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Chlorine anion


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
B - John E. Bartmess
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Reactions 1 to 50

Chlorine anion + Water = (Chlorine anion bullet Water)

By formula: Cl- + H2O = (Cl- bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15. ± 5.kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 11 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19. ± 3.cal/mol*KAVGN/AAverage of 8 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar9. ± 4.kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 9 values; Individual data points

Chlorine anion + Methyl Alcohol = (Chlorine anion bullet Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: Cl- + CH4O = (Cl- bullet CH4O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17. ± 3.kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 8 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.6cal/mol*KHPMSEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; M
Deltar24.1cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Deltar22.0cal/mol*KPHPMSSieck, 1985gas phase; M
Deltar22.9cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Deltar14.8cal/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni, Payzant, et al., 1973gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar10.1 ± 0.8kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 10 values; Individual data points

Chlorine anion + Hydrogen chloride = (Chlorine anion bullet Hydrogen chloride)

By formula: Cl- + HCl = (Cl- bullet HCl)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar29.6 ± 1.0kcal/molN/AMetz, Kitsopoulos, et al., 1988gas phase; Affinity: shift in apparent EA from lesser-solvated ion. Ignores any neutral-neutral bond.; B
Deltar23.8 ± 2.0kcal/molTDEqCaldwell and Kebarle, 1985gas phase; B,M
Deltar23.1 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar23.70 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1974gas phase; B,M
Deltar20.4kcal/molHPMSUpschulte, Evans, et al., 1986gas phase; From thermochemical cycle(Cl-)H2O/HCl, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Keesee and Castleman, 1980; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.3cal/mol*KPHPMSCaldwell and Kebarle, 1985gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)SO2; M
Deltar23.5cal/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni and Kebarle, 1974gas phase; M
Deltar23.5cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Deltar22.8cal/mol*KN/AUpschulte, Evans, et al., 1986gas phase; From thermochemical cycle(Cl-)H2O/HCl, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Keesee and Castleman, 1980; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.3 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1987gas phase; K = 0.60 for HCl..Cl- + DCL <=> DCl..Cl- + HCl, anchored to Larson and McMahon, 1984, 32; B
Deltar17.1 ± 2.6kcal/molTDEqCaldwell and Kebarle, 1985gas phase; B
Deltar16.0 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar16.70 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1974gas phase; B
Deltar13.6kcal/molHPMSUpschulte, Evans, et al., 1986gas phase; From thermochemical cycle(Cl-)H2O/HCl, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Keesee and Castleman, 1980; M

Chlorine anion + Sulfur dioxide = (Chlorine anion bullet Sulfur dioxide)

By formula: Cl- + O2S = (Cl- bullet O2S)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.2 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsCaldwell and Kebarle, 1985gas phase; B,M
Deltar20.9 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B
Deltar22.2 ± 2.2kcal/molTDEqBohringer, Fahey, et al., 1984gas phase; Relative to HOH..Cl- in Keesee, Lee, et al., 1980; B,M
Deltar21.80 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1980gas phase; B,M
Deltar20.9kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.6cal/mol*KPHPMSCaldwell and Kebarle, 1985gas phase; M
Deltar24.1cal/mol*KN/ABohringer, Fahey, et al., 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)H2O), Entropy change calculated or estimated; Keesee and Castleman, 1980; M
Deltar20.8cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Deltar23.2cal/mol*KHPMSKeesee, Lee, et al., 1980gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.7 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsCaldwell and Kebarle, 1985gas phase; B
Deltar14.7 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B
Deltar15.0 ± 1.6kcal/molTDEqBohringer, Fahey, et al., 1984gas phase; Relative to HOH..Cl- in Keesee, Lee, et al., 1980; B,M
Deltar14.80 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1980gas phase; B
Deltar14.7kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
14.2296.FAFehsenfeld and Ferguson, 1974gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)H2O; M

Chlorine anion + Benzene = (Chlorine anion bullet Benzene)

By formula: Cl- + C6H6 = (Cl- bullet C6H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.00 ± 0.46kcal/molN/ATschurl, Ueberfluss, et al., 2007gas phase; B
Deltar9.4 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B,M
Deltar9.90kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar8.7kcal/molPHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; from Ph. D. thesis of S. Chowdhury, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar10.4kcal/molPHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17.9cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Deltar17.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; from Ph. D. thesis of S. Chowdhury, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar17.1cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Deltar22.cal/mol*KN/ASunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar4.0 ± 2.6kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988gas phase; B
Deltar3.8 ± 1.6kcal/molIMREChowdhury and Kebarle, 1986gas phase; B
Deltar4.8 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar3.80kcal/molIMREFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
3.6300.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; from Ph. D. thesis of S. Chowdhury, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
3.8300.PHPMSChowdhury and Kebarle, 1986gas phase; M
3.8300.PHPMSSunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

(Chlorine anion bullet 2Water) + Water = (Chlorine anion bullet 3Water)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 2H2O) + H2O = (Cl- bullet 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12. ± 2.kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.3cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; M
Deltar22.4cal/mol*KHPMSKeesee and Castleman, 1980gas phase; M
Deltar23.2cal/mol*KHPMSArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.0 ± 0.5kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points

Chlorine anion + Acetonitrile = (Chlorine anion bullet Acetonitrile)

By formula: Cl- + C2H3N = (Cl- bullet C2H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15. ± 2.kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.7cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; M
Deltar15.7cal/mol*KPHPMSYamabe, Furumiya, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Deltar14.3cal/mol*KPHPMSSieck, 1985gas phase; M
Deltar14.3cal/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni and Kebarle, 1972gas phase; M
Deltar21.4cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)CF3H, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar10.20 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar9.2 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; B
Deltar8.9 ± 2.6kcal/molTDAsYamabe, Furumiya, et al., 1986gas phase; B
Deltar10.10 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsSieck, 1985gas phase; B
Deltar9.2 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1972gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet Water) + Water = (Chlorine anion bullet 2Water)

