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2(4H)-Benzofuranone, 5,6,7,7a-tetrahydro-4,4,7a-trimethyl-, (R)-


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Philip Morris R&D
NIST MS number 108912

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51493.Mevy, Bessiere, et al., 200625. m/0.2 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryHP-51532.Nickavar, Salehi-Sormagi, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 275. C
CapillaryDB-11473.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-11475.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-11473.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-11475.Takeoka, Flath, et al., 199060. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryOV-1011508.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011513.Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 70. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-5MS1495.Radulescu, Chiliment, et al., 200430. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (3min) => 5C/min => 160C (2min) => 10C/min => 280C (10min)
CapillarySPB-11471.Borse, Jagan Mohan Rao, et al., 200230. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 2C/min => 100C => 4C/min => 220C (7min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-51548.Xian Q., Chen H., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1525.Pino, Mesa, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-51520.Guichard and Souty, 1988H2, 30. C @ 5. min, 1.5 K/min; Column length: 0.32 m; Column diameter: 1. mm; Tend: 180. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1535.Andriamaharavo, 201430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1 min) => 5 C/min => 210C => 10 C/min => 280C (15 min)
CapillaryHP-11532.Sing, Smadja, et al., 199250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, He; Program: 20C(0.5min) => 60C => 4C/min => 250C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax Etr2291.Aubert and Chanforan, 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-11495.Da Costa, Yang, et al., 201050. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, 2. K/min, 270. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1538.Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1531.Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryVF-5MS1542.Fernandes, de Pinho, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 2. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryHP-5MS1522.Ferhat, Tigrine-Kordjani, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-5 MS1522.Tigrine-Kordiani, Meklati, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryHP-51539.0Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillaryDB-51486.Senatore, Apostolides Arnold, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 20. min
CapillaryOptima-11494.Brun, Bessière, et al., 200125. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOptima-11490.de Beck, Bessière, et al., 200025. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11483.Binder, Benson, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-11480.Buttery, Takeoka, et al., 199030. C @ 25. min, 4. K/min, 200. C @ 30. min; Column length: 60. m
CapillaryDB-11483.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryTR-5 MS1519.Kurashov, Krylova, et al., 201315. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 60 0C (3 min) 2 0C/min -> 80 0C (3 min) 4 0C/min -> 120 0C (3 min) 5 0C/min -> 150 0C (3 mion) 15 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillarySLB-5 MS1519.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySLB-5 MS1546.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1548.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1550.Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-51492.Miyazaki, Plotto, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/1.00 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C 4 0C/min -> 230 0C 100 0C/min -> 260 0C (11.7 min)
CapillaryHP-5 MS1485.Mancini, Arnold, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 2 0C/min -> 270 0C -> 260 0C (20 min)
CapillaryRTX-5 MS1537.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (5 min) 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 300 0C
CapillaryRTX-5 MS1539.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51539.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 7 oC/min -> 160 0C 9 0C/min -> 200 0C 20 0C/min -> 280 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-51532.Zhao, Li, et al., 200830. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-5 MS1538.Xian, Chen, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (3 min) 6 0C/min -> 150 0C (1 min) 10 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1499.Weyerstahl, Marschall, et al., 1998He; Column length: 25. m; Phase thickness: 0.39 «mu»m; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax2359.Ferhat, Tigrine-Kordjani, et al., 200760. m/0.2 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryCarbowax-PEG2359.Tigrine-Kordiani, Meklati, et al., 200660. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 15. min
CapillaryCP-Wax2280.Ka, Choi, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2337.Lee, Umano, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 180. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2315.Lin, Cai, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax2354.Ito, Sugimoto, et al., 200260. C @ 4. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2308.Kawakami and Kobayashi, 1991He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryDB-Wax2348.Binder, Benson, et al., 19904. K/min, 230. C @ 10. min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M2324.Kanasawud and Crouzet, 199050. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 40. m; Column diameter: 0.4 mm; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryInnowax2354.Noorizadeh, Farmany, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/0.33 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP Innowax2355.Noorizadeh and Farmany, 201060. m/0.25 mm/0.33 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP Innowax2354.Mancini, Arnold, et al., 200950. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (5 min) 2 0C/min -> 270 0C -> 260 0C (20 min)
CapillaryDB-FFAP2316.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryDB-FFAP2294.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Mevy, Bessiere, et al., 2006
Mevy, J.-P.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Greff, S.; Zombre, G.; Viano, J., Composition of the volatile oil from the leaves of Ximenia americana L., Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2006, 34, 7, 549-553, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2006.01.007 . [all data]

