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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-11013.Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-11013.Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillarySE-541035.Rembold, Wallner, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 0. C @ 12. min, 12. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySE-301019.Greenberg, 1981He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C
CapillarySE-301020.Greenberg, 1981He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C
CapillarySE-301026.Greenberg, 1981, 2He, 70. C @ 2. min, 5. K/min, 170. C @ 5. min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-51046.Xian Q., Chen H., et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 220. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryBPX-51053.Aaslyng, Elmore, et al., 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.50 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 280. C
CapillarySE-301015.Misharina and Golovnya, 199650. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySPB-11014.Huang, Bruechert, et al., 198760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 235. C @ 40. min

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-51043.Boué, Shih, et al., 200350. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 10C/min => 60C =3C/min => 150C => 20C/min => 250C (5min)
CapillaryHP-51040.Engel, Baty, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 5C(5min) => 3C/min => 20C => 5C/min => 100C 15C/min => 150C (5min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryStabilwax1408.Cros, Lignot, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101415.Elmore, Nisyrios, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryStabilwax1408.Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101411.Chung, Yung, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101411.Chung, Yung, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101411.Chung, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryFFAP1440.Stephan and Steinhart, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101412.Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min
CapillarySupelcowax-101412.Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 198960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 175. C @ 20. min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51040.Fan and Qian, 200630. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryPE-51048.Pandey-Rai S., Mallavarapu G.R., et al., 200650. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 100. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1037.Krist, Stuebiger, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 38. C @ 1. min, 5. K/min, 220. C @ 2. min
CapillarySPB-11013.Vichi, Castellote, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOptima-11023.Brun, Bessière, et al., 200125. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryHP-51043.Boylston and Viniyard, 199850. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, 35. C @ 15. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 45. min
CapillaryHG-51038.Drumm and Spanier, 199150. m/0.32 mm/0.52 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 15. min, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 45. min
CapillaryDB-11016.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 0. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-11011.Habu, Flath, et al., 19853. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySE-301015.Heydanek and McGorrin, 198140. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C
CapillarySE-301018.Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981, 2He, 40. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.5 mm; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySLB-5 MS1036.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySLB-5 MS1042.Mondello, 201230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryRTX-5 MS1040.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C (5 min) 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 300 0C
CapillaryRTX-5 MS1040.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51042.Ventanas, Estevez, et al., 200850. m/0.32 mm/1.05 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (10 min) 5 0C/min -> 200 0C 15 0C/min -> 250 0C (10 min)
CapillaryHP-51037.Dou, Li, et al., 200730. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40 0C (2 min) 110 0C (2 min) 3 0C/min -> 170 0C (2 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (2 min) 10 0C/min -> 260 0C (5 min)
CapillaryDB-11014.Lin, Peng, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 40C(1min) => 5C/min => 150C => 10C/min => 200C(9min)
CapillaryDB-51036.Triqui and Bouchriti, 200330. m/0.3 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2; Program: 35C (1min) => 40C/min => 60C (5min) => 4C/min => 240C
CapillaryMethyl Silicone1016.Misharina, 1995Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryStabilwax1408.Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1414.Fan and Qian, 200630. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 40. C @ 2. min, 6. K/min, 230. C @ 15. min
CapillaryStabilwax1408.Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 2003, 260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 240. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1429.Iwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 19994. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryTC-Wax1410.Shuichi, Masazumi, et al., 199680. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1363.Hatsuko, Kazuko, et al., 1992He, 60. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 240. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryInnowax FSC1416.Baser, Demirci, et al., 200960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 60 0C (10 min) 4 0C/min -> 220 0C (10 min) 1 0C/min -> 240 0C
CapillaryDB-FFAP1390.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 50 0C 2 0C/min -> 100 0C (5 min) 5 0C/min -> 250 0C
CapillaryDB-FFAP1388.Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillaryInnowax FSC1416.Baser K.H.C., Ozek G., et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP Innowax FSP1416.Altintas, Kose, et al., 200460. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1416.Kaya, Demirci, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryInnowax1415.Baser, Özek, et al., 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60 0C (10 min) 4 K/min -> 220 0C (10 min) 1 K/min -> 240 0C

