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Propane, 2-methoxy-2-methyl-

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Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
DRB - Donald R. Burgess, Jr.
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
GT - Glushko Thermocenter, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-285.0kJ/molN/AArntz and Gottlieb, 1985Value computed using «DELTA»fHliquid° value of -315.4 kj/mol from Arntz and Gottlieb, 1985 and «DELTA»vapH° value of 30.4 kj/mol from Fenwick, Harrop, et al., 1975.; DRB
Deltafgas-283.2 ± 1.3kJ/molCcbFenwick, Harrop, et al., 1975ALS
Deltafgas-282.2 ± 1.9kJ/molCcbSmutny and Bondi, 1961Reanalyzed by Cox and Pilcher, 1970, Original value = -293. ± 5.0 kJ/mol; Heat of combustion corrected for pressure; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas357.8J/mol*KN/AAndon R.J.L., 1975GT

Condensed phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafliquid-315.4kJ/molCmArntz and Gottlieb, 1985At 319K; ALS
Deltafliquid-313.6 ± 1.3kJ/molCcbFenwick, Harrop, et al., 1975ALS
Deltafliquid-322.9 ± 5.0kJ/molCcbSmutny and Bondi, 1961Heat of combustion corrected for pressure; ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltacliquid-3368.97kJ/molCcbFenwick, Harrop, et al., 1975Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -313.56 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Deltacliquid-3359.7 ± 6.5kJ/molCcbSmutny and Bondi, 1961Heat of combustion corrected for pressure; Corresponding «DELTA»fliquid = -322.9 kJ/mol (simple calculation by NIST; no Washburn corrections); ALS
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
liquid265.3J/mol*KN/AAndon and Martin, 1975DH

Constant pressure heat capacity of liquid

Cp,liquid (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
187.5298.15Andon and Martin, 1975T = 12 to 350 K.; DH
187.8298.15Fenwick, Harrop, et al., 1975, 2DH
188.298.Evans and Edlund, 1936DH

Phase change data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
TRC - Thermodynamics Research Center, NIST Boulder Laboratories, Kenneth Kroenlein director
BS - Robert L. Brown and Stephen E. Stein
ALS - Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein
AC - William E. Acree, Jr., James S. Chickos
DH - Eugene S. Domalski and Elizabeth D. Hearing

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tboil328.2 ± 0.2KAVGN/AAverage of 9 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tfus164.50KN/AOlson, Hipsher, et al., 1947Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Ttriple164.56KN/AAndon and Martin, 1975, 2Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.07 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Tc496.40KN/ADaubert, Jalowka, et al., 1987Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.3 K; TRC
Tc497.1KN/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
Tc497.1KN/AAmbrose, Broderick, et al., 1974Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.2 K; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Pc33.970barN/ADaubert, Jalowka, et al., 1987Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.08 bar; TRC
Pc34.30barN/AAmbrose, Broderick, et al., 1974Uncertainty assigned by TRC = 0.10 bar; TRC
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltavap30.0 ± 0.5kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 7 values; Individual data points

Enthalpy of vaporization

DeltavapH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Method Reference Comment
27.94328.3N/AMajer and Svoboda, 1985 
29.9314.N/ASegura, Galindo, et al., 2002Based on data from 300. - 328. K.; AC
29.6330.N/AAucejo, Loras, et al., 1998Based on data from 315. - 365. K.; AC
30.0310.N/ABelaribi, Ait-Kaci, et al., 1995Based on data from 298. - 322. K.; AC
31.2315.EBKraehenbuehl and Gmehling, 1994Based on data from 300. - 411. K.; AC
30.4302.N/AWu, Pividal, et al., 1991Based on data from 287. - 326. K.; AC
30.2302.AStephenson and Malanowski, 1987Based on data from 287. - 351. K. See also Ambrose, Ellender, et al., 1976.; AC
27.9328.N/AAmbrose, Ellender, et al., 1976AC

Enthalpy of vaporization

ΔvapH = A exp(-βTr) (1 − Tr)β
    ΔvapH = Enthalpy of vaporization (at saturation pressure) (kJ/mol)
    Tr = reduced temperature (T / Tc)

