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2H-Pyran, 3,6-dihydro-4-methyl-2-(2-methyl-1-propenyl)-


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin TNO Volatile Compounds in Food - Chemical Concepts
NIST MS number 249635

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryRTX-11137.Paolini J., Costa J., et al., 200760. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryRTX-11137.Paolini, Muselli, et al., 200760. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryEquity-51172.Rocha, Coelho, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 260. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-5MS1151.Saroglou, Dorizas, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-51147.Mahattanatawee, Goodner, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-51146.Mahattanatawee, Goodner, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-51149.Mahattanatawee, Goodner, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryRTX-11137.Paolini, Costa, et al., 200560. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-51164.Javidnia, Miri, et al., 2004He, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryBP-11138.Bianchini, Tomi, et al., 200350. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryBP-11138.Bianchini, Tomi, et al., 200350. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-51153.Javidnia, Miri, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryBP-11138.Bianchini, Tomi, et al., 200150. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1142.Weyerstahl, Marschall, et al., 1999He, 5. K/min; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 260. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1155.2Andriamaharavo, 201430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1 min) => 5 C/min => 210C => 10 C/min => 280C (15 min)
CapillarySE-521155.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.40 «mu»m, He; Program: 45 C (6 min) 3 C/min -> 111 0C 2 C/min -> 160 C 3 C/min -> 300 C (15 min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryRTX-Wax1469.Paolini J., Costa J., et al., 200760. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryRTX-Wax1469.Paolini, Muselli, et al., 200760. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryRTX-Wax1469.Paolini, Costa, et al., 200560. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101460.Riu-Aumatell, Lopez-Tamames, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryBP-201466.Bianchini, Tomi, et al., 200350. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryBP-201466.Bianchini, Tomi, et al., 200350. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1500.Claudela, Dirningera, et al., 200260. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2.7 K/min, 235. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 67. C
CapillaryBP-201466.Bianchini, Tomi, et al., 200150. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 35. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1468.5Pet'ka, Mocák, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 35. C @ 0.5 min, 4. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1465.Wirth, Guo, et al., 200130. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 245. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1471.Bureau, Razungles, et al., 200030. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 60. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 245. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1450.Jensen, Christensen, et al., 200050. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 1.3 min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1463.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.425 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1450.Kaack, Christensen, et al., 200550. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 33C(1.5min) => 1.5C/min => 60C(4min) => 2C/min => 100C => 8C/min => 220C(15min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-11140.Hu, Liang, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 2. min
CapillarySPB-51163.Kilic, Kollmannsberger, et al., 2005He, 5. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Tstart: 100. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11144.Perez-Alonso, Velasco-Negueruela, et al., 200350. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 95. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-11140.Shafiee, Javidnia, et al., 1999He, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 60. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1151.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1159.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51148.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 7 oC/min -> 160 0C 9 0C/min -> 200 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-51144.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-11127.Kamatou, Viljoen, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 175 0C 15 0C/min -> 300 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-11161.Merle, Verdeguer, et al., 200730. m/0.2 mm/0.33 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(5min) => 3C/min => 180C => 20C/min => 280C(10min)
CapillaryOV-11141.Suschke, Sporer, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 6 0C/min -> 130 0C 10 0C/min -> 300 0C
CapillaryHP-51147.Riu-Aumatell, Lopez-Tamames, et al., 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-11127.Miguel, Simões, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C => 3C/min => 175C => 15C/min => 300C (10min)
CapillarySE-301136.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301143.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-11127.Figueiredo, Miguel, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 45 0C 3 K/min -> 175 0C 15 K/min -> 300 0C (10 min)
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1140.Weyerstahl, Marschall, et al., 1998He; Column length: 25. m; Phase thickness: 0.39 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes1143.Zenkevich, 1997Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1468.Zhao, Xu, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1464.Cai, Lin, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax Etr1473.Ibarz, Ferreira, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 100. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1467.Umano, Nakahara, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1458.Engel and Tressl, 19832. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 180. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1478.Loscos, Hernandez-Orte, et al., 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 10 0C/min -> 90 0C 2 0C/min -> 230 0C (37 min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 52 CB1450.Kaack and Christensen, 200850. m/0.25 mm/0.29 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 33 0C (1 min) 2 0C/min -> 130 0C 10 0C/min -> 220 0C
CapillaryInnowax FSC1487.Baser K.H.C., Ozek G., et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1487.Suleimenov Y.M., Atazhanova G.A., et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1480.Suleimenov Y.M., Atazhanova G.A., et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1458.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1459.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-Innowax1480.Baser, Demirci, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60 0C (10 min) 10 K/min -> 220 0C (10 min) 1K/min -> 240 0C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1480.Kaya, Demirci, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryInnowax FSC1480.Saglam, Gozler, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1480.Kamariah, Lim, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C(20min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1481.Weyerstahl, Marschall, et al., 1998N2; Column length: 60. m; Phase thickness: 0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryCP-Wax 52 CB1489.Carro Marino, López Tamames, et al., 1995H2; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 60 0C 2 0C/min -> 220 0C 3 0C/min -> 245 0C

