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Chlorine anion


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Reactions 101 to 150

Chlorine anion + Propane, 2-fluoro-2-methyl- = (Chlorine anion bullet Propane, 2-fluoro-2-methyl-)

By formula: Cl- + C4H9F = (Cl- bullet C4H9F)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar55.6 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar87.0J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar30. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + Benzene, 1,2-difluoro- = (Chlorine anion bullet Benzene, 1,2-difluoro-)

By formula: Cl- + C6H4F2 = (Cl- bullet C6H4F2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar59.8 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar90.4J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)ClCOOCH3, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar33. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + Benzene, 1,4-difluoro- = (Chlorine anion bullet Benzene, 1,4-difluoro-)

By formula: Cl- + C6H4F2 = (Cl- bullet C6H4F2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar57.7 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar90.4J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)ClCOOCH3, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar31. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + Phosgene = (Chlorine anion bullet Phosgene)

By formula: Cl- + CCl2O = (Cl- bullet CCl2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar52.3 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar84.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar27. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + Fluoroform = (Chlorine anion bullet Fluoroform)

By formula: Cl- + CHF3 = (Cl- bullet CHF3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar70. ± 10.kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar95.8J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar41. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + Silane, trifluoromethyl- = (Chlorine anion bullet Silane, trifluoromethyl-)

By formula: Cl- + CH3F3Si = (Cl- bullet CH3F3Si)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar67.4 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(t-C4H9OH), Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar40. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + Ethanol, 2,2,2-trifluoro- = (Chlorine anion bullet Ethanol, 2,2,2-trifluoro-)

By formula: Cl- + C2H3F3O = (Cl- bullet C2H3F3O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar105.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)CH3COOH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar69.0 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + 2-Butanone = (Chlorine anion bullet 2-Butanone)

By formula: Cl- + C4H8O = (Cl- bullet C4H8O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar61.9 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar87.9J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)(CH3)2CO, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar36. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + 3-Pentanone = (Chlorine anion bullet 3-Pentanone)

By formula: Cl- + C5H10O = (Cl- bullet C5H10O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar59.0 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar82.0J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)(CH3)2CO, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar34. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M

(Chlorine anion bullet Sulfur dioxide bullet Water) + Sulfur dioxide = (Chlorine anion bullet 2Sulfur dioxide bullet Water)

By formula: (Cl- bullet O2S bullet H2O) + O2S = (Cl- bullet 2O2S bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar49.4kJ/molHPMSUpschulte, Schelling, et al., 1984gas phase; From thermochemical cycle; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar109.J/mol*KHPMSUpschulte, Schelling, et al., 1984gas phase; From thermochemical cycle; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
17.296.HPMSUpschulte, Schelling, et al., 1984gas phase; From thermochemical cycle; M

Chlorine anion + Acetaldehyde = (Chlorine anion bullet Acetaldehyde)

By formula: Cl- + C2H4O = (Cl- bullet C2H4O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar60.2 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar90.8J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9F, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar33. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + 2,2,2-Trifluoroethylamine = (Chlorine anion bullet 2,2,2-Trifluoroethylamine)

By formula: Cl- + C2H4F3N = (Cl- bullet C2H4F3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar75.3 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)CF3H, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar45.2 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + Propanal, 2,2-dimethyl- = (Chlorine anion bullet Propanal, 2,2-dimethyl-)

By formula: Cl- + C5H10O = (Cl- bullet C5H10O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar62.8 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar91.6J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)CF3H, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar35. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + 1-Butanol = (Chlorine anion bullet 1-Butanol)

By formula: Cl- + C4H10O = (Cl- bullet C4H10O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar73.6 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar97.1J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)CH3OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar44.8 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M

