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Acetic acid, nonyl ester

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Gas Chromatography

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-180.1289.39Mijin and Antonovic, 200630. m/0.256 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2
CapillaryDB-580.1310.45Mijin and Antonovic, 200660. m/0.321 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2
CapillarySE-30100.1291.7Tudor, 199740. m/0.35 mm/0.35 «mu»m
CapillarySE-30120.1292.Haken and Korhonen, 1986N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30140.1292.Haken and Korhonen, 1986N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30160.1293.Haken and Korhonen, 1986N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30180.1293.Haken and Korhonen, 1986N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillarySE-30200.1285.Haken and Korhonen, 1986N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.33 mm
CapillaryOV-101200.1289.8Komárek, Hornová, et al., 1982N2; Column length: 15. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm
PackedSE-30140.1290.Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m
PackedSE-30180.1295.Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-11294.Allegrone, Belliardo, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 3. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 280. C
CapillaryDB-11293.Takeoka, Buttery, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryDB-11295.Takeoka, Buttery, et al., 199260. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 210. C

Kovats' RI, polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillaryOV-351120.1568.Haken and Korhonen, 1986N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-351140.1593.Haken and Korhonen, 1986N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-351160.1602.Haken and Korhonen, 1986N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-351180.1579.Haken and Korhonen, 1986N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
CapillaryOV-351200.1617.Haken and Korhonen, 1986N2; Column length: 25. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm
PackedCarbowax 20M140.1582.Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m
PackedCarbowax 20M180.1587.Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970Chromosorb W; Column length: 2. m

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1578.Umano, Hagi, et al., 1994He, 40. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1560.Buttery, Seifert, et al., 1982He, 1. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 170. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1570.Tressl, Friese, et al., 1978He, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 190. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryEquity-5MS1309.Belsito E.L., Carbone C., et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 250. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 50. C
CapillaryDB-51302.Choi, 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryMega 5MS1308.Verzera, Trozzi, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryRTX-51313.Dugo, Mondello, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 6. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 10. min
CapillaryDB-51302.Choi, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryMega 5MS1308.Verzera, Trozzi, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-51302.Choi, Kim. M.-S.L., et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-51325.Shalit, Katzir, et al., 2001He, 50. C @ 1. min, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryHP-51315.Kim, Thuy, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-51304.Song, Sawamura, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryMega 5MS1308.Verzera, la Rosa, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-11292.Stashenko, Villa, et al., 199560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 50. C @ 5. min, 2.5 K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-1011290.Yang, Sugisawa, et al., 1992N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011292.Yang, Sugisawa, et al., 1992N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
PackedSE-301296.van den Dool and Kratz, 1963Celite; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 228. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-521309.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.40 «mu»m, He; Program: 45 C (6 min) 3 C/min -> 111 0C 2 C/min -> 160 C 3 C/min -> 300 C (15 min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1581.Kourkoutas, Elmore, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 40. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1582.Choi, 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1585.Choi, 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1575.Choi, Kim. M.-S.L., et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1581.Choi and Sawamura, 200060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1573.Kim, Thuy, et al., 200030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 20. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1574.Mondello, Dugo, et al., 199560. m/0.32 mm/0.425 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 3. min, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 20. min
PackedCarbowax 20M1569.van den Dool and Kratz, 1963Celite 545, 4.6 K/min; Tstart: 75. C; Tend: 228. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1587.Klesk and Qian, 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(2min) => 2C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 230C (5min)
CapillaryDB-Wax1602.2Yang, Chyau, et al., 1998He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 50C => 2.5C/min => 150C => 1.5C/min => 210C
CapillaryDB-Wax1602.2Yang, Chyau, et al., 1998He; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: 50C => 2.5C/min => 150C => 1.5C/min => 210C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51284.Pattiram, Lasekan, et al., 201130. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min; Tstart: 35. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-11292.Sawamura, Onishi, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-51311.Bos, Koulman, et al., 200230. m/0.249 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min, 300. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-11311.Koulman, 199925. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 4. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 290. C
CapillaryOV-1011291.Camciuc, Bessière, et al., 199850. m/0.22 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 100. C @ 1. min, 1. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-5 MS1308.Gomez and Ledbetter, 1994Helium, 4. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryOV-1011292.Egolf and Jurs, 19932. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011290.Tamura, Yang, et al., 19932. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011292.Tamura, Yang, et al., 19932. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011291.Yang and Sugisawa, 1990N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011293.Yang and Sugisawa, 1990N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011293.Sugisawa, Yang, et al., 1989N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryOV-1011295.Sugisawa, Yang, et al., 1989N2, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tstart: 80. C; Tend: 200. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51300.Miyazaki, Plotto, et al., 201160. m/0.25 mm/1.00 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 40 0C 4 0C/min -> 230 0C 100 0C/min -> 260 0C (11.7 min)
CapillaryBPX-51316.se Souza, Cardeal, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 35 0C (5 min) 3 0C/min -> 210 0C 40 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min)
CapillaryBPX-51311.se Souza, Cardeal, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: not specified
CapillarySE-301292.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-51314.Jordán, Shaw, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 40C (6min) => 2.5C/min => 150C => 90C/min => 250C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1579.Sawamura, Onishi, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 70. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 230. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1581.Tu, Thanh, et al., 200260. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 2. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 230. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1560.Egolf and Jurs, 19932. K/min; Column length: 80. m; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryInnowax FSC1588.Baser, Özek, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min >220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryBP-211610.Salinas, Zalacain, et al., 200450. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C => 2.5C/min => 180C(2min) => 1C/min => 200C(10min)
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1560.Vinogradov, 2004Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1584.Erdemoglu, Sener, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1584.Kaya, Demirci, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Mijin and Antonovic, 2006
Mijin, D.; Antonovic, D.G., The temperature dependence of the retention index for n-alkyl esters of acetic, propionic, cyclohexanecarboxylic, benzoic and phenylacetic acid on DB-1 and DB-5 capillary columns, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., 2006, 71, 6, 629-637, https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC0606629M . [all data]