By formula: (Cl- bullet H2O) + H2O = (Cl- bullet 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13. ± 1.kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.4cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; M
Deltar20.5cal/mol*KHPMSKeesee and Castleman, 1980gas phase; M
Deltar20.8cal/mol*KHPMSArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.6 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar6.50kcal/molTDAsKeesee and Castleman, 1980gas phase; B
Deltar6.5 ± 1.4kcal/molTDAsPayzant, Yamdagni, et al., 1971gas phase; B
Deltar6.50kcal/molTDAsArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; B
Deltar6.7kcal/molFAFehsenfeld and Ferguson, 1974gas phase; M

Chlorine anion + 2-Propanol, 2-methyl- = (Chlorine anion bullet 2-Propanol, 2-methyl-)

By formula: Cl- + C4H10O = (Cl- bullet C4H10O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19. ± 4.kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar27.4cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Deltar24.0cal/mol*KPHPMSSieck, 1985gas phase; M
Deltar23.4cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Deltar27.cal/mol*KPHPMSKebarle, 1977gas phase; M
Deltar10.3cal/mol*KN/AYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar11.58kcal/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar12.30 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsSieck, 1985gas phase; B
Deltar11.60kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar11.1 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar11.1 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + Benzonitrile, 4-hydroxy- = (Chlorine anion bullet Benzonitrile, 4-hydroxy-)

By formula: Cl- + C7H5NO = (Cl- bullet C7H5NO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar35.1 ± 2.0kcal/molTDEqCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; Re-anchored to data in French, Ikuta, et al., 1982.; B,M,M
Deltar35.3kcal/molPHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar28.cal/mol*KN/ACummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)4-Cl-phenol, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Deltar26.cal/mol*KN/ACummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)4-F-phenol, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar27.3 ± 2.0kcal/molTDEqCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; Re-anchored to data in French, Ikuta, et al., 1982.; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
24.7423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
26.2300.PHPMSCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)4-Cl-phenol, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
25.8300.PHPMSCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)4-F-phenol, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M

Chlorine anion + Acetone = (Chlorine anion bullet Acetone)

By formula: Cl- + C3H6O = (Cl- bullet C3H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14. ± 2.kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.2cal/mol*KPHPMSSieck, 1985gas phase; M
Deltar19.6cal/mol*KPHPMSFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; M
Deltar17.1cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Deltar19.7cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar8.08 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsBofdanov and McMahon, 2002gas phase; B
Deltar7.30kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Morise, et al., 1986gas phase; B
Deltar8.80 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsSieck, 1985gas phase; B
Deltar8.2 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar7.9 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + Trichloromethane = (Chlorine anion bullet Trichloromethane)

By formula: Cl- + CHCl3 = (Cl- bullet CHCl3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.2 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; B,M
Deltar19.5 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuno, et al., 2001gas phase; B
Deltar18.10kcal/molMoblGiles and Grimsrud, 1993gas phase; B
Deltar18.1 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar19.10 ± 0.70kcal/molTDEqDougherty, Dalton, et al., 1974gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.2cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; From thermochemical cycle(Cl-)CF3H, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984; M
Deltar24.5cal/mol*KHPMSDougherty, Dalton, et al., 1974gas phase; M
Deltar14.8cal/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar11. ± 1.kcal/molAVGN/AAverage of 6 values; Individual data points

Chlorine anion + Phenol = (Chlorine anion bullet Phenol)

By formula: Cl- + C6H6O = (Cl- bullet C6H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.0 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B,M
Deltar26.0 ± 2.0kcal/molTDEqCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; Re-anchored to data in French, Ikuta, et al., 1982.; B
Deltar27.4kcal/molPHPMSKebarle, 1977gas phase; M
Deltar26.5kcal/molPHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar19.4 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.0cal/mol*KPHPMSFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; M
Deltar25.cal/mol*KPHPMSKebarle, 1977gas phase; M
Deltar25.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar15.5cal/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.2 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B
Deltar18.5 ± 2.0kcal/molTDEqCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; Re-anchored to data in French, Ikuta, et al., 1982.; B
Deltar14.8 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
15.9423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Chlorine anion + Benzene, chloro- = (Chlorine anion bullet Benzene, chloro-)

By formula: Cl- + C6H5Cl = (Cl- bullet C6H5Cl)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.00 ± 0.10kcal/molTDAsSieck, 1985gas phase; B,M
Deltar13.6 ± 1.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,B,M
Deltar12.6kcal/molPHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; from Ph. D. thesis of S. Chowdhury, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; from Ph. D. thesis of S. Chowdhury, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar16.5cal/mol*KPHPMSSieck, 1985gas phase; M
Deltar22.4cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.10 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsSieck, 1985gas phase; B
Deltar6.9 ± 1.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; B,B,M
Deltar6.50kcal/molTDEqFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
6.6300.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; from Ph. D. thesis of S. Chowdhury, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
6.5300.PHPMSFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; M

(Chlorine anion bullet 3Water) + Water = (Chlorine anion bullet 4Water)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 3H2O) + H2O = (Cl- bullet 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar10.6 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar9.70kcal/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B
Deltar10.6 ± 0.3kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; M
Deltar10.90 ± 0.70kcal/molTDAsKeesee and Castleman, 1980gas phase; B,M
Deltar11.1 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.7cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; M
Deltar24.8cal/mol*KHPMSKeesee and Castleman, 1980gas phase; M
Deltar25.8cal/mol*KHPMSArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar3.8 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar3.50kcal/molTDAsKeesee and Castleman, 1980gas phase; B
Deltar3.40kcal/molTDAsArshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970gas phase; B
Deltar4.0 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsKebarle, Arshadi, et al., 1968gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + Chloromethane = (Chlorine anion bullet Chloromethane)

