italy, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 5, 460-462, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1253 . [all data]

Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 2003
Flamini, G.; Luigi Cioni, P.; Morelli, I., Variability of the essential oil of Viola etrusca, Ann. Bot. Rome, 2003, 91, 4, 493-497, https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcg039 . [all data]

Bredie, Mottram, et al., 2002
Bredie, W.L.P.; Mottram, D.S.; Guy, R.C.E., Effect of temperature and pH on the generation of flavor volatiles in extrusion cooking of wheat flour, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 5, 1118-1125, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0111662 . [all data]

Elmore, Campo, et al., 2002
Elmore, J.S.; Campo, M.M.; Enser, M.; Mottram, D.S., Effect of lipid composition on meat-like model systems containing cysteine, ribose, and polyunsaturated fatty acids, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 5, 1126-1132, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0108718 . [all data]

Flamini, Cioni, et al., 2002
Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I., Analysis of the essential oil of the aerial parts of Viola etrusca from Monte Labbro (South Tuscany, Italy) and in vivo analysis of flower volatiles using SPME, Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 2, 147-149, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1060 . [all data]

Kim, 2001
Kim, J.S., Einfluss der Temperatur beim Rösten von Sesam auf Aroma und antioxidative Eigenschaften des Öls, PhD Thesis, Technischen Universität Berlin zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades, Berlin, 2001, 151. [all data]

Oruna-Concha, Duckham, et al., 2001
Oruna-Concha, M.J.; Duckham, S.C.; Ames, J.M., Comparison of volatile compounds isolated from the skin and flesh of four potato cultivars after baking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 5, 2414-2421, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0012345 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2001
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vázquez, C., Characterization of volatiles in strawberry guava (Psidium cattleianum Sabine) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 12, 5883-5887, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf010414r . [all data]

Shalit, Katzir, et al., 2001
Shalit, M.; Katzir, N.; Tadmor, Y.; Larkov, O.; Burger, Y.; Shalekhet, F.; Lastochkin, E.; Ravid, U.; Amar, O.; Edelstein, M.; Karchi, Z.; Lewinsohn, E., Acetyl-CoA: alcohol acetyltransferase activity and aroma formation in ripening melon fruits, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 2, 794-799, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf001075p . [all data]

Wu, Wang, et al., 2000
Wu, C.-M.; Wang, Z.; Wu, Q.H., Volatile compounds produced from monosodium glutamate in common food cooking, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 6, 2438-2442, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9907743 . [all data]

Aaslyng, Elmore, et al., 1998
Aaslyng, M.D.; Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S., Comparison of the aroma characteristics of acid-hydrolyzed and enzyme-hydrolyzed vegetable proteins produced from soy, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 12, 5225-5231, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9806816 . [all data]

Chen, Huang, et al., 1998
Chen, S.-H.; Huang, T.-C.; Ho, C.-T.; Tsai, P.-J., Extraction, analysis, and study on the volatiles in roselle tea, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 3, 1101-1105, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf970720y . [all data]

Sinyinda and Gramshaw, 1998
Sinyinda, S.; Gramshaw, J.W., Volatiles of avocado fruit, Food Chem., 1998, 62, 4, 483-487, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(97)00190-8 . [all data]

Gómez, Ledbetter, et al., 1993
Gómez, E.; Ledbetter, C.A.; Hartsell, P.L., Volatile compounds in apricot, plum, and their interspecific hybrids, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1993, 41, 10, 1669-1676, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00034a029 . [all data]

Boué, Shih, et al., 2003
Boué, S.M.; Shih, B.Y.; Carter-Wientjes, C.H.; Cleveland, T.E., Identification of volatile compounds in soybean at various developmental stages using solid phase microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 17, 4873-4876, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf030051q . [all data]

Byrne, Bredie, et al., 2002
Byrne, D.V.; Bredie, W.L.P.; Mottram, D.S.; Martens, M., Sensory and chemical investigations on the effect of oven cooking on warmed-over flavour development in chicken meat, Meat Sci., 2002, 61, 2, 127-139, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0309-1740(01)00171-1 . [all data]

Carrapiso, Ventanas, et al., 2002
Carrapiso, A.I.; Ventanas, J.; García, C., Characterization of the most odor-active compounds of Iberian ham headspace, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 7, 1996-2000, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf011094e . [all data]

Beaulieu and Grimm, 2001
Beaulieu, J.C.; Grimm, C.C., Identification of volatile compounds in cantaloupe at various developmental stages using solid phase microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 3, 1345-1352, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0005768 . [all data]

Elmore, Mottram, et al., 2000
Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Enser, M.; Wood, J.D., The effects of diet and breed on the volatile compounds of cooked lamb, Meat Sci., 2000, 55, 2, 149-159, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0309-1740(99)00137-0 . [all data]

Elmore, Mottram, et al., 1999
Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Enser, M.; Wood, J.D., Effect of the polyunsaturated fatty acid composition of beef muscle on the profile of aroma volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 4, 1619-1625, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf980718m . [all data]