Tudor, 1997
Tudor, E., Temperature dependence of the retention index for perfumery compounds on a SE-30 glass capillary column. I. Linear equations, J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 779, 1-2, 287-297, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(97)00453-6 . [all data]

Haken and Korhonen, 1986
Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXXII. Capillary chromatography of C1-C18 monochlorinated n-alkyl acetates, J. Chromatogr., 1986, 356, 79-94, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)91468-7 . [all data]

Komárek, Hornová, et al., 1982
Komárek, K.; Hornová, L.; Churácek, J., Glass capillary gas chromatography of homologous series of esters. Separation of homologous series of esters of halogenated carboxylic acids on a glass capillary column with the non-polar stationary silicone phase OV-101, J. Chromatogr., 1982, 244, 1, 142-147, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)80131-4 . [all data]

Zarazir, Chovin, et al., 1970
Zarazir, D.; Chovin, P.; Guiochon, G., Identification of hydroxylic compounds and their derivatives by gas chromatography, Chromatographia, 1970, 3, 4, 180-195, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02269018 . [all data]

Allegrone, Belliardo, et al., 2006
Allegrone, G.; Belliardo, F.; Cabella, P., Comparison of volatile concentrations in hand-squeezed juices of four different lemon varieties, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 5, 1844-1848, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf051206s . [all data]

Takeoka, Buttery, et al., 1992
Takeoka, G.R.; Buttery, R.G.; Flath, R.A., Volatile constituents of Asian pear (Pyrus serotina), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1992, 40, 10, 1925-1929, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00022a040 . [all data]

Umano, Hagi, et al., 1994
Umano, K.; Hagi, Y.; Tamura, T.; Shoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Identification of volatile compounds isolated from round kumquat (Fortunella japonica Swingle), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1994, 42, 9, 1888-1890, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00045a011 . [all data]

Buttery, Seifert, et al., 1982
Buttery, R.G.; Seifert, R.M.; Ling, L.C.; Soderstrom, E.L.; Ogawa, J.M.; Turnbaugh, J.G., Additional aroma components of honeydew melon, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1982, 30, 6, 1208-1211, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00114a051 . [all data]

Tressl, Friese, et al., 1978
Tressl, R.; Friese, L.; Fendesack, F.; Köppler, H., Gas chromatographic--mass spectrometric investigation of hop aroma constituents in beer, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1978, 26, 6, 1422-1426, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf60220a037 . [all data]

Belsito E.L., Carbone C., et al., 2007
Belsito E.L.; Carbone C.; Di Gioia M.L.; Leggio A.; Liguoiri A.; Perri F.; Siciliano C.; Viscomi M.C., Comparison of the volatile constituents in cold-pressed bergamot oil and a volatile oil isolated by vacuum distillation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 19, 7847-7851, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf070997q . [all data]

Choi, 2005
Choi, H.-S., Characteristic odor components of kumquat (Fortunella japonica Swingle) peel oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 5, 1642-1647, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf040324x . [all data]

Verzera, Trozzi, et al., 2005
Verzera, A.; Trozzi, A.; Zappala, M.; Condurso, C.; Cotroneo, A., Essential Oil Composition of Citrus meyerii Y. Tan. and Citrus medica L. cv. Diamante and Their Lemon Hybrids, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 12, 4890-4894, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf047879c . [all data]

Dugo, Mondello, et al., 2004
Dugo, P.; Mondello, L.; Zappia, G.; Bonaccorsi, I.; Cotroneo, A.; Russo, M.T., The composition of the volatile fraction and the enantiomeric distribution of five volatile components of faustrime oil (Monocitrus australatica x Fortunella sp. x Citrus aurantifolia), J. Essent. Oil Res., 2004, 16, 4, 328-333, https://doi.org/10.1080/10412905.2004.9698734 . [all data]

Choi, 2003
Choi, H.-S., Character impact odorants of Citrus Hallabong [(C. unshiu Marcov × C. sinensis Osbeck) × C. reticulata Blanco] cold-pressed peel oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 9, 2687-2692, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf021069o . [all data]

Verzera, Trozzi, et al., 2003
Verzera, A.; Trozzi, A.; Gazea, F.; Cicciarelloi, G.; Cotroneo, A., Effects of rootstock on the composition of bergamot (Citrus bergamia Risso et Poiteau) essential oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 1, 206-210, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0206872 . [all data]

Choi, Kim. M.-S.L., et al., 2002
Choi, H.-S.; Kim. M.-S.L.; Sawamura, M., Constituents of the essential oil of cnidium officinale Makino, a Korean medicinal plant, Flavour Fragr. J., 2002, 17, 1, 49-53, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1038 . [all data]

Shalit, Katzir, et al., 2001
Shalit, M.; Katzir, N.; Tadmor, Y.; Larkov, O.; Burger, Y.; Shalekhet, F.; Lastochkin, E.; Ravid, U.; Amar, O.; Edelstein, M.; Karchi, Z.; Lewinsohn, E., Acetyl-CoA: alcohol acetyltransferase activity and aroma formation in ripening melon fruits, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 2, 794-799, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf001075p . [all data]

Kim, Thuy, et al., 2000
Kim, T.H.; Thuy, N.T.; Shin, J.H.; Baek, H.H.; Lee, H.J., Aroma-active compounds of miniature beefsteakplant (Mosla dianthera Maxim.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 7, 2877-2881, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf000219x . [all data]

Song, Sawamura, et al., 2000
Song, H.S.; Sawamura, M.; Ito, T.; Ido, A.; Ukeda, H., Quantitative determination and characteristic flavour of daidai (Citrus aurantium L. var. cyathifera Y. Tanaka) peel oil, Flavour Fragr. J., 2000, 15, 5, 323-328, https://doi.org/10.1002/1099-1026(200009/10)15:5<323::AID-FFJ918>3.0.CO;2-J . [all data]

Verzera, la Rosa, et al., 2000
Verzera, A.; la Rosa, G.; Zappalà, M.; Cotroneo, A., Essential oil composition of different cultivars of bergamot grown in Sicily, Ital. J. Food Sci., 2000, 12, 4, 493-501. [all data]

Stashenko, Villa, et al., 1995
Stashenko, E.E.; Villa, H.S.; Combariza, M.Y., Comparative study of Colombian rue oils by high resolution gas chromatography using different detection systems, J. Microcolumn Sep., 1995, 7, 2, 117-122, https://doi.org/10.1002/mcs.1220070204 . [all data]

Yang, Sugisawa, et al., 1992
Yang, R.; Sugisawa, H.; Nakatani, H.; Tamura, H.; Takagi, N., Comparison of odor quality in peel oils of acid citrus, Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gakkaishi, 1992, 39, 1, 16-24, https://doi.org/10.3136/nskkk1962.39.16 . [all data]

van den Dool and Kratz, 1963
van den Dool, H.; Kratz, P. Dec., A generalization of the retention index system including linear temperature programmed gas-liquid partition chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 1963, 11, 463-471, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(01)80947-X . [all data]

Mondello, Dugo, et al., 1995
Mondello, L.; Dugo, P.; Basile, A.; Dugo, G., Interactive use of linear retention indices, on polar and apolar columns, with a MS-library for reliable identification of complex mixtures, J. Microcolumn Sep., 1995, 7, 6, 581-591, https://doi.org/10.1002/mcs.1220070605 . [all data]

Kourkoutas, Elmore, et al., 2006
Kourkoutas, D.; Elmore, J.S.; Mottram, D.S., Comparison of the volatile compositions and flavour properties of cantaloupe, Galia and honeydew muskmelons, Food Chem., 2006, 97, 1, 95-102, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.03.026 . [all data]

Choi and Sawamura, 2000
Choi, H.-S.; Sawamura, M., Composition of the essential oil of Citrus tamurana Hort. ex Tanaka (Hyuganatsu), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 10, 4868-4873, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf000651e . [all data]

Klesk and Qian, 2003
Klesk, K.; Qian, M., Preliminary aroma comparison of Marion (Rubus spp. hyb) and Evergreen (R. laciniatus L.) blackberries by dynamic headspace/OSME technique, J. Food Sci., 2003, 68, 2, 697-700, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2003.tb05734.x . [all data]

Yang, Chyau, et al., 1998
Yang, M.-S.; Chyau, C.-C.; Horng, D.-T.; Yang, J.-S., Effects of Irradiation and Drying on Volatile Components of Fresh Shiitake edodes (Lentinus Sing), J. Sci. Food Agric., 1998, 76, 1, 72-76, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(199801)76:1<72::AID-JSFA921>3.0.CO;2-0 . [all data]

Pattiram, Lasekan, et al., 2011
Pattiram, P.D.; Lasekan, O.; Tan, C.P.; Zaidul, I.S.M., Identification of the aroma-active constituents of the essential oils of Water Dropwort (Oenanthe javanica) and Kacip Fatimah (Labisia pumilia), Int. Food Res. J., 2011, 18, 3, 1021-1026. [all data]

Sawamura, Onishi, et al., 2006
Sawamura, M.; Onishi, Y.; Ikemoto, J.; Tu, N.T.M.; Phi, N.T.L., Characteristic odour components of bergamot (Citrus bergamia Risso) essential oil, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 4, 609-615, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1604 . [all data]

Bos, Koulman, et al., 2002
Bos, R.; Koulman, A.; Woerdenbag, H.J.; Quax, W.J.; Pras, N., Volatile components from Anthriscus sylvestris (L.) Hoffm., J. Chromatogr. A, 2002, 966, 1-2, 233-238, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)00704-5 . [all data]

Koulman, 1999
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Notes

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