By formula: Cl- + CH3Cl = (Cl- bullet CH3Cl)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar10.4 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar11.7 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuno, et al., 2001gas phase; B
Deltar12.2 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar8.60 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsDougherty, Dalton, et al., 1974gas phase; B,M
Deltar15.2 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.5cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Deltar15.3cal/mol*KHPMSDougherty, Dalton, et al., 1974gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.80 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar4.84kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuno, et al., 2001gas phase; B
Deltar6.1 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar4.10 ± 0.50kcal/molTDAsDougherty, Dalton, et al., 1974gas phase; B
Deltar10.8 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + Formic acid = (Chlorine anion bullet Formic acid)

By formula: Cl- + CH2O2 = (Cl- bullet CH2O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar27.4 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B,M
Deltar27.7 ± 2.1kcal/molCIDTWalker and Sunderlin, 1999gas phase; B
Deltar25.6 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar37.2 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; In serious disagreement with other's values. Source of error not obvious.; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.5cal/mol*KPHPMSFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; M
Deltar24.1cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Deltar39.6cal/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.1 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B
Deltar18.4 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar25.4 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; In serious disagreement with other's values. Source of error not obvious.; B

Chlorine anion + Phenol, 4-chloro- = (Chlorine anion bullet Phenol, 4-chloro-)

By formula: Cl- + C6H5ClO = (Cl- bullet C6H5ClO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar29.6 ± 2.0kcal/molTDEqCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; Re-anchored to data in French, Ikuta, et al., 1982.; B,M
Deltar30.1kcal/molPHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar26.3cal/mol*KN/ACummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)C6H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.1 ± 2.0kcal/molTDEqCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; Re-anchored to data in French, Ikuta, et al., 1982.; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
19.5423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
21.0300.PHPMSCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)C6H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M

Chlorine anion + Phenol, 4-fluoro- = (Chlorine anion bullet Phenol, 4-fluoro-)

By formula: Cl- + C6H5FO = (Cl- bullet C6H5FO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar27.9 ± 2.0kcal/molTDEqCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; Re-anchored to data in French, Ikuta, et al., 1982.; B,M
Deltar28.6kcal/molPHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar25.3cal/mol*KN/ACummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)C6H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.6 ± 2.0kcal/molTDEqCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; Re-anchored to data in French, Ikuta, et al., 1982.; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
18.0423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
19.3300.PHPMSCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)C6H5OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M

Chlorine anion + Ethanol = (Chlorine anion bullet Ethanol)

By formula: Cl- + C2H6O = (Cl- bullet C2H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17.90 ± 0.40kcal/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar17.60 ± 0.50kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, 1987gas phase; B,B,M
Deltar17.3 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.7cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Deltar23.1cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar10.65kcal/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar10.5 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar10.5 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar10.4 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
10.0295.ICRRiveros, 1974gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)CH3OH; Riveros, Breda, et al., 1973; M

(Chlorine anion bullet Methyl Alcohol) + Methyl Alcohol = (Chlorine anion bullet 2Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet CH4O) + CH4O = (Cl- bullet 2CH4O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.10 ± 0.40kcal/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar13.70 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; B,M
Deltar14.1 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B,M
Deltar13.00 ± 0.70kcal/molTDAsYamdagni, Payzant, et al., 1973gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.2cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Deltar22.0cal/mol*KHPMSEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; M
Deltar19.4cal/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni, Payzant, et al., 1973gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.30kcal/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar7.10kcal/molTDAsEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; B
Deltar6.8 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar7.20 ± 0.40kcal/molTDAsYamdagni, Payzant, et al., 1973gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 2Methyl Alcohol) + Methyl Alcohol = (Chlorine anion bullet 3Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 2CH4O) + CH4O = (Cl- bullet 3CH4O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar11.50 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar10.80 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; B,M
Deltar11.8 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B,M
Deltar12.30 ± 0.60kcal/molN/AYamdagni, Payzant, et al., 1973gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.9cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Deltar22.7cal/mol*KHPMSEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; M
Deltar23.6cal/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni, Payzant, et al., 1973gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.06kcal/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar4.00kcal/molTDAsEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; B
Deltar4.9 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar5.20 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsYamdagni, Payzant, et al., 1973gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + Benzene, nitro- = (Chlorine anion bullet Benzene, nitro-)

By formula: Cl- + C6H5NO2 = (Cl- bullet C6H5NO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.3 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsChowdhury and Kebarle, 1986gas phase; B,M
Deltar16.5kcal/molPHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; from Ph. D. thesis of S. Chowdhury, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; from Ph. D. thesis of S. Chowdhury, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar19.4cal/mol*KPHPMSChowdhury and Kebarle, 1986gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar10.5 ± 1.6kcal/molTDAsChowdhury and Kebarle, 1986gas phase; B
Deltar7.10kcal/molTDEqFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
10.5300.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1991gas phase; from Ph. D. thesis of S. Chowdhury, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
7.7300.PHPMSFrench, Ikuta, et al., 1982gas phase; M

Chlorine anion + Borane, triethyl- = (Chlorine anion bullet Borane, triethyl-)

By formula: Cl- + C6H15B = (Cl- bullet C6H15B)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.8 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M
Deltar23.8kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(t-C4H9OH), Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar22.0cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17.2 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M
Deltar17.2kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M

