Home Symbol which looks like a small house Up Solid circle with an upward pointer in it

Phenanthrene, 7-ethenyl-1,2,3,4,4a,4b,5,6,7,9,10,10a-dodecahydro-1,1,4a,7-tetramethyl-, [4aS-(4a«alpha»,4b«beta»,7«beta»,10a«beta»)]-


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

Notice: This spectrum may be better viewed with a Javascript and HTML 5 enabled browser.

Mass spectrum
For Zoom
1.) Enter the desired X axis range (e.g., 100, 200)
2.) Check here for automatic Y scaling
3.) Press here to zoom

Additional Data

View image of digitized spectrum (can be printed in landscape orientation).

View spectrum image in SVG format.

Download spectrum in JCAMP-DX format.

Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
NIST MS number 413003

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-101170.1919.Clarke, Perry, et al., 1994 
CapillaryOV-101170.1936.Clarke, Perry, et al., 1994 
CapillarySE-30170.1943.Perry and Weavers, 1984 
CapillarySE-30190.1969.Perry and Weavers, 1984 

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51966.Adams, Morris, et al., 200530. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 246. C
CapillaryDB-51960.Adams and Nguyen, 200530. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 246. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1950.Asuming, Beauchamp, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 5. min
CapillarySE-541961.Adams, 200030. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 246. C
CapillaryDB-51941.Adams, 2000, 230. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-51961.Adams, 2000, 230. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillarySE-541961.Adams, 2000, 330. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 246. C
CapillaryDB-51960.Adams, 2000, 430. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 246. C
CapillaryDB-51961.Adams, 199930. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 246. C

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51941.Adams, 199830. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-51961.Adams, 199830. m/0.26 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M170.2243.Perry and Weavers, 1984 
CapillaryCarbowax 20M190.2279.Perry and Weavers, 1984 

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1931.Benkaci-Ali, Baaliouamer, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 8. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 30. min
CapillaryDB-51996.Block, Flamini, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-51969.Su, Ho, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11970.Dob, Berramdane, et al., 200530. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 50. C @ 3. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 5. min
CapillarySPB-11941.Cavaleiro, Salgueiro, et al., 200330. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryHP-51941.Fokialakis, Melliou, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-51943.Macchioni, Cioni, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-51999.Macchioni, Cioni, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-51942.Skaltsa, Demetzos, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-51941.Nogueira, Bittrich, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1942.Skaltsa, Mavrommati, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1961.Skaltsa, Mavrommati, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 5. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1967.Pfeifhofer, 200050. m/0.22 mm/0.13 «mu»m, H2, 4. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 40. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1973.4Andriamaharavo, 201430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1 min) => 5 C/min => 210C => 10 C/min => 280C (15 min)
CapillaryHP-11965.Sing, Smadja, et al., 199250. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, He; Program: 20C(0.5min) => 60C => 4C/min => 250C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5 MS1975.Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryCP Sil 5 CB1955.Baran, von Reuss, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 4. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryHP-51960.Cheraif, Ben Jannet, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 50. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 4. min
CapillarySPB-11941.Cavaleiro, Pinto, et al., 200630. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryDB-51935.Havlik, Kokoska, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-5MS1922.Maronigiu, Piras, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 280. C @ 30. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1919.Petrovic, Ristic, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 260. C
CapillaryDB-51941.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen, 70. C @ 4. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-11935.Velasco-Negueruela, Pérez-Alonso, et al., 200550. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryHP-11941.Cavaleiro, Salgueiro, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 70. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1951.Moronkola, Ogunwande, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(10min) => 3C/min => 200C => 2C/min => 220C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1969.Butkienë, Nivinskienë, et al., 200550. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(5min) => 2C/min => 90C => 15C/min => 240C(4min)
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB1941.Mockute, Nivinskiene, et al., 200350. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(1min) => 5C/min => 160C => 10C/min => 250C(5min)
CapillaryDB-11946.da Silva, Pedro, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 40 0C 3 K/min -> 175 0C 15 K/min -> 240 0C (10 min)

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax2255.Cheraif, Ben Jannet, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 50. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 240. C @ 4. min
CapillarySupelcowax 102229.Cavaleiro, Pinto, et al., 200630. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Helium, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 15. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryInnowax2287.Kaya, Baser, et al., 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 10. min; Tend: 220. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC2287.Sezik E., Kocakulak E., et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryInnowax FSC2287.Tunalier, Kirimer, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C

References

Go To: Top, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Clarke, Perry, et al., 1994
Clarke, D.B.; Perry, N.B.; Weavers, R.T., Foliage Oil Terpenes of Prumnopitys ferruginea (D. Don) Laubenf. Variation in Acorenone Levels, J. Essnt. Oil Res., 1994, 6, 6, 549-554, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.1994.9699344 . [all data]

Perry and Weavers, 1984
Perry, N.B.; Weavers, R.T., Kovats indices of diterpene hydrocarbons on fused-silica capillary columns, J. Chromatogr., 1984, 284, 478-481, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)87850-X . [all data]

Adams, Morris, et al., 2005
Adams, R.P.; Morris, J.A.; Pandey, R.N.; Schwarzbach, A.E., Cryptic speciation between Juniperus deltoides and Juniperus oxycedrus (Cupressaceae) in the Mediterranean, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2005, 33, 8, 771-787, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2005.01.001 . [all data]

Adams and Nguyen, 2005
Adams, R.P.; Nguyen, S., Infra-specific variation in Juniperus deppeana and F. Sperryi in the Davis Mountains of Texas: variation in leaf essential oils and random amplified polymorphic DNAS (RAPDS), Phytologia, 2005, 87, 2, 96-108. [all data]

Asuming, Beauchamp, et al., 2005
Asuming, W.A.; Beauchamp, P.S.; Descalzo, J.T.; Dev, B.C.; Dev, V.; Frost, S.; Ma, C.W., Essential oil composition of four Lomatium Raf. species and their chemotaxonomy, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2005, 33, 1, 17-26, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2004.06.005 . [all data]

Adams, 2000
Adams, R.P., Systematics of smooth leaf margin Juniperus of the western hemisphere based on leaf essential oils and RAPD DNA fingerprinting, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2000, 28, 2, 149-162, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(99)00047-2 . [all data]

Adams, 2000, 2
Adams, R.P., Systematics of Juniperus section Juniperus based on leaf essential oils and random amplified polymorphic DNAs (RAPDs), Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2000, 28, 6, 515-528, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(99)00089-7 . [all data]

Adams, 2000, 3
Adams, R.P., Systematics of the one seeded Juniperus of the eastern hemisphere based on leaf essential oils and random amplified polymorphic DNAs (RAPDs), Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2000, 28, 6, 529-543, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(99)00096-4 . [all data]

Adams, 2000, 4
Adams, R.P., The serrate leaf margined Juniperus (Section Sabina) of the western hemisphere: systematics and evolution based on leaf essential oils and Random Amplified Polymorphic DNAs (RAPDs), Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2000, 28, 10, 975-989, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(00)00022-3 . [all data]

Adams, 1999
Adams, R.P., Systematics of multi-seeded eastern hemisphere Juniperus based on leaf essential oils and RAPD DNA fingerprinting, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 1999, 27, 7, 709-725, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(99)00016-2 . [all data]

Adams, 1998
Adams, R.P., The essential oils and chemotaxonomy of Juniperus sect. Juniperus, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 1998, 26, 6, 637-645, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(98)00020-9 . [all data]

Benkaci-Ali, Baaliouamer, et al., 2007
Benkaci-Ali, F.; Baaliouamer, A.; Meklati, B.Y.; Chemat, F., Chemical composition of seed essential oils from Algerian Nigella sativa extracted by microwave and hydrodistillation, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 2, 148-153, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1773 . [all data]

Block, Flamini, et al., 2006
Block, S.; Flamini, G.; Brkic, D.; Morelli, I.; Quetin-Leclercq, J., Analysis of the essential oil from leaves of Croton zambesicus Muell. Arg. growing in Benin, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 2, 222-224, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1558 . [all data]

Su, Ho, et al., 2006
Su, Y.C.; Ho, C.L.; Wang, E.I.C., Analysis of leaf essential oils from the indigenous five conifers of Taiwan, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 447-452, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1685 . [all data]

Dob, Berramdane, et al., 2005
Dob, T.; Berramdane, T.; Dahmane, D.; Chelghoum, C., Chemical composition of the needles oil of Pinus canariensis from Algeria, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 2005, 41, 2, 165-167, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10600-005-0103-1 . [all data]

Cavaleiro, Salgueiro, et al., 2003
Cavaleiro, C.; Salgueiro, L.R.; da Cunha, A.P.; Figueiredo, A.C.; Barroso, J.G.; Bighelli, A.; Casanova, J., Composition and variability of the essential oils of the leaves and berries from Juniperus navicularis, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2003, 31, 2, 193-201, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-1978(02)00080-7 . [all data]

Fokialakis, Melliou, et al., 2003
Fokialakis, N.; Melliou, E.; Magiatis, P.; Harvala, C.; Mitaku, S., Composition of the steam volatiles of six Euphorbia spp. from Greece, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 1, 39-42, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1148 . [all data]

Macchioni, Cioni, et al., 2003
Macchioni, F.; Cioni, P.L.; Flamini, G.; Morelli, I.; Maccioni, S.; Ansaldi, M., Chemical composition of essential oils from needles, branches and cones of Pinus pinea, P. halepensis, P. pinaster and P. nigra from central Italy, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 2, 139-143, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1178 . [all data]

Skaltsa, Demetzos, et al., 2003
Skaltsa, H.D.; Demetzos, C.; Lazari, D.; Sokovic, M., Essential oil analysis and antimicrobial activity of eight Stachys species from Greece, Phytochemistry, 2003, 64, 3, 743-752, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(03)00386-8 . [all data]

Nogueira, Bittrich, et al., 2001
Nogueira, P.C.L.; Bittrich, V.; Shepherd, G.J.; Lopes, A.V.; Marsaioli, A.J., The ecological and taxonomic importance of flower volatiles of Clusia species (Guttiferae), Phytochemistry, 2001, 56, 5, 443-452, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(00)00213-2 . [all data]

Skaltsa, Mavrommati, et al., 2001
Skaltsa, H.D.; Mavrommati, A.; Constantinidis, T., A chemotaxonomic investigation of volatile constituents in Stachys subsect. Swainsonianeae (Labiatae), Phytochemistry, 2001, 57, 2, 235-244, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(01)00003-6 . [all data]

Pfeifhofer, 2000
Pfeifhofer, H.W., Composition of the essential oil of Pinus canariensis Sweet ex Sprengel, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 4, 266-270, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200007/08)15:4<266::AID-FFJ908>3.0.CO;2-E . [all data]

Andriamaharavo, 2014
Andriamaharavo, N.R., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2014. [all data]

Sing, Smadja, et al., 1992
Sing, A.S.C.; Smadja, J.; Brevard, H.; Maignial, L.; Chaintreau, A.; Marion, J.-P., Volatile constituents of faham (Jumellea fragrans (Thou.) Schltr.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1992, 40, 4, 642-646, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00016a024 . [all data]

Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 2010
Radulovic, N.; Blagojevic, P.; Palic, R., Comparative study of the leaf volatiles of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. and Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. (Ericaceae), Molecules, 2010, 15, 9, 6168-6185, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules15096168 . [all data]

Baran, von Reuss, et al., 2007
Baran, S.; von Reuss, S.H.; König, W.A.; Kalemba, D., Composition of the essential oil of Abies koreana Wils., Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 1, 78-83, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1762 . [all data]

Cheraif, Ben Jannet, et al., 2007
Cheraif, I.; Ben Jannet, H.; Hammami, M.; Khouja, M.L.; Mighri, Z., Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oils of Cupressus arizonica Greene, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 2007, 35, 12, 813-820, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bse.2007.05.009 . [all data]

Cavaleiro, Pinto, et al., 2006
Cavaleiro, C.; Pinto, E.; Gonsales, M.J.; Salguero, L., Antifungal activity of Juniperus essential oils agains dermatophyte, Asrgillus and Candida strains, J. Appl. Microbiol., 2006, 100, 6, 1333-1338, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2672.2006.02862.x . [all data]

Havlik, Kokoska, et al., 2006
Havlik, J.; Kokoska, L.; Vasickova, S.; Valterova, I., Chemical composition of essential oil from the seeds of Nigella arvensis L. and assessment of its actimicrobial activity, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 4, 713-717, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1713 . [all data]

