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Chlorine anion


Gas phase thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas,1 bar153.36J/mol*KReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in June, 1982

Reaction thermochemistry data

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Reactions 1 to 50

Chlorine anion + Water = (Chlorine anion bullet Water)

By formula: Cl- + H2O = (Cl- bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar60. ± 20.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 11 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar81. ± 10.J/mol*KAVGN/AAverage of 8 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar40. ± 20.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 9 values; Individual data points

Chlorine anion + Methyl Alcohol = (Chlorine anion bullet Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: Cl- + CH4O = (Cl- bullet CH4O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar69. ± 10.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 8 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar94.6J/mol*KHPMSEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; M
Deltar101.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Deltar92.0J/mol*KPHPMSSieck, 1985gas phase; M
Deltar95.8J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Deltar61.9J/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni, Payzant, et al., 1973gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar42. ± 3.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 10 values; Individual data points

Chlorine anion + Hydrogen chloride = (Chlorine anion bullet Hydrogen chloride)

By formula: Cl- + HCl = (Cl- bullet HCl)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar124. ± 4.2kJ/molN/AMetz, Kitsopoulos, et al., 1988gas phase; Affinity: shift in apparent EA from lesser-solvated ion. Ignores any neutral-neutral bond.; B
Deltar99.6 ± 8.4kJ/molTDEqCaldwell and Kebarle, 1985gas phase; B,M
Deltar96.7 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar99.16 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1974gas phase; B,M
Deltar85.4kJ/molHPMSUpschulte, Evans, et al., 1986gas phase; From thermochemical cycle(Cl-)H2O/HCl, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Keesee and Castleman, 1980; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar93.3J/mol*KPHPMSCaldwell and Kebarle, 1985gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)SO2; M
Deltar98.3J/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni and Kebarle, 1974gas phase; M
Deltar98.3J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Deltar95.4J/mol*KN/AUpschulte, Evans, et al., 1986gas phase; From thermochemical cycle(Cl-)H2O/HCl, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Keesee and Castleman, 1980; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar68.2 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1987gas phase; K = 0.60 for HCl..Cl- + DCL <=> DCl..Cl- + HCl, anchored to Larson and McMahon, 1984, 32; B
Deltar72. ± 11.kJ/molTDEqCaldwell and Kebarle, 1985gas phase; B
Deltar66.9 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar69.9 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1974gas phase; B
Deltar56.9kJ/molHPMSUpschulte, Evans, et al., 1986gas phase; From thermochemical cycle(Cl-)H2O/HCl, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Keesee and Castleman, 1980; M

Chlorine anion + Sulfur dioxide = (Chlorine anion bullet Sulfur dioxide)

By formula: Cl- + O2S = (Cl- bullet O2S)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.9 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsCaldwell and Kebarle, 1985gas phase; B,M
Deltar87.4 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B
Deltar92.9 ± 9.2kJ/molTDEqBohringer, Fahey, et al., 1984gas phase; Relative to HOH..Cl- in Keesee, Lee, et al., 1980; B,M
Deltar91.21 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1980gas phase; B,M
Deltar87.4kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar90.4J/mol*KPHPMSCaldwell and Kebarle, 1985gas phase; M
Deltar101.J/mol*KN/ABohringer, Fahey, et al., 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)H2O), Entropy change calculated or estimated; Keesee and Castleman, 1980; M
Deltar87.0J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Deltar97.1J/mol*KHPMSKeesee, Lee, et al., 1980gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar65.7 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsCaldwell and Kebarle, 1985gas phase; B
Deltar61.5 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B
Deltar62.8 ± 6.7kJ/molTDEqBohringer, Fahey, et al., 1984gas phase; Relative to HOH..Cl- in Keesee, Lee, et al., 1980; B,M
Deltar61.9 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1980gas phase; B
Deltar61.5kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
59.4296.FAFehsenfeld and Ferguson, 1974gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)H2O; M

Chlorine anion + Benzene = (Chlorine anion bullet Benzene)

By formula: Cl- + C6H6 = (Cl- bullet C6H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.1 ± 1.9kJ/molN/ATschurl, Ueberfluss, et al., 2007gas phase; B
Deltar39. ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Deltar41.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar36.kJ/molPHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; from Ph. D. thesis of S. Chowdhury, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar43.5kJ/molPHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar74.9J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Deltar71.J/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; from Ph. D. thesis of S. Chowdhury, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar71.5J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Deltar92.J/mol*KN/ASunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17. ± 11.kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B
Deltar16. ± 6.7kJ/molIMREChowdhury and Kebarle, 1986gas phase; B
Deltar20. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar15.9kJ/molIMREFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
15.300.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; from Ph. D. thesis of S. Chowdhury, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
16.300.PHPMSChowdhury and Kebarle, 1986gas phase; M
16.300.PHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Chlorine anion bullet 2Water) + Water = (Chlorine anion bullet 3Water)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 2H2O) + H2O = (Cl- bullet 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar48. ± 7.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar93.3J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; M
Deltar93.7J/mol*KHPMSKeesee and Castleman, 1980gas phase; M
Deltar97.1J/mol*KHPMSArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21. ± 2.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points

Chlorine anion + Acetonitrile = (Chlorine anion bullet Acetonitrile)

By formula: Cl- + C2H3N = (Cl- bullet C2H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar61. ± 10.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar65.7J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; M
Deltar65.7J/mol*KPHPMSYamabe, Furumiya, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Deltar59.8J/mol*KPHPMSSieck, 1985gas phase; M
Deltar59.8J/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni and Kebarle, 1972gas phase; M
Deltar89.5J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)CF3H, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar42.68 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar38. ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; B
Deltar37. ± 11.kJ/molTDAsYamabe, Furumiya, et al., 1986gas phase; B
Deltar42.26 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsSieck, 1985gas phase; B
Deltar38. ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1972gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet Water) + Water = (Chlorine anion bullet 2Water)

