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Chlorine anion


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
B - John E. Bartmess

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Reactions 51 to 100

Chlorine anion + 1,1,2-Trifluoroethane = (Chlorine anion bullet 1,1,2-Trifluoroethane)

By formula: Cl- + C2H3F3 = (Cl- bullet C2H3F3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar79.1kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar105.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar47.7kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2; M

Chlorine anion + 1,3-Difluoro-2-propanol = (Chlorine anion bullet 1,3-Difluoro-2-propanol)

By formula: Cl- + C3H6F2O = (Cl- bullet C3H6F2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar98.7kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)CH3COOH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar105.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)CH3COOH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar67.4kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)CH3COOH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2; M

Chlorine anion + Methane, nitro- = (Chlorine anion bullet Methane, nitro-)

By formula: Cl- + CH3NO2 = (Cl- bullet CH3NO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar65.3 ± 2.5kJ/molTDAsWincel, 2003gas phase; B
Deltar69.87 ± 0.42kJ/molTDAsSieck, 1985gas phase; B,M
Deltar68. ± 13.kJ/molIMRBRiveros, Breda, et al., 1973gas phase; Anchored: Larson and McMahon, 1984, 3; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar71.5J/mol*KPHPMSSieck, 1985gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar38.5kJ/molTDAsWincel, 2003gas phase; B
Deltar48.53 ± 0.42kJ/molTDAsSieck, 1985gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + Propane, 2-chloro-2-methyl- = (Chlorine anion bullet Propane, 2-chloro-2-methyl-)

By formula: Cl- + C4H9Cl = (Cl- bullet C4H9Cl)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar69.5 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar59.8 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar88.7J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9F, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar34.7 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar33. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M

(Chlorine anion bullet 4Methyl Alcohol) + Methyl Alcohol = (Chlorine anion bullet 5Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 4CH4O) + CH4O = (Cl- bullet 5CH4O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar38. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B,M
Deltar43.9 ± 2.1kJ/molN/AYamdagni, Payzant, et al., 1973gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar90.8J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Deltar107.J/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni, Payzant, et al., 1973gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar11. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar12.1 ± 0.42kJ/molTDAsYamdagni, Payzant, et al., 1973gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + Benzene, hexafluoro- = (Chlorine anion bullet Benzene, hexafluoro-)

By formula: Cl- + C6F6 = (Cl- bullet C6F6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar70.3 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsChowdhury and Kebarle, 1986gas phase; B,M
Deltar64.9 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar94.1J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Deltar113.J/mol*KPHPMSChowdhury and Kebarle, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar37. ± 6.7kJ/molTDAsChowdhury and Kebarle, 1986gas phase; B
Deltar36. ± 6.7kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + Benzonitrile = (Chlorine anion bullet Benzonitrile)

By formula: Cl- + C7H5N = (Cl- bullet C7H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar66.9kJ/molPHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; from Ph. D. thesis of S. Chowdhury, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar84.J/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; from Ph. D. thesis of S. Chowdhury, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
41.8300.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; from Ph. D. thesis of S. Chowdhury, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Chlorine anion bullet 8Hydrogen cyanide) + Hydrogen cyanide = (Chlorine anion bullet 9Hydrogen cyanide)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 8CHN) + CHN = (Cl- bullet 9CHN)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar31. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, Cybulski, et al., 1988gas phase; Entropy estimated; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/AMeot-ner, Cybulski, et al., 1988gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar0.42kJ/molTDAsMeot-ner, Cybulski, et al., 1988gas phase; Entropy estimated; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
13.171.PHPMSMeot-ner, Cybulski, et al., 1988gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Chlorine anion bullet Sulfur dioxide) + Water = (Chlorine anion bullet Water bullet Sulfur dioxide)