Nickavar, Salehi-Sormagi, et al., 2002
Nickavar, B.; Salehi-Sormagi, M.H.; Amin, Gh.; Daneshtalab, M., Steam volatiles of Vaccinium arctostaphylos, Pharm. Biol., 2002, 40, 6, 448-449, https://doi.org/10.1076/phbi.40.6.448.8449 . [all data]

Takeoka, Flath, et al., 1990
Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Teranishi, R.; Guentert, M., Volatile Constituents of Apricot (Prunus armeniaca), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 2, 471-477, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00092a031 . [all data]

Yamaguchi and Shibamoto, 1981
Yamaguchi, K.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile constituents of green tea, Gyokuro (Camellia sinensis L. var Yabukita), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 2, 366-370, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00104a035 . [all data]

Radulescu, Chiliment, et al., 2004
Radulescu, V.; Chiliment, S.; Oprea, E., Capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of volatile and semi-volatile compounds of Salvia officinalis, J. Chromatogr. A, 2004, 1027, 1-2, 121-126, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2003.11.046 . [all data]

Borse, Jagan Mohan Rao, et al., 2002
Borse, B.B.; Jagan Mohan Rao, L.; Nagalakshmi, S.; Krishnamurthy, N., Fingerprint of black teas from India: identification of the regio-specific characteristics, Food Chem., 2002, 79, 4, 419-424, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(02)00191-7 . [all data]

Xian Q., Chen H., et al., 2006
Xian Q.; Chen H.; Zou H.; Yin D., Chemical composition of essential oils of two submerged macrophytes, Ceratophyllum demersum L. and Vallisneria spiralis L., Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 524-526, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1588 . [all data]

Pino, Mesa, et al., 2005
Pino, J.A.; Mesa, J.; Muñoz, Y.; Martí, M.P.; Marbot, R., Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 6, 2213-2223, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0402633 . [all data]

Guichard and Souty, 1988
Guichard, E.; Souty, M., Comparison of the relative quantities of aroma compounds found in fresh apricot (Prunus armeniaca) from six different varieties, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 1988, 186, 4, 301-307, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01027031 . [all data]

Andriamaharavo, 2014
Andriamaharavo, N.R., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2014. [all data]

Sing, Smadja, et al., 1992
Sing, A.S.C.; Smadja, J.; Brevard, H.; Maignial, L.; Chaintreau, A.; Marion, J.-P., Volatile constituents of faham (Jumellea fragrans (Thou.) Schltr.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1992, 40, 4, 642-646, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00016a024 . [all data]

Aubert and Chanforan, 2007
Aubert, C.; Chanforan, C., Postharvest Changes in Physicochemical Properties and Volatile Constituents of Apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.). Characterization of 28 Cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 8, 3074-3082, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf063476w . [all data]

Da Costa, Yang, et al., 2010
Da Costa, N.C.; Yang, Y.; Kowalczyk, J.; Poulsen, M.L., The analysis of volatiles and non-volatiles in Yerba Mate tea (Ilex paraguariensis) in Proc. 12th Weurman Symp., Blank, I.; Wust, M.; Yeretzian, C., ed(s)., Institut fur Chemie und Biologisher Chemie, Wissenschafen, Winterthur, 2010, 494-497. [all data]

Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 2010
Radulovic, N.; Blagojevic, P.; Palic, R., Comparative study of the leaf volatiles of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. and Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. (Ericaceae), Molecules, 2010, 15, 9, 6168-6185, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules15096168 . [all data]