Chlorine anion + Hydrogen cation = Hydrogen chloride

By formula: Cl- + H+ = HCl

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar333.40kcal/molN/AMartin and Hepburn, 1998gas phase; Given: «DELTA»Hacid(0K)=116288.7±0.6 cm-1, or 332.486±0.002 kcal/mol; B
Deltar333.6 ± 2.1kcal/molG+TSFujio, McIver, et al., 1981gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar329.10kcal/molN/ACheck, Faust, et al., 2001gas phase; FeCC-(q); ; «DELTA»S(EA)=5.0; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar328.10 ± 0.10kcal/molH-TSMartin and Hepburn, 1998gas phase; Given: «DELTA»Hacid(0K)=116288.7±0.6 cm-1, or 332.486±0.002 kcal/mol; B
Deltar328.3 ± 2.0kcal/molIMREFujio, McIver, et al., 1981gas phase; value altered from reference due to change in acidity scale; B
Deltar323.70kcal/molN/ACheck, Faust, et al., 2001gas phase; FeCC-(q); ; «DELTA»S(EA)=5.0; B

Chlorine anion + Acetic acid = (Chlorine anion bullet Acetic acid)

By formula: Cl- + C2H4O2 = (Cl- bullet C2H4O2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.40 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsSieck, 1985gas phase; B,M
Deltar21.6 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; B,M
Deltar23.9 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.6cal/mol*KPHPMSSieck, 1985gas phase; M
Deltar24.0cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Deltar19.3cal/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.60 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsSieck, 1985gas phase; B
Deltar15.8 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1971gas phase; B
Deltar16.7 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + Ammonia = (Chlorine anion bullet Ammonia)

By formula: Cl- + H3N = (Cl- bullet H3N)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar<7.30 ± 0.40kcal/molN/ATschurl and Boesl, 2008gas phase; B
Deltar8.20 ± 0.10kcal/molTDAsEvans, Keesee, et al., 1987gas phase; B,M
Deltar8.9 ± 1.2kcal/molN/AMarkovich, Chesnovsky, et al., 1993gas phase; B
Deltar10.5 ± 4.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.4cal/mol*KHPMSEvans, Keesee, et al., 1987gas phase; M
Deltar19.9cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)CH3F, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar3.60 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsEvans, Keesee, et al., 1987gas phase; B
Deltar4.5 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + p-Cresol = (Chlorine anion bullet p-Cresol)

By formula: Cl- + C7H8O = (Cl- bullet C7H8O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.6 ± 2.0kcal/molTDEqCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; Re-anchored to data in French, Ikuta, et al., 1982.; B,M
Deltar25.9kcal/molPHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.cal/mol*KN/APaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Deltar26.7cal/mol*KPHPMSCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17.9 ± 2.0kcal/molTDEqCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; Re-anchored to data in French, Ikuta, et al., 1982.; B

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
15.3423.PHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
16.6300.PHPMSCummings, French, et al., 1977gas phase; M

Chlorine anion + Isopropyl Alcohol = (Chlorine anion bullet Isopropyl Alcohol)

By formula: Cl- + C3H8O = (Cl- bullet C3H8O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.40 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar18.3 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B,M
Deltar17.6 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.7cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Deltar23.2cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; switching reaction(cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar11.32kcal/molTDAsBogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999gas phase; B
Deltar10.90kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar10.7 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M

(Chlorine anion bullet 6Water) + Water = (Chlorine anion bullet 7Water)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 6H2O) + H2O = (Cl- bullet 7H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar8.1 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Estimated entropy; single temperature measurement; B
Deltar6.90kcal/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B
Deltar8.1kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.cal/mol*KN/AHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar2.1 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; Estimated entropy; single temperature measurement; B

Chlorine anion + Methylene chloride = (Chlorine anion bullet Methylene chloride)

By formula: Cl- + CH2Cl2 = (Cl- bullet CH2Cl2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.8 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar14.8 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuno, et al., 2001gas phase; B
Deltar15.50 ± 0.30kcal/molTDEqDougherty, Dalton, et al., 1974gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.1cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Kebarle, 1977; M
Deltar22.0cal/mol*KHPMSDougherty, Dalton, et al., 1974gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar9.2 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar8.84kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuno, et al., 2001gas phase; B
Deltar8.90 ± 0.60kcal/molTDEqDougherty, Dalton, et al., 1974gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + Phosphorus trifluoride = (Chlorine anion bullet Phosphorus trifluoride)

By formula: Cl- + F3P = (Cl- bullet F3P)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.5 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B
Deltar15.5kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.0cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar9.2 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B
Deltar9.2kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M

Chlorine anion + 1-Propanol = (Chlorine anion bullet 1-Propanol)

By formula: Cl- + C3H8O = (Cl- bullet C3H8O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.40 ± 0.50kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, 1987gas phase; B,B,M
Deltar17.7 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar29.0cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Deltar23.2cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; Larson and McMahon, 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar11.70kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar11.7 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar10.8 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + Hydrogen cyanide = (Chlorine anion bullet Hydrogen cyanide)

By formula: Cl- + CHN = (Cl- bullet CHN)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.8 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B,B,M
Deltar21.0 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.9cal/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner, Cybulski, et al., 1988gas phase; M
Deltar23.7cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.2 ± 1.6kcal/molTDAsMeot-ner, Cybulski, et al., 1988gas phase; B
Deltar16.1 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsMeot-ner, 1988gas phase; B
Deltar13.9 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + Carbon dioxide = (Chlorine anion bullet Carbon dioxide)