By formula: (Cl- bullet O2S) + H2O = (Cl- bullet H2O bullet O2S)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.51kJ/molTDAsUpschulte, Schelling, et al., 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar81.2J/mol*KHPMSUpschulte, Schelling, et al., 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.2kJ/molTDAsUpschulte, Schelling, et al., 1984gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
23.296.FAFehsenfeld and Ferguson, 1974gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(H2O/SO2); M

Chlorine anion + Benzene, 1,3-difluoro- = (Chlorine anion bullet Benzene, 1,3-difluoro-)

By formula: Cl- + C6H4F2 = (Cl- bullet C6H4F2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar61.1 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar94.6J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)ClCOOCH3, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar33. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M
Deltar32. ± 4.2kJ/molTDEqFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + Methyl fluoride = (Chlorine anion bullet Methyl fluoride)

By formula: Cl- + CH3F = (Cl- bullet CH3F)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar48.1 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar84.9J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)CH3Cl, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.kJ/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)CH3Cl, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2; M

(Chlorine anion bullet Hydrogen chloride bullet Water) + Hydrogen chloride = (Chlorine anion bullet 2Hydrogen chloride bullet Water)

By formula: (Cl- bullet HCl bullet H2O) + HCl = (Cl- bullet 2HCl bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar51.5kJ/molHPMSUpschulte, Evans, et al., 1986gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(Cl- H2O) HCl, deuterated; Yamdagni and Kebarle, 1974; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar87.4J/mol*KHPMSUpschulte, Evans, et al., 1986gas phase; From thermochemical cycle,switching reaction(Cl- H2O) HCl, deuterated; Yamdagni and Kebarle, 1974; M

(Chlorine anion bullet 2Ethanol) + Ethanol = (Chlorine anion bullet 3Ethanol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 2C2H6O) + C2H6O = (Cl- bullet 3C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar58.2 ± 2.9kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar53.6 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar108.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.6kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar21. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 2Isopropyl Alcohol) + Isopropyl Alcohol = (Chlorine anion bullet 3Isopropyl Alcohol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 2C3H8O) + C3H8O = (Cl- bullet 3C3H8O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar62.3 ± 2.1kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar52.3 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar109.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.2kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar20. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 22-Propanol, 2-methyl-) + 2-Propanol, 2-methyl- = (Chlorine anion bullet 32-Propanol, 2-methyl-)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 2C4H10O) + C4H10O = (Cl- bullet 3C4H10O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar66.1 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar57.3 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar130.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.2kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar18. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet Ethanol) + Ethanol = (Chlorine anion bullet 2Ethanol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet C2H6O) + C2H6O = (Cl- bullet 2C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar64.02 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar67.4 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar108.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar30.7kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar35. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet Isopropyl Alcohol) + Isopropyl Alcohol = (Chlorine anion bullet 2Isopropyl Alcohol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet C3H8O) + C3H8O = (Cl- bullet 2C3H8O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar69.9 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar65.3 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar105.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar32.1kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar34. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 2-Propanol, 2-methyl-) + 2-Propanol, 2-methyl- = (Chlorine anion bullet 22-Propanol, 2-methyl-)

By formula: (Cl- bullet C4H10O) + C4H10O = (Cl- bullet 2C4H10O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar70.71 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar62.3 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar108.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar30.8kJ/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar30. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + Ethene, tetrafluoro- = C2ClF4-

By formula: Cl- + C2F4 = C2ClF4-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar>41.84kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mochizuki, et al., 2008gas phase; Entropy estimated. The experimental HOF of C2F4 has been quiestioned as being too positive: Curtiss, Raghavachari, et al., 7374, 11CHA/DEN; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar10.7kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mochizuki, et al., 2008gas phase; Entropy estimated. The experimental HOF of C2F4 has been quiestioned as being too positive: Curtiss, Raghavachari, et al., 7374, 11CHA/DEN; B

Chlorine anion + Carbon Tetrachloride = (Chlorine anion bullet Carbon Tetrachloride)