Radulovic, Dordevic, et al., 2010
Radulovic, N.; Dordevic, N.; Markovic, M.; Palic, R., Volatile constituents of Glechoma Hirsuta Waldst. Kit. and G. Hederacea L. (Lamiaceae), Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop., 2010, 24, 1, 67-76, https://doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v24i1.52962 . [all data]

Fernandes, de Pinho, et al., 2009
Fernandes, F.; de Pinho, P.G.; Valentao, P.; Pereira, J.A.; Andrade, P.B., Volatile constituents throughout Brassica oleracea L. var. acephala Germination, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 15, 6795-6802, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf901532m . [all data]

Ferhat, Tigrine-Kordjani, et al., 2007
Ferhat, M.A.; Tigrine-Kordjani, N.; Chemat, S.; Meklati, B.Y.; Chemat, F., Rapid Extraction of Volatile Compounds Using a New Simultaneous Microwave Distillation: Solvent Extraction Device, Chromatographia, 2007, 65, 3-4, 217-222, https://doi.org/10.1365/s10337-006-0130-5 . [all data]

Tigrine-Kordiani, Meklati, et al., 2006
Tigrine-Kordiani, N.; Meklati, B.Y.; Chemat, F., Abalysis by gas chromatography - mass spectrometry of the essential oil of Zygophyllum album L., an aromatic and medicinal plant growing in Algeria, Int. J. Aromatherapy, 2006, 16, 3-4, 187-191, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijat.2006.09.008 . [all data]

Leffingwell and Alford, 2005
Leffingwell, J.C.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of Perique tobacco, Electron. J. Environ. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 4, 2, 899-915. [all data]

Senatore, Apostolides Arnold, et al., 2005
Senatore, F.; Apostolides Arnold, N.; Bruno, M., Volatile components of Centaurea eryngioides Lam. and Centaurea liberica Trev. var. hermonis Boiss. Lam., two Asteraceae growing wild in Lebanon, Nat. Prod. Res., 2005, 19, 8, 749-754, https://doi.org/10.1080/14786410412331302136 . [all data]

Brun, Bessière, et al., 2001
Brun, G.; Bessière, J.-M.; Dijoux-Franca, M.-G.; David, B.; Mariotte, A.-M., Volatile components of Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don (Apocynaceae), Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 2, 116-119, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.958 . [all data]

de Beck, Bessière, et al., 2000
de Beck, P.O.; Bessière, J.M.; Dijoux-Franca, M.-G.; David, B.; Mariotte, A.-M., Volatile constituents from leaves and wood of Leea guineensis G. Don (Leeaceae) from Cameroon, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 3, 182-185, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200005/06)15:3<182::AID-FFJ888>3.0.CO;2-X . [all data]

Binder, Benson, et al., 1990
Binder, R.G.; Benson, M.E.; Flath, R.A., Volatile Components of Safflower, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 5, 1245-1248, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00095a020 . [all data]

Buttery, Takeoka, et al., 1990
Buttery, R.G.; Takeoka, G.; Teranishi, R.; Ling, L.C., Tomato aroma components: identification of glycoside hydrolysis volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 11, 2050-2053, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00101a010 . [all data]

Habu, Flath, et al., 1985
Habu, T.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Morton, J.F., Volatile components of Rooibos tea (Aspalathus linearis), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1985, 33, 2, 249-254, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00062a024 . [all data]

Kurashov, Krylova, et al., 2013
Kurashov, E.A.; Krylova, Yu.V.; Mitrukova, G.G., Variations in component composition of essential oil of Potamogeton pusillus (Potamogetonaceae) dirong vegetation, Plant Resources (Rastitel'nye Resursy), 2013, 000-000. [all data]

Mondello, 2012
Mondello, L., HS-SPME-GCxGC-MS analysis of Yerba Mate (Ilex paraguariensis) in Shimadzu GC-GC application compendium of comprehensive 2D GC, Vol. 1-5, Shimadzu Corp., 2012, 1-29. [all data]