Maronigiu, Piras, et al., 2006
Maronigiu, B.; Piras, A.; Porcedda, S.; Tuveri, E., Extraction of Santalum album and Boswellia carterii Birdw. volatile oil by supercritical carbon dioxide: influence of some process parameters, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 4, 718-724, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1718 . [all data]

Petrovic, Ristic, et al., 2006
Petrovic, S.; Ristic, M.; Milenkovic, M.; Kukic, J.; Antic-Stankovic, J.; Niketic, M., Composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oil of Stachys plumosa Griseb., Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 2, 250-252, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1570 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2006
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Payo, A.; Chao, D.; Herrera, P., Aromatic Plants from Western Cuba VII. Composition of the Leaf Oil of Psidium wrightii KRug et Urb., Lantana involucrata L., Cinnamonum montanum (Sw.) Berchtold et J. Persl. and Caesalpinia violacea (Mill.) Standley, J. Essent. Oil. Res., 2006, 18, 2, 170-174, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2006.9699058 . [all data]

Velasco-Negueruela, Pérez-Alonso, et al., 2005
Velasco-Negueruela, A.; Pérez-Alonso, M.J.; Palá-Paúl, J.; Iñigo, A.; López, G., The volatile oil composition of the berries of Juniperus macrocarpa Sibth. and Sm., gathered in Spain, J. Essent. Oil Res., 2005, 17, 1, 61-63, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2005.9698831 . [all data]

Cavaleiro, Salgueiro, et al., 2002
Cavaleiro, C.; Salgueiro, L.; Barroso, J.G.; Figueiredo, A.C.; Pedro, L.G.; Fontinha, S.S.; Bighelli, A.; Casanova, J.; Looman, A.; Scheffer, J.J.C., Composition of the essential oil of Juniperus cedrus Webb and Berth. grown on Madeira, Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 2, 111-114, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1061 . [all data]

Moronkola, Ogunwande, et al., 2007
Moronkola, D.O.; Ogunwande, I.A.; Walker, T.M.; Setzer, W.N.; Oyewole, I.O., Identification of the main volatile compounds in the leaf and flower of Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl) Gray, J. Nat. Med., 2007, 61, 1, 63-66, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11418-006-0019-5 . [all data]

Butkienë, Nivinskienë, et al., 2005
Butkienë, R.; Nivinskienë, O.; Mockutë, D., «alpha»-Pinene chemotype of leaf (needle) essential oils of Juniperus communis L. growing wild in Vilnius district, Chemija, 2005, 16, 1, 53-60. [all data]

Mockute, Nivinskiene, et al., 2003
Mockute, D.; Nivinskiene, O.; Bernotiene, G.; Butkiene, R., The cis-thujone chemotype of Salvia officinalis L. essential oils, Chemija, 2003, 14, 4, 216-220. [all data]

da Silva, Pedro, et al., 2000
da Silva, J.A.; Pedro, L.G.; Santos, P.A.G.; Figueiredo, A.C.; Barroso, J.G.; Tenreiro, R.P.; Ribeiro, C.A.; Deans, S.G.; Looman, A.; Scheffer, J.J.C., Essential oils from seven populations of Juniperus brevifolia (Seub.) Antoine, an endemic species of the Azores, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 1, 31-39, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(200001/02)15:1<31::AID-FFJ862>3.0.CO;2-C . [all data]

Kaya, Baser, et al., 1999
Kaya, A.; Baser, K.H.C.; Demirci, B.; Koca, F., The essential oil of Acinos alpinus (L.) Moench growing in Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 1999, 14, 1, 55-59, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199901/02)14:1<55::AID-FFJ784>3.0.CO;2-Q . [all data]

Sezik E., Kocakulak E., et al., 2005
Sezik E.; Kocakulak E.; Baser K.H.C.; Ozek T., Composition of the essential oils of Juniperus oxycedrus subsp macrocarpa from Turkey, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 2005, 41, 3, 352-354, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10600-005-0149-0 . [all data]

Tunalier, Kirimer, et al., 2002
Tunalier, Z.; Kirimer, N.; Baser, K.H.C., The composition of essential oils from various parts of Juniperus foetidissima, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 2002, 38, 1, 43-47, https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1015725630556 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, References