By formula: Cl- + CCl4 = (Cl- bullet CCl4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar56.1 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuno, et al., 2001gas phase; B
Deltar59.4 ± 2.9kJ/molTDAsDougherty, Dalton, et al., 1974gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar116.J/mol*KHPMSDougherty, Dalton, et al., 1974gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.1kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuno, et al., 2001gas phase; B
Deltar24.7 ± 3.8kJ/molTDAsDougherty, Dalton, et al., 1974gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 10Methyl Alcohol) + Methyl Alcohol = (Chlorine anion bullet 11Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 10CH4O) + CH4O = (Cl- bullet 11CH4O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar31. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Estimated entropy; single temperature measurement; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar84.J/mol*KN/AHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.4 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Estimated entropy; single temperature measurement; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 2Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Chlorine anion bullet 3Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 2CO2) + CO2 = (Cl- bullet 3CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987, 2gas phase; B
Deltar28.5kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar93.7J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar0.4 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987, 2gas phase; B
Deltar0.42kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Chlorine anion bullet 2Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (Cl- bullet CO2) + CO2 = (Cl- bullet 2CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar30. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987, 2gas phase; B
Deltar30.1kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar87.0J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-5.9 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987, 2gas phase; B
Deltar4.18kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 52-Propanol, 2-methyl-) + 2-Propanol, 2-methyl- = (Chlorine anion bullet 62-Propanol, 2-methyl-)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 5C4H10O) + C4H10O = (Cl- bullet 6C4H10O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar47.7 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Estimated entropy; single temperature measurement; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar130.J/mol*KN/AHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.5 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Estimated entropy; single temperature measurement; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 7Isopropyl Alcohol) + Isopropyl Alcohol = (Chlorine anion bullet 8Isopropyl Alcohol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 7C3H8O) + C3H8O = (Cl- bullet 8C3H8O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar45.6 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Estimated entropy; single temperature measurement; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar130.J/mol*KN/AHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.7 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Estimated entropy; single temperature measurement; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 71-Propanol) + 1-Propanol = (Chlorine anion bullet 81-Propanol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 7C3H8O) + C3H8O = (Cl- bullet 8C3H8O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar45.2 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Estimated entropy; single temperature measurement; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar130.J/mol*KN/AHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.5 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Estimated entropy; single temperature measurement; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 9Ethanol) + Ethanol = (Chlorine anion bullet 10Ethanol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 9C2H6O) + C2H6O = (Cl- bullet 10C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar37. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Estimated entropy; single temperature measurement; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/AHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.9 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Estimated entropy; single temperature measurement; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 8Ethanol) + Ethanol = (Chlorine anion bullet 9Ethanol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 8C2H6O) + C2H6O = (Cl- bullet 9C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar38. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Estimated entropy; single temperature measurement; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/AHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.3 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Estimated entropy; single temperature measurement; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 7Acetonitrile) + Acetonitrile = (Chlorine anion bullet 8Acetonitrile)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 7C2H3N) + C2H3N = (Cl- bullet 8C2H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar38.5kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; Entropy estimated; B,M
Deltar12. ± 5.0kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Perera, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar130.J/mol*KN/AHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-1.7kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; Entropy estimated; B

Chlorine anion + Xenon = (Chlorine anion bullet Xenon)

By formula: Cl- + Xe = (Cl- bullet Xe)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17.6 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsWada, Kikkawa, et al., 2007gas phase; B
Deltar13.0kJ/molMoblGatland, 1984gas phase; B,M
Deltar13.0kJ/molMoblThackston, Eisele, et al., 1980gas phase; B,M
Deltar<13.4kJ/molMoblDe Vreugd, Wijnaendts van Resandt, et al., 1979gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-6.1 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsWada, Kikkawa, et al., 2007gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet Methane, nitro-) + Methane, nitro- = (Chlorine anion bullet 2Methane, nitro-)