By formula: (Cl- bullet H2O) + H2O = (Cl- bullet 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar53. ± 5.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar89.5J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; M
Deltar85.8J/mol*KHPMSKeesee and Castleman, 1980gas phase; M
Deltar87.0J/mol*KHPMSArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar27.2kJ/molTDAsKeesee and Castleman, 1980gas phase; B
Deltar27. ± 5.9kJ/molTDAsPayzant, Yamdagni, et al., 1971gas phase; B
Deltar27.2kJ/molTDAsArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; B
Deltar28.kJ/molFAFehsenfeld and Ferguson, 1974gas phase; M

Chlorine anion + 2-Propanol, 2-methyl- = (Chlorine anion bullet 2-Propanol, 2-methyl-)

By formula: Cl- + C4H10O = (Cl- bullet C4H10O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar77. ± 20.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar115.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Deltar100.J/mol*KPHPMSSieck, 1985gas phase; M
Deltar97.9J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Deltar110.J/mol*KPHPMSKebarle, 1977gas phase; M
Deltar43.1J/mol*KN/AYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar48.45kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar51.5 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsSieck, 1985gas phase; B
Deltar48.53kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar46.4 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar46.4 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + Benzonitrile, 4-hydroxy- = (Chlorine anion bullet Benzonitrile, 4-hydroxy-)

By formula: Cl- + C7H5NO = (Cl- bullet C7H5NO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar147. ± 8.4kJ/molTDEqCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; Re-anchored to data in French, Ikuta, et al., 1982.; B,M,M
Deltar148.kJ/molPHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar120.J/mol*KN/ACummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)4-Cl-phenol, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Deltar110.J/mol*KN/ACummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)4-F-phenol, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar114. ± 8.4kJ/molTDEqCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; Re-anchored to data in French, Ikuta, et al., 1982.; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
103.423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
110.300.PHPMSCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)4-Cl-phenol, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
108.300.PHPMSCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)4-F-phenol, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M

Chlorine anion + Acetone = (Chlorine anion bullet Acetone)

By formula: Cl- + C3H6O = (Cl- bullet C3H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar56. ± 6.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar76.1J/mol*KPHPMSSieck, 1985gas phase; M
Deltar82.0J/mol*KPHPMSFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; M
Deltar71.5J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Deltar82.4J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar33.8 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsBofdanov and McMahon, 2002gas phase; B
Deltar30.5kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Morise, et al., 1986gas phase; B
Deltar36.8 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsSieck, 1985gas phase; B
Deltar34. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar33. ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + Trichloromethane = (Chlorine anion bullet Trichloromethane)

By formula: Cl- + CHCl3 = (Cl- bullet CHCl3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar63.6 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; B,M
Deltar81.6 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuno, et al., 2001gas phase; B
Deltar75.73kJ/molMoblGiles and Grimsrud, 1993gas phase; B
Deltar75.7 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar79.9 ± 2.9kJ/molTDEqDougherty, Dalton, et al., 1974gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar97.1J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; From thermochemical cycle(Cl-)CF3H, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984; M
Deltar103.J/mol*KHPMSDougherty, Dalton, et al., 1974gas phase; M
Deltar61.9J/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar47. ± 5.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points

Chlorine anion + Phenol = (Chlorine anion bullet Phenol)

By formula: Cl- + C6H6O = (Cl- bullet C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar109. ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B,M
Deltar109. ± 8.4kJ/molTDEqCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; Re-anchored to data in French, Ikuta, et al., 1982.; B
Deltar115.kJ/molPHPMSKebarle, 1977gas phase; M
Deltar111.kJ/molPHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar81.2 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar109.J/mol*KPHPMSFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; M
Deltar100.J/mol*KPHPMSKebarle, 1977gas phase; M
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar64.9J/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar80.3 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B
Deltar77.4 ± 8.4kJ/molTDEqCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; Re-anchored to data in French, Ikuta, et al., 1982.; B
Deltar61.9 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
66.5423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Chlorine anion + Benzene, chloro- = (Chlorine anion bullet Benzene, chloro-)

By formula: Cl- + C6H5Cl = (Cl- bullet C6H5Cl)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar50.21 ± 0.42kJ/molTDAsSieck, 1985gas phase; B,M
Deltar56.9 ± 4.2kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,B,M
Deltar52.7kJ/molPHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; from Ph. D. thesis of S. Chowdhury, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar84.J/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; from Ph. D. thesis of S. Chowdhury, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar69.0J/mol*KPHPMSSieck, 1985gas phase; M
Deltar93.7J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar29.7 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsSieck, 1985gas phase; B
Deltar29. ± 4.2kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,B,M
Deltar27.2kJ/molTDEqFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
28.300.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; from Ph. D. thesis of S. Chowdhury, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
27.300.PHPMSFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; M

(Chlorine anion bullet 3Water) + Water = (Chlorine anion bullet 4Water)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 3H2O) + H2O = (Cl- bullet 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar44.4 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar40.6kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B
Deltar44. ± 1.kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; M
Deltar45.6 ± 2.9kJ/molTDAsKeesee and Castleman, 1980gas phase; B,M
Deltar46.4 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar95.0J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; M
Deltar104.J/mol*KHPMSKeesee and Castleman, 1980gas phase; M
Deltar108.J/mol*KHPMSArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar14.6kJ/molTDAsKeesee and Castleman, 1980gas phase; B
Deltar14.2kJ/molTDAsArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; B
Deltar17. ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsKebarle, Arshadi, et al., 1968gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + Chloromethane = (Chlorine anion bullet Chloromethane)