By formula: Cl- + CO2 = (Cl- bullet CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.80 ± 0.50kcal/molPDisArnold, Bradforth, et al., 1995gas phase; Affinity: shift in apparent EA from lesser-solvated ion. Ignores any neutral-neutral bond.; B
Deltar7.60kcal/molTDEqHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase; B,M
Deltar8.00 ± 0.10kcal/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1980gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.2cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase; M
Deltar19.6cal/mol*KHPMSKeesee, Lee, et al., 1980gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar2.10kcal/molTDEqHiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986gas phase; B
Deltar2.10 ± 0.10kcal/molTDAsKeesee, Lee, et al., 1980gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 3Methyl Alcohol) + Methyl Alcohol = (Chlorine anion bullet 4Methyl Alcohol)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 3CH4O) + CH4O = (Cl- bullet 4CH4O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar10.5 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B,M
Deltar10.50kcal/molTDAsEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; B
Deltar11.20 ± 0.60kcal/molTDAsYamdagni, Payzant, et al., 1973gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.9cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; M
Deltar26.4cal/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni, Payzant, et al., 1973gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar3.6 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar3.70kcal/molTDAsEvans and Keesee, 1991gas phase; B
Deltar3.30 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsYamdagni, Payzant, et al., 1973gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet 4Water) + Water = (Chlorine anion bullet 5Water)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 4H2O) + H2O = (Cl- bullet 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar9.5 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar6.70kcal/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B
Deltar9.5 ± 0.3kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.7cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar3.0 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar2.9 ± 2.0kcal/molTDAsKebarle, Arshadi, et al., 1968gas phase; B,M

Chlorine anion + 2-Propanone, 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro- = (Chlorine anion bullet 2-Propanone, 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-)

By formula: Cl- + C3F6O = (Cl- bullet C3F6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28.8 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsBofdanov and McMahon, 2002gas phase; B
Deltar22.9 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(t-C4H9OH), Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17.6 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsBofdanov and McMahon, 2002gas phase; B
Deltar16.3 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M
Deltar16.3kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984, 3gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)(C2H5)3B; M

(Chlorine anion bullet 3Acetonitrile) + Acetonitrile = (Chlorine anion bullet 4Acetonitrile)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 3C2H3N) + C2H3N = (Cl- bullet 4C2H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar10.90 ± 0.30kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar9.00 ± 0.80kcal/molN/AMarkovich, Perera, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar6.20kcal/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1972gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.6cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; M
Deltar10.8cal/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni and Kebarle, 1972gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar2.9 ± 1.2kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; B
Deltar3.00kcal/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1972gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + 2-Propanone, 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoro- = (Chlorine anion bullet 2-Propanone, 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoro-)

By formula: Cl- + C3HF5O = (Cl- bullet C3HF5O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.1 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsBofdanov and McMahon, 2002gas phase; B
Deltar23.4kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.9cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17.2 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsBofdanov and McMahon, 2002gas phase; B
Deltar16.3 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1984, 3gas phase; B,M,M

Chlorine anion + 2-Propanol, 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro- = (Chlorine anion bullet 2-Propanol, 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-)

By formula: Cl- + C3H2F6O = (Cl- bullet C3H2F6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.5kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)(CF3)2CH3COH, Entropy change calculated or estimated, DG>, «DELTA»rH>; Larson and McMahon, 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.0cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)(CF3)2CH3COH, Entropy change calculated or estimated, DG>, «DELTA»rH>; Larson and McMahon, 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.0kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)(CF3)2CH3COH, Entropy change calculated or estimated, DG>, «DELTA»rH>; Larson and McMahon, 1984; M

(Chlorine anion bullet 2Acetonitrile) + Acetonitrile = (Chlorine anion bullet 3Acetonitrile)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 2C2H3N) + C2H3N = (Cl- bullet 3C2H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar11.20 ± 0.40kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar12.00 ± 0.70kcal/molN/AMarkovich, Perera, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar10.60kcal/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1972gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.6cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; M
Deltar20.1cal/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni and Kebarle, 1972gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.3 ± 1.3kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; B
Deltar4.60kcal/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1972gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + Carbon disulfide = (Chlorine anion bullet Carbon disulfide)

By formula: Cl- + CS2 = (Cl- bullet CS2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar8.80 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Fujimaki, et al., 1993gas phase; B,M
Deltar11.7 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar13.9cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Fujimaki, et al., 1993gas phase; M
Deltar20.cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar4.6 ± 2.2kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Fujimaki, et al., 1993gas phase; B
Deltar5.7 ± 2.0kcal/molIMRELarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; B,M

(Chlorine anion bullet Acetonitrile) + Acetonitrile = (Chlorine anion bullet 2Acetonitrile)

By formula: (Cl- bullet C2H3N) + C2H3N = (Cl- bullet 2C2H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.50 ± 0.40kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; B,M
Deltar12.00 ± 0.70kcal/molN/AMarkovich, Perera, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar12.20kcal/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1972gas phase; B,M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar16.3cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; M
Deltar18.9cal/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni and Kebarle, 1972gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.6 ± 1.2kcal/molTDAsHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; B
Deltar6.60kcal/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1972gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + C4H4F6O = (Chlorine anion bullet C4H4F6O)

By formula: Cl- + C4H4F6O = (Cl- bullet C4H4F6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.5kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)HCOOH, Entropy change calculated or estimated, DG>, «DELTA»rH>; Larson and McMahon, 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.0cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)HCOOH, Entropy change calculated or estimated, DG>, «DELTA»rH>; Larson and McMahon, 1984; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar19.0kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984, 2gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)HCOOH, Entropy change calculated or estimated, DG>, «DELTA»rH>; Larson and McMahon, 1984; M

(Chlorine anion bullet 5Water) + Water = (Chlorine anion bullet 6Water)

By formula: (Cl- bullet 5H2O) + H2O = (Cl- bullet 6H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar8.8 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B
Deltar8.50kcal/molN/AMarkovich, Pollack, et al., 1994gas phase; For photodissociation plus electron loss. Affinity is difference from lower solvated ion.; B
Deltar8.8 ± 0.4kcal/molPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.2cal/mol*KPHPMSHiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar2.4 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsHiraoka and Mizuse, 1987gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + Methane, bromo- = (Chlorine anion bullet Methane, bromo-)