Bredie, Mottram, et al., 1998
Bredie, W.L.P.; Mottram, D.S.; Guy, R.C.E., Aroma volatiles generated during extrusion cooking of maize flour, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 4, 1479-1487, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9708857 . [all data]

Elmore, Mottram, et al., 1997
Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S.; Enser, M.; Wood, J.D., Novel thiazoles and 3-thiazolines in cooked beef aroma, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1997, 45, 9, 3603-3607, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf970066m . [all data]

Mikolajczak, Zilkowski, et al., 1984
Mikolajczak, K.L.; Zilkowski, B.W.; Smith, C.R., Jr.; Burkholder, W.E., Volatile food attractants for Oryzaephilus surinamensis (L.) from oats, J. Chem. Ecol., 1984, 10, 2, 301-309, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00987858 . [all data]

Chung, Fung, et al., 2005
Chung, H.Y.; Fung, P.K.; Kim, J.-S., Aroma impact components in commercial plain sufu, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 5, 1684-1691, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf048617d . [all data]

Cros S., Lignot B., et al., 2005
Cros S.; Lignot B.; Bourseau P.; Jaouen P., Reverse osmosis for the production of aromatic concentrates from mussel cooking juices: a technical assessment, Desalination, 2005, 180, 1-3, 263-269, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2005.01.008 . [all data]

Cros, Lignot, et al., 2005
Cros, S.; Lignot, B.; Bourseau, P.; Jaouen, P.; Prost, C., Desalination of mussel cooking juices by electrodialysis: effect on the aroma profile, J. Food Eng., 2005, 69, 4, 425-436, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2004.08.036 . [all data]

Elmore, Nisyrios, et al., 2005
Elmore, J.S.; Nisyrios, I.; Mottram, D.S., Analysis of the headspace aroma compounds of walnuts (Juglans regia L.), Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 5, 501-506, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1477 . [all data]

Nielsen, Larsen, et al., 2004
Nielsen, G.S.; Larsen, L.M.; Poll, L., Formation of aroma compounds during long-term frozen storage of unblanched leek (Allium ampeloprasum Var. Bulga) as affected by packaging atmosphere and slice thickness, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 5, 1234-1240, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0306183 . [all data]

Nielsen, Larsen, et al., 2004, 2
Nielsen, G.S.; Larsen, L.M.; Poll, L., Formation of volatile compounds in model experiments with crude leek (Allium ampeloprasum Var. Lancelot) enzyme extract and linoleic acid or linolenic acid, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 8, 2315-2321, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf030600s . [all data]

Nielsen, Larsen, et al., 2004, 3
Nielsen, G.S.; Larsen, L.M.; Poll, L., Impact of blanching and packaging atmosphere on the formation of aroma compounds during long-term frozen storage of leek (Allium ampeloprasum Var. Bulga) slices, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 15, 4844-4852, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf049623c . [all data]

Nielsen and Poll, 2004
Nielsen, G.S.; Poll, L., Determination of odor active aroma compounds in freshly cut leek (Allium ampeloprasum Var. Bulga) and in long-term stored frozen unblanched and blanched leek slices by gas chromatography olfactometry analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 6, 1642-1646, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf030682k . [all data]

Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 2003
Cros, S.; Vandanjon, L.; Jaouen, P.; Bourseau, P., Processing of industrial mussel cooking juices by reverse osmosis: pollution abatement and aromas recovery, 2003, retrieved from http://www.membrane.unsw.edu.au/imstec03/content/papers/DAI/imstec064.pdf. [all data]

Nielsen, Larsen, et al., 2003
Nielsen, G.S.; Larsen, L.M.; Poll, L., Formation of aroma compounds and lipoxygenase (EC 1.13.11.12) activity in unblanced leek (Allium ampeloprasum Var. Bulga) slices during long-term frozen storage, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 7, 1970-1976, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf020921o . [all data]

Brunton, Cronin, et al., 2002
Brunton, N.P.; Cronin, D.A.; Monahan, F.J., Volatile components associated with freshly cooked and oxidized off-flavours in turkey breast meat, Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 5, 327-334, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1087 . [all data]

le Guen, Prost, et al., 2001
le Guen, S.; Prost, C.; Demaimay, M., Evaluation of the representativeness of the odor of cooked mussel extracts and the relationship between sensory descriptors and potent odorants, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 3, 1321-1327, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf000781n . [all data]

le Guen, Prost, et al., 2000
le Guen, S.; Prost, C.; Demaimay, M., Critical comparison of three olfactometric methods for the identification of the most potent odorants in cooked mussels (Mytilus edulis), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 4, 1307-1314, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf990745s . [all data]

Le Guen, Prost, et al., 2000
Le Guen, S.; Prost, C.; Demaimay, M., Characterization of odorant compounds of mussels (Mytilus edulis) according to their origin using gas chromatography-olfactometry and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 896, 1-2, 361-371, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00729-9 . [all data]

Cha, Kim, et al., 1998
Cha, Y.J.; Kim, H.; Cadwallader, K.R., Aroma-active compounds in Kimchi during fermentation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 5, 1944-1953, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9706991 . [all data]