References

Go To: Top, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Paolini J., Costa J., et al., 2007
Paolini J.; Costa J.; Bernardini A.F., Analysis of the essential oil from the roots of Eupatorium cannabinum subsp corsicum (L.) by GC, GC-MS and C-13-NMR, Phytochem. Anal., 2007, 18, 3, 235-244, https://doi.org/10.1002/pca.977 . [all data]

Paolini, Muselli, et al., 2007
Paolini, J.; Muselli, A.; Bernardini, A.-F.; Bighelli, A.; Casanova, J.; Costa, J., Thymol derivatives from essential oil of Doronicum corsicum L., Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 6, 479-487, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1824 . [all data]

Rocha, Coelho, et al., 2007
Rocha, S.M.; Coelho, E.; Zrostlikova, J.; Delgadillo, I.; Coimbra b, M.A., Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography with time-of-flight mass spectrometry of monoterpenoids as a powerful tool for grape origin traceability, J. Chromatogr. A, 2007, 1161, 1-2, 292-299, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2007.05.093 . [all data]

Saroglou, Dorizas, et al., 2006
Saroglou, V.; Dorizas, N.; Kypriotakis, Z.; Skaltsa, H.D., Analysis of the essential oil composition of eight Anthemis species from Greece, J. Chromatogr. A, 2006, 1104, 1-2, 313-322, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.11.087 . [all data]

Mahattanatawee, Goodner, et al., 2005
Mahattanatawee, K.; Goodner, K.L.; Baldwin, E.A., Volatile constituents and character impact compounds of selected Florida's tropical fruit, Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc., 2005, 118, 414-418. [all data]

Paolini, Costa, et al., 2005
Paolini, J.; Costa, J.; Bernardini, A., Analysis of the essential oil from aerial parts of Eupatorium cannabinum subsp. corsicum (L.) by gas chromatography with electron impact and chemical ionization mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 2005, 1076, 1-2, 170-178, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2005.03.131 . [all data]

Javidnia, Miri, et al., 2004
Javidnia, K.; Miri, R.; Kamalinejad, M.; Sarkarzadeh, H.; Jamalian, A., Chemical composition of the essential oils of Anthemis altissima L. grown in Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 3, 213-216, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1277 . [all data]

Bianchini, Tomi, et al., 2003
Bianchini, A.; Tomi, P.; Bernardini, A.F.; Morelli, I.; Flamini, G.; Cioni, P.L.; Usai, M.; Marchetti, M., A comparative study of volatile constituents of two Helichrysum italicum (Roth) Guss. Don Fil subspecies growing in Corsica (France), Tuscany and Sardinia (Italy), Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 6, 487-491, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1231 . [all data]

Javidnia, Miri, et al., 2002
Javidnia, K.; Miri, R.; Kamalinejad, M.; Nasiri, A., Composition of the essential oil of Salvia mirzayanii Rech. f. Esfand from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 6, 465-467, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1128 . [all data]

Bianchini, Tomi, et al., 2001
Bianchini, A.; Tomi, P.; Costa, J.; Bernardini, A.F., Composition of Helichrysum italicum (Roth) G. Don fil. subsp. italicum essential oils from Corsica (France), Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 1, 30-34, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200101/02)16:1<30::AID-FFJ941>3.0.CO;2-F . [all data]

Weyerstahl, Marschall, et al., 1999
Weyerstahl, P.; Marschall, H.; Wahlburg, H.-C.; Christiansen, C.; Rustaiyan, A.; Mirdjalili, F., Constituents of the essential oil of Pulicaria gnaphalodes (Vent.) Boiss. from Iran, Flavour Fragr. J., 1999, 14, 2, 121-130, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199903/04)14:2<121::AID-FFJ790>3.0.CO;2-K . [all data]

Andriamaharavo, 2014
Andriamaharavo, N.R., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2014. [all data]

Mondello, Dugo, et al., 1995
Mondello, L.; Dugo, P.; Basile, A.; Dugo, G., Interactive use of linear retention indices, on polar and apolar columns, with a MS-library for reliable identification of complex mixtures, J. Microcolumn Sep., 1995, 7, 6, 581-591, https://doi.org/10.1002/mcs.1220070605 . [all data]

Riu-Aumatell, Lopez-Tamames, et al., 2005
Riu-Aumatell, M.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Assessment of the Volatile Composition of Juices of Apricot, Peach, and Pear According to Two Pectolytic Treatments, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 20, 7837-7843, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf051397z . [all data]

Claudela, Dirningera, et al., 2002
Claudela, P.; Dirningera, N.; Etievant, P., Effects of water on gas chromatographic column efficiency measurements applied to on-column injections of volatile aroma compounds, J. Sep. Sci., 2002, 25, 5-6, 365-370, https://doi.org/10.1002/1615-9314(20020401)25:5/6<365::AID-JSSC365>3.0.CO;2-Y . [all data]

Pet'ka, Mocák, et al., 2001
Pet'ka, J.; Mocák, J.; Farkas, P.; Balla, B.; Kovác, M., Classification of Slovak varietal white wines by volatile compounds, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2001, 81, 15, 1533-1539, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.979 . [all data]