(Chlorine anion bullet 2Acetone) + Acetone = (Chlorine anion bullet 3Acetone)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 2C3H6O) + C3H6O = (Cl- bullet 3C3H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.5 ± 8.4kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; Entropy estimated; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.J/mol*KN/AHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16. ± 19.kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; Entropy estimated; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 6Acetonitrile) + Acetonitrile = (Chlorine anion bullet 7Acetonitrile)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 6C2H3N) + C2H3N = (Cl- bullet 7C2H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar39.3 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Deltar16. ± 4.6kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Perera, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar128.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar0.8 ± 5.9kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + Fluorodichloromethane = (Chlorine anion bullet Fluorodichloromethane)

By formula: Cl- + CHCl2F = (Cl- bullet CHCl2F)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar73.6 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.7J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)CF3H, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar44.8 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + Difluorochloromethane = (Chlorine anion bullet Difluorochloromethane)

By formula: Cl- + CHClF2 = (Cl- bullet CHClF2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar72.0 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.2J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)CF3H, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.1 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + Ethane, 1,1-difluoro- = (Chlorine anion bullet Ethane, 1,1-difluoro-)

By formula: Cl- + C2H4F2 = (Cl- bullet C2H4F2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar62.3 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar95.0J/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)CF3H, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar34. ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,M

(Chlorine anion bullet 4Acetonitrile) + Acetonitrile = (Chlorine anion bullet 5Acetonitrile)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 4C2H3N) + C2H3N = (Cl- bullet 5C2H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar41.0 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Deltar24.3 ± 3.8kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Perera, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar113.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.1 ± 3.3kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 3Carbon dioxide) + Carbon dioxide = (Chlorine anion bullet 4Carbon dioxide)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 3CO2) + CO2 = (Cl- bullet 4CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.8kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase; entropy estimated.; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KN/AHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-3.3kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase; entropy estimated.; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 2Water) + Sulfur dioxide = (Chlorine anion bullet Sulfur dioxide bullet 2Water)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 2H2O) + O2S = (Cl- bullet O2S bullet 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar59.0kJ/molHPMSUpschulte, Schelling, et al., 1984gas phase; From thermochemical cycle; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar81.2J/mol*KHPMSUpschulte, Schelling, et al., 1984gas phase; From thermochemical cycle; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
35.296.HPMSUpschulte, Schelling, et al., 1984gas phase; From thermochemical cycle; M

(Chlorine anion bullet 5Acetonitrile) + Acetonitrile = (Chlorine anion bullet 6Acetonitrile)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 5C2H3N) + C2H3N = (Cl- bullet 6C2H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar39.7 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Deltar24. ± 4.2kJ/molN/AMarkovich, Perera, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar122.J/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar3.3 ± 3.3kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + Pyrrole = (Chlorine anion bullet Pyrrole)

By formula: Cl- + C4H5N = (Cl- bullet C4H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar78.7 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar49.4 ± 8.4kJ/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B
Deltar58.58kJ/molTDEqFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
48.5421.PHPMSFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; M

(Chlorine anion bullet 2Hydrogen chloride) + Hydrogen chloride = (Chlorine anion bullet 3Hydrogen chloride)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 2HCl) + HCl = (Cl- bullet 3HCl)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar49.0 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1974gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar97.9J/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni and Kebarle, 1974gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.7 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1974gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 3Hydrogen chloride) + Hydrogen chloride = (Chlorine anion bullet 4Hydrogen chloride)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 3HCl) + HCl = (Cl- bullet 4HCl)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.1 ± 2.9kJ/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1974gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar112.J/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni and Kebarle, 1974gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar9.6 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1974gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet Water bullet Sulfur dioxide) + Water = (Chlorine anion bullet 2Water bullet Sulfur dioxide)

By formula: (Cl- bullet H2O bullet O2S) + H2O = (Cl- bullet 2H2O bullet O2S)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar38.9kJ/molTDAsUpschulte, Schelling, et al., 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar82.4J/mol*KHPMSUpschulte, Schelling, et al., 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.2kJ/molTDAsUpschulte, Schelling, et al., 1984gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 4Formic acid) + Formic acid = (Chlorine anion bullet 5Formic acid)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 4CH2O2) + CH2O2 = (Cl- bullet 5CH2O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar42.3 ± 8.4kJ/molN/ALuczynski, Wlodek, et al., 1978gas phase; Buffer gas: H2. Value too bound based on French, Ikuta, et al., 1982, by Grimsrud fractionation factor ( Williamson, Knighton, et al., 1996).; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar48.1J/mol*KHPMSLuczynski, Wlodek, et al., 1978gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M

(Chlorine anion bullet 2Formic acid) + Formic acid = (Chlorine anion bullet 3Formic acid)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 2CH2O2) + CH2O2 = (Cl- bullet 3CH2O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar93. ± 11.kJ/molN/ALuczynski, Wlodek, et al., 1978gas phase; Buffer gas: H2. Value too bound based on French, Ikuta, et al., 1982, by Grimsrud fractionation factor ( Williamson, Knighton, et al., 1996).; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar150.J/mol*KHPMSLuczynski, Wlodek, et al., 1978gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M

(Chlorine anion bullet 2Sulfur dioxide) + Water = (Chlorine anion bullet Water bullet 2Sulfur dioxide)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 2O2S) + H2O = (Cl- bullet H2O bullet 2O2S)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar41.4kJ/molTDAsUpschulte, Schelling, et al., 1984gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar95.0J/mol*KHPMSUpschulte, Schelling, et al., 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.0kJ/molTDAsUpschulte, Schelling, et al., 1984gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + Cl3Er = Cl4Er-

By formula: Cl- + Cl3Er = Cl4Er-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar344. ± 21.kJ/molTDEqKudin, Vorob'ev, et al., 2007gas phase; value altered from reference due to conversion from electron convention to ion convention; B
Deltar327. ± 16.kJ/molTDAsPogrebnoi, Motalov, et al., 2002gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

Chlorine anion + Cl3Er = Cl7Er2-

By formula: Cl- + Cl3Er = Cl7Er2-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar239. ± 37.kJ/molTDEqKudin, Vorob'ev, et al., 2007gas phase; value altered from reference due to conversion from electron convention to ion convention; B
Deltar340. ± 37.kJ/molTDAsPogrebnoi, Motalov, et al., 2002gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 2Hydrogen chloride) + Water = (Chlorine anion bullet Water bullet 2Hydrogen chloride)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 2HCl) + H2O = (Cl- bullet H2O bullet 2HCl)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar32.kJ/molHPMSUpschulte, Evans, et al., 1986gas phase; deuterated, quoted in Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar63.6J/mol*KHPMSUpschulte, Evans, et al., 1986gas phase; deuterated, quoted in Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M

(Chlorine anion bullet Hydrogen chloride) + Water = (Chlorine anion bullet Water bullet Hydrogen chloride)

By formula: (Cl- bullet HCl) + H2O = (Cl- bullet H2O bullet HCl)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.9kJ/molHPMSUpschulte, Evans, et al., 1986gas phase; deuterated, quoted in Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar78.2J/mol*KHPMSUpschulte, Evans, et al., 1986gas phase; deuterated, quoted in Keesee and Castleman, 1986; M

Chlorine anion + L-Alanine, N-acetyl-, methyl ester = (Chlorine anion bullet L-Alanine, N-acetyl-, methyl ester)

By formula: Cl- + C6H11NO3 = (Cl- bullet C6H11NO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar123.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1988gas phase; M
Deltar123.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; CH3CO-Ala-OCH3; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar118.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1988gas phase; M
Deltar118.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; CH3CO-Ala-OCH3; M

Chlorine anion + Boron trichloride = (Chlorine anion bullet Boron trichloride)

By formula: Cl- + BCl3 = (Cl- bullet BCl3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar289. ± 8.4kJ/molTherKrivtsov, Titova, et al., 1977gas phase; Halide affinities from this reference are too high. G3MP2B3 calculations indicate an dHaff ca. 46 kcal/mol; value altered from reference due to conversion from electron convention to ion convention; B