Shimoda, Shigematsu, et al., 1995
Shimoda, M.; Shigematsu, H.; Shiratsuchi, H.; Osajima, Y., Comparison of the odor concentrates by SDE and adsorptive column method from green tea infusion, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 6, 1616-1620, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00054a037 . [all data]

Wu and Liou, 1992
Wu, C.-M.; Liou, S.-E., Volatile components of water-boiled duck meat and Cantonese style roasted duck, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1992, 40, 5, 838-841, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00017a026 . [all data]

Salter L.J., Mottram D.S., et al., 1988
Salter L.J.; Mottram D.S.; Whitfield, Volatile compounds produces in Maillard reactions involving glycine, ribose and phospholid, J. Sci. Food Agric., 1988, 46, 2, 227-242, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740460211 . [all data]

Wu and Liou, 1986
Wu, C.-M.; Liou, S.-E., Effect of tissue disruption of volatile constituents of bell peppers, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1986, 34, 4, 770-772, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00070a044 . [all data]

Bianchi, Careri, et al., 2007
Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 2007, 39, 4, 563-572, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200600393 . [all data]

Romeo, Ziino, et al., 2007
Romeo, V.; Ziino, M.; Giuffrrida, D.; Condurso, C.; Verzera, A., Flavour profile of capers (Capparis spinosa L.) from the Eolian Archipelago by HS-SPME/GC?MS, Food Chem., 2007, 101, 3, 1272-1278, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.12.029 . [all data]

Hallier, Prost, et al., 2005
Hallier, A.; Prost, C.; Serot, T., Influence in rearing conditions on the volatile compounds of cooked fillets of Silurus glanis (European catfish), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 18, 7204-7211, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf050559o . [all data]

Verzera, Ziino, et al., 2004
Verzera, A.; Ziino, M.; Condurso, C.; Romeo, V.; Zappala, M., Solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for rapid characterisation of semi-hard cheeses, Anal. Bioanal. Chem., 2004, 380, 7-8, 930-936, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00216-004-2879-4 . [all data]

Sérot, Regost, et al., 2002
Sérot, T.; Regost, C.; Arzel, J., Identification of odour-active compounds in muscle of brown trout (Salmo trutta) as affected by dietary lipid sources, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2002, 82, 6, 636-643, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1096 . [all data]

Sérot, Regost, et al., 2001
Sérot, T.; Regost, C.; Prost, C.; Robin, J.; Arzel, J., Effect of dietary lipid sources on odour-active compounds in muscle of turbot (Psetta maxima), J. Sci. Food Agric., 2001, 81, 14, 1339-1346, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.950 . [all data]

Iversen, Jakobsen, et al., 1998
Iversen, C.K.; Jakobsen, H.B.; Olsen, C.-E., Aroma changes during black currant (Ribes nigrum L.) nectar processing, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 3, 1132-1136, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf970513y . [all data]

Phungpanya, Thongpoon, et al., 2012
Phungpanya, C.; Thongpoon, C.; Pripdeevech, P.; Machan, T., Analysis of aroma volatiles from fresh leaves of Plectranthus amboinicus using solid phase microextraction (SPME) technique, Pure and Applied Chemistry International Conference 2012 (PACCON 2012), 2012, 16701672. [all data]

Piyachaiseth, Jirapakkul, et al., 2011
Piyachaiseth, T.; Jirapakkul, W.; Chaiseri, S., Aroma compounds of flash-fried rice, Kasetsart J. (Nat. Sci.), 2011, 45, 717-729. [all data]

Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 2010
Radulovic, N.; Blagojevic, P.; Palic, R., Comparative study of the leaf volatiles of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. and Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. (Ericaceae), Molecules, 2010, 15, 9, 6168-6185, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules15096168 . [all data]

Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 2010
Radulovic, N.S.; Dordevic, N.D.; Palic, R.M., Volatiles of Pleurospermum austriacum (L.) Hoffm. (Apiaceae), J. Serbian Chem. Soc., 2010, 75, 12, 1-11, https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC100323127R . [all data]

Chen, Song, et al., 2009
Chen, G.; Song, H.; Ma, C., Aroma-active aompounds of Beijing roast duck, Flavour Fragr. J., 2009, 24, 4, 186-191, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1932 . [all data]

Romeo, Verzera, et al., 2009
Romeo, V.; Verzera, A.; Ziino, M.; Condurao, C.; Tripodi, G., Headspace volatiles of Vicia sativa L. (Legumnodeae) by solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, J. Ess. Oil Res., 2009, 21, 1, 33-35, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2009.9700101 . [all data]

Watcharananun, Cadwallader, et al., 2009
Watcharananun, W.; Cadwallader, K.R.; Huangrak, K.; Kim, H.; Lorjaroenphon, Y., Identification of predominant odorants in Thai desserts flavored by smoking with Tian Op, a traditional Thai scented candle, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 3, 996-1005, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf802674c . [all data]