By formula: (Cl- bullet CH3NO2) + CH3NO2 = (Cl- bullet 2CH3NO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar54.4 ± 2.1kJ/molTDAsWincel, 2003gas phase; B
Deltar54.81 ± 0.42kJ/molTDAsSieck, 1985gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar76.6J/mol*KPHPMSSieck, 1985gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.8kJ/molTDAsWincel, 2003gas phase; B
Deltar31.8 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsSieck, 1985gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + hydrogen fluoride = (Chlorine anion bullet hydrogen fluoride)

By formula: Cl- + HF = (Cl- bullet HF)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar91.2 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar94.1J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)SO2, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar63.2 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M

(Chlorine anion bullet Formic acid) + Formic acid = (Chlorine anion bullet 2Formic acid)

By formula: (Cl- bullet CH2O2) + CH2O2 = (Cl- bullet 2CH2O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar46.9 ± 8.8kJ/molCIDTWalker and Sunderlin, 1999gas phase; B
Deltar143. ± 13.kJ/molN/ALuczynski, Wlodek, et al., 1978gas phase; Buffer gas: H2. Value too bound based on French, Ikuta, et al., 1982, by Grimsrud fractionation factor ( Williamson, Knighton, et al., 1996).; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar230.J/mol*KHPMSLuczynski, Wlodek, et al., 1978gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M

(Chlorine anion bullet Sulfur dioxide) + Sulfur dioxide = (Chlorine anion bullet 2Sulfur dioxide)

By formula: (Cl- bullet O2S) + O2S = (Cl- bullet 2O2S)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar51.5 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1980gas phase; B,M
Deltar51.5kJ/molPHPMSCaldwell and Kebarle, 1985gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar84.5J/mol*KPHPMSCaldwell and Kebarle, 1985gas phase; M
Deltar95.0J/mol*KHPMSKeesee, Lee, et al., 1980gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23. ± 9.2kJ/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1980gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + Cl3Lu = (Chlorine anion bullet Cl3Lu)

By formula: Cl- + Cl3Lu = (Cl- bullet Cl3Lu)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar297. ± 15.kJ/molTDAsPogrebnoi, Kudion, et al., 1997gas phase; EA estimated as 3.7±1.0 eV; value altered from reference due to conversion from electron convention to ion convention; B
Deltar359. ± 10.kJ/molTDEqKudin, Vorob'ev, et al., 2007gas phase; value altered from reference due to conversion from electron convention to ion convention; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 2Water) + Hydrogen chloride = (Chlorine anion bullet Hydrogen chloride bullet 2Water)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 2H2O) + HCl = (Cl- bullet HCl bullet 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar54.4kJ/molHPMSUpschulte, Evans, et al., 1986gas phase; From thermochemical cycle(Cl- 2H2O)H2O, deuterated; Keesee and Castleman, 1980; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar90.8J/mol*KHPMSUpschulte, Evans, et al., 1986gas phase; From thermochemical cycle(Cl- 2H2O)H2O, deuterated; Keesee and Castleman, 1980; M

Chlorine anion + Cl3Yb = (Chlorine anion bullet Cl3Yb)

By formula: Cl- + Cl3Yb = (Cl- bullet Cl3Yb)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar311. ± 30.kJ/molTDAsKuznetsov, Kudin, et al., 1997gas phase; value altered from reference due to conversion from electron convention to ion convention; B
Deltar348. ± 19.kJ/molTDEqKudin, Vorob'ev, et al., 2007gas phase; value altered from reference due to conversion from electron convention to ion convention; B

Chlorine anion + Phosphoryl fluoride = (Chlorine anion bullet Phosphoryl fluoride)

By formula: Cl- + F3OP = (Cl- bullet F3OP)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar58.2 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar88.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar32. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + Boron trifluoride = (Chlorine anion bullet Boron trifluoride)

By formula: Cl- + BF3 = (Cl- bullet BF3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar109. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar80.8 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + Thionyl fluoride = (Chlorine anion bullet Thionyl fluoride)