(Chlorine anion bullet Water bullet Hydrogen chloride) + Water = (Chlorine anion bullet 2Water bullet Hydrogen chloride)

By formula: (Cl- bullet H2O bullet HCl) + H2O = (Cl- bullet 2H2O bullet HCl)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar40.kJ/molHPMSUpschulte, Evans, et al., 1986gas phase; deuterated, quoted in 86 KEE/CAS; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar85.4J/mol*KHPMSUpschulte, Evans, et al., 1986gas phase; deuterated, quoted in 86 KEE/CAS; M

Chlorine anion + Krypton = (Chlorine anion bullet Krypton)

By formula: Cl- + Kr = (Cl- bullet Kr)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar9.20 ± 0.42kJ/molLPESYourshaw, Lenzer, et al., 1998gas phase; Given: 0.0957(0.001) eV; B
Deltar11.7 ± 1.7kJ/molTDAsWada, Kikkawa, et al., 2007gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-12.0 ± 1.7kJ/molTDAsWada, Kikkawa, et al., 2007gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + Chlorine = Cl3-

By formula: Cl- + Cl2 = Cl3-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar99.2 ± 5.0kJ/molCIDTNizzi, Pommerening, et al., 1998gas phase; B
Deltar69.87kJ/molTherRobbiani and Franklin, 1979gas phase; «DELTA»G~=+1 kcal for Cl- + SO2Cl2 <=> Cl3- + SO2; B
Deltar<182.4kJ/molPDisLee, Smith, et al., 1979gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 3Carbon disulfide) + Carbon disulfide = (Chlorine anion bullet 4Carbon disulfide)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 3CS2) + CS2 = (Cl- bullet 4CS2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28. ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Fujimaki, et al., 1993gas phase; Estimated entropy; single temperature measurement; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-0.4 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsHiraoka, Fujimaki, et al., 1993gas phase; Estimated entropy; single temperature measurement; B

(Chlorine anion bullet Sulfur dioxide) + Hydrogen chloride = (Chlorine anion bullet Hydrogen chloride bullet Sulfur dioxide)

By formula: (Cl- bullet O2S) + HCl = (Cl- bullet HCl bullet O2S)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar58.2kJ/molPHPMSCaldwell and Kebarle, 1985gas phase; From thermochemical cycle; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar80.3J/mol*KPHPMSCaldwell and Kebarle, 1985gas phase; From thermochemical cycle; M

(Chlorine anion bullet 3Formic acid) + Formic acid = (Chlorine anion bullet 4Formic acid)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 3CH2O2) + CH2O2 = (Cl- bullet 4CH2O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar59.0 ± 9.2kJ/molN/ALuczynski, Wlodek, et al., 1978gas phase; Buffer gas: H2. Value too bound based on French, Ikuta, et al., 1982, by Grimsrud fractionation factor ( Williamson, Knighton, et al., 1996).; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar84.J/mol*KHPMSLuczynski, Wlodek, et al., 1978gas phase; M

Chlorine anion + Ethyl Chloride = (Chlorine anion bullet Ethyl Chloride)

By formula: Cl- + C2H5Cl = (Cl- bullet C2H5Cl)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar51.9 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar61. ± 19.kJ/molIMRBRiveros, Breda, et al., 1973gas phase; Anchored: Larson and McMahon, 1984, 3; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28.5 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet Water) + Sulfur dioxide = (Chlorine anion bullet Sulfur dioxide bullet Water)

By formula: (Cl- bullet H2O) + O2S = (Cl- bullet O2S bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar72.8kJ/molHPMSUpschulte, Schelling, et al., 1984gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar84.5J/mol*KHPMSUpschulte, Schelling, et al., 1984gas phase; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
48.1296.HPMSFehsenfeld and Ferguson, 1974gas phase; switching reaction(Cl- H2O)H2O; M