Zhao, Zeng, et al., 2009
Zhao, C.; Zeng, Y.; Wan, M.; Li, R.; Liang, Y.; Li, C.; Zeng, Z.; Chau, F.-T., Comparative analysis of essential oils from eight herbal medicines with pungent flavor and cool nature by GC-MS and chemometric resolution methods, J. Sep. Sci., 2009, 32, 4, 660-670, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200800484 . [all data]

Forero, Quijano, et al., 2008
Forero, M.D.; Quijano, C.E.; Pino, J.A., Volatile compounds of Chile pepper (Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum) at two ripening stages, Flavour Fragr. J., 2008, 24, 1, 25-30, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1913 . [all data]

Frerot, Velluz, et al., 2008
Frerot, E.; Velluz, A.; Bagnoud, A.; Delort, E., Analysis of the volatile constituents of cooked petai beans (Parkia speciosa) using high-resolution GC/TOF-MS, Flav. Fragr. J., 2008, 23, 6, 434-440, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1902 . [all data]

Mildner-Szkudlarz and Jelen, 2008
Mildner-Szkudlarz, S.; Jelen, H.H., The potential of different techniques for volatile compounds analysis coupled with PCA for the detection of the adulteration of olive oil with hazelnut oil, Food Chem., 2008, 110, 3, 751-761, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2008.02.053 . [all data]

Thakeow, Angeli, et al., 2008
Thakeow, P.; Angeli, S.; Weissbecker, B.; Schutz, S., Antennal and behavioral responses of Cis boleti to fungal odor of Trametes gibbosa, Chem. Senses, 2008, 33, 4, 379-387, https://doi.org/10.1093/chemse/bjn005 . [all data]

Ramirez R. and Cava R., 2007
Ramirez R.; Cava R., Volatile profiles of dry-cured meat products from three different Iberian x Duroc genotypes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 5, 1923-1931, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf062810l . [all data]

Kucuk, Gulec, et al., 2006
Kucuk, M.; Gulec, C.; Yasar, A.; Ucuncu, O.; Yayh, N.; Coskuncelebi, K.; Terzioglu, S.; Yayh, N., Chemical composition and antimicrobial activities of the essential oils of Teucrium chamaedrys subsp. chamaedrys, T. orientale var. puberulens, and T. chamaedrys subsp. lydium, Pharm. Biol., 2006, 44, 8, 592-599, https://doi.org/10.1080/13880200600896868 . [all data]

Pino, Marquez, et al., 2006
Pino, J.A.; Marquez, E.; Marbot, R., Volatile constituents from tea of roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.), Rev. CENIC Ciencias Quimicas, 2006, 37, 3, 127-129. [all data]

Bendimerad and Bendiab, 2005
Bendimerad, N.; Bendiab, S.A.T., Composition and antibacterial activity of Pseudocytisus integrifolius (Salisb.) essential oil from Algeria, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 8, 2947-2952, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf047937u . [all data]

Holland, Larkov, et al., 2005
Holland, D.; Larkov, O.; Bar-Ya'akov, I.; Bar, E.; Zax, A.; Brandeis, E.; Ravid, U.; Lewinsohn, E., Developmental and varietal differences in volatile ester formation and acetyl-CoA: alcohol acetyl transferase activities in apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 18, 7198-7203, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf050519k . [all data]

Krist, Stuebiger, et al., 2005
Krist, S.; Stuebiger, G.; Unterweger, H.; Bandion, F.; Buchbauer, G., Analysis of volatile compounds and triglycerides of seed oils extracted from different poppy varieties (Papaver somniferum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 21, 8310-8316, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0580869 . [all data]

van Loon, Linssen, et al., 2005
van Loon, W.A.M.; Linssen, J.P.H.; Legger, A.; Posthumus, M.A.; Voragen, A.G.J., Identification and olfactometry of French fries flavour extracted at mouth conditions, Food Chem., 2005, 90, 3, 417-425, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.05.005 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2005
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Rosado, A.; Vázquez, C., Volatile constituents of genipap (Genipa americana L.) fruit from Cuba, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 6, 583-586, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1491 . [all data]

Ramírez, Estévez, et al., 2004
Ramírez, M.R.; Estévez, M.; Morcuende, D.; Cava, R., Effect of the type of frying culinary fat on volatile compounds isolated in fried pork loin chops by using SPME-GC-MS, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52, 25, 7637-7643, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf049207s . [all data]

Dhanda, Pegg, et al., 2003
Dhanda, J.S.; Pegg, R.B.; Shand, P.J., Saskatchewan specialty livestock value-added program - Saskatchewan agri-food innovation fund (AFIF) Project #98000016, 2003, retrieved from http://www.agr.gov.sk.ca/afif/Projects/19980016.pdf. [all data]

Mildner-Szkudlarz, Jelen, et al., 2003
Mildner-Szkudlarz, S.; Jelen, H.H.; Zawirska-Wojtasiak, R.; Wasowicz, E., Application of headspace - solid phase microextraction and multivariate analysis for plant oils differentiation, Food Chem., 2003, 83, 4, 515-522, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(03)00147-X . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2003
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Fuentes, V., Characterization of volatiles in Bullock's heart (Annona reticulata L.) fruit cultivars from Cuba, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 13, 3836-3839, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf020733y . [all data]

Sebastian, Viallon-Fernandez, et al., 2003
Sebastian, I.; Viallon-Fernandez, C.; Berge, P.; Berdague, J.-L., Analysis of the volatile fraction of lamb fat tissue: influence of the type of feeding, Sciences des Aliments, 2003, 23, 4, 497-511, https://doi.org/10.3166/sda.23.497-511 . [all data]

Vichi, Castellote, et al., 2003
Vichi, S.; Castellote, A.I.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; López-Tamames, E., Analysis of virgin olive oil volatile compounds by headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography with mass spectrometric and flame ionization detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 2003, 983, 1-2, 19-33, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)01691-6 . [all data]

Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2003
Vichi, S.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; López-Tamames, E., Solid-phase microextraction in the analysis of virgin olive oil volatile fraction: modifications induced by oxidation and suitable markers of oxidative status, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 22, 6564-6571, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf030268k . [all data]

Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2003, 2
Vichi, S.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; López-Tamames, E., Solid-phase microextraction in the analysis of virgin olive oil volatile fraction: characterization of virgin olive oils from two distinct geographical areas of Northern Italy, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 22, 6572-6577, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf030269c . [all data]

Flamini, Ertugrul, et al., 2002
Flamini, G.; Ertugrul, K.; Cioni, P.L.; Morelli, I.; Dural, H.; Bagci, Y., Volatile constituents of two endemic Centaurea species from Turkey: C. pseudoscabiosa subsp. pseudoscabiosa and C. hadimensis, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2002, 30, 10, 953-959, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(02)00043-1 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2002
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vazquez, C., Characterization of volatiles in Loquat fruit (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.), Revista CENIC Ciencias Quimicas, 2002, 33, 3, 115-119. [all data]

Fons, Rapior, et al., 1998
Fons, F.; Rapior, S.; Gargadennec, A.; Andary, C.; Bessiere, J.-M., Volatile components of Plantago lanceolata (Plantaginaceae), Acta bot. Gallica, 1998, 145, 4, 265-269, https://doi.org/10.1080/12538078.1998.10516306 . [all data]

Buttery and Ling, 1995
Buttery, R.G.; Ling, L.C., Volatile flavor components of corn tortillas and related products, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 7, 1878-1882, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00055a023 . [all data]

Gomez and Ledbetter, 1994
Gomez, E.; Ledbetter, C.A., Comparative study of the aromatic profiles of two different plum species: Prunus salicina Lindl and Prunus simonii L., J. Sci. Food Agric., 1994, 65, 1, 111-115, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740650116 . [all data]

Lee, Macku, et al., 1991
Lee, S.-R.; Macku, C.; Shibamoto, T., Isolation and identification of headspace volatiles formed in heated butter, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 11, 1972-1975, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00011a017 . [all data]

Macku and Shibamoto, 1991
Macku, C.; Shibamoto, T., Headspace volatile compounds formed from heated corn oil and corn oil with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 7, 1265-1269, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00007a014 . [all data]

Binder, Benson, et al., 1990
Binder, R.G.; Benson, M.E.; Flath, R.A., Volatile Components of Safflower, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 5, 1245-1248, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00095a020 . [all data]

Binder, Turner, et al., 1990
Binder, R.G.; Turner, C.E.; Flath, R.A., Volatile components of purple starthistle, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 4, 1053-1055, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00094a030 . [all data]

Binder, Turner, et al., 1990, 2
Binder, R.G.; Turner, C.E.; Flath, R.A., Comparison of yellow starthistle volatiles from different plant parts, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 3, 764-767, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00093a038 . [all data]

Buttery, Takeoka, et al., 1990
Buttery, R.G.; Takeoka, G.; Teranishi, R.; Ling, L.C., Tomato aroma components: identification of glycoside hydrolysis volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 11, 2050-2053, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00101a010 . [all data]

Buttery, Teranishi, et al., 1990
Buttery, R.G.; Teranishi, R.; Ling, L.C.; Turnbaugh, J.G., Quantitative and sensory studies on tomato paste volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 1, 336-340, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00091a074 . [all data]

Yang and Sugisawa, 1990
Yang, R.; Sugisawa, H., Citrus Suachi Hort. ex Shirai. Volatile components in Sudachi (Citrus Sudachi Hort. ex Shirai) juice, Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gakkaishi, 1990, 37, 12, 946-952, https://doi.org/10.3136/nskkk1962.37.12_946 . [all data]

Binder and Flath, 1989
Binder, R.G.; Flath, R.A., Volatile components of pineapple guava, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 3, 734-736, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00087a034 . [all data]

Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981
Heydanek, M.G.; McGorrin, R.J., Gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy identification of volatiles from rancid oat groats, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 5, 1093-1095, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00107a051 . [all data]

Miyazaki, Plotto, et al., 2011
Miyazaki, T.; Plotto, A.; Goodner, K.; Gmitter F.G., Distribution of aroma volatile compounds in tangerine hybrids and proposed inheritance, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2011, 91, 3, 449-460, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.4205 . [all data]

Costa, De Fina, et al., 2008
Costa, R.; De Fina, M.R.; Valentino, M.R.; Rustaiyan, A.; Dugo, P.; Dugo, G.; Mondello, L., An investigation on the volatile composition of some Artemisia species from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2008, 24, 2, 75-82, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1919 . [all data]

Ventanas, Estevez, et al., 2008
Ventanas, S.; Estevez, M.; Andres, A.I.; Ruiz, J., Analysis of volatile compounds of Iberian dry-cured loins with different intramuscular fat contents using SPME-DED, Meat Sci., 2008, 79, 1, 172-180, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2007.08.011 . [all data]

Watanabe, Ueda, et al., 2008
Watanabe, A.; Ueda, Y.; Higuchi, M.; Shiba, N., Analysis of volatile compounds in beef fat by dinamic-headspace solid phase microextraction combined with gas chromatography - mass spectrometry, J. Food Sci., 2008, 73, 5, 420-425, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2008.00764.x . [all data]

Xie, Sun, et al., 2008
Xie, J.; Sun, B.; Zheng, F.; Wang, S., Volatile flavor constituents in roasted pork of mini-pig, Food Chem., 2008, 109, 3, 506-514, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.12.074 . [all data]

Barra, Baldovini, et al., 2007
Barra, A.; Baldovini, N.; Loiseau, A.-M.; Albino, L.; Lesecq, C.; Cuvelier, L.L., Chemical analysis of French beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) by headspace solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and simultaneous distillation/extraction (SDE), Food Chem., 2007, 101, 3, 1279-1284, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.12.027 . [all data]

Carrapiso and Garsia, 2007
Carrapiso, A.I.; Garsia, C., Effect of sampling conditions on the odour-active compounds of iberian ham, Cienc. Technol. Aliment., 2007, 5, 4, 287-290, https://doi.org/10.1080/11358120709487703 . [all data]

Moriarity, Bansal, et al., 2007
Moriarity, D.M.; Bansal, A.; Cole, R.A.; Takaku, S.; Haber, W.A.; Setzer, W.N., Selective cytotoxic activities of leaf essential oils from Monteverde Costa Rica, Natural Product Communications, 2007, 2, 12, 1263-1268. [all data]

Beaulieu J.C. and Lea J.M., 2006
Beaulieu J.C.; Lea J.M., Characterization and semiquantitative analysis of volatiles in seedless watermelon varieties using solid-phase microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 20, 7789-7793, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf060663l . [all data]

Garcia-Estaban, Ansorena, et al., 2004
Garcia-Estaban, M.; Ansorena, D.; Astiasaran, I.; Martin, D.; Ruiz, J., Comparison of simultaneous distillation extraction (SDE) and solid-phase microextraction (SPME) for the analysis of volatile compounds in dry-cured ham, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2004, 84, 11, 1364-1370, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.1826 . [all data]

Matsui, Guth, et al., 1998
Matsui, T.; Guth, H.; Grosch, W., A comparative study of potent odorants in peanut, hazelnut, and pumpkin seed oils on the basis of aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA) and gas chromatography-olfactometry of headspace samples (GCOH), Lipid - Fett, 1998, 100, 2, 51-56, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1521-4133(199802)100:2<51::AID-LIPI51>3.0.CO;2-W . [all data]

Miyazawa, Fujita, et al., 2010
Miyazawa, N.; Fujita, A.; Kubota, K., Aroma character impact compounds in Kinokuni Mandarin Orange (Citrus kinikuni) compared with Satsuma Mandarin Orange, Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem., 2010, 74, 4, 835-842, https://doi.org/10.1271/bbb.90937 . [all data]

Mo, Fan, et al., 2009
Mo, X.; Fan, W.; Xu, Y., Changes in volatile compounds of Chinese rice wine wheat qu during fermentation and storage, J. of the Institute of Brewing, 2009, 115, 4, 300-307, https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2050-0416.2009.tb00385.x . [all data]

Guzman-Geronimo, Lopez, et al., 2008
Guzman-Geronimo, R.; Lopez, M.G.; Dorantes-Alvarez, L., Microwave processing of avocado: volatile flavor profiling and olfactometry, Innvative Food Sci. Eng. Technol., 2008, 9, 501-506. [all data]

Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 2007
Cros, S.; Vandanjon, L.; Jaouen, P.; Bourseau, P., Processing of Industrial Mussel Cooking Juices by Reverse Osmotis: Pollution Abatement and Aromas Recovery, 2007, retrieved from title of Internet file: [imstec064]. [all data]

Rochat and Chaintreau, 2005
Rochat, S.; Chaintreau, A., Carbonyl Odorants Contributing to the In-Oven Roast Beef Top Note, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 24, 9578-9585, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf058089l . [all data]