By formula: Cl- + F2OS = (Cl- bullet F2OS)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar71.5 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar42.7 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + Silicon tetrafluoride = (Chlorine anion bullet Silicon tetrafluoride)

By formula: Cl- + F4Si = (Cl- bullet F4Si)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar97.9 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar70.3 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + trifluoroarsine = (Chlorine anion bullet trifluoroarsine)

By formula: Cl- + AsF3 = (Cl- bullet AsF3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar108. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar77.8 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + 2-Chloroethanol = (Chlorine anion bullet 2-Chloroethanol)

By formula: Cl- + C2H5ClO = (Cl- bullet C2H5ClO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar90.0 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar105.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)FCH2CH2OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar58.6 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + C2ClF3O = (Chlorine anion bullet C2ClF3O)

By formula: Cl- + C2ClF3O = (Cl- bullet C2ClF3O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar74.5 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar46.9 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + Ethane, pentafluoro- = (Chlorine anion bullet Ethane, pentafluoro-)

By formula: Cl- + C2HF5 = (Cl- bullet C2HF5)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar78.7 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar97.5J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar49.4 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + C2F4O = (Chlorine anion bullet C2F4O)

By formula: Cl- + C2F4O = (Cl- bullet C2F4O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar69.9 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar42.3 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + Ethanol, 2-fluoro- = (Chlorine anion bullet Ethanol, 2-fluoro-)

By formula: Cl- + C2H5FO = (Cl- bullet C2H5FO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar85.8 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar105.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar54.4 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + Cl3Tb = Cl4Tb-

By formula: Cl- + Cl3Tb = Cl4Tb-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar353. ± 18.kJ/molTDEqKudin, Vorob'ev, et al., 2007gas phase; value altered from reference due to conversion from electron convention to ion convention; B
Deltar304. ± 6.7kJ/molTDEqKhasanshin, Kudin, et al., 1999gas phase; value altered from reference due to conversion from electron convention to ion convention; B

Chlorine anion + Cl3Sm = Cl4Sm-

By formula: Cl- + Cl3Sm = Cl4Sm-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar289. ± 16.kJ/molTDEqKhasanshin, Pogrebnoi, et al., 1998gas phase; value altered from reference due to conversion from electron convention to ion convention; B
Deltar362. ± 21.kJ/molTDEqKudin, Vorob'ev, et al., 2007gas phase; value altered from reference due to conversion from electron convention to ion convention; B

Chlorine anion + Carbonic difluoride = (Chlorine anion bullet Carbonic difluoride)

By formula: Cl- + CF2O = (Cl- bullet CF2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar52.3 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar84.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M

References

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Larson and McMahon, 1984
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Hydrogen bonding in gas phase anions. An experimental investigation of the interaction between chloride ion and bronsted acids from ICR chloride exchange equilibria, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1984, 106, 517. [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Gas phase negative ion chemistry of alkylchloroformates, Can. J. Chem., 1984, 62, 675. [all data]

Wincel, 2003
Wincel, H., Gas-phase Solvation of Cl-, NO2-, CH2NO2-, CH3NO2-, and CH3NO4- by CH3NO2, Int. J. Mass Spectrom., 2003, 226, 3, 341-353, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1387-3806(03)00066-6 . [all data]

Sieck, 1985
Sieck, L.W., Thermochemistry of Solvation of NO2- and C6H5NO2- by Polar Molecules in the Vapor Phase. Comparison with Cl- and Variation with Ligand Structure., J. Phys. Chem., 1985, 89, 25, 5552, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100271a049 . [all data]

Riveros, Breda, et al., 1973
Riveros, J.M.; Breda, A.C.; Blair, L.K., Formation and relative stability of chloride ion clusters in the gas phase by ICR spectroscopy, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1973, 95, 4066. [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1984, 3
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Fluoride and chloride affinities of main group oxides, fluorides, oxofluorides, and alkyls. Quantitative scales of lewis acidities from ion cyclotron resonance halide-exchange equilibria, J. Phys. Chem., 1984, 88, 1083. [all data]

