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Nonanoic acid, methyl ester

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Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spec Data Center, S.E. Stein, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySPB-1100.1205.64Berezkin, Korolev, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillaryDB-1100.1205.74Berezkin, Korolev, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillaryZB-1100.1206.38Berezkin, Korolev, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillaryBP-1100.1206.28Berezkin, Korolev, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB240.1213.Hanai and Hong, 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-1240.1222.Hanai and Hong, 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m
CapillarySE-30100.1206.Haken and Korhonen, 1984N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
CapillarySE-30120.1202.Haken and Korhonen, 1984N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
CapillarySE-30140.1206.Haken and Korhonen, 1984N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
PackedOctacosane100.1209.Müller, Dietrich, et al., 1978N2, Chromosorb P AW DMCS; Column length: 2.4 m
PackedE-301170.1204.Shashkova, Znamenskaia, et al., 1969He, Celite 545 (0.20-0.50 mm); Column length: 2. m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-1011210.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011210.Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 19842. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1227.Alissandrakis E., Tarantilis P.A., et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 3C/min => 160C => 10C/min => 200C
PackedSE-301215.Ramsey, Lee, et al., 1980He, Chromosorb G HP (80-100 mesh); Column length: 1.5 m; Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax240.1490.Hanai and Hong, 198925. m/0.25 mm/0.22 «mu»m
CapillaryDB-Wax240.1536.Hanai and Hong, 198925. m/0.25 mm/0.22 «mu»m
CapillaryCarbowax 20M100.1481.Haken and Korhonen, 1984N2; Column length: 22. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M120.1514.Haken and Korhonen, 1984N2; Column length: 22. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M140.1476.Haken and Korhonen, 1984N2; Column length: 22. m; Column diameter: 0.3 mm
CapillaryCarbowax 20M120.1508.Moore and Brown, 1976N2
PackedPolyethylene Glycol170.1529.Shashkova, Znamenskaia, et al., 1969He, Celite 545 (0.20-0.50 mm); Column length: 2. m
CapillaryCarbowax100.1516.Schomburg, 1967Ar

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1487.Tressl, Friese, et al., 1978He, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 190. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1224.Elmore, Campo, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryOV-1011210.7Golovnya, Syomina, et al., 199750. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 8. K/min; Tstart: 140. C
CapillarySE-301210.7Grigor'eva, Golovnya, et al., 199725. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 8. K/min; Tstart: 140. C
CapillaryDB-11206.Johnson, Urso, et al., 199730. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min
PackedSE-301211.van den Dool and Kratz, 1963Celite; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 228. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5MS1228.5Tret'yakov, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: Multi-step temperature program; T(initial)=60C; T(final)=270C
CapillaryVF-5MS1229.4Tret'yakov, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: Multi-step temperature program; T(initial)=60C; T(final)=270C
CapillaryDB-11205.Eri, Khoo, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: -20C (5min) => 10C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 200C => 10C/min => 280C
CapillaryDB-11206.Peng, 200015. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 8C/min => 200(1min) => 5C/min => 300C(25min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryLM-1201515.Pinto, Guedes, et al., 200650. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1496.Peng, 200015. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryHP-Wax1503.Peng, 200015. m/0.53 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
PackedCarbowax 20M1486.van den Dool and Kratz, 1963Celite 545, 4.6 K/min; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 228. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101493.Bianchi, Careri, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 35C(8min) => 4C/min => 60C => 6C/min => 160C => 20C/min => 200C(1min)
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1478.Kaack, Christensen, et al., 200550. m/0.25 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He; Program: 33C(1.5min) => 1.5C/min => 60C(4min) => 2C/min => 100C => 8C/min => 220C(15min)