By formula: Cl- + CH3Cl = (Cl- bullet CH3Cl)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.5 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar49.0 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuno, et al., 2001gas phase; B
Deltar51.0 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar36.0 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsDougherty, Dalton, et al., 1974gas phase; B,M
Deltar63.6 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar85.8J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Deltar64.0J/mol*KHPMSDougherty, Dalton, et al., 1974gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.3 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar20.3kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuno, et al., 2001gas phase; B
Deltar26. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar17.2 ± 2.1kJ/molTDAsDougherty, Dalton, et al., 1974gas phase; B
Deltar45.2 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + Formic acid = (Chlorine anion bullet Formic acid)

By formula: Cl- + CH2O2 = (Cl- bullet CH2O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar115. ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B,M
Deltar116. ± 8.8kJ/molCIDTWalker and Sunderlin, 1999gas phase; B
Deltar107. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar156. ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; In serious disagreement with other's values. Source of error not obvious.; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar103.J/mol*KPHPMSFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; M
Deltar101.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Deltar166.J/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar84.1 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B
Deltar77.0 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar106. ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; In serious disagreement with other's values. Source of error not obvious.; B

Chlorine anion + Phenol, 4-chloro- = (Chlorine anion bullet Phenol, 4-chloro-)

By formula: Cl- + C6H5ClO = (Cl- bullet C6H5ClO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar124. ± 8.4kJ/molTDEqCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; Re-anchored to data in French, Ikuta, et al., 1982.; B,M
Deltar126.kJ/molPHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar110.J/mol*KN/ACummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)C6H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.5 ± 8.4kJ/molTDEqCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; Re-anchored to data in French, Ikuta, et al., 1982.; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
81.6423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
87.9300.PHPMSCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)C6H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M

Chlorine anion + Phenol, 4-fluoro- = (Chlorine anion bullet Phenol, 4-fluoro-)

By formula: Cl- + C6H5FO = (Cl- bullet C6H5FO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar117. ± 8.4kJ/molTDEqCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; Re-anchored to data in French, Ikuta, et al., 1982.; B,M
Deltar120.kJ/molPHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar106.J/mol*KN/ACummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)C6H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar86.2 ± 8.4kJ/molTDEqCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; Re-anchored to data in French, Ikuta, et al., 1982.; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
75.3423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
80.8300.PHPMSCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)C6H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M

Chlorine anion + Ethanol = (Chlorine anion bullet Ethanol)

By formula: Cl- + C2H6O = (Cl- bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar74.9 ± 1.7kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar73.6 ± 2.1kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, 1987gas phase; B,B,M
Deltar72.4 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar99.2J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Deltar96.7J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar44.56kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar43.9 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar43.9 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar43.5 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
41.8295.ICRRiveros, 1974gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)CH3OH; Riveros, Breda, et al., 1973; M

(Chlorine anion bullet Methyl Alcohol) + Methyl Alcohol = (Chlorine anion bullet 2Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet CH4O) + CH4O = (Cl- bullet 2CH4O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar59.0 ± 1.7kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar57.32 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; B,M
Deltar59.0 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B,M
Deltar54.4 ± 2.9kJ/molTDAsYamdagni, Payzant, et al., 1973gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar101.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Deltar92.0J/mol*KHPMSEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; M
Deltar81.2J/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni, Payzant, et al., 1973gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar30.5kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar29.7kJ/molTDAsEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; B
Deltar28. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar30.1 ± 1.7kJ/molTDAsYamdagni, Payzant, et al., 1973gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 2Methyl Alcohol) + Methyl Alcohol = (Chlorine anion bullet 3Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 2CH4O) + CH4O = (Cl- bullet 3CH4O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar48.12 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar45.2 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; B,M
Deltar49.4 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B,M
Deltar51.5 ± 2.5kJ/molN/AYamdagni, Payzant, et al., 1973gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar95.8J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Deltar95.0J/mol*KHPMSEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; M
Deltar98.7J/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni, Payzant, et al., 1973gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.2kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar16.7kJ/molTDAsEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; B
Deltar21. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar21.8 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsYamdagni, Payzant, et al., 1973gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + Benzene, nitro- = (Chlorine anion bullet Benzene, nitro-)

By formula: Cl- + C6H5NO2 = (Cl- bullet C6H5NO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar68.2 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsChowdhury and Kebarle, 1986gas phase; B,M
Deltar69.0kJ/molPHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; from Ph. D. thesis of S. Chowdhury, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar84.J/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; from Ph. D. thesis of S. Chowdhury, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar81.2J/mol*KPHPMSChowdhury and Kebarle, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.9 ± 6.7kJ/molTDAsChowdhury and Kebarle, 1986gas phase; B
Deltar29.7kJ/molTDEqFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
43.9300.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; from Ph. D. thesis of S. Chowdhury, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
32.300.PHPMSFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; M

Chlorine anion + Borane, triethyl- = (Chlorine anion bullet Borane, triethyl-)

By formula: Cl- + C6H15B = (Cl- bullet C6H15B)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar99.6 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M
Deltar99.6kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(t-C4H9OH), Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar92.0J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar72.0 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M
Deltar72.0kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M

Chlorine anion + Hydrogen cation = Hydrogen chloride

By formula: Cl- + H+ = HCl

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1394.9kJ/molN/AMartin and Hepburn, 1998gas phase; Given: «DELTA»Hacid(0K)=116288.7±0.6 cm-1, or 332.486±0.002 kcal/mol; B
Deltar1396. ± 8.8kJ/molG+TSFujio, McIver, et al., 1981gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar1377.0kJ/molN/ACheck, Faust, et al., 2001gas phase; FeCC-(q); ; «DELTA»S(EA)=5.0; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1372.8 ± 0.42kJ/molH-TSMartin and Hepburn, 1998gas phase; Given: «DELTA»Hacid(0K)=116288.7±0.6 cm-1, or 332.486±0.002 kcal/mol; B
Deltar1374. ± 8.4kJ/molIMREFujio, McIver, et al., 1981gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar1354.4kJ/molN/ACheck, Faust, et al., 2001gas phase; FeCC-(q); ; «DELTA»S(EA)=5.0; B