Wu, Krings, et al., 2005
Wu, S.; Krings, U.; Zorn, H.; Berger, R.G., Volatile compounds from the fruiting bodies of beefsteak fungus Fistulina hepatica (Schaeffer: Fr.) Fr., Food Chem., 2005, 92, 2, 221-226, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.07.013 . [all data]

López, Ezpeleta, et al., 2004
López, R.; Ezpeleta, E.; Sánchez, I.; Cacho, J.; Ferreira, V., Analysis of the aroma intensities of volatile compounds released from mild acid hydrolysates of odourless precursors extracted from Tempranillo and Grenache grapes using gas chromatography-olfactometry, Food Chem., 2004, 88, 1, 95-103, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.01.025 . [all data]

López, Guzmán, et al., 2004
López, M.G.; Guzmán, G.R.; Dorantes, A.L., Solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of volatile compounds from avocado puree after microwave processing, J. Chromatogr. A, 2004, 1036, 1, 87-90, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2004.03.020 . [all data]

Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 2003, 2
Cros, S.; Vandanjon, L.; Jaouen, P.; Bourseau, P., IMSTEC'03 Conference Proceedings, Processing of industrial mussel cooking juices by reverse osmosis: pollution abatement and aromas recovery, Universoty of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, 2003, 6. [all data]

Chyau and Mau, 2001
Chyau, C.-C.; Mau, J.-L., Effects of various oils on volatile compounds of deep-fried shallot flavouring, Food Chem., 2001, 74, 1, 41-46, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(00)00336-8 . [all data]

Weckerle, Bastl-Borrmann, et al., 2001
Weckerle, B.; Bastl-Borrmann, R.; Richling, E.; Hör, K.; Ruff, C.; Schreier, P., Cactus pear (Opuntia ficus indica) flavour constituents - chiral evaluation (MDGC-MS) and isotope ratio (HRGC-IRMS) analysis, Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 5, 360-363, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1012 . [all data]

Umano, Hagi, et al., 2000
Umano, K.; Hagi, Y.; Nakahara, K.; Shoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile chemicals identified in extracts from leaves of Japanese mugwort (Artemisia princeps Pamp.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 8, 3463-3469, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0001738 . [all data]

Horiuchi, Umano, et al., 1998
Horiuchi, M.; Umano, K.; Shibamoto, T., Analysis of volatile compounds formed from fish oil heated with cysteine and trimethylamine oxide, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 12, 5232-5237, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf980482m . [all data]

Petersen, Poll, et al., 1998
Petersen, M.A.; Poll, L.; Larsen, L.M., Comparison of volatiles in raw and boiled potatoes using a mild extraction technique combined with GC odour profiling and GC-MS, Food Chem., 1998, 61, 4, 461-466, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(97)00119-2 . [all data]

Shuichi, Masazumi, et al., 1996
Shuichi, H.; Masazumi, N.; Hiromu, K.; Kiyoshi, F., Comparison of volatile compounds berween the crude drugs, Onji-tsutsu and Onji-niki, Nippon nogei kagaku kaishi, 1996, 70, 2, 151-160. [all data]

Kobayashi, Tsuda, et al., 1995
Kobayashi, A.; Tsuda, Y.; Hirata, N.; Kubota, K.; Kitamura, K., Aroma constituents of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merril] milk lacking lipoxygenase isozymes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 9, 2449-2452, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00057a025 . [all data]

Hsieh, Williams, et al., 1989
Hsieh, T.C.Y.; Williams, S.S.; Vejaphan, W.; Meyers, S.P., Characterization of Volatile Components of Menhaden Fish (Brevoortia tyrannus) Oil, J. Amer. Oil Chem. Soc., 1989, 66, 1, 114-117, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02661797 . [all data]

Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1988
Mihara, S.; Tateba, H.; Nishimura, O.; Machii, Y.; Kishino, K., The volatile components of Chinese quince (Pseudocydonia sinensis Schneid) in Flavors and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Essential Oils, Fragrances and Flavors, Lawrence,B.M.; Mookherjee,B.D.; Willis,B.J., ed(s)., Elsevier, New York, 1988, 537-550. [all data]

Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1987
Mihara, S.; Tateba, H.; Nishimura, O.; Machii, Y.; Kishino, K., Volatile components of Chinese quince (Pseudocydonia sinensis Schneid), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1987, 35, 4, 532-537, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00076a023 . [all data]

Wu, Liou, et al., 1987
Wu, C.-M.; Liou, S.-E.; Chang, Y.-H.; Chiang, W., Volatile compounds of the wax gourd (Benincasa hispida, Cogn) and a wax gourd beverage, J. Food Sci., 1987, 52, 1, 132-134, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1987.tb13988.x . [all data]

Schieberle and Grosch, 1983
Schieberle, P.; Grosch, W., Identifizierung von Aromastoffen aus der Kruste von Roggenbrot, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 1983, 177, 3, 173-180, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01146791 . [all data]