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Temperature (K) A (kJ/mol) beta Tc (K) Reference Comment
298. - 343.46.230.2893497.1Majer and Svoboda, 1985 

Enthalpy of fusion

DeltafusH (kJ/mol) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
7.600164.56Andon and Martin, 1975DH
7.6164.6Domalski and Hearing, 1996AC

Entropy of fusion

DeltafusS (J/mol*K) Temperature (K) Reference Comment
46.18164.56Andon and Martin, 1975DH

In addition to the Thermodynamics Research Center (TRC) data available from this site, much more physical and chemical property data is available from the following TRC products:


Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Hussein Y. Afeefy, Joel F. Liebman, and Stephen E. Stein

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

Propane, 2-methoxy-2-methyl- = 1-Propene, 2-methyl- + Methyl Alcohol

By formula: C5H12O = C4H8 + CH4O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar39.8 ± 0.4kJ/molCmArntz and Gottlieb, 1985gas phase; At 319K

1-Propene, 2-methyl- + Methyl Alcohol = Propane, 2-methoxy-2-methyl-

By formula: C4H8 + CH4O = C5H12O

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar-33.8kJ/molCmSol, Perics, et al., 1994liquid phase

Henry's Law data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Rolf Sander

Henry's Law constant (water solution)

kH(T) = H exp(d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) ((1/T) - 1/(298.15 K)))
H = Henry's law constant for solubility in water at 298.15 K (mol/kg*bar)
d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) = Temperature dependence constant (K)

H (mol/kg*bar) d(ln(kH))/d(1/T) (K) Method Reference
1.67700.MN/A
1.7 VN/A

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data evaluated as indicated in comments:
HL - Edward P. Hunter and Sharon G. Lias

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
LL - Sharon G. Lias and Joel F. Liebman
LLK - Sharon G. Lias, Rhoda D. Levin, and Sherif A. Kafafi

View reactions leading to C5H12O+ (ion structure unspecified)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Proton affinity (review)841.6kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Gas basicity812.4kJ/molN/AHunter and Lias, 1998HL

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
9.24EIBissonnette, George, et al., 1990LL
9.48PEAue and Bowers, 1979Vertical value; LLK
9.41PEBenoit and Harrison, 1977Vertical value; LLK

Appearance energy determinations

Ion AE (eV) Other Products MethodReferenceComment
C4H9O+9.52 ± 0.05CH3EIBissonnette, George, et al., 1990LL
C4H9O+9.46CH3EILossing, 1977LLK

IR Spectrum

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compiled by: Tanya L. Myers, Russell G. Tonkyn, Ashley M. Oeck, Tyler O. Danby, John S. Loring, Matthew S. Taubman, Stephen W. Sharpe, Jerome C. Birnbaum, and Timothy J. Johnson

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Data compiled by: Pamela M. Chu, Franklin R. Guenther, George C. Rhoderick, and Walter J. Lafferty


Mass spectrum (electron ionization)

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Spectrum

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Additional Data

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Owner NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center
Collection (C) 2014 copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce
on behalf of the United States of America. All rights reserved.
Origin Japan AIST/NIMC Database- Spectrum MS-NW-1333
NIST MS number 229277

All mass spectra in this site (plus many more) are available from the NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. Please see the following for information about the library and its accompanying search program.


Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), NIST Free Links, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

View large format table.

Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryMethyl Silicone100.563.7Boneva and Toromanova-Petrova, 1994Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
CapillaryMethyl Silicone90.562.7Boneva and Toromanova-Petrova, 1994Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm
PackedSE-30100.562.Winskowski, 1983Gaschrom Q; Column length: 2. m
PackedApiezon L120.544.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545
PackedApiezon L160.549.Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978Celite 545

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPetrocol DH-100570.12Haagen-Smit Laboratory, 1997He; Column length: 100. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Program: 5C(10min) => 5C/min => 50C(48min) => 1.5C/min => 195C(91min)
CapillaryDB-1568.Hoekman, 199360. m/0.32 mm/1.0 «mu»m, He; Program: -40 C for 12 min; -40 - 125 C at 3 deg.min; 125-185 C at 6 deg/min; 185 - 220 C at 20 deg/min; hold 220 C for 2 min