Chlorine anion + Acetic acid = (Chlorine anion bullet Acetic acid)

By formula: Cl- + C2H4O2 = (Cl- bullet C2H4O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar102.1 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsSieck, 1985gas phase; B,M
Deltar90.4 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; B,M
Deltar100. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar82.0J/mol*KPHPMSSieck, 1985gas phase; M
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Deltar80.8J/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar77.8 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsSieck, 1985gas phase; B
Deltar66.1 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; B
Deltar69.9 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + Ammonia = (Chlorine anion bullet Ammonia)

By formula: Cl- + H3N = (Cl- bullet H3N)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar<30.5 ± 1.7kJ/molN/ATschurl and Boesl, 2008gas phase; B
Deltar34.3 ± 0.42kJ/molTDAsEvans, Keesee, et al., 1987gas phase; B,M
Deltar37. ± 5.0kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Chesnovsky, et al., 1993gas phase; B
Deltar44. ± 17.kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar64.4J/mol*KHPMSEvans, Keesee, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Deltar83.3J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)CH3F, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.1 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsEvans, Keesee, et al., 1987gas phase; B
Deltar19. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + p-Cresol = (Chlorine anion bullet p-Cresol)

By formula: Cl- + C7H8O = (Cl- bullet C7H8O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar107. ± 8.4kJ/molTDEqCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; Re-anchored to data in French, Ikuta, et al., 1982.; B,M
Deltar108.kJ/molPHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar112.J/mol*KPHPMSCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar74.9 ± 8.4kJ/molTDEqCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; Re-anchored to data in French, Ikuta, et al., 1982.; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
64.0423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
69.5300.PHPMSCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; M

Chlorine anion + Isopropyl Alcohol = (Chlorine anion bullet Isopropyl Alcohol)

By formula: Cl- + C3H8O = (Cl- bullet C3H8O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar81.17 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar76.6 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B,M
Deltar73.6 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar103.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Deltar97.1J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; switching reaction(cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar47.36kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar45.61kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar44.8 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M

(Chlorine anion bullet 6Water) + Water = (Chlorine anion bullet 7Water)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 6H2O) + H2O = (Cl- bullet 7H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar34. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Estimated entropy; single temperature measurement; B
Deltar28.9kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B
Deltar34.kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar84.J/mol*KN/AHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar8.8 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Estimated entropy; single temperature measurement; B

Chlorine anion + Methylene chloride = (Chlorine anion bullet Methylene chloride)

By formula: Cl- + CH2Cl2 = (Cl- bullet CH2Cl2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar66.1 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar61.9 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuno, et al., 2001gas phase; B
Deltar64.9 ± 1.3kJ/molTDEqDougherty, Dalton, et al., 1974gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.5J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Kebarle, 1977; M
Deltar92.0J/mol*KHPMSDougherty, Dalton, et al., 1974gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar38. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar37.0kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuno, et al., 2001gas phase; B
Deltar37.2 ± 2.5kJ/molTDEqDougherty, Dalton, et al., 1974gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + Phosphorus trifluoride = (Chlorine anion bullet Phosphorus trifluoride)

By formula: Cl- + F3P = (Cl- bullet F3P)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar64.9 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B
Deltar64.9kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar87.9J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar38. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B
Deltar38.kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M

Chlorine anion + 1-Propanol = (Chlorine anion bullet 1-Propanol)

By formula: Cl- + C3H8O = (Cl- bullet C3H8O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar85.4 ± 2.1kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, 1987gas phase; B,B,M
Deltar74.1 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar121.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Deltar97.1J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar48.95kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar49.0 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar45.2 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + Hydrogen cyanide = (Chlorine anion bullet Hydrogen cyanide)

By formula: Cl- + CHN = (Cl- bullet CHN)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar91.2 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B,B,M
Deltar87.9 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar79.1J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, Cybulski, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Deltar99.2J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar67.8 ± 6.7kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, Cybulski, et al., 1988gas phase; B
Deltar67.4 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B
Deltar58.2 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + Carbon dioxide = (Chlorine anion bullet Carbon dioxide)

By formula: Cl- + CO2 = (Cl- bullet CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28.5 ± 2.1kJ/molPDisArnold, Bradforth, et al., 1995gas phase; Affinity: shift in apparent EA from lesser-solvated ion. Ignores any neutral-neutral bond.; B
Deltar31.8kJ/molTDEqHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase; B,M
Deltar33.5 ± 0.42kJ/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1980gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar76.1J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Deltar82.0J/mol*KHPMSKeesee, Lee, et al., 1980gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar8.79kJ/molTDEqHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase; B
Deltar8.79 ± 0.42kJ/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1980gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 3Methyl Alcohol) + Methyl Alcohol = (Chlorine anion bullet 4Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 3CH4O) + CH4O = (Cl- bullet 4CH4O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.9 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B,M
Deltar43.93kJ/molTDAsEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; B
Deltar46.9 ± 2.5kJ/molTDAsYamdagni, Payzant, et al., 1973gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar95.8J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Deltar110.J/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni, Payzant, et al., 1973gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar15.5kJ/molTDAsEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; B
Deltar13.8 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsYamdagni, Payzant, et al., 1973gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 4Water) + Water = (Chlorine anion bullet 5Water)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 4H2O) + H2O = (Cl- bullet 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar40. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar28.0kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B
Deltar40. ± 1.kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar90.8J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar12. ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsKebarle, Arshadi, et al., 1968gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + 2-Propanone, 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro- = (Chlorine anion bullet 2-Propanone, 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-)