By formula: Cl- + CH3Br = (Cl- bullet CH3Br)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.5 ± 1.0kcal/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar10.90 ± 0.50kcal/molTDAsDougherty and Roberts, 1974gas phase; B,M
Deltar12.2 ± 3.0kcal/molIMRBRiveros, Breda, et al., 1973gas phase; Anchored: Larson and McMahon, 1984, 3; B
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.8cal/mol*KHPMSDougherty and Roberts, 1974gas phase; Entropy change is questionable; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.80 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsLi, Ross, et al., 1996gas phase; B
Deltar7.1 ± 1.2kcal/molTDAsDougherty and Roberts, 1974gas phase; B

(Chlorine anion bullet Hydrogen chloride) + Hydrogen chloride = (Chlorine anion bullet 2Hydrogen chloride)

By formula: (Cl- bullet HCl) + HCl = (Cl- bullet 2HCl)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.20 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1974gas phase; B,M
Deltar14.0kcal/molPHPMSCaldwell and Kebarle, 1985gas phase; switching reaction(Cl- HCl)SO2; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar20.4cal/mol*KPHPMSCaldwell and Kebarle, 1985gas phase; switching reaction(Cl- HCl)SO2; M
Deltar24.4cal/mol*KPHPMSYamdagni and Kebarle, 1974gas phase; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.90 ± 0.20kcal/molTDAsYamdagni and Kebarle, 1974gas phase; B

Chlorine anion + Cl4Th = (Chlorine anion bullet Cl4Th)

By formula: Cl- + Cl4Th = (Cl- bullet Cl4Th)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.2kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(t-C4H9OH), Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(t-C4H9OH), Entropy change calculated or estimated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar17.6kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1985gas phase; switching reaction,Thermochemical ladder(t-C4H9OH), Entropy change calculated or estimated; M

Chlorine anion + C2H3ClO2 = (Chlorine anion bullet C2H3ClO2)

By formula: Cl- + C2H3ClO2 = (Cl- bullet C2H3ClO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.1kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.0cal/mol*KN/ALarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.8kcal/molICRLarson and McMahon, 1984gas phase; switching reaction(Cl-)t-C4H9OH, Entropy change calculated or estimated; French, Ikuta, et al., 1982; M

References

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Evans and Keesee, 1991
Evans, D.H.; Keesee, R.G., Thermodynamics of Gas-Phase Mixed-Solvent Cluster Ions - Water and Methanol on K+ and Cl- and Comparison to Liquid Solutions, J. Phys. Chem., 1991, 95, 9, 3558, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100162a024 . [all data]

Hiraoka and Mizuse, 1987
Hiraoka, K.; Mizuse, S., Gas-Phase Solvation of Cl- with H2O, CH3OH, C2H4OH, i-C3H7OH, n-C3H7OH, and t-C4H9OH, Chem. Phys., 1987, 118, 3, 457, https://doi.org/10.1016/0301-0104(87)85078-4 . [all data]

Sieck, 1985
Sieck, L.W., Thermochemistry of Solvation of NO2- and C6H5NO2- by Polar Molecules in the Vapor Phase. Comparison with Cl- and Variation with Ligand Structure., J. Phys. Chem., 1985, 89, 25, 5552, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100271a049 . [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1984
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Gas phase negative ion chemistry of alkylchloroformates, Can. J. Chem., 1984, 62, 675. [all data]

French, Ikuta, et al., 1982
French, M.A.; Ikuta, S.; Kebarle, P., Hydrogen bonding of O-H and C-H hydrogen donors to Cl-. Results from mass spectrometric measurement of the ion-molecule equilibria RH + Cl- = RHCl-, Can. J. Chem., 1982, 60, 1907. [all data]

Yamdagni, Payzant, et al., 1973
Yamdagni, R.; Payzant, J.D.; Kebarle, P., Solvation of Cl- and O2- with H2O, CH3OH, and CH3CN in the gas phase, Can. J. Chem., 1973, 51, 2507. [all data]

Metz, Kitsopoulos, et al., 1988
Metz, R.B.; Kitsopoulos, T.; Weaver, A.; Neumark, D.M., Study of the Transition State Region in the Cl+HCl Reaction by Photoelectron Spectroscopy of ClHCl-, J. Chem. Phys., 1988, 88, 2, 1463, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.454218 . [all data]

Caldwell and Kebarle, 1985
Caldwell, G.; Kebarle, P., The hydrogen bond energies of the bihalide ions XHX- and YHX-, Can. J. Chem., 1985, 63, 1399. [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1984, 2
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Hydrogen bonding in gas phase anions. An experimental investigation of the interaction between chloride ion and bronsted acids from ICR chloride exchange equilibria, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1984, 106, 517. [all data]

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Upschulte, Evans, et al., 1986
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Keesee and Castleman, 1980
Keesee, R.G.; Castleman, A.W., Jr., Gas phase studies of hydration complexes of Cl- and I- and comparison to electrostatic calculations in the gas phase, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1980, 74, 139. [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1987
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Isotope Effects in Proton Transfer Reactions. An Ion Cyclotron Resonance Determination of the Equilibrium Deuterium Isotope Effect in the Bichloride Ion, J. Phys. Chem., 1987, 91, 3, 554, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100287a013 . [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1984, 3
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Fluoride and chloride affinities of main group oxides, fluorides, oxofluorides, and alkyls. Quantitative scales of lewis acidities from ion cyclotron resonance halide-exchange equilibria, J. Phys. Chem., 1984, 88, 1083. [all data]

Larson and McMahon, 1985
Larson, J.W.; McMahon, T.B., Fluoride and chloride affinities of the main group oxides, fluorides, oxofluorides, and alkyls. Quantitative scales of lewis acidities from ICR halide exchange equilibria, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1985, 107, 766. [all data]

Bohringer, Fahey, et al., 1984
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Keesee, Lee, et al., 1980
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Fehsenfeld and Ferguson, 1974
Fehsenfeld, F.C.; Ferguson, E.E., Laboratory studies of negative ion reactions with atmospheric trace constituents, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 61, 3181. [all data]