Li, Ross, et al., 1996
Li, C.; Ross, P.; Szulejko, J.; McMahon, T.B., High-Pressure Mass Spectrometric Investigations of the Potential Energy Surfaces of Gas-Phase Sn2 Reactions., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1996, 118, 39, 9360, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja960565o . [all data]

Hiraoka and Mizuse, 1987
Hiraoka, K.; Mizuse, S., Gas-Phase Solvation of Cl- with H2O, CH3OH, C2H4OH, i-C3H7OH, n-C3H7OH, and t-C4H9OH, Chem. Phys., 1987, 118, 3, 457, https://doi.org/10.1016/0301-0104(87)85078-4 . [all data]

Yamdagni, Payzant, et al., 1973
Yamdagni, R.; Payzant, J.D.; Kebarle, P., Solvation of Cl- and O2- with H2O, CH3OH, and CH3CN in the gas phase, Can. J. Chem., 1973, 51, 2507. [all data]

Chowdhury and Kebarle, 1986
Chowdhury, S.; Kebarle, P., Role of Binding Energies in A-.B and A.B- Complexes in the Kinetics of Gas Phase Electron Transfer Reactions:A- + B = A + B- Involving Perfluoro Compounds: SF6, C6F11CF3, J. Chem. Phys., 1986, 85, 9, 4989, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.451687 . [all data]

Hiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987
Hiraoka, K.; Mizuse, S.; Yamabe, S., High Symmetric Structure of the Gas Phase Ion Cluster X-..C6F6 (X = Cl, Br, I), J. Phys. Chem., 1987, 91, 20, 5294, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100304a032 . [all data]

Paul and Kebarle, 1991
Paul, G.J.C.; Kebarle, P., Stabilities of Complexes of Br- with Substituted Benzenes (SB) Based on Determinations of the Gas-Phase Equilibria Br- + SB = (BrSB)-, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1991, 113, 4, 1148, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00004a014 . [all data]

Meot-ner, Cybulski, et al., 1988
Meot-ner, M.; Cybulski, S.M.; Scheiner, S.; Liebman, J.F., Is CN- Significantly Anisotropic? Comparison of CN- vs. Cl-: Clustering with HCN and Condensed Phase Thermochemistry, J. Phys. Chem., 1988, 92, 10, 2738, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100321a009 . [all data]

Upschulte, Schelling, et al., 1984
Upschulte, B.L.; Schelling, F.J.; Keesee, R.G.; Castleman, A.W., Thermochemical Properties of Gas Phase Mixed Clusters: Water and Sulfur Dioxide with Na+ and Cl-, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1984, 111, 4-5, 389, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(84)85526-8 . [all data]

Fehsenfeld and Ferguson, 1974
Fehsenfeld, F.C.; Ferguson, E.E., Laboratory studies of negative ion reactions with atmospheric trace constituents, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 61, 3181. [all data]

French, Ikuta, et al., 1982
French, M.A.; Ikuta, S.; Kebarle, P., Hydrogen bonding of O-H and C-H hydrogen donors to Cl-. Results from mass spectrometric measurement of the ion-molecule equilibria RH + Cl- = RHCl-, Can. J. Chem., 1982, 60, 1907. [all data]

Upschulte, Evans, et al., 1986
Upschulte, B.L.; Evans, D.H.; Keesee, R.G.; Castleman, A.W., Unpublished results, referred to in Keesee and Castleman, 1986, 1986. [all data]

Yamdagni and Kebarle, 1974
Yamdagni, R.; Kebarle, P., The hydrogen bond energies in ClHCl- and Cl-(HCl)n, Can. J. Chem., 1974, 52, 2449. [all data]

Bogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999
Bogdanov, B.; Peschke, M.; Tonner, D.S.; Szulejko, J.E.; McMahon, T.B., Stepwise solvation of halides by alcohol molecules in the gas phase, Int. J. Mass Spectrom., 1999, 187, 707-725, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1387-3806(98)14180-5 . [all data]

Hiraoka, Mochizuki, et al., 2008
Hiraoka, K.; Mochizuki, N.; Wada, A.; Okada, H.; Ichikawa, T.; Asakawa, D.; Yazawa, I., Gas-phase ion/molecule reactions in C2F4, Int. J. Mass Spectrom., 2008, 272, 1, 22-28, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijms.2007.12.013 . [all data]

Curtiss, Raghavachari, et al., 7374
Curtiss, L.A.; Raghavachari, K.; Redfern, P.C.; Pople, J.A., Assesment of Gaussian-3 and density Functional Theories for a larger experimental test set, J. Chem. Phys. 112 (2000), 7374. [all data]

Hiraoka, Mizuno, et al., 2001
Hiraoka, K.; Mizuno, T.; Iino, T.; Eguchi, D.; Yamabe, S., Characteristic changes of bond energies for gas-phase cluster ions of halide ions with methane and chloromethanes, J. Phys. Chem. A, 2001, 105, 20, 4887-4893, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp010143n . [all data]

Dougherty, Dalton, et al., 1974
Dougherty, R.C.; Dalton, J.; Roberts, J.D., SN2 reactions in the gas phase: Structure of the transition state, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1974, 8, 77. [all data]

Hiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1987, 2
Hiraoka, K.; Mizuse, S.; Yamabe, S., Stability and Structure of Cluster Ions: Halide Ions with CO2, J. Chem. Phys., 1987, 87, 6, 3647, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.452962 . [all data]

Hiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986
Hiraoka, K.; Shoda, T.; Morise, K.; Yamabe, S.; Kawai, E.; Hirao, K., Stability and structure of cluster ions in the gas phase: Carbon dioxide with Cl-, H3O+, HCO2+ and HCO+, J. Chem. Phys., 1986, 84, 2091. [all data]

Hiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988
Hiraoka, K.; Mizuse, S.; Yamabe, S., Solvation of Halide Ions with H2O and CH3CN in the Gas Phase, J. Phys. Chem., 1988, 92, 13, 3943, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100324a051 . [all data]

Markovich, Perera, et al., 1996
Markovich, G.; Perera, L.; Berkowitz, M.L.; Cheshnovsky, O., The Solvation of Cl-, Br-, and I- in Acetonitrile Cluster: Photoelectron Spectroscopy and Molecular Dynamics Simulations., J. Chem. Phys., 1996, 105, 7, 2675, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.472131 . [all data]

Wada, Kikkawa, et al., 2007
Wada, A.; Kikkawa, A.; Sugiyama, T.; Hiraoka, K., Thermochemical Stabilities of the Gas-phase Cluster Ions of Halide Ions with Rare Gas Atoms, Int. J. Mass Spectrom.., 2007, 267, 1-3, 284-287, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijms.2007.02.053 . [all data]

Gatland, 1984
Gatland, I.R., Determination of Ion-Atom Potentials from Mobility Experiments. in Swarms of Ions and Electrons In Gases, W. Lindinger, Ed., Springer-Verlag, NY,, 1984, 44. [all data]

Thackston, Eisele, et al., 1980
Thackston, M.G.; Eisele, F.L.; Pope, W.M.; Ellis, H.W.; McDaniel, E.W.; Gatland, I.R., Mobility of Cl- ions in Xe gas and the Cl--Xe interaction potential, J. Chem. Phys., 1980, 73, 3183. [all data]

De Vreugd, Wijnaendts van Resandt, et al., 1979
De Vreugd, C.; Wijnaendts van Resandt, R.W.; Los, J., The Well Depths of XeF- and XeCl- from Differential Scattering Measurements, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1979, 65, 1, 93, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(79)80134-7 . [all data]