By formula: Cl- + C3F6O = (Cl- bullet C3F6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar120. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsBofdanov and McMahon, 2002gas phase; B
Deltar95.8 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(t-C4H9OH), Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar73.6 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsBofdanov and McMahon, 2002gas phase; B
Deltar68.2 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M
Deltar68.2kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984, 3gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)(C2H5)3B; M

(Chlorine anion bullet 3Acetonitrile) + Acetonitrile = (Chlorine anion bullet 4Acetonitrile)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 3C2H3N) + C2H3N = (Cl- bullet 4C2H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar45.6 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar37.7 ± 3.3kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Perera, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar25.9kJ/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1972gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar111.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; M
Deltar45.2J/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni and Kebarle, 1972gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12. ± 5.0kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; B
Deltar12.6kJ/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1972gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + 2-Propanone, 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoro- = (Chlorine anion bullet 2-Propanone, 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoro-)

By formula: Cl- + C3HF5O = (Cl- bullet C3HF5O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar109. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsBofdanov and McMahon, 2002gas phase; B
Deltar97.9kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar72.0 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsBofdanov and McMahon, 2002gas phase; B
Deltar68.2 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 3gas phase; B,M,M

Chlorine anion + 2-Propanol, 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro- = (Chlorine anion bullet 2-Propanol, 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-)

By formula: Cl- + C3H2F6O = (Cl- bullet C3H2F6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar111.kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)(CF3)2CH3COH, Entropy change calculated or estimated, DG>, «DELTA»rH>; Larson and McMahon, 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar105.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)(CF3)2CH3COH, Entropy change calculated or estimated, DG>, «DELTA»rH>; Larson and McMahon, 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar79.5kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)(CF3)2CH3COH, Entropy change calculated or estimated, DG>, «DELTA»rH>; Larson and McMahon, 1984; M

(Chlorine anion bullet 2Acetonitrile) + Acetonitrile = (Chlorine anion bullet 3Acetonitrile)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 2C2H3N) + C2H3N = (Cl- bullet 3C2H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar46.9 ± 1.7kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar50.2 ± 2.9kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Perera, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar44.35kJ/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1972gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar82.0J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; M
Deltar84.1J/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni and Kebarle, 1972gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22. ± 5.4kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; B
Deltar19.2kJ/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1972gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + Carbon disulfide = (Chlorine anion bullet Carbon disulfide)

By formula: Cl- + CS2 = (Cl- bullet CS2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar36.8 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Fujimaki, et al., 1993gas phase; B,M
Deltar49.0 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar58.2J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Fujimaki, et al., 1993gas phase; M
Deltar84.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19. ± 9.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Fujimaki, et al., 1993gas phase; B
Deltar24. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M

(Chlorine anion bullet Acetonitrile) + Acetonitrile = (Chlorine anion bullet 2Acetonitrile)

By formula: (Cl- bullet C2H3N) + C2H3N = (Cl- bullet 2C2H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar52.3 ± 1.7kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar50.2 ± 2.9kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Perera, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar51.04kJ/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1972gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar68.2J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; M
Deltar79.1J/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni and Kebarle, 1972gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar32. ± 5.0kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; B
Deltar27.6kJ/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1972gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + C4H4F6O = (Chlorine anion bullet C4H4F6O)

By formula: Cl- + C4H4F6O = (Cl- bullet C4H4F6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar111.kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)HCOOH, Entropy change calculated or estimated, DG>, «DELTA»rH>; Larson and McMahon, 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar105.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)HCOOH, Entropy change calculated or estimated, DG>, «DELTA»rH>; Larson and McMahon, 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar79.5kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)HCOOH, Entropy change calculated or estimated, DG>, «DELTA»rH>; Larson and McMahon, 1984; M

(Chlorine anion bullet 5Water) + Water = (Chlorine anion bullet 6Water)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 5H2O) + H2O = (Cl- bullet 6H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar37. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar35.6kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B
Deltar37. ± 2.kJ/molPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar88.7J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar10. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + Methane, bromo- = (Chlorine anion bullet Methane, bromo-)

By formula: Cl- + CH3Br = (Cl- bullet CH3Br)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar52.3 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar45.6 ± 2.1kJ/molTDAsDougherty and Roberts, 1974gas phase; B,M
Deltar51. ± 13.kJ/molIMRBRiveros, Breda, et al., 1973gas phase; Anchored: Larson and McMahon, 1984, 3; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar53.6J/mol*KHPMSDougherty and Roberts, 1974gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28.5 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar30. ± 5.0kJ/molTDAsDougherty and Roberts, 1974gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet Hydrogen chloride) + Hydrogen chloride = (Chlorine anion bullet 2Hydrogen chloride)

By formula: (Cl- bullet HCl) + HCl = (Cl- bullet 2HCl)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar63.60 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1974gas phase; B,M
Deltar58.6kJ/molPHPMSCaldwell and Kebarle, 1985gas phase; switching reaction(Cl- HCl)SO2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar85.4J/mol*KPHPMSCaldwell and Kebarle, 1985gas phase; switching reaction(Cl- HCl)SO2; M
Deltar102.J/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni and Kebarle, 1974gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar33.1 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1974gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + Cl4Th = (Chlorine anion bullet Cl4Th)

By formula: Cl- + Cl4Th = (Cl- bullet Cl4Th)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar101.kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(t-C4H9OH), Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(t-C4H9OH), Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar73.6kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(t-C4H9OH), Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Chlorine anion + C2H3ClO2 = (Chlorine anion bullet C2H3ClO2)