Buttery, Parker, et al., 1981
Buttery, R.G.; Parker, F.D.; Teranishi, R.; Mon, T.R.; Ling, L.C., Volatile components of alfalfa leaf-cutter bee cells, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 5, 955-958, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00107a017 . [all data]

Buttery, Ling, et al., 1980
Buttery, R.G.; Ling, L.C.; Teranishi, R., Volatile of corn tassels: possible corn ear worm attractants, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1980, 28, 4, 771-774, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf60230a020 . [all data]

Prompona, Kandylis, et al., 2012
Prompona, K.-D.; Kandylis, P.; Tsakiris, A.; Kanellaki, M.; Kourkoutas, Y., Application of alternative technologies for elimination of artificial colorings in alcoholic beverages produced by Citrus medica and potential impact on human health, Food Nutrition Sci., 2012, 3, 07, 959-969, https://doi.org/10.4236/fns.2012.37127 . [all data]

Vichi, Guadayol, et al., 2007
Vichi, S.; Guadayol, J.M.; Caixach, J.; López-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Analytical, Nutritional, and Clinical Methods. Comparative study of different extraction techniques for the analysis of virgin olive oil aroma, Food Chem., 2007, 105, 3, 1171-1178, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2007.02.018 . [all data]

Baser, Özek, et al., 2006
Baser, K.H.C.; Özek, G.; Özek, T.; Duran, A.; Duman, H., Composition of the essential oils of Rhabdosciadium oligocarpum (Post ex Boiss.) Hedge et Lamond and Rhabdosciadium microcalycinum Hand.-Mazz., Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 4, 650-655, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1639 . [all data]

Tabanca, Demirci, et al., 2006
Tabanca, N.; Demirci, B.; Ozek, T.; Kirimer, N.; Can Baser, K.H.; Bedir, E.; Khan, I.A.; Wedge, D.E., Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis of essential oils from Pimpinella species gathered from Central and Northern Turkey, J. Chromatogr. A, 2006, 1117, 2, 194-205, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2006.03.075 . [all data]

Altintas, Kose, et al., 2004
Altintas, A.; Kose, Y.B.; Yucel, E.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C., Composition of the essential oil of Centaurea dichroa, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 2004, 40, 6, 604-605, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10600-005-0051-9 . [all data]

Demirci, Baser, et al., 2003
Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C.; Yildiz, B.; Bahcecioglu, Z., Composition of the essential oils of six endemic Salvia spp. from Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 2, 116-121, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1173 . [all data]

Kaya, Demirci, et al., 2003
Kaya, A.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C., The essential oil of Seseli tortuosum L. growing in Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 2, 159-161, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1162 . [all data]

Tasdemir, Demirci, et al., 2003
Tasdemir, D.; Demirci, B.; Demirci, F.; Dönmez, A.A.; Baser, K.H.C.; Rüedi, P., Analysis of the Volatile Components of Five Turkish Rhododendron Species by Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction and GC-MS (HS-SPME-GC-MS), Z. Naturforsch., 2003, 58c, 797-803. [all data]

Baser, Özek, et al., 2000
Baser, K.H.C.; Özek, T.; Demirci, B.; Duman, H., Composition of the essential oil of Glaucosciadium cordifolium (Boiss.) Burtt et Davis from Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 1, 45-46, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(200001/02)15:1<45::AID-FFJ867>3.0.CO;2-L . [all data]

Baser, Özek, et al., 2000, 2
Baser, K.H.C.; Özek, T.; Demirci, B.; Duman, H., Composition of the essential oil of Prangos heyniae H. Duman et M. F. Watson, a new endemic from Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 1, 47-49, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(200001/02)15:1<47::AID-FFJ869>3.0.CO;2-9 . [all data]

Jakobsen, Hansen, et al., 1998
Jakobsen, H.B.; Hansen, M.; Christensen, M.R.; Brockhoff, P.B.; Olsen, C.E., Aroma volatiles of blanched green peas (Pisum sativum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 9, 3727-3734, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf980026y . [all data]

Castioni and Kapetanidis, 1996
Castioni, P.; Kapetanidis, I., Volatile constituents from Brunfelsia grandiflora ssp. grandiflora: qualitative analysis by GC-MS, Scientia Pharmaceutica, 1996, 64, 83-91. [all data]

Luning, Carey, et al., 1995
Luning, P.A.; Carey, A.T.; Roozen, J.P.; Wichers, H.J., Characterization and occurrence of lipoxygenase in bell peppers at different ripening stages in relation to the formation of volatile flavor compounds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1995, 43, 6, 1493-1500, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00054a015 . [all data]

Patterson and Stevenson, 1995
Patterson, R.L.S.; Stevenson, M.H., Irradiation-induced off-odor in chicken and its possible control, British Poultry Science, 1995, 36, 3, 425-441, https://doi.org/10.1080/00071669508417789 . [all data]

Blank, Stampfli, et al., 1994
Blank, I.; Stampfli, A.; Eisenreich, W., Analysis of food flavourings by gas chromatography - olfactometry in Trends of Flavour Research, Maarse, H.; van der Heij, D.G., ed(s)., 1994, 271-276. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Phase change data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References