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-3090.1209.Berezkin and Korolev, 1985Helium; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySE-3090.1215.Berezkin and Korolev, 1985Helium; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySE-3090.1216.Berezkin and Korolev, 1985Helium; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySE-3090.1222.Berezkin and Korolev, 1985Helium; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySE-3090.1224.Berezkin and Korolev, 1985Helium; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillarySE-3090.1231.Berezkin and Korolev, 1985Helium; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1224.Pino, Marquez, et al., 201030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 50. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryHP-51227.3Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillaryHP-5MS1225.Tesevic, Nikicevic, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4.3 K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 285. C
CapillarySPB-11207.Vichi, Castellote, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryRTX-51226.Kovacevic and Kac, 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 3. min, 1. K/min; Tend: 150. C
CapillaryHP-11209.Kovacevic and Kac, 200125. m/0.2 mm/0.11 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 3. min, 2.5 K/min, 190. C @ 1. min
CapillaryRTX-51226.Kovacevic and Kac, 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 3. min, 1. K/min; Tend: 150. C
CapillaryDB-11205.Guy and Vernin, 1996He, 70. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryUltra-11206.Okumura, 199125. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-11207.Takeoka and Butter, 1989He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-11207.Takeoka and Butter, 1989He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-11206.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-1011207.Stern, Flath, et al., 198540. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-1011206.Stern, Flath, et al., 198550. C @ 0.1 min, 4. K/min, 225. C @ 30. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySiloxane, 5 % Ph1220.VOC BinBase, 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS1225.Nance and Setzer, 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (10 min) 3 0C/min -> 200 0C 2 0C/min -> 220 0C
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane, 5 % phenyl1220.Skogerson, Wohlgemuth, et al., 2011Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS1227.Pino, Marquez, et al., 201030. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301207.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-11209.Kovacevic and Kac, 200225. m/0.2 mm/0.11 «mu»m; Program: 60C (3min) => 2.5C/min => 190C (1min) => 70C/min => 240V (11min)
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1206.Lermusieau, Bulens, et al., 200150. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m; Program: 36C => 20C/min => 120C(20min) => 2C/min => 250C(30min)
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1213.Weyerstahl, Marschall, et al., 1998He; Column length: 25. m; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1211.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1215.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
OtherMethyl Silicone1215.Ardrey and Moffat, 1981Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySupelcowax-101491.Vichi, Castellote, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1481.Takeoka and Butter, 198960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1481.Takeoka and Butter, 198960. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 180. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1491.Welke, Manfroi, et al., 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryBP-201486.Pontes, Marques, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(1min) => 2.5C/min => 100C => 2C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 220C
CapillaryBP-201486.Pontes, Marques, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(1min) => 2.5C/min => 100C => 2C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 220C
CapillaryInnowax FSC1500.Baser, Özek, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1479.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryHP Innowax FSP1500.Tasdemir, Demirci, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryDB-Wax1507.Peng, Yang, et al., 1991Program: not specified

Lee's RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-1211.6Johnson, Urso, et al., 199730. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min
CapillaryDB-5205.3Donnelly, Abdel-Hamid, et al., 199330. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 8. K/min, 285. C @ 29.5 min

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Berezkin, Korolev, et al., 2000
Berezkin, V.G.; Korolev, A.A.; Malyukova, I.V., A comparative analysis of retention values obtained on fused silica capillary columns from various manufacturers, Analusis, 2000, 28, 2, 132-135, https://doi.org/10.1051/analusis:2000105 . [all data]

Hanai and Hong, 1989
Hanai, T.; Hong, C., Structure-retention correlation in CGC, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1989, 12, 5, 327-332, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240120517 . [all data]

Haken and Korhonen, 1984
Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXV. Capillary column studies of monochlorinated C5-C18 n-carboxylic esters, J. Chromatogr., 1984, 298, 89-100, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)92697-4 . [all data]

Müller, Dietrich, et al., 1978
Müller, U.; Dietrich, P.; Prescher, D., Gas-chromatographische untersuchungen an perfluor-carbonverbindungen. I. Gas-chromatographische eigenschaften langkettiger perfluorcarbonsäureester, J. Chromatogr., 1978, 147, 31-40, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)85114-6 . [all data]

Shashkova, Znamenskaia, et al., 1969
Shashkova, A.A.; Znamenskaia, A.P.; Pas'ko, L.Ya., Investigation of esters of odd series halohenated acids with Kovats indices, Gazovaya Khromatografiya, 1969, 9, 40-47. [all data]