Wirth, Guo, et al., 2001
Wirth, J.; Guo, W.; Baumes, R.; Günata, Z., Volatile compounds released by enzymatic hydrolysis of glycoconjugates of leaves and grape berries from Vitis vinifera muscat of Alexandria and Shiraz cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 6, 2917-2923, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf001398l . [all data]

Bureau, Razungles, et al., 2000
Bureau, S.M.; Razungles, A.R.; Baumes, R.L., The aroma of Muscat of Frontignan grapes: effect of the light environment of vine or bunch on volatiles and glycoconjugates, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2000, 80, 14, 2012-2020, https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-0010(200011)80:14<2012::AID-JSFA738>3.0.CO;2-X . [all data]

Jensen, Christensen, et al., 2000
Jensen, K.; Christensen, L.P.; Hansen, M.; Jørgensen, U.; Kaack, K., Olfactory and quantitative analysis of volatiles in elderberry (Sambucus nigra L) juice processed from seven cultivars, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2000, 81, 2, 237-244, https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-0010(20010115)81:2<237::AID-JSFA809>3.0.CO;2-H . [all data]

Kaack, Christensen, et al., 2005
Kaack, K.; Christensen, L.P.; Hughes, M.; Eder, R., The relationship between sensory quality and volatile compounds in raw juice processed from elderberries ( Sambucus nigra L.), Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2005, 221, 3-4, 244-254, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-005-1141-4 . [all data]

Hu, Liang, et al., 2010
Hu, C.-D.; Liang, Y.-Z.; Guo, F.-Q.; Li, X.-R.; Wang, W.-P., Determination of essential oil composition from Osmanthus fragrans tea by GC-MS combined with a chemometric resolution method, Molecules, 2010, 15, 5, 3683-3693, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules15053683 . [all data]

Kilic, Kollmannsberger, et al., 2005
Kilic, A.; Kollmannsberger, H.; Nitz, S., Glycosidically bound volatiles and flavor precursors in Laurus nobilis L., J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 6, 2231-2235, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf040373+ . [all data]

Perez-Alonso, Velasco-Negueruela, et al., 2003
Perez-Alonso, M.J.; Velasco-Negueruela, A.; Palá-Paúl, J.; Sanz, J., Variations in the essential oil composition of Artemisia pedemontana gathered in Spain: chemotype camphor-1,8-cineole and chemotype davanone, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2003, 31, 1, 77-84, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(02)00082-0 . [all data]

Shafiee, Javidnia, et al., 1999
Shafiee, A.; Javidnia, K.; Tabatabai, M., Volatile constituents and antimicrobial activity of zataria multiflora, population Iran, Iran J. Chem. Chem. Eng., 1999, 18, 1, 1-5. [all data]

Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012
Robinson, A.L.; Adams, D.O.; Boss, P.K.; Heymann, H.; Solomon, P.S.; Trengove, R.D., Influence of geographic origine on the sensory characteristics and wine composition of Vitus viniferas cv. Cabernet Sauvignon wines from Australia (Supplemental data), Am. J. Enol. Vitic., 2012, 64, 4, 467-476, https://doi.org/10.5344/ajev.2012.12023 . [all data]

Zhao, Li, et al., 2008
Zhao, Y.; Li, J.; Xu, Y.; Duan, H.; Fan, W.; Zhao, G., EXtraction, preparation and identification of volatile compounds in Changyu XO brandy, Chinese J. Chromatogr., 2008, 26, 2, 212-222, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1872-2059(08)60014-0 . [all data]

Kamatou, Viljoen, et al., 2007
Kamatou, G.P.P.; Viljoen, A.M.; Figueiredo, A.C.; Tilney, P.M.; Van Zyl, R.L.; Barroso, J.G.; Pedro, L.G.; Van Vuuren, S.F., Trichomes, essential oil composition and biological activities of Salvia albanicus Benth. and S. dolomitica Codd, two species from the Cape region of Soith Africa, South African J. Botany, 2007, 73, 1, 102-108, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2006.08.001 . [all data]

Merle, Verdeguer, et al., 2007
Merle, H.; Verdeguer, M.; Blázquez, M.A.; Boira, H., Chemical composition of the essential oils from Eriocephalus africanus L. var. africanus populations growing in Spain, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 6, 461-464, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1821 . [all data]

Suschke, Sporer, et al., 2007
Suschke, U.; Sporer, F.; Schneele, J.; Geiss, H.K.; Reichling, J., Antibacterial and Cytotoxic activity of Nepeta cataria L., Nepeta cataria var. citriodora (Beck.) Balb. and Melissa officinalis L. essential oils, Natural Product Communications, 2007, 2, 12, 1277-1286. [all data]

Miguel, Simões, et al., 2004
Miguel, G.; Simões, M.; Figueiredo, A.C.; Barroso, J.G.; Pedro, L.G.; Carvalho, L., Composition and antioxidant activities of the essential oils of Thymus caespititius, Thymus camphoratus and Thymus mastichina, Food Chem., 2004, 86, 2, 183-188, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2003.08.031 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

Figueiredo, Miguel, et al., 2001
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Notes

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