(Chlorine anion bullet L-Alanine, N-acetyl-, methyl ester) + L-Alanine, N-acetyl-, methyl ester = (Chlorine anion bullet 2L-Alanine, N-acetyl-, methyl ester)

By formula: (Cl- bullet C6H11NO3) + C6H11NO3 = (Cl- bullet 2C6H11NO3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar82.8kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1988gas phase; M
Deltar82.8kJ/molPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar113.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner), 1988gas phase; M
Deltar113.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; M

Chlorine anion + Methane, iodo- = (Chlorine anion bullet Methane, iodo-)

By formula: Cl- + CH3I = (Cl- bullet CH3I)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar41.0 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsDougherty and Roberts, 1974gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar31.J/mol*KHPMSDougherty and Roberts, 1974gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar29. ± 5.4kJ/molTDAsDougherty and Roberts, 1974gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 2Sulfur dioxide) + Sulfur dioxide = (Chlorine anion bullet 3Sulfur dioxide)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 2O2S) + O2S = (Cl- bullet 3O2S)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar41.84 ± 0.42kJ/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1980gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar96.7J/mol*KHPMSKeesee, Lee, et al., 1980gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.0 ± 1.3kJ/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1980gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + Methanethiol = (Chlorine anion bullet Methanethiol)

By formula: Cl- + CH4S = (Cl- bullet CH4S)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar65. ± 13.kJ/molIMRBStaneke, Groothuis, et al., 1995gas phase; Chloride affinity comparable to that of CHCl3; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar45. ± 13.kJ/molIMRBStaneke, Groothuis, et al., 1995gas phase; Chloride affinity comparable to that of CHCl3; B

Chlorine anion + Hydrogen peroxide = (Chlorine anion bullet Hydrogen peroxide)

By formula: Cl- + H2O2 = (Cl- bullet H2O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.5 ± 4.2kJ/molTDEqBohringer, Fahey, et al., 1984gas phase; Relative to HOH..Cl-, Keesee, Lee, et al., 1980; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar65.3 ± 4.2kJ/molTDEqBohringer, Fahey, et al., 1984gas phase; Relative to HOH..Cl-, Keesee, Lee, et al., 1980; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 3Sulfur dioxide) + Sulfur dioxide = (Chlorine anion bullet 4Sulfur dioxide)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 3O2S) + O2S = (Cl- bullet 4O2S)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar36.0 ± 0.84kJ/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1980gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar97.1J/mol*KHPMSKeesee, Lee, et al., 1980gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.7 ± 4.2kJ/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1980gas phase; B

References

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Larson and McMahon, 1984
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Hydrogen bonding in gas phase anions. An experimental investigation of the interaction between chloride ion and bronsted acids from ICR chloride exchange equilibria, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1984, 106, 517. [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Gas phase negative ion chemistry of alkylchloroformates, Can. J. Chem., 1984, 62, 675. [all data]

French, Ikuta, et al., 1982
French, M.A.; Ikuta, S.; Kebarle, P., Hydrogen bonding of O-H and C-H hydrogen donors to Cl-. Results from mass spectrometric measurement of the ion-molecule equilibria RH + Cl- = RHCl-, Can. J. Chem., 1982, 60, 1907. [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1985
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Fluoride and chloride affinities of the main group oxides, fluorides, oxofluorides, and alkyls. Quantitative scales of lewis acidities from ICR halide exchange equilibria, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1985, 107, 766. [all data]

Upschulte, Schelling, et al., 1984
Upschulte, B.L.; Schelling, F.J.; Keesee, R.G.; Castleman, A.W., Thermochemical Properties of Gas Phase Mixed Clusters: Water and Sulfur Dioxide with Na+ and Cl-, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1984, 111, 4-5, 389, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(84)85526-8 . [all data]

Hiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986
Hiraoka, K.; Takimoto, H.; Morise, K.; Shoda, T.; Nakamura, S., Ion-Molecule Reactions in Gaseous Acetone, Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan, 1986, 59, 7, 2247, https://doi.org/10.1246/bcsj.59.2247 . [all data]

Hiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988
Hiraoka, K.; Mizuse, S.; Yamabe, S., Solvation of Halide Ions with H2O and CH3CN in the Gas Phase, J. Phys. Chem., 1988, 92, 13, 3943, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100324a051 . [all data]

Markovich, Perera, et al., 1996
Markovich, G.; Perera, L.; Berkowitz, M.L.; Cheshnovsky, O., The Solvation of Cl-, Br-, and I- in Acetonitrile Cluster: Photoelectron Spectroscopy and Molecular Dynamics Simulations., J. Chem. Phys., 1996, 105, 7, 2675, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.472131 . [all data]

Hiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986
Hiraoka, K.; Shoda, T.; Morise, K.; Yamabe, S.; Kawai, E.; Hirao, K., Stability and structure of cluster ions in the gas phase: Carbon dioxide with Cl-, H3O+, HCO2+ and HCO+, J. Chem. Phys., 1986, 84, 2091. [all data]

Yamdagni and Kebarle, 1974
Yamdagni, R.; Kebarle, P., The hydrogen bond energies in ClHCl- and Cl-(HCl)n, Can. J. Chem., 1974, 52, 2449. [all data]

Luczynski, Wlodek, et al., 1978
Luczynski, Z.; Wlodek, S.; Wincel, H., Stabilities of HCOO-.(HCOOH)n and Cl-.(HCOOH)n clusters, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys., 1978, 26, 103. [all data]

Williamson, Knighton, et al., 1996
Williamson, D.H.; Knighton, W.B.; Grimsrud, E.P., Pulsed High Pressure Mass Spectrometry with Near-Viscous Flow Ion Sampling, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Proc., 1996, 154, 1-2, 15, https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1176(96)04372-8 . [all data]

Kudin, Vorob'ev, et al., 2007
Kudin, L.S.; Vorob'ev, D.E.; Grishin, A.E., The Thermochemical Characteristics of the LnCl4- and Ln2Cl7- Negative Ions, Russ. J. Phys. Chem., 2007, 81, 2, 147, https://doi.org/10.1134/S003602440702001X . [all data]

Pogrebnoi, Motalov, et al., 2002
Pogrebnoi, A.M.; Motalov, V.B.; Kuznetsov, A.Y.; Kudin, L.S.; Khasanshin, I.V., Molecular and ionic associates in the saturated vapor over erbium trichloride and the ErCl3-DyCl3 system, Russ. J. Inorg. Chem., 2002, 47, 96-100. [all data]

Upschulte, Evans, et al., 1986
Upschulte, B.L.; Evans, D.H.; Keesee, R.G.; Castleman, A.W., Unpublished results, referred to in Keesee and Castleman, 1986, 1986. [all data]

Keesee and Castleman, 1986
Keesee, R.G.; Castleman, A.W., Jr., Thermochemical data on Ggs-phase ion-molecule association and clustering reactions, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1986, 15, 1011. [all data]

Meot-Ner (Mautner), 1988
Meot-Ner (Mautner), M., Models for Strong Interactions in Proteins and Enzymes. 2. Interactions of Ions with the Peptide Link and Imidazole, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1988, 110, 10, 3075, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00218a014 . [all data]

Meot-ner, 1988
Meot-ner, M., Ionic Hydrogen Bond and Ion Solvation. 6. Interaction Energies of the Acetate Ion with Organic Molecules. Comparison of CH3COO- with Cl-, CN-, and SH-, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1988, 110, 12, 3854, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00220a022 . [all data]

Krivtsov, Titova, et al., 1977
Krivtsov, N.V.; Titova, K.V.; Rosolovskii, V.Ya., Thermochemical study of complex borates, Russ. J. Inorg. Chem., 1977, 22, 374. [all data]

Yourshaw, Lenzer, et al., 1998
Yourshaw, I.; Lenzer, T.; Reiser, G.; Neumark, D.M., Zero electron kinetic energy spectroscopy of the KrBr-, XeBr-, and KrCl- anions, J. Chem. Phys., 1998, 109, 13, 5247-5256, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.477141 . [all data]