Tschurl, Ueberfluss, et al., 2007
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Hiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988
Hiraoka, K.; Mizuse, S.; Yamabe, S., Determination of the Stabilities and Structures of X-(C6H6) Clusters (X = Cl, Br, and I), Chem. Phys. Lett., 1988, 147, 2-3, 174, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(88)85078-4 . [all data]

Paul and Kebarle, 1991
Paul, G.J.C.; Kebarle, P., Stabilities of Complexes of Br- with Substituted Benzenes (SB) Based on Determinations of the Gas-Phase Equilibria Br- + SB = (BrSB)-, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1991, 113, 4, 1148, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00004a014 . [all data]

Sunner, Nishizawa, et al., 1981
Sunner, J.; Nishizawa, K.; Kebarle, P., Ion - Solvent Molecule Interactions in the Gas Phase. Potassium Ion and Benzene, J. Phys. Chem., 1981, 85, 13, 1814, https://doi.org/10.1021/j150613a011 . [all data]

Chowdhury and Kebarle, 1986
Chowdhury, S.; Kebarle, P., Role of Binding Energies in A-.B and A.B- Complexes in the Kinetics of Gas Phase Electron Transfer Reactions:A- + B = A + B- Involving Perfluoro Compounds: SF6, C6F11CF3, J. Chem. Phys., 1986, 85, 9, 4989, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.451687 . [all data]

Hiraoka, Mizuse, et al., 1988, 2
Hiraoka, K.; Mizuse, S.; Yamabe, S., Solvation of Halide Ions with H2O and CH3CN in the Gas Phase, J. Phys. Chem., 1988, 92, 13, 3943, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100324a051 . [all data]

Arshadi, Yamdagni, et al., 1970
Arshadi, M.; Yamdagni, R.; Kebarle, P., Hydration of Halide Negative Ions in the Gas Phase. II. Comparison of Hydration Energies for the Alkali Positive and Halide Negative Ions, J. Phys. Chem., 1970, 74, 7, 1475, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100702a014 . [all data]

Yamabe, Furumiya, et al., 1986
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Yamdagni and Kebarle, 1972
Yamdagni, R.; Kebarle, P., Solvation of negative ions by protic and aprotic solvents. Gas phase solvation of halide ions by acetonitrile and water molecules, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1972, 94, 2940. [all data]

Li, Ross, et al., 1996
Li, C.; Ross, P.; Szulejko, J.; McMahon, T.B., High-Pressure Mass Spectrometric Investigations of the Potential Energy Surfaces of Gas-Phase Sn2 Reactions., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1996, 118, 39, 9360, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja960565o . [all data]

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Payzant, J.D.; Yamdagni, R.; Kebarle, P., Hydration of CN-, NO2-, NO3-, and HO- in the gas phase, Can. J. Chem., 1971, 49, 3308. [all data]

Kebarle, 1977
Kebarle, P., Ion Thermochemistry and Solvation from Gas Phase Ion Equilibria, Ann. Rev. Phys. Chem., 1977, 28, 1, 445, https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.pc.28.100177.002305 . [all data]

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Yamdagni, R.; Kebarle, P., Hydrogen bonding energies to negative ions from gas phase measurements of ionic equilibria, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1971, 93, 7139. [all data]

Bogdanov, Peschke, et al., 1999
Bogdanov, B.; Peschke, M.; Tonner, D.S.; Szulejko, J.E.; McMahon, T.B., Stepwise solvation of halides by alcohol molecules in the gas phase, Int. J. Mass Spectrom., 1999, 187, 707-725, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1387-3806(98)14180-5 . [all data]

Cummings, French, et al., 1977
Cummings, J.B.; French, M.A.; Kebarle, P., Effect of charge delocalization on hydrogen bonding to negative ions and solvation of negative ions. Substituted phenols and phenoxide ions, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1977, 99, 6999. [all data]

Paul and Kebarle, 1990
Paul, G.J.C.; Kebarle, P., Stabilities in the Gas Phase of the Hydrogen Bonded Complexes, YC6H4OH-X-, of Substituted Phenols, YC6H4OH, with the Halide Anions X-(Cl-, Br-), Can. J. Chem., 1990, 68, 11, 2070, https://doi.org/10.1139/v90-316 . [all data]

Hiraoka, Takimoto, et al., 1986
Hiraoka, K.; Takimoto, H.; Morise, K.; Shoda, T.; Nakamura, S., Ion-Molecule Reactions in Gaseous Acetone, Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan, 1986, 59, 7, 2247, https://doi.org/10.1246/bcsj.59.2247 . [all data]

Bofdanov and McMahon, 2002
Bofdanov, B.; McMahon, T.B., Structures, Thermochemistry, and Infrared Spectra of Chloride Ion-Fluorinated Acetone Complexes and Neutral Fluorinated Acetones in the Gas Phase: Experiment and Theory, Int. J. Mass Spectrom., 2002, 219, 3, 593-613, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1387-3806(02)00745-5 . [all data]

Hiraoka, Morise, et al., 1986
Hiraoka, K.; Morise, K.; Nishijima, T.; Nakamura, S.; Nakazato, M.; Ohkuma, K., Gas Phase Ion Equilibria Studies of Protons and Chloride Ions in Propanol and Acetone, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Proc., 1986, 68, 1-2, 99, https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1176(86)87071-9 . [all data]

Hiraoka, Mizuno, et al., 2001
Hiraoka, K.; Mizuno, T.; Iino, T.; Eguchi, D.; Yamabe, S., Characteristic changes of bond energies for gas-phase cluster ions of halide ions with methane and chloromethanes, J. Phys. Chem. A, 2001, 105, 20, 4887-4893, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp010143n . [all data]