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane: CP-Sil 5 CB566.Bramston-Cook, 201360. m/0.25 mm/1.0 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 1.45 min, 3.6 K/min, 210. C @ 2.72 min
CapillaryPetrocol DH566.Supelco, 2012100. m/0.25 mm/0.50 «mu»m, Helium, 20. C @ 15. min, 15. K/min, 220. C @ 30. min
CapillaryOV-101567.Zenkevich, Eliseenkov, et al., 201125. m/0.20 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Nitrogen, 6. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-5MS554.5Shoenmakers, Oomen, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 1. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-1558.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/1.2 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 10. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30563.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryPONA570.Perkin Elmer Instruments, 2002Column length: 100. m; Phase thickness: 0.50 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillarySPB-1560.Flanagan, Streete, et al., 199760. m/0.53 mm/5. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(6min) => 5C/min => 80C => 10C/min => 200C
CapillaryDB-1556.Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-1556.Schuberth, 199430. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (4min) => 10C/min => 200C => 50C/min => 250C
CapillaryDB-1556.Ciccioli, Brancaleoni, et al., 199360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 3 min at 5 C; 5 - 50 C at 3 deg/min; 50 - 220 C at 5 deg/min
CapillarySPB-1560.Strete, Ruprah, et al., 199260. m/0.53 mm/5.0 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C (6 min) 5 0C/min -> 80 0C 10 0C/min -> 200 0C
CapillaryCP Sil 8 CB568.Weller and Wolf, 198940. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30 0C (1 min) 15 0C/min -> 45 0C 3 0C/min -> 120 0C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
PackedCarbowax 20M666.Tsao, 1969Helium, Chromosorb P HMDS, 5. K/min; Column length: 2. m; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

View large format table.

Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M688.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Condensed phase thermochemistry data, Phase change data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Henry's Law data, Gas phase ion energetics data, IR Spectrum, Mass spectrum (electron ionization), Gas Chromatography, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Arntz and Gottlieb, 1985
Arntz, H.; Gottlieb, K., High-pressure heat-flow calorimeter determination of the enthalpy of reaction for the synthesis of methyl t-butyl ether from methanol and 2-methylpropene, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1985, 17, 967-972. [all data]

Fenwick, Harrop, et al., 1975
Fenwick, J.O.; Harrop, D.; Head, A.J., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. 41. Enthalpies of formation of eight ethers, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1975, 7, 943-954. [all data]

Smutny and Bondi, 1961
Smutny, E.J.; Bondi, A., Di-t-butyl ether: Strain energy and physical properties, J. Phys. Chem., 1961, 65, 546-550. [all data]

Cox and Pilcher, 1970
Cox, J.D.; Pilcher, G., Thermochemistry of Organic and Organometallic Compounds, Academic Press, New York, 1970, 1-636. [all data]

Andon R.J.L., 1975
Andon R.J.L., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. 40. Heat capacity and entropy of six ethers, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1975, 7, 593-606. [all data]

Andon and Martin, 1975
Andon, R.J.L.; Martin, J.F., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. 40. Heat capacity and entropy of six ethers, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1975, 7, 593-606. [all data]

Fenwick, Harrop, et al., 1975, 2
Fenwick, J.O.; Harrop, D.; Head, A.J., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds. 41. Enthalpies of formation of eight ethers, J. Chem. Thermodynam., 1975, 7, 944-954. [all data]

Evans and Edlund, 1936
Evans, T.W.; Edlund, K.R., Tertiary alkyl ethers preparation and properties, Ind. Eng. Chem., 1936, 28, 1186-1188. [all data]

Olson, Hipsher, et al., 1947
Olson, W.T.; Hipsher, H.F.; Buess, C.M.; Goodman, I.A.; Hart, I.; Lamneck, J.H.; Gibbons, L.C., The Synthesis and Purification of Ethers, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1947, 69, 2451-4. [all data]