By formula: Cl- + C2H3ClO2 = (Cl- bullet C2H3ClO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar59.0kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar87.9J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar33.kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Chase, 1998
Chase, M.W., Jr., NIST-JANAF Themochemical Tables, Fourth Edition, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, Monograph 9, 1998, 1-1951. [all data]

Evans and Keesee, 1991
Evans, D.H.; Keesee, R.G., Thermodynamics of Gas-Phase Mixed-Solvent Cluster Ions - Water and Methanol on K+ and Cl- and Comparison to Liquid Solutions, J. Phys. Chem., 1991, 95, 9, 3558, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100162a024 . [all data]

Hiraoka and Mizuse, 1987
Hiraoka, K.; Mizuse, S., Gas-Phase Solvation of Cl- with H2O, CH3OH, C2H4OH, i-C3H7OH, n-C3H7OH, and t-C4H9OH, Chem. Phys., 1987, 118, 3, 457, https://doi.org/10.1016/0301-0104(87)85078-4 . [all data]

Sieck, 1985
Sieck, L.W., Thermochemistry of Solvation of NO2- and C6H5NO2- by Polar Molecules in the Vapor Phase. Comparison with Cl- and Variation with Ligand Structure., J. Phys. Chem., 1985, 89, 25, 5552, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100271a049 . [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1984
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Gas phase negative ion chemistry of alkylchloroformates, Can. J. Chem., 1984, 62, 675. [all data]

French, Ikuta, et al., 1982
French, M.A.; Ikuta, S.; Kebarle, P., Hydrogen bonding of O-H and C-H hydrogen donors to Cl-. Results from mass spectrometric measurement of the ion-molecule equilibria RH + Cl- = RHCl-, Can. J. Chem., 1982, 60, 1907. [all data]

Yamdagni, Payzant, et al., 1973
Yamdagni, R.; Payzant, J.D.; Kebarle, P., Solvation of Cl- and O2- with H2O, CH3OH, and CH3CN in the gas phase, Can. J. Chem., 1973, 51, 2507. [all data]

Metz, Kitsopoulos, et al., 1988
Metz, R.B.; Kitsopoulos, T.; Weaver, A.; Neumark, D.M., Study of the Transition State Region in the Cl+HCl Reaction by Photoelectron Spectroscopy of ClHCl-, J. Chem. Phys., 1988, 88, 2, 1463, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.454218 . [all data]

Caldwell and Kebarle, 1985
Caldwell, G.; Kebarle, P., The hydrogen bond energies of the bihalide ions XHX- and YHX-, Can. J. Chem., 1985, 63, 1399. [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Hydrogen bonding in gas phase anions. An experimental investigation of the interaction between chloride ion and bronsted acids from ICR chloride exchange equilibria, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1984, 106, 517. [all data]

Yamdagni and Kebarle, 1974
Yamdagni, R.; Kebarle, P., The hydrogen bond energies in ClHCl- and Cl-(HCl)n, Can. J. Chem., 1974, 52, 2449. [all data]

Upschulte, Evans, et al., 1986
Upschulte, B.L.; Evans, D.H.; Keesee, R.G.; Castleman, A.W., Unpublished results, referred to in Keesee and Castleman, 1986, 1986. [all data]

Keesee and Castleman, 1980
Keesee, R.G.; Castleman, A.W., Jr., Gas phase studies of hydration complexes of Cl- and I- and comparison to electrostatic calculations in the gas phase, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1980, 74, 139. [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1987
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Isotope Effects in Proton Transfer Reactions. An Ion Cyclotron Resonance Determination of the Equilibrium Deuterium Isotope Effect in the Bichloride Ion, J. Phys. Chem., 1987, 91, 3, 554, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100287a013 . [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1984, 3
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Fluoride and chloride affinities of main group oxides, fluorides, oxofluorides, and alkyls. Quantitative scales of lewis acidities from ion cyclotron resonance halide-exchange equilibria, J. Phys. Chem., 1984, 88, 1083. [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1985
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Fluoride and chloride affinities of the main group oxides, fluorides, oxofluorides, and alkyls. Quantitative scales of lewis acidities from ICR halide exchange equilibria, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1985, 107, 766. [all data]

Bohringer, Fahey, et al., 1984
Bohringer, H.; Fahey, D.W.; Fehsenfeld, F.C.; Ferguson, E.E., Bond energies of the molecules H2O, SO2, H2O2, and HCl to various atmospheric negative ions, J. Chem. Phys., 1984, 81, 2805. [all data]

Keesee, Lee, et al., 1980
Keesee, R.G.; Lee, N.; Castleman, A.W., Jr., Properties of clusters in the gas phase: V. Complexes of neutral molecules onto negative ions, J. Chem. Phys., 1980, 73, 2195. [all data]

Fehsenfeld and Ferguson, 1974
Fehsenfeld, F.C.; Ferguson, E.E., Laboratory studies of negative ion reactions with atmospheric trace constituents, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 61, 3181. [all data]

Tschurl, Ueberfluss, et al., 2007
Tschurl, M.; Ueberfluss, C.; Boesl, U., Anion photoelectron, photodetachment, and infrared dissociation spectra of Cl-center dot C6H6, Chem. Phys. Lett., 2007, 439, 1-3, 23-28, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cplett.2007.03.059 . [all data]

Hiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988
Hiraoka, K.; Mizuse, S.; Yamabe, S., Determination of the Stabilities and Structures of X-(C6H6) Clusters (X = Cl, Br, and I), Chem. Phys. Lett., 1988, 147, 2-3, 174, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(88)85078-4 . [all data]

Paul and Kebarle, 1991
Paul, G.J.C.; Kebarle, P., Stabilities of Complexes of Br- with Substituted Benzenes (SB) Based on Determinations of the Gas-Phase Equilibria Br- + SB = (BrSB)-, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1991, 113, 4, 1148, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00004a014 . [all data]

Sunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981
Sunner, J.; Nishizawa, K.; Kebarle, P., Ion - Solvent Molecule Interactions in the Gas Phase. Potassium Ion and Benzene, J. Phys. Chem., 1981, 85, 13, 1814, https://doi.org/10.1021/j150613a011 . [all data]

Chowdhury and Kebarle, 1986
Chowdhury, S.; Kebarle, P., Role of Binding Energies in A-.B and A.B- Complexes in the Kinetics of Gas Phase Electron Transfer Reactions:A- + B = A + B- Involving Perfluoro Compounds: SF6, C6F11CF3, J. Chem. Phys., 1986, 85, 9, 4989, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.451687 . [all data]

Hiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2
Hiraoka, K.; Mizuse, S.; Yamabe, S., Solvation of Halide Ions with H2O and CH3CN in the Gas Phase, J. Phys. Chem., 1988, 92, 13, 3943, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100324a051 . [all data]

Arshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970
Arshadi, M.; Yamdagni, R.; Kebarle, P., Hydration of Halide Negative Ions in the Gas Phase. II. Comparison of Hydration Energies for the Alkali Positive and Halide Negative Ions, J. Phys. Chem., 1970, 74, 7, 1475, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100702a014 . [all data]

Yamabe, Furumiya, et al., 1986
Yamabe, S.; Furumiya, Y.; Hiraoka, K.; Morise, K., Theoretical Van't Hoff plots of gas phase ion equilibria of Cl- ion in water, methanol and acetonitrile, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1986, 131, 261. [all data]

Yamdagni and Kebarle, 1972
Yamdagni, R.; Kebarle, P., Solvation of negative ions by protic and aprotic solvents. Gas phase solvation of halide ions by acetonitrile and water molecules, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1972, 94, 2940. [all data]

Li, Ross, et al., 1996
Li, C.; Ross, P.; Szulejko, J.; McMahon, T.B., High-Pressure Mass Spectrometric Investigations of the Potential Energy Surfaces of Gas-Phase Sn2 Reactions., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1996, 118, 39, 9360, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja960565o . [all data]

Payzant, Yamdagni, et al., 1971
Payzant, J.D.; Yamdagni, R.; Kebarle, P., Hydration of CN-, NO2-, NO3-, and HO- in the gas phase, Can. J. Chem., 1971, 49, 3308. [all data]

Kebarle, 1977
Kebarle, P., Ion Thermochemistry and Solvation from Gas Phase Ion Equilibria, Ann. Rev. Phys. Chem., 1977, 28, 1, 445, https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.pc.28.100177.002305 . [all data]

Yamdagni and Kebarle, 1971
Yamdagni, R.; Kebarle, P., Hydrogen bonding energies to negative ions from gas phase measurements of ionic equilibria, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1971, 93, 7139. [all data]

Bogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999
Bogdanov, B.; Peschke, M.; Tonner, D.S.; Szulejko, J.E.; McMahon, T.B., Stepwise solvation of halides by alcohol molecules in the gas phase, Int. J. Mass Spectrom., 1999, 187, 707-725, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1387-3806(98)14180-5 . [all data]

Cummings, French, et al., 1977
Cummings, J.B.; French, M.A.; Kebarle, P., Effect of charge delocalization on hydrogen bonding to negative ions and solvation of negative ions. Substituted phenols and phenoxide ions, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1977, 99, 6999. [all data]

Paul and Kebarle, 1990
Paul, G.J.C.; Kebarle, P., Stabilities in the Gas Phase of the Hydrogen Bonded Complexes, YC6H4OH-X-, of Substituted Phenols, YC6H4OH, with the Halide Anions X-(Cl-, Br-), Can. J. Chem., 1990, 68, 11, 2070, https://doi.org/10.1139/v90-316 . [all data]

Hiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986
Hiraoka, K.; Takimoto, H.; Morise, K.; Shoda, T.; Nakamura, S., Ion-Molecule Reactions in Gaseous Acetone, Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan, 1986, 59, 7, 2247, https://doi.org/10.1246/bcsj.59.2247 . [all data]

Bofdanov and McMahon, 2002
Bofdanov, B.; McMahon, T.B., Structures, Thermochemistry, and Infrared Spectra of Chloride Ion-Fluorinated Acetone Complexes and Neutral Fluorinated Acetones in the Gas Phase: Experiment and Theory, Int. J. Mass Spectrom., 2002, 219, 3, 593-613, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1387-3806(02)00745-5 . [all data]

Hiraoka, Morise, et al., 1986
Hiraoka, K.; Morise, K.; Nishijima, T.; Nakamura, S.; Nakazato, M.; Ohkuma, K., Gas Phase Ion Equilibria Studies of Protons and Chloride Ions in Propanol and Acetone, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Proc., 1986, 68, 1-2, 99, https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1176(86)87071-9 . [all data]

Hiraoka, Mizuno, et al., 2001
Hiraoka, K.; Mizuno, T.; Iino, T.; Eguchi, D.; Yamabe, S., Characteristic changes of bond energies for gas-phase cluster ions of halide ions with methane and chloromethanes, J. Phys. Chem. A, 2001, 105, 20, 4887-4893, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp010143n . [all data]

Giles and Grimsrud, 1993
Giles, K.; Grimsrud, E.P., Measurements of Equilibria and Reactivity of Cluster Ions at Atmospheric Pressure - Reactions of Cl-(CHCl3)0-2 with CH3Br and CH3I, J. Phys. Chem., 1993, 97, 7, 1318, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100109a012 . [all data]

Dougherty, Dalton, et al., 1974
Dougherty, R.C.; Dalton, J.; Roberts, J.D., SN2 reactions in the gas phase: Structure of the transition state, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1974, 8, 77. [all data]