Giles and Grimsrud, 1993
Giles, K.; Grimsrud, E.P., Measurements of Equilibria and Reactivity of Cluster Ions at Atmospheric Pressure - Reactions of Cl-(CHCl3)0-2 with CH3Br and CH3I, J. Phys. Chem., 1993, 97, 7, 1318, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100109a012 . [all data]

Dougherty, Dalton, et al., 1974
Dougherty, R.C.; Dalton, J.; Roberts, J.D., SN2 reactions in the gas phase: Structure of the transition state, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1974, 8, 77. [all data]

Markovich, Pollack, et al., 1994
Markovich, G.; Pollack, S.; Giniger, R.; Cheshnovsky, O., Photoelectron spectroscopy of Cl-, Br-, and I- solvated in water clusters, J. Chem. Phys., 1994, 101, 11, 9344, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.467965 . [all data]

Kebarle, Arshadi, et al., 1968
Kebarle, P.; Arshadi, M.; Scarborough, J., Hydration of Negative Ions in the Gas Phase, J. Chem. Phys., 1968, 49, 2, 817, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1670145 . [all data]

Walker and Sunderlin, 1999
Walker, B.W.; Sunderlin, L.S., The thermochemistry of formic acid halide anion clusters, Int. J. Mass Spectrom., 1999, 184, 2-3, 183-189, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1387-3806(99)00008-1 . [all data]

Hiraoka, 1987
Hiraoka, K., Relation Between Gas Phase Stepwise and Bulk Solvation of Cl- with Water and Aliphatic Alcohols, Bull. Chem. Soc. Japan, 1987, 60, 7, 2555, https://doi.org/10.1246/bcsj.60.2555 . [all data]

Riveros, 1974
Riveros, J.M., Formation and Relative Stability of Negative Clustered Ions by Ion Cyclotron Resonance Spectroscopy, Adv. Mass Spectrom., 1974, 6, 277. [all data]

Riveros, Breda, et al., 1973
Riveros, J.M.; Breda, A.C.; Blair, L.K., Formation and relative stability of chloride ion clusters in the gas phase by ICR spectroscopy, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1973, 95, 4066. [all data]

Martin and Hepburn, 1998
Martin, J.D.D.; Hepburn, J.W., Determination of bond dissociation energies by threshold ion-pair production spectroscopy: An improved D-0(HCl), J. Chem. Phys., 1998, 109, 19, 8139-8142, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.477476 . [all data]

Fujio, McIver, et al., 1981
Fujio, M.; McIver, R.T., Jr.; Taft, R.W., Effects on the acidities of phenols from specific substituent-solvent interactions. Inherent substituent parameters from gas phase acidities, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1981, 103, 4017. [all data]

Check, Faust, et al., 2001
Check, C.E.; Faust, T.O.; Bailey, J.M.; Wright, B.J.; Gilbert, T.M.; Sunderlin, L.S., Addition of Polarization and Diffuse Functions to the LANL2DZ Basis Set for P-Block Elements, J. Phys. Chem. A,, 2001, 105, 34, 8111, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp011945l . [all data]

Tschurl and Boesl, 2008
Tschurl, M.; Boesl, U., IR-photodissociation and photodetachment spectroscopy of Cl-center dot(NH3)(x) (IR : x=1-4, PD : x=1), Chem. Phys. Lett., 2008, 456, 4-6, 150-155, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cplett.2008.03.041 . [all data]

Evans, Keesee, et al., 1987
Evans, D.H.; Keesee, R.G.; Castleman Jr., The Association of Ammonia with Halide Ions in the Gas Phase, J. Chem. Phys., 1987, 86, 5, 2927, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.452043 . [all data]

Markovich, Chesnovsky, et al., 1993
Markovich, G.; Chesnovsky, O.; Kaldor, U., Charge Transfer Excitations in the Photoelectron Spectrum of Cl-NH3: Experiment and calculation, J. Chem. Phys, 1993, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.465913 . [all data]

Meot-ner, 1988
Meot-ner, M., Ionic Hydrogen Bond and Ion Solvation. 6. Interaction Energies of the Acetate Ion with Organic Molecules. Comparison of CH3COO- with Cl-, CN-, and SH-, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1988, 110, 12, 3854, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00220a022 . [all data]

Meot-ner, Cybulski, et al., 1988
Meot-ner, M.; Cybulski, S.M.; Scheiner, S.; Liebman, J.F., Is CN- Significantly Anisotropic? Comparison of CN- vs. Cl-: Clustering with HCN and Condensed Phase Thermochemistry, J. Phys. Chem., 1988, 92, 10, 2738, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100321a009 . [all data]

Arnold, Bradforth, et al., 1995
Arnold, D.W.; Bradforth, S.E.; Kim, E.H.; Neumark, D.M., Study of halogen carbon dioxide clusters and the fluoroformyloxyl radical by photodetachment of X(-)(CO2) (X=I,Cl,Br) and FCO2-, J. Chem. Phys., 1995, 102, 9, 3493, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.468575 . [all data]

Hiraoka, Shoda, et al., 1986
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Markovich, Perera, et al., 1996
Markovich, G.; Perera, L.; Berkowitz, M.L.; Cheshnovsky, O., The Solvation of Cl-, Br-, and I- in Acetonitrile Cluster: Photoelectron Spectroscopy and Molecular Dynamics Simulations., J. Chem. Phys., 1996, 105, 7, 2675, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.472131 . [all data]

Hiraoka, Fujimaki, et al., 1993
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Dougherty and Roberts, 1974
Dougherty, R.C.; Roberts, J.D., SN2 reactions in the gas phase. Nucleophilicity effects, Org. Mass Spectrom., 1974, 8, 81. [all data]

Keesee and Castleman, 1986
Keesee, R.G.; Castleman, A.W., Jr., Thermochemical data on Ggs-phase ion-molecule association and clustering reactions, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1986, 15, 1011. [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Reaction thermochemistry data, References