Andon and Martin, 1975, 2
Andon, R.J.L.; Martin, J.F., Thermodynamic Properties of Organic Oxygen Compounds 40. Heat Capacity and Entropy of Six Ethers, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 1975, 7, 593. [all data]

Daubert, Jalowka, et al., 1987
Daubert, T.E.; Jalowka, J.W.; Goren, V., Vapor pressure of 22 pure industrial chemicals, AIChE Symp. Ser., 1987, 83, 256, 128-156. [all data]

Majer and Svoboda, 1985
Majer, V.; Svoboda, V., Enthalpies of Vaporization of Organic Compounds: A Critical Review and Data Compilation, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1985, 300. [all data]

Ambrose, Broderick, et al., 1974
Ambrose, D.; Broderick, B.E.; Townsend, R., The Critical Temperatures and Pressures of Thirty Organic Compounds, J. Appl. Chem. Biotechnol., 1974, 24, 359. [all data]

Segura, Galindo, et al., 2002
Segura, Hugo; Galindo, Graciela; Reich, Ricardo; Wisniak, Jaime; Loras, Sonia, Isobaric Vapor-Liquid Equilibria and Densities for the System Methyl 1,1-Dimethylethyl Ether +2-Propanol, Physics and Chemistry of Liquids, 2002, 40, 3, 277-294, https://doi.org/10.1080/0031910021000004865 . [all data]

Aucejo, Loras, et al., 1998
Aucejo, Antonio; Loras, Sonia; Muñoz, Rosa; Reich, Ricardo; Segura, Hugo, Isobaric Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium in the Systems 2-Methylpentane + Methyl 1,1-Dimethylethyl Ether, + Ethyl 1,1-Dimethylethyl Ether, and + Methyl 1,1-Dimethylpropyl Ether, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1998, 43, 6, 973-977, https://doi.org/10.1021/je980090b . [all data]

Belaribi, Ait-Kaci, et al., 1995
Belaribi, F.B.; Ait-Kaci, A.; Jose, J., Equilibres liquide-vapeur isothermes de melanges binaires de la piperidine et de la N-methyl piperidine avec certains ethers, Journal of Thermal Analysis, 1995, 44, 5, 1177-1194, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02547548 . [all data]

Kraehenbuehl and Gmehling, 1994
Kraehenbuehl, M.A.; Gmehling, J., Vapor Pressures of Methyl tert-Butyl Ether, Ethyl tert-Butyl Ether, Isopropyl tert-Butyl Ether, tert-Amyl Methyl Ether, and tert-Amyl Ethyl Ether, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1994, 39, 4, 759-762, https://doi.org/10.1021/je00016a026 . [all data]

Wu, Pividal, et al., 1991
Wu, Huey S.; Pividal, Katherine A.; Sandler, Stanley I., Vapor-liquid equilibria of hydrocarbons and fuel oxygenates, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1991, 36, 4, 418-421, https://doi.org/10.1021/je00004a021 . [all data]

Stephenson and Malanowski, 1987
Stephenson, Richard M.; Malanowski, Stanislaw, Handbook of the Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds, 1987, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-3173-2 . [all data]

Ambrose, Ellender, et al., 1976
Ambrose, D.; Ellender, J.H.; Sprake, C.H.S.; Townsend, R., Thermodynamic properties of organic oxygen compounds XLIII. Vapour pressures of some ethers, The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 1976, 8, 2, 165-178, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9614(76)90090-2 . [all data]

Domalski and Hearing, 1996
Domalski, Eugene S.; Hearing, Elizabeth D., Heat Capacities and Entropies of Organic Compounds in the Condensed Phase. Volume III, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1996, 25, 1, 1, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.555985 . [all data]

Sol, Perics, et al., 1994
Sol, L.; Perics, M.A.; Cunill, F.; Iborra, M., Reaction calorimetry study of the liquid-phase synthesis of tert-butyl methyl ether, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 1994, 33, 2578-2583. [all data]

Hunter and Lias, 1998
Hunter, E.P.; Lias, S.G., Evaluated Gas Phase Basicities and Proton Affinities of Molecules: An Update, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1998, 27, 3, 413-656, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.556018 . [all data]

Bissonnette, George, et al., 1990
Bissonnette, M.; George, M.; Holmes, J.L., The experimental investigation of [C5H12O] ion structures related to neopentyl alcohol and its methyl ether, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Processes, 1990, 101, 309. [all data]

Aue and Bowers, 1979
Aue, D.H.; Bowers, M.T., Chapter 9. Stabilities of positive ions from equilibrium gas phase basicity measurements in Ions Chemistry,, ed. M.T. Bowers, 1979. [all data]

Benoit and Harrison, 1977
Benoit, F.M.; Harrison, A.G., Predictive value of proton affinity. Ionization energy correlations involving oxygenated molecules, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1977, 99, 3980. [all data]

Lossing, 1977
Lossing, F.P., Heats of formation of some isomeric [CnH2n+1]+ ions. Substitutional effects on ion stability, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1977, 99, 7526. [all data]

Boneva and Toromanova-Petrova, 1994
Boneva, S.; Toromanova-Petrova, P., Capillary gas chromatography of C1-C4 alkyl tert-butyl ethers, Chromatographia, 1994, 39, 3/4, 224-227, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02274504 . [all data]

Winskowski, 1983
Winskowski, J., Gaschromatographische Identifizierung von Stoffen anhand von Indexziffem und unterschiedlichen Detektoren, Chromatographia, 1983, 17, 3, 160-165, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02271041 . [all data]

Bogoslovsky, Anvaer, et al., 1978
Bogoslovsky, Yu.N.; Anvaer, B.I.; Vigdergauz, M.S., Chromatographic constants in gas chromatography (in Russian), Standards Publ. House, Moscow, 1978, 192. [all data]

Haagen-Smit Laboratory, 1997
Haagen-Smit Laboratory, Procedure for the detailed hydrocarbon analysis of gasolines by single column high efficiency (capillary) column gas chromatography, SOP NO. MLD 118, Revision No. 1.1, California Environmental Protection Agency, Air Resources Board, El Monte, California, 1997, 22. [all data]

Hoekman, 1993
Hoekman, S.K., Improved gas chromatography procedure for speciated hydrocarbon measurements of vehicle emissions, J. Chromatogr., 1993, 639, 2, 239-253, https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9673(93)80260-F . [all data]

Bramston-Cook, 2013
Bramston-Cook, R., Kovats indices for C2-C13 hydrocarbons and selected oxygenated/halocarbons with 100 % dimethylpolysiloxane columns, 2013, retrieved from http://lotusinstruments.com/monographs/List .... [all data]

Supelco, 2012
Supelco, CatalogNo. 24160-U, Petrocol DH Columns. Catalog No. 24160-U, 2012, retrieved from http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/etc/medialib/docs/Supelco/Datasheet/1/w97949.Par.0001.File.tmp/w97949.pdf. [all data]

Zenkevich, Eliseenkov, et al., 2011
Zenkevich, I.G.; Eliseenkov, E.V.; Kasatochkin, A.N.; Ukolov, A.I., Identification of the products of nonregioselective organic reactions by chromatography - mass spectrometry: chloro derivatives of dialkyl ethers, Rus. J. Anal. Chem., 2011, 66, 14, 1445-1454, https://doi.org/10.1134/S1061934811140218 . [all data]

Shoenmakers, Oomen, et al., 2000
Shoenmakers, P.J.; Oomen, J.L.M.M.; Blomberg, J.; Genuit, W.; van Velzen, G., Comparison of comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the characterization of complex hydrocarbon mixtures, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 892, 1-2, 29-46, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00744-5 . [all data]

Ciccioli, Cecinato, et al., 1992
Ciccioli, P.; Cecinato, A.; Brancaleoni, E.; Frattoni, M.; Liberti, A., Use of carbon adsorption traps combined with high resolution gas chromatography - mass spectrometry for the analysis of polar and non-polar C4-C14 hydrocarbons involved in photochemical smog formation, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1992, 15, 2, 75-84, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240150205 . [all data]

Vinogradov, 2004
Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004, retrieved from http://viness.narod.ru. [all data]

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Notes

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