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Iron tetracarbonyl


Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: José A. Martinho Simões

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas-440. ± 14.kJ/molReviewMartinho Simões 

Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: José A. Martinho Simões

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

Iron pentacarbonyl (g) = C4FeO4 (g) + Carbon monoxide (g)

By formula: C5FeO5 (g) = C4FeO4 (g) + CO (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar174. ± 13.kJ/molLPHPLewis, Golden, et al., 1984Please also see Smith and Laine, 1981. Temperature range: 670-780 K. The reaction enthalpy at 298 K relies on an activation energy of 167.4 kJ/mol and assumes a negligible activation barrier for product recombination. The enthalpy of formation relies on -723.9 ± 6.7 kJ/mol for the enthalpy of formation of Fe(CO)5(g). At least two other estimates of the activation energy for the Fe(CO)4(g) + CO(g) recombination have been reported: 7.1 kJ/mol Miller and Grant, 1985 and 16.7 kJ/mol Walsh, 1986. In Lewis, Golden, et al., 1984 authors have considered that the Fe(CO)4(g) fragment is in its singlet excited state. However, it has also been suggested that the fragment is formed in its triplet ground state Ray, Brandow, et al., 1988 Sunderlin, Wang, et al., 1992
Deltar232. ± 48.kJ/molN/AEngelking and Lineberger, 1979Please also see Compton and Stockdale, 1976. Method: LPS and collision with low energy electrons.

C4H2FeO4 (g) = 2Hydrogen atom (g) + C4FeO4 (g)

By formula: C4H2FeO4 (g) = 2H (g) + C4FeO4 (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar545.kJ/molESTMiller and Beauchamp, 1991Please also see Martinho Simões and Beauchamp, 1990. The reaction enthalpy was estimated from the activation enthalpy for thermal decomposition in solution, 109. ± 8. kJ/mol Pearson and Mauermann, 1982, yielding Fe(CO)4 and H2, and from the activation enthalpy of the oxidative addition of H2 to Fe(CO)4 in a rare gas matrix, ca. 0. kJ/mol Sweany, 1981, yielding Fe(CO)4H2. The enthalpy of formation relies on -440. ± 14. kJ/mol for the enthalpy of formation of Fe(CO)4(g)

C4FeO4 (g) = C3FeO3 (g) + Carbon monoxide (g)

By formula: C4FeO4 (g) = C3FeO3 (g) + CO (g)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar117. ± 36.kJ/molFA-SIFTSunderlin, Wang, et al., 1992 
Deltar42.kJ/molN/AVenkataraman, Bandukwalla, et al., 1989Method: Velocity distributions of photofragments from Fe(CO)5.
Deltar19. ± 39.kJ/molN/AEngelking and Lineberger, 1979Please also see Compton and Stockdale, 1976. Method: LPS and collision with low energy electrons.

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron
B - John E. Bartmess

View reactions leading to C4FeO4+ (ion structure unspecified)

Electron affinity determinations

EA (eV) Method Reference Comment
2.34 ± 0.10LPESNakajima, Taguwa, et al., 1994Vertical Detachment Energy: 3.02±0.13 eV; B
2.40 ± 0.30LPESEngelking and Lineberger, 1979B
2.08 ± 0.26EIAECompton and Stockdale, 1976Fe(CO)5 + e- -> Fe(CO)4- + CO 'near thermoneutral'; B

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
8.48EIPignataro and Lossing, 1968RDSH

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, NIST Free Links, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Martinho Simões
Martinho Simões, J.A., Private communication (see http://webbook.nist.gov/chemistry/om/). [all data]

Lewis, Golden, et al., 1984
Lewis, K.E.; Golden, D.M.; Smith, G.P., Organometallic bond dissociation energies: Laser pyrolysis of Fe(CO)5, Cr(CO)6, Mo(CO)6, and W(CO)6, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1984, 106, 3905. [all data]

Smith and Laine, 1981
Smith, G.P.; Laine, R.M., Organometallic bond dissociation energies. Laser pyrolysis of Fe(CO)5, J. Phys. Chem., 1981, 85, 1620. [all data]

Miller and Grant, 1985
Miller, M.E.; Grant, E.R., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1985, 107, 3386. [all data]

Walsh, 1986
Walsh, R., NATO Advanced Workshop on the Design, Activation and Transformation of Organometallics into Common and Exotic Materials, Montpellier, France, 1986. [all data]

Ray, Brandow, et al., 1988
Ray, U.; Brandow, S.L.; Bandukwalla, G.; Venkataraman, B.K.; Zhang, Z.; Vernon, M., J. Chem. Phys., 1988, 89, 4092. [all data]

Sunderlin, Wang, et al., 1992
Sunderlin, L.S.; Wang, D.; Squires, R.R., Metal Carbonyl Bond Strengths in Fe(CO)n- and Ni(CO)n-, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1992, 114, 8, 2788, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00034a004 . [all data]

Engelking and Lineberger, 1979
Engelking, P.C.; Lineberger, W.C., Laser photoelectron spectrometry of the negative ions of iron and iron carbonyls. Electron affinity determination for the series Fe(CO)n,n=0,1,2,3,4, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1979, 101, 5569. [all data]

Compton and Stockdale, 1976
Compton, R.N.; Stockdale, J.A.D., Formation of gas phase negative ions in Fe(CO)5 and Ni(CO)4, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys., 1976, 22, 47. [all data]

Miller and Beauchamp, 1991
Miller, A.E.S.; Beauchamp, J.L., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1991, 113, 8765. [all data]

Martinho Simões and Beauchamp, 1990
Martinho Simões, J.A.; Beauchamp, J.L., Chem. Rev., 1990, 90, 629. [all data]

Pearson and Mauermann, 1982
Pearson, R.G.; Mauermann, H., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1982, 104, 500. [all data]

Sweany, 1981
Sweany, R.L., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1981, 103, 2410. [all data]

Venkataraman, Bandukwalla, et al., 1989
Venkataraman, B.K.; Bandukwalla, G.; Zhang, Z.; Vernon, M., J. Chem. Phys., 1989, 90, 5510. [all data]

Nakajima, Taguwa, et al., 1994
Nakajima, A.; Taguwa, T.; Kaya, K., Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Iron Carbonyl Cluster Anions (Fen(CO)m(-), n=1-4), Chem. Phys. Lett., 1994, 221, 5-6, 436, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(94)00301-7 . [all data]

Pignataro and Lossing, 1968
Pignataro, S.; Lossing, F.P., Thermal decomposition of organometallic compounds in the ion source of a mass spectrometer, J. Organometal. Chem., 1968, 11, 571. [all data]


Notes

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