Walker and Sunderlin, 1999
Walker, B.W.; Sunderlin, L.S., The thermochemistry of formic acid halide anion clusters, Int. J. Mass Spectrom., 1999, 184, 2-3, 183-189, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1387-3806(99)00008-1 . [all data]

Luczynski, Wlodek, et al., 1978
Luczynski, Z.; Wlodek, S.; Wincel, H., Stabilities of HCOO-.(HCOOH)n and Cl-.(HCOOH)n clusters, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys., 1978, 26, 103. [all data]

Williamson, Knighton, et al., 1996
Williamson, D.H.; Knighton, W.B.; Grimsrud, E.P., Pulsed High Pressure Mass Spectrometry with Near-Viscous Flow Ion Sampling, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Proc., 1996, 154, 1-2, 15, https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1176(96)04372-8 . [all data]

Keesee, Lee, et al., 1980
Keesee, R.G.; Lee, N.; Castleman, A.W., Jr., Properties of clusters in the gas phase: V. Complexes of neutral molecules onto negative ions, J. Chem. Phys., 1980, 73, 2195. [all data]

Caldwell and Kebarle, 1985
Caldwell, G.; Kebarle, P., The hydrogen bond energies of the bihalide ions XHX- and YHX-, Can. J. Chem., 1985, 63, 1399. [all data]

Pogrebnoi, Kudion, et al., 1997
Pogrebnoi, A.; Kudion, L.S.; Kuznetsov, A.Yu.; Butman, M.F., Molecular and Ionic Clusters in Saturated Vapor over Lutetium Trichloride, Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom., 1997, 11, 14, 1536, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0231(199709)11:14<1536::AID-RCM31>3.0.CO;2-D . [all data]

Kudin, Vorob'ev, et al., 2007
Kudin, L.S.; Vorob'ev, D.E.; Grishin, A.E., The Thermochemical Characteristics of the LnCl4- and Ln2Cl7- Negative Ions, Russ. J. Phys. Chem., 2007, 81, 2, 147, https://doi.org/10.1134/S003602440702001X . [all data]

Keesee and Castleman, 1980
Keesee, R.G.; Castleman, A.W., Jr., Gas phase studies of hydration complexes of Cl- and I- and comparison to electrostatic calculations in the gas phase, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1980, 74, 139. [all data]

Kuznetsov, Kudin, et al., 1997
Kuznetsov, A.Yu.; Kudin, L.S.; Pogrebnoi, A.M.; Butman, M.F.; Burdukovskaya, G.G., A Mass-spectrometric Study of the Neutral and Ionic Components of Ytterbium Chloride Vapor: The Enthalpies of Formation of YbCl2 and YbCl3 Molecules and YbCl3- and YbCl4- Ion in the Gas Phas, Russ. J. Phys. Chem., 1997, 71, 216. [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1985
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Fluoride and chloride affinities of the main group oxides, fluorides, oxofluorides, and alkyls. Quantitative scales of lewis acidities from ICR halide exchange equilibria, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1985, 107, 766. [all data]

Khasanshin, Kudin, et al., 1999
Khasanshin, I.V.; Kudin, L.S.; Pogrebnoi, A.M., A mass spectrometric study of saturated vapor over terbium trichloride and the TbCl3-DyCl3 system, Russ. J. Phys. Chem., 1999, 73, 849-855. [all data]

Khasanshin, Pogrebnoi, et al., 1998
Khasanshin, I.V.; Pogrebnoi, A.M.; Kudin, L.S.; Kuznetsov, A.Y.; Butman, M.F., The Neutral and Ionic Components of Saturated Vapor of Samarium Dichloride: The Thermochemical Characteristics of Gaseous Molecules and Ions, High Temp., 1998, 36, 687-694. [all data]

Keesee and Castleman, 1986
Keesee, R.G.; Castleman, A.W., Jr., Thermochemical data on Ggs-phase ion-molecule association and clustering reactions, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1986, 15, 1011. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, References