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Takeoka, Perrino, et al., 1996
Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1996, 44, 3, 654-660, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf950430m . [all data]

Rembold, Wallner, et al., 1989
Rembold, H.; Wallner, P.; Nitz, S.; Kollmannsberger, H.; Drawert, F., Volatile components of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) seed, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 3, 659-662, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00087a018 . [all data]

Greenberg, 1981
Greenberg, M.J., Characterization of meat and bone meal flavor volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 6, 1276-1280, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00108a043 . [all data]

Greenberg, 1981, 2
Greenberg, M.J., Characterization of poultry byproduct meal flavor volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 4, 831-834, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00106a038 . [all data]

Xian Q., Chen H., et al., 2006
Xian Q.; Chen H.; Zou H.; Yin D., Chemical composition of essential oils of two submerged macrophytes, Ceratophyllum demersum L. and Vallisneria spiralis L., Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 524-526, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1588 . [all data]

Aaslyng, Elmore, et al., 1998
Aaslyng, M.D.; Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S., Comparison of the aroma characteristics of acid-hydrolyzed and enzyme-hydrolyzed vegetable proteins produced from soy, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 12, 5225-5231, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9806816 . [all data]

Misharina and Golovnya, 1996
Misharina, T.A.; Golovnya, R.V., Study of the composition of volatiles in raw and processed sardine by gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, Zh. Anal. Khim., 1996, 51, 7, 791-795. [all data]

Huang, Bruechert, et al., 1987
Huang, T.-C.; Bruechert, L.J.; Hartman, T.G.; Rosen, R.T.; Ho, C.-T., Effect of lipids and carbohydrates on thermal generation of volatiles from commercial zein, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1987, 35, 6, 985-990, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00078a030 . [all data]

Boué, Shih, et al., 2003
Boué, S.M.; Shih, B.Y.; Carter-Wientjes, C.H.; Cleveland, T.E., Identification of volatile compounds in soybean at various developmental stages using solid phase microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 17, 4873-4876, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf030051q . [all data]

Engel, Baty, et al., 2002
Engel, E.; Baty, C.; le Corre, D.; Souchon, I.; Martin, N., Flavor-active compounds potentially implicated in cooked cauliflower acceptance, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2002, 50, 22, 6459-6467, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf025579u . [all data]

Cros, Lignot, et al., 2005
Cros, S.; Lignot, B.; Bourseau, P.; Jaouen, P.; Prost, C., Desalination of mussel cooking juices by electrodialysis: effect on the aroma profile, J. Food Eng., 2005, 69, 4, 425-436, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2004.08.036 . [all data]

Elmore, Nisyrios, et al., 2005
Elmore, J.S.; Nisyrios, I.; Mottram, D.S., Analysis of the headspace aroma compounds of walnuts (Juglans regia L.), Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 5, 501-506, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1477 . [all data]

Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 2003
Cros, S.; Vandanjon, L.; Jaouen, P.; Bourseau, P., Processing of industrial mussel cooking juices by reverse osmosis: pollution abatement and aromas recovery, 2003, retrieved from http://www.membrane.unsw.edu.au/imstec03/content/papers/DAI/imstec064.pdf. [all data]

Chung, Yung, et al., 2002
Chung, H.-Y.; Yung, I.K.S.; Ma, W.C.J.; Kim, J.-S., Analysis of volatile components in frozen and dried scallops (Patinopecten yessoensis) by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, Food Res. Int., 2002, 35, 1, 43-53, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0963-9969(01)00107-7 . [all data]

Chung, Yung, et al., 2001
Chung, H.Y.; Yung, I.K.S.; Kim, J.-S., Comparison of volatile components in dried scallops (Chlamys farreri and Patinopecten yessoensis) prepared by boiling and steaming methods, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 1, 192-202, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf000692a . [all data]

Chung, 1999
Chung, H.Y., Volatile components in fermented soybean (Glycine max) curds, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 7, 2690-2696, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf981166a . [all data]

Stephan and Steinhart, 1999
Stephan, A.; Steinhart, H., Identification of character impact odorants of different soybean lecithins, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 7, 2854-2859, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf981387g . [all data]

Tanchotikul and Hsieh, 1989
Tanchotikul, U.; Hsieh, T.C.-Y., Volatile Flavor Components in Crayfish Waste, J. Food Sci., 1989, 54, 6, 1515-1520, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1989.tb05149.x . [all data]

Fan and Qian, 2006
Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Identification of aroma compounds in Chinese 'Yanghe Daqu' liquor by normal phase chromatography fractionation followed by gas chromatography/olfactometry, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 2, 333-342, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1621 . [all data]

Pandey-Rai S., Mallavarapu G.R., et al., 2006
Pandey-Rai S.; Mallavarapu G.R.; Naqvi A.A.; Yadav A.; Rai S.K.; Srivastava S.; Singh D.; Mishra R.; Kumar S., Volatile components of leaves and flowers of periwinkle Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don from New Delhi, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 427-430, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1606 . [all data]

Krist, Stuebiger, et al., 2005
Krist, S.; Stuebiger, G.; Unterweger, H.; Bandion, F.; Buchbauer, G., Analysis of volatile compounds and triglycerides of seed oils extracted from different poppy varieties (Papaver somniferum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 21, 8310-8316, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0580869 . [all data]

Vichi, Castellote, et al., 2003
Vichi, S.; Castellote, A.I.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; López-Tamames, E., Analysis of virgin olive oil volatile compounds by headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography with mass spectrometric and flame ionization detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 2003, 983, 1-2, 19-33, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)01691-6 . [all data]

Brun, Bessière, et al., 2001
Brun, G.; Bessière, J.-M.; Dijoux-Franca, M.-G.; David, B.; Mariotte, A.-M., Volatile components of Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don (Apocynaceae), Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 2, 116-119, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.958 . [all data]

Boylston and Viniyard, 1998
Boylston, T.D.; Viniyard, B.T., Isolation of volatile flavor compounds from peanut butter using purge-and-trap technique in Instrumental Methods in Food and Beverage Analysis, D. Wetzel and G. Charalambous, ed(s)., 1998, 225-243. [all data]

Drumm and Spanier, 1991
Drumm, T.D.; Spanier, A.M., Changes in the content of lipid autoxidation and sulfur-containing compounds in cooked beef during storage, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1991, 39, 2, 336-343, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00002a023 . [all data]

Habu, Flath, et al., 1985
Habu, T.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Morton, J.F., Volatile components of Rooibos tea (Aspalathus linearis), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1985, 33, 2, 249-254, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00062a024 . [all data]

Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981
Heydanek, M.G.; McGorrin, R.J., Gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy identification of volatiles from rancid oat groats, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 5, 1093-1095, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00107a051 . [all data]

Heydanek and McGorrin, 1981, 2
Heydanek, M.G.; McGorrin, R.J., Gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy investigations on the flavor chemistry of oat groats, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1981, 29, 5, 950-954, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00107a016 . [all data]

Mondello, 2012
Mondello, L., HS-SPME-GCxGC-MS analysis of Yerba Mate (Ilex paraguariensis) in Shimadzu GC-GC application compendium of comprehensive 2D GC, Vol. 1-5, Shimadzu Corp., 2012, 1-29. [all data]

Mebazaa, Mahmoudi, et al., 2009
Mebazaa, R.; Mahmoudi, A.; Fouchet, M.; Dos Santos, M.; Kamissoko, F.; Nafti, A.; Ben Cheikh, R.; Rega, B.; Camel, V., Characterization of volatile compounds in Tunisian fenugreek seeds, Food Chem., 2009, 115, 4, 1326-1336, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2009.01.066 . [all data]

Ventanas, Estevez, et al., 2008
Ventanas, S.; Estevez, M.; Andres, A.I.; Ruiz, J., Analysis of volatile compounds of Iberian dry-cured loins with different intramuscular fat contents using SPME-DED, Meat Sci., 2008, 79, 1, 172-180, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2007.08.011 . [all data]

Dou, Li, et al., 2007
Dou, H.-L.; Li, C.-M.; Gu, H.-F.; Hao, J.-F., Comparative analysis on aromatic components of green tea and fresh green tea beverage using HS-SPME/GC-MS/GC-olfactometry/RI methods, Journal of Tea Science, 2007, 27, 1, 51-60. [all data]