Markovich, Pollack, et al., 1994
Markovich, G.; Pollack, S.; Giniger, R.; Cheshnovsky, O., Photoelectron spectroscopy of Cl-, Br-, and I- solvated in water clusters, J. Chem. Phys., 1994, 101, 11, 9344, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.467965 . [all data]

Kebarle, Arshadi, et al., 1968
Kebarle, P.; Arshadi, M.; Scarborough, J., Hydration of Negative Ions in the Gas Phase, J. Chem. Phys., 1968, 49, 2, 817, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1670145 . [all data]

Walker and Sunderlin, 1999
Walker, B.W.; Sunderlin, L.S., The thermochemistry of formic acid halide anion clusters, Int. J. Mass Spectrom., 1999, 184, 2-3, 183-189, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1387-3806(99)00008-1 . [all data]

Hiraoka, 1987
Hiraoka, K., Relation Between Gas Phase Stepwise and Bulk Solvation of Cl- with Water and Aliphatic Alcohols, Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan, 1987, 60, 7, 2555, https://doi.org/10.1246/bcsj.60.2555 . [all data]

Riveros, 1974
Riveros, J.M., Formation and Relative Stability of Negative Clustered Ions by Ion Cyclotron Resonance Spectroscopy, Adv. Mass Spectrom., 1974, 6, 277. [all data]

Riveros, Breda, et al., 1973
Riveros, J.M.; Breda, A.C.; Blair, L.K., Formation and relative stability of chloride ion clusters in the gas phase by ICR spectroscopy, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1973, 95, 4066. [all data]

Martin and Hepburn, 1998
Martin, J.D.D.; Hepburn, J.W., Determination of bond dissociation energies by threshold ion-pair production spectroscopy: An improved D-0(HCl), J. Chem. Phys., 1998, 109, 19, 8139-8142, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.477476 . [all data]

Fujio, McIver, et al., 1981
Fujio, M.; McIver, R.T., Jr.; Taft, R.W., Effects on the acidities of phenols from specific substituent-solvent interactions. Inherent substituent parameters from gas phase acidities, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1981, 103, 4017. [all data]

Check, Faust, et al., 2001
Check, C.E.; Faust, T.O.; Bailey, J.M.; Wright, B.J.; Gilbert, T.M.; Sunderlin, L.S., Addition of Polarization and Diffuse Functions to the LANL2DZ Basis Set for P-Block Elements, J. Phys. Chem. A,, 2001, 105, 34, 8111, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp011945l . [all data]

Tschurl and Boesl, 2008
Tschurl, M.; Boesl, U., IR-photodissociation and photodetachment spectroscopy of Cl-center dot(NH3)(x) (IR : x=1-4, PD : x=1), Chem. Phys. Lett., 2008, 456, 4-6, 150-155, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cplett.2008.03.041 . [all data]

Evans, Keesee, et al., 1987
Evans, D.H.; Keesee, R.G.; Castleman Jr., The Association of Ammonia with Halide Ions in the Gas Phase, J. Chem. Phys., 1987, 86, 5, 2927, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.452043 . [all data]

Markovich, Chesnovsky, et al., 1993
Markovich, G.; Chesnovsky, O.; Kaldor, U., Charge Transfer Excitations in the Photoelectron Spectrum of Cl-NH3: Experiment and calculation, J. Chem. Phys, 1993, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.465913 . [all data]

Meot-ner, 1988
Meot-ner, M., Ionic Hydrogen Bond and Ion Solvation. 6. Interaction Energies of the Acetate Ion with Organic Molecules. Comparison of CH3COO- with Cl-, CN-, and SH-, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1988, 110, 12, 3854, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00220a022 . [all data]

Meot-ner, Cybulski, et al., 1988
Meot-ner, M.; Cybulski, S.M.; Scheiner, S.; Liebman, J.F., Is CN- Significantly Anisotropic? Comparison of CN- vs. Cl-: Clustering with HCN and Condensed Phase Thermochemistry, J. Phys. Chem., 1988, 92, 10, 2738, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100321a009 . [all data]

Arnold, Bradforth, et al., 1995
Arnold, D.W.; Bradforth, S.E.; Kim, E.H.; Neumark, D.M., Study of halogen carbon dioxide clusters and the fluoroformyloxyl radical by photodetachment of X(-)(CO2) (X=I,Cl,Br) and FCO2-, J. Chem. Phys., 1995, 102, 9, 3493, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.468575 . [all data]

Hiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986
Hiraoka, K.; Shoda, T.; Morise, K.; Yamabe, S.; Kawai, E.; Hirao, K., Stability and structure of cluster ions in the gas phase: Carbon dioxide with Cl-, H3O+, HCO2+ and HCO+, J. Chem. Phys., 1986, 84, 2091. [all data]

Markovich, Perera, et al., 1996
Markovich, G.; Perera, L.; Berkowitz, M.L.; Cheshnovsky, O., The Solvation of Cl-, Br-, and I- in Acetonitrile Cluster: Photoelectron Spectroscopy and Molecular Dynamics Simulations., J. Chem. Phys., 1996, 105, 7, 2675, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.472131 . [all data]

Hiraoka, Fujimaki, et al., 1993
Hiraoka, K.; Fujimaki, S.; Aruga, K.; Yamabe, S., Bond Strengths of the Gas-Phase Cluster Ions X-(CS2)n (X = F, Cl, Br and I), Chem. Phys. Lett., 1993, 208, 5-6, 491, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(93)87178-6 . [all data]

Dougherty and Roberts, 1974
Dougherty, R.C.; Roberts, J.D., SN2 reactions in the gas phase. Nucleophilicity effects, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1974, 8, 81. [all data]

Keesee and Castleman, 1986
Keesee, R.G.; Castleman, A.W., Jr., Thermochemical data on Ggs-phase ion-molecule association and clustering reactions, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1986, 15, 1011. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, References