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Acetic acid, hexyl ester

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Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase CP-Wax CBInnowaxDB-FFAPDB-WaxCP-Wax 57 CB
Column length (m) 30.30.30.30.50.
Carrier gas HeliumHeliumHeliumHeliumHydrogen
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.20
Tstart (C) 50.40.50.40.35.
Tend (C) 150.250.250.230.150.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.8.4.3.4.
Initial hold (min)  1.4.2.5.
Final hold (min) 5.2.755.5.17.5
I 1272.1277.1270.1270.1257.
ReferenceAlves, da Penha, et al., 2012Siristova, Prinosilova, et al., 2012Osorio, Carriazo, et al., 2011Zhao, Xu, et al., 2009Callejon, Morales, et al., 2008
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxCarbowax 20MTR-WAXDB-WaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.25.60.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeliumH2HeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.400.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 30.60.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 210.260.200.230.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.5.3.4.4.
Initial hold (min)   10.2.2.
Final hold (min)  40.10.5.15.
I 1275.1282.1274.1254.1254.
ReferenceKumazawa, Itobe, et al., 2008Kafkas and Paydas, 2007Tena N., Lazzez A., et al., 2007Xu, Fan, et al., 2007Fan and Qian, 2006
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxTR-WAXDB-WaxInnowaxDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.60.30.60.60.
Carrier gas N2HeN2HeNitrogen
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.320.250.32
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.50
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.60.35.
Tend (C) 230.200.230.240.235.
Heat rate (K/min) 6.3.4.5.2.
Initial hold (min) 2.10.2. 4.
Final hold (min) 15. 5.30.30.
I 1270.1274.1263.1276.1291.
ReferenceFan and Qian, 2006, 2Salas J.J., Garcia-Gonzalez D.L., et al., 2006Fan and Qian, 2005Joichi, Yomogida, et al., 2005Qian and Wang, 2005
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxTR-WAXZB-WaxPEG-20MDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.30.50.60.
Carrier gas  H2Helium H2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.530.250.320.200.32
Phase thickness (mum) 1.0.250.250.200.25
Tstart (C) 50.40.40.40.40.
Tend (C) 180.200.250.180.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.5.3.4.
Initial hold (min) 10.10.2.5.5.
Final hold (min)   5.30.25.
I 1307.1274.1259.1278.1271.
ReferenceRizzolo, Cambiaghi, et al., 2005Salas, Sánchez, et al., 2005N/ANarain, Almeida, et al., 2004Dregus and Engel, 2003
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Supelcowax-10Supelcowax-10DB-WaxFFAPDB-Wax
Column length (m) 30.30.60.30.30.
Carrier gas HeHeHeH2He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.250.320.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.250.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 40.40.40.40.50.
Tend (C) 200.200.220.240.220.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.3.3.4.
Initial hold (min) 10.10.10.5.3.
Final hold (min)   10.  
I 1274.1269.1271.1272.1235.
ReferenceVichi, Castellote, et al., 2003Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2003Hayata, Sakamoto, et al., 2002Ducruet, Fournier, et al., 2001Weckerle, Bastl-Borrmann, et al., 2001
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxSupelcowax-10Supelcowax-10Supelcowax-10
Column length (m) 30.30.30.60.60.
Carrier gas HeHeHeHeHe
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.20.20.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum)   0.250.250.25
Tstart (C) 50.50.70.60.60.
Tend (C) 180.180.240.280.280.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.5.4.4.
Initial hold (min) 8.8.8.  
Final hold (min)   20.  
I 1289.1290.1268.1262.1267.
ReferenceFranco and Shibamoto, 2000Franco and Shibamoto, 2000Kim, Kim, et al., 2000Korány, Mednyánszky, et al., 2000Korány, Mednyánszky, et al., 2000
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxHP-InnowaxDB-WaxTC-Wax
Column length (m) 60.60.25.60.60.
Carrier gas HeliumHe He 
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.250.320.250.25
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25   
Tstart (C) 50.40.35.50.80.
Tend (C) 230.200.250.200.240.
Heat rate (K/min) 5.2.4.3.3.
Initial hold (min) 2.2.  5.
Final hold (min)    40. 
I 1273.1271.1267.1280.1265.
ReferencePaniandy, Chane-Ming, et al., 2000Umano, Hagi, et al., 2000Ong, Acree, et al., 1998Wada and Shibamoto, 1997Shuichi, Masazumi, et al., 1996
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Supelcowax-10DB-WaxSupelcowax-10Carbowax 20MDB-Wax
Column length (m) 60.30.90.80.60.
Carrier gas HeHydrogenHe He
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.320.250.20.322
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.500.25 0.25
Tstart (C) 40.30.35.70.50.
Tend (C) 200.190.220.170.230.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.2.2.4.
Initial hold (min) 3.6.20.  
Final hold (min) 30. 30.  
I 1279.1277.1270.1307.1270.
ReferenceWong and Lai, 1996Young, Gilbert, et al., 1996Girard and Lau, 1995Anker, Jurs, et al., 1990Engel, Flath, et al., 1988
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase Supelcowax-10Carbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 60.50.50.50.50.
Carrier gas  N2N2N2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.320.220.220.220.22
Phase thickness (mum)      
Tstart (C) 60.80.80.80.80.
Tend (C) 220.200.200.200.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.3.3.3.3.
Initial hold (min) 1.    
Final hold (min)      
I 1290.1264.1265.1264.1265.
ReferenceHamilton-Kemp, Andersen, et al., 1988Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1988Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1988Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1988Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1988
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type CapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillaryCapillary
Active phase DB-WaxDB-WaxCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20MCarbowax 20M
Column length (m) 60.60.50.50.50.
Carrier gas H2H2N2N2N2
Substrate      
Column diameter (mm) 0.250.250.220.220.22
Phase thickness (mum) 0.250.25   
Tstart (C) 30.30.80.80.80.
Tend (C) 180.180.200.200.200.
Heat rate (K/min) 2.2.3.3.3.
Initial hold (min) 2.2.   
Final hold (min)      
I 1272.1272.1264.1265.1264.
ReferenceTakeoka, Flath, et al., 1988Takeoka, Flath, et al., 1988Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1987Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1987Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1987
Comment MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI MSDC-RI
Column type Capillary
Active phase Carbowax 20M
Column length (m) 50.
Carrier gas N2
Substrate  
Column diameter (mm) 0.22
Phase thickness (mum)  
Tstart (C) 80.
Tend (C) 200.
Heat rate (K/min) 3.
Initial hold (min)  
Final hold (min)  
I 1265.
ReferenceMihara, Tateba, et al., 1987
Comment MSDC-RI