Ohnishi and Shibamoto, 1984
Ohnishi, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds from heated beef fat and beef fat with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1984, 32, 5, 987-992, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00125a008 . [all data]

Alissandrakis E., Tarantilis P.A., et al., 2007
Alissandrakis E.; Tarantilis P.A.; Harizanis P.C.; Polissiou M., Comparison of the volatile composition in thyme honeys from several origins in Greece, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 20, 8152-8157, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf071442y . [all data]

Ramsey, Lee, et al., 1980
Ramsey, J.D.; Lee, T.D.; Osselton, M.D.; Moffat, A.C., Gas-liquid chromatographic retention indices of 296 non-drug substances on SE-30 or OV-1 likely to be encountered in toxicological analyses, J. Chromatogr., 1980, 184, 2, 185-206, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)85641-1 . [all data]

Moore and Brown, 1976
Moore, B.P.; Brown, W.V., 3,4,5-Trimethoxybenzylhydrazine - an efficient subtraction reagent for aldehydes and ketones in gas chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1976, 121, 2, 279-284, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)85024-4 . [all data]

Schomburg, 1967
Schomburg, G., Struktur und Retentionsverhalten von Offenkettigen und Cyclischen Kohlenwasserstoffen und Deren Einfacher Substitutionsprodukte, Anal. Chim. Acta., 1967, 38, 45-64, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0003-2670(01)80560-2 . [all data]

Tressl, Friese, et al., 1978
Tressl, R.; Friese, L.; Fendesack, F.; Köppler, H., Studies of the volatile composition of hops during storage, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1978, 26, 6, 1426-1430, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf60220a036 . [all data]

Elmore, Campo, et al., 2002
Elmore, J.S.; Campo, M.M.; Enser, M.; Mottram, D.S., Effect of lipid composition on meat-like model systems containing cysteine, ribose, and polyunsaturated fatty acids, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 5, 1126-1132, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0108718 . [all data]

Golovnya, Syomina, et al., 1997
Golovnya, R.V.; Syomina, L.A.; Samusenko, A.L., Nonlinear variation of sorption parameters of n-alkane homologs in temperature-programmed gas chromatography (TPGC) and new equation for calculation of retention indices, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1997, 20, 11, 611-614, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240201108 . [all data]

Grigor'eva, Golovnya, et al., 1997
Grigor'eva, D.N.; Golovnya, R.V.; Syomina, L.A., An equation for the calculation of retention indices in temperature-programmed gas chromatography with allowance for the nonlinear variation of the retention parameters of n-alkanes, Russ. Chem. Bull. (Engl. Transl.), 1997, 46, 2, 309-313, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02494369 . [all data]

Johnson, Urso, et al., 1997
Johnson, C.I.; Urso, A.; Geleta, L., Broad spectrum analysis of municipal and industrial effluents discharged into the Peace, Athabasca and Slave river basins: characterization of effluent samples, 1994 - Volume 1 of 2, Northern River Basins Study Project Report No. 121, Norther River Basins Study, Edmonton, Alberta, 1997, 27. [all data]

van den Dool and Kratz, 1963
van den Dool, H.; Kratz, P. Dec., A generalization of the retention index system including linear temperature programmed gas-liquid partition chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1963, 11, 463-471, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)80947-X . [all data]

Tret'yakov, 2007
Tret'yakov, K.V., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2007. [all data]

Eri, Khoo, et al., 2000
Eri, S.; Khoo, B.K.; Lech, J.; Hartman, T.G., Direct thermal desorption-gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry profiling of hop (Humulus lupulus L.) essential oils in support of varietal characterization, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 4, 1140-1149, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9911850 . [all data]

Peng, 2000
Peng, C.T., Prediction of retention indices. V. Influence of electronic effects and column polarity on retention index, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 903, 1-2, 117-143, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00901-8 . [all data]

Pinto, Guedes, et al., 2006
Pinto, A.B.; Guedes, C.M.; Moreira, R.F.A.; de Maria, C.A.B., Volatile constituents from headspace and aqueous solution of genipap (Genipa americana) fruit isolated by the solid-phase extraction method, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 488-491, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1623 . [all data]