Lin, Peng, et al., 2007
Lin, L.-Y.; Peng, C.-H.; Wang, H.-E.; Wu, T.-H.; Chen, C.-C.; Yu, T.-H.; Wu, C.-M.; Peng, R.Y., Factors affecting solid phase microextraction (SPME) to concentrate the odorants of Chinese white salted noodles for GC-MS analysis, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 4, 274-279, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1792 . [all data]

Triqui and Bouchriti, 2003
Triqui, R.; Bouchriti, N., Freshness assessments of Moroccan sardine (Sardina pilchardus): comparison of overall sensory changes to instrumentally determined volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 26, 7540-7546, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0348166 . [all data]

Misharina, 1995
Misharina, T.A., Sorption regularities of sulfur- and oxygen-containing compounds in chromatography and their application in identification of volatile organic compounds, Diss. degree of Dr. Sci. (Chemistry), 1995, 52. [all data]

Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 2007
Cros, S.; Vandanjon, L.; Jaouen, P.; Bourseau, P., Processing of Industrial Mussel Cooking Juices by Reverse Osmotis: Pollution Abatement and Aromas Recovery, 2007, retrieved from title of Internet file: [imstec064]. [all data]

Cros, Vandanjon, et al., 2003, 2
Cros, S.; Vandanjon, L.; Jaouen, P.; Bourseau, P., IMSTEC'03 Conference Proceedings, Processing of industrial mussel cooking juices by reverse osmosis: pollution abatement and aromas recovery, Universoty of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, 2003, 6. [all data]

Iwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 1999
Iwatsuki, K.; Mizota, Y.; Kubota, T.; Nishimura, O.; Masuda, H.; Sotoyama, K.; Tomita, M., Aroma extract dilution analysis. Evluation of aroma of pasteurized and UHT processed milk by aroma extract dilution analysis, Nippon Shokuhin Kagaku Kogaku Kaishi, 1999, 46, 9, 587-597, https://doi.org/10.3136/nskkk.46.587 . [all data]

Shuichi, Masazumi, et al., 1996
Shuichi, H.; Masazumi, N.; Hiromu, K.; Kiyoshi, F., Comparison of volatile compounds berween the crude drugs, Onji-tsutsu and Onji-niki, Nippon nogei kagaku kaishi, 1996, 70, 2, 151-160. [all data]

Hatsuko, Kazuko, et al., 1992
Hatsuko, S.; Kazuko, H.; Masayoshi, K.; Yoshiaki, I., Improvement of quality of likorine extract by heat treatment, J. Food Sci. Technol., 1992, 39, 11, 976-983, https://doi.org/10.3136/nskkk1962.39.976 . [all data]

Baser, Demirci, et al., 2009
Baser, K.H.C.; Demirci, B.; Kurkcuoglu, M.; Satin, F.; Tumen, G., Comparative morphological and phytochemical charactertization of Salvia cadmica and S. smyrnaea, Pak. J. Bot., 2009, 41, 4, 1545-1555. [all data]

Baser K.H.C., Ozek G., et al., 2006
Baser K.H.C.; Ozek G.; Ozek T.; Duran A., Composition of the essential oil of Centaurea huber-morathii Wagenitz isolated from seeds by microdistillation, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 3, 568-570, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1620 . [all data]

Altintas, Kose, et al., 2004
Altintas, A.; Kose, Y.B.; Yucel, E.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C., Composition of the essential oil of Centaurea dichroa, Chem. Nat. Compd. (Engl. Transl.), 2004, 40, 6, 604-605, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10600-005-0051-9 . [all data]

Kaya, Demirci, et al., 2003
Kaya, A.; Demirci, B.; Baser, K.H.C., The essential oil of Seseli tortuosum L. growing in Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 2, 159-161, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1162 . [all data]

Baser, Özek, et al., 2000
Baser, K.H.C.; Özek, T.; Demirci, B.; Duman, H., Composition of the essential oil of Glaucosciadium cordifolium (Boiss.) Burtt et Davis from Turkey, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 1, 45-46, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(200001/02)15:1<45::AID-FFJ867>3.0.CO;2-L . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, References