Wada, Kikkawa, et al., 2007
Wada, A.; Kikkawa, A.; Sugiyama, T.; Hiraoka, K., Thermochemical Stabilities of the Gas-phase Cluster Ions of Halide Ions with Rare Gas Atoms, Int. J. Mass Spectrom.., 2007, 267, 1-3, 284-287, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijms.2007.02.053 . [all data]

Nizzi, Pommerening, et al., 1998
Nizzi, K.E.; Pommerening, C.A.; Sunderlin, L.S., Gas-phase thermochemistry of polyhalide anions, J. Phys. Chem. A, 1998, 102, 39, 7674-7679, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp9824508 . [all data]

Robbiani and Franklin, 1979
Robbiani, R.; Franklin, J.L., Formation of the trihalide ion Cl3- in the gas phase, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1979, 101, 764. [all data]

Lee, Smith, et al., 1979
Lee, L.C.; Smith, G.P.; Moseley, J.T.; Cosby, P.C.; Guest, J.A., Photodissociation and photodetachment of Cl2-, ClO-, Cl3-, and BrCl2-, J. Chem. Phys., 1979, 70, 3237. [all data]

Hiraoka, Fujimaki, et al., 1993
Hiraoka, K.; Fujimaki, S.; Aruga, K.; Yamabe, S., Bond Strengths of the Gas-Phase Cluster Ions X-(CS2)n (X = F, Cl, Br and I), Chem. Phys. Lett., 1993, 208, 5-6, 491, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(93)87178-6 . [all data]

Caldwell and Kebarle, 1985
Caldwell, G.; Kebarle, P., The hydrogen bond energies of the bihalide ions XHX- and YHX-, Can. J. Chem., 1985, 63, 1399. [all data]

Li, Ross, et al., 1996
Li, C.; Ross, P.; Szulejko, J.; McMahon, T.B., High-Pressure Mass Spectrometric Investigations of the Potential Energy Surfaces of Gas-Phase Sn2 Reactions., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1996, 118, 39, 9360, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja960565o . [all data]

Riveros, Breda, et al., 1973
Riveros, J.M.; Breda, A.C.; Blair, L.K., Formation and relative stability of chloride ion clusters in the gas phase by ICR spectroscopy, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1973, 95, 4066. [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1984, 3
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Fluoride and chloride affinities of main group oxides, fluorides, oxofluorides, and alkyls. Quantitative scales of lewis acidities from ion cyclotron resonance halide-exchange equilibria, J. Phys. Chem., 1984, 88, 1083. [all data]

Fehsenfeld and Ferguson, 1974
Fehsenfeld, F.C.; Ferguson, E.E., Laboratory studies of negative ion reactions with atmospheric trace constituents, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 61, 3181. [all data]

Dougherty and Roberts, 1974
Dougherty, R.C.; Roberts, J.D., SN2 reactions in the gas phase. Nucleophilicity effects, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1974, 8, 81. [all data]

Keesee, Lee, et al., 1980
Keesee, R.G.; Lee, N.; Castleman, A.W., Jr., Properties of clusters in the gas phase: V. Complexes of neutral molecules onto negative ions, J. Chem. Phys., 1980, 73, 2195. [all data]

Staneke, Groothuis, et al., 1995
Staneke, P.O.; Groothuis, G.; Ingemann, S.; Nibbering, N.M.M., Formation, stability and structure of radical anions of chloroform, tetrachloromethane and fluorotrichloromethane in the gas phase, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Proc., 1995, 142, 1-2, 83, https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1176(94)04127-S . [all data]

Bohringer, Fahey, et al., 1984
Bohringer, H.; Fahey, D.W.; Fehsenfeld, F.C.; Ferguson, E.E., Bond energies of the molecules H2O, SO2, H2O2, and HCl to various atmospheric negative ions, J. Chem. Phys., 1984, 81, 2805. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, References