Robinson, Adams, et al., 2012
Robinson, A.L.; Adams, D.O.; Boss, P.K.; Heymann, H.; Solomon, P.S.; Trengove, R.D., Influence of geographic origine on the sensory characteristics and wine composition of Vitus viniferas cv. Cabernet Sauvignon wines from Australia (Supplemental data), Am. J. Enol. Vitic., 2012, 64, 4, 467-476, https://doi.org/10.5344/ajev.2012.12023 . [all data]

Miyazaki, Plotto, et al., 2011
Miyazaki, T.; Plotto, A.; Goodner, K.; Gmitter F.G., Distribution of aroma volatile compounds in tangerine hybrids and proposed inheritance, J. Sci. Food Agric., 2011, 91, 3, 449-460, https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.4205 . [all data]

Mancini, Arnold, et al., 2009
Mancini, E.; Arnold, N.A.; De Martino, L.; De Feo, V.; Formisano, C.; Rigano, D.; Senatore, F., Chemical composition and phytotoxic effects of essential oils of Salvia hierosolymitana Boiss. and Salvia multicaulis Vahl. var. simplicifolia Boiss. growing wild in Lebanon, Molecules, 2009, 14, 11, 4725-4736, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules14114725 . [all data]

Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 2009
Mebazaa, R.; Mahmoudi, A.; Fouchet, M.; Dos Santos, M.; Kamissoko, F.; Nafti, A.; Ben Cheikh, R.; Rega, B.; Camel, V., Characterization of volatile compounds in Tunisian fenugreek seeds, Food Chem., 2009, 115, 4, 1326-1336, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2009.01.066 . [all data]

Zhao, Li, et al., 2008
Zhao, Y.; Li, J.; Xu, Y.; Duan, H.; Fan, W.; Zhao, G., EXtraction, preparation and identification of volatile compounds in Changyu XO brandy, Chinese J. Chromatogr., 2008, 26, 2, 212-222, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1872-2059(08)60014-0 . [all data]

Xian, Chen, et al., 2006
Xian, Q.-M.; Chen, H.-D.; Zou, H.-H., Allelopathic activity of volatile substance from submerged macrophytes on Microcystin aeruginosa, Acta Ecologica Sinica, 2006, 26, 11, 3549-3554, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1872-2032(06)60054-1 . [all data]

Weyerstahl, Marschall, et al., 1998
Weyerstahl, P.; Marschall, H.; Weirauch, M.; Thefeld, K.; Surburg, H., Constituents of commercial Labdanum oil, Flavour Fragr. J., 1998, 13, 5, 295-318, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(1998090)13:5<295::AID-FFJ751>3.0.CO;2-I . [all data]

Ka, Choi, et al., 2005
Ka, M.-H.; Choi, E.H.; Chun, H.-S.; Lee, K.-G., Antioxidative Activity of Volatile Extracts Isolated from Angelica tenuissimae Roots, Peppermint Leaves, Pine Needles, and Sweet Flag Leaves, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 10, 4124-4129, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf047932x . [all data]

Lee, Umano, et al., 2005
Lee, S.-J.; Umano, K.; Shibamoto, T.; Lee, K.-G., Identification of volatile components in basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) and thyme leaves (Thymus vulgaris L.) and their antioxidant properties, Food Chem., 2005, 91, 1, 131-137, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.05.056 . [all data]

Lin, Cai, et al., 2003
Lin, P.; Cai, J.; Li, J.; Sang, W.; Su, Q., Constituents of the essential oil of Hemerocallis flava day lily, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 6, 539-541, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1264 . [all data]

Ito, Sugimoto, et al., 2002
Ito, Y.; Sugimoto, A.; Kakuda, T.; Kubota, K., Identification of potent odorants in Chinese jasmine green tea scented with flowers of Jasminum sambac, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 17, 4878-4884, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf020282h . [all data]

Kawakami and Kobayashi, 1991
Kawakami, M.; Kobayashi, A., Volatitle constituents of greem mate and roasted mate, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 7, 1275-1279, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00007a016 . [all data]

Kanasawud and Crouzet, 1990
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Notes

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