Bianchi, Careri, et al., 2007
Bianchi, F.; Careri, M.; Mangia, A.; Musci, M., Retention indices in the analysis of food aroma volatile compounds in temperature-programmed gas chromatography: Database creation and evaluation of precision and robustness, J. Sep. Sci., 2007, 39, 4, 563-572, https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.200600393 . [all data]

Kaack, Christensen, et al., 2005
Kaack, K.; Christensen, L.P.; Hughes, M.; Eder, R., The relationship between sensory quality and volatile compounds in raw juice processed from elderberries ( Sambucus nigra L.), Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2005, 221, 3-4, 244-254, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-005-1141-4 . [all data]

Berezkin and Korolev, 1985
Berezkin, V.G.; Korolev, A.A., Investigation of the role of adsorption at the stationary phase interface in capillary columns with cross-linked phases, Chromatographia, 1985, 20, 8, 482-486, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02344790 . [all data]

Pino, Marquez, et al., 2010
Pino, J.A.; Marquez, E.; Quijano, C.E.; Castro, D., Volatile compounds in noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) at two ripening stages, Ciencia e Technologia de Alimentos, 2010, 30, 1, 183-187, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612010000100028 . [all data]

Leffingwell and Alford, 2005
Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 4, 2, 899-915. [all data]

Tesevic, Nikicevic, et al., 2005
Tesevic, V.; Nikicevic, N.; Jovanovic, A.; Djokovic, D.; Vujisic, L.; Vuckovic, I.; Bonic, M., Volatile components from old plum brandies, Food Technol. Biotechnol., 2005, 43, 4, 367-372. [all data]

Vichi, Castellote, et al., 2003
Vichi, S.; Castellote, A.I.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; López-Tamames, E., Analysis of virgin olive oil volatile compounds by headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography with mass spectrometric and flame ionization detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 2003, 983, 1-2, 19-33, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)01691-6 . [all data]

Kovacevic and Kac, 2002
Kovacevic, N.; Kac, M., Analytical, nutritional, and clinical methods section. Determination and verification of hop varieties by analysis of essential oils, Food Chem., 2002, 77, 4, 489-494, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(02)00114-0 . [all data]

Kovacevic and Kac, 2001
Kovacevic, M.; Kac, M., Solid-phase microextraction of hop volatiles potential use for determination and verification of hop varieties, J. Chromatogr. A, 2001, 918, 1, 159-167, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)00719-1 . [all data]

Guy and Vernin, 1996
Guy, I.; Vernin, G., Minor compounds from Cistus ladaniferus L. essential oil from esterel. 2. Acids and phenols, J. Essent. Oil Res., 1996, 8, 4, 455-462, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1996.9700666 . [all data]

Okumura, 1991
Okumura, T., retention indices of environmental chemicals on methyl silicone capillary column, Journal of Environmental Chemistry (Japan), 1991, 1, 2, 333-358, https://doi.org/10.5985/jec.1.333 . [all data]

Takeoka and Butter, 1989
Takeoka, G.; Butter, R.G., Volatile constituents of pineapple (Ananas Comosus [L.] Merr.) in Flavor Chemistry. Trends and Developments, Teranishi,R.; Buttery,R.G.; Shahidi,F., ed(s)., American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1989, 223-237. [all data]

Habu, Flath, et al., 1985
Habu, T.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Morton, J.F., Volatile components of Rooibos tea (Aspalathus linearis), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1985, 33, 2, 249-254, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00062a024 . [all data]

Stern, Flath, et al., 1985
Stern, D.J.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Lundin, R.E.; Benson, M.E., Crude oleic acid volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1985, 33, 2, 180-184, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00062a005 . [all data]

VOC BinBase, 2012
VOC BinBase, The volatile compound BinBase (VOC BinBase), 2012, retrieved from http://fiehnlab.ucdavis.edu/projects/VocBinBase and http://binbase.sourceforge.net. [all data]

Nance and Setzer, 2011
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Notes

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