References

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Alves, da Penha, et al., 2012
Alves, V.C.C.; da Penha, M.F.A.; Pinto, N. deO.F.; Garruti, D. dosS., Volatile compounds profile of Musa FHIA 02: an option to counter losses by Black Sigatoka, Nat. Prod. J., 2012, 5, 55-60. [all data]

Siristova, Prinosilova, et al., 2012
Siristova, L.; Prinosilova, S.; Riddellova, K.; Hajslova, J.; Malzoch, K., Changes in quality parameters of vodka filtered through activated charcoal, Czech J. Food Sci., 2012, 30, 5, 474-482. [all data]

Osorio, Carriazo, et al., 2011
Osorio, C.; Carriazo, J.G.; Barbosa, H., Thermal and structural study of Guava (Psidium guajava L.) powders obtained by two dehydration methods, Quim. Nova, 2011, 34, 4, 636-640, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-40422011000400016 . [all data]

Zhao, Xu, et al., 2009
Zhao, Y.; Xu, Y.; Li, J.; Fan, W.; Jiang, W., Profile of volatile compounds in 11 brandies by headspace solid-phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Food. Sci., 2009, 74, 2, c90-c99, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.2008.01029.x . [all data]

Callejon, Morales, et al., 2008
Callejon, R.M.; Morales, M.L.; Ferreira, A.C.S.; Troncoso, A.M., Defining the typical aroma of sherry vinegar: sensory and chemical approach, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2008, 56, 17, 8086-8095, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf800903n . [all data]

Kumazawa, Itobe, et al., 2008
Kumazawa, K.; Itobe, T.; Nishimura, O.; Hamaguchi, T., A new approach to estimate the in-mouth release characteristics of odorants in chewing gum, Food Science and Technology Research, 2008, 14, 3, 269-276, https://doi.org/10.3136/fstr.14.269 . [all data]

Kafkas and Paydas, 2007
Kafkas, E.; Paydas, S., Evaluation and identification of volatile compounds of some promising strawberry genotypes using HS-SPME technique by GC-MS, World J. Agric. Sci., 2007, 3, 2, 191-195. [all data]

Tena N., Lazzez A., et al., 2007
Tena N.; Lazzez A.; Aparicio-Ruiz R.; Garcia-Gonzalez D.L., Volatile compounds characterizing tunisian chemiali and chetoui virgin olive oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 19, 7852-7858, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf071030p . [all data]

Xu, Fan, et al., 2007
Xu, Y.; Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds in Apple Cider Using Solvent-Assisted Flavor Evaporation and Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 8, 3051-3057, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0631732 . [all data]

Fan and Qian, 2006
Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds of Chinese Wuliangye and Jiannanchun Liquors by Aroma Extract Dilution Analysis, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 7, 2695-2704, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf052635t . [all data]

Fan and Qian, 2006, 2
Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Identification of aroma compounds in Chinese 'Yanghe Daqu' liquor by normal phase chromatography fractionation followed by gas chromatography/olfactometry, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 2, 333-342, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1621 . [all data]

Salas J.J., Garcia-Gonzalez D.L., et al., 2006
Salas J.J.; Garcia-Gonzalez D.L.; Aparicio R., Volatile compound biosynthesis by green leaves from an Arabidopsis thaliana hydroperoxide lyase knockout mutant, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2006, 54, 21, 8199-8205, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf061493f . [all data]

Fan and Qian, 2005
Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Headspace Solid Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography-Olfactometry Dilution Analysis of Young and Aged Chinese Yanghe Daqu Liquors, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 20, 7931-7938, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf051011k . [all data]

Joichi, Yomogida, et al., 2005
Joichi, A.; Yomogida, K.; Awano, K.; Ueda, Y., Volatile components of tea-scented modern roses and ancient Chinese roses, Flavour Fragr. J., 2005, 20, 2, 152-157, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1388 . [all data]

Qian and Wang, 2005
Qian, M.C.; Wang, Y., Seasonal Variations of Volatile Composition and Odor Activity Value of Marion (Rubus spp. hyb) and Thornless Evergreen (R.laciniatus L.) Blackberries, J. Food. Sci., 2005, 70, 1, c13-c20, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2005.tb09013.x . [all data]

Rizzolo, Cambiaghi, et al., 2005
Rizzolo, A.; Cambiaghi, P.; Grassi, M.; Zerbini, P.E., Influence of 1-Methylcyclopropene and Storage Atmosphere on Changes in Volatile Compounds and Fruit Quality of Conference Pears, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 25, 9781-9789, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf051339d . [all data]

Salas, Sánchez, et al., 2005
Salas, J.J.; Sánchez, C.; García-González, D.L.; Aparicio, R., Impact of the suppression of lipoxygenase and hydroperoxide lyase on the quality of the green odor in green leaves, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 5, 1648-1655, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf040331l . [all data]

Narain, Almeida, et al., 2004
Narain, N.; Almeida, J.N.; Galvão, M.S.; Madruga, M.S.; de Brito, E.S., Volatile compounds in passion fruit (Passiflora edulis forma Flavicarpa) and yellow mombin (Spondias mombin L.) fruits obtained by dynamic headspace technique, Cienc. Tecnol. Aliment. Campinas, 2004, 24, 2, 212-216, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-20612004000200009 . [all data]

Dregus and Engel, 2003
Dregus, M.; Engel, K.-H., Volatile constituents of uncooked Rhubarb (Rheum rhabarbarum L.) stalks, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 22, 6530-6536, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf030399l . [all data]

Vichi, Castellote, et al., 2003
Vichi, S.; Castellote, A.I.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; López-Tamames, E., Analysis of virgin olive oil volatile compounds by headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography with mass spectrometric and flame ionization detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 2003, 983, 1-2, 19-33, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)01691-6 . [all data]

Vichi, Pizzale, et al., 2003
Vichi, S.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; López-Tamames, E., Solid-phase microextraction in the analysis of virgin olive oil volatile fraction: characterization of virgin olive oils from two distinct geographical areas of Northern Italy, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51, 22, 6572-6577, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf030269c . [all data]

Hayata, Sakamoto, et al., 2002
Hayata, Y.; Sakamoto, T.; Kozuka, H.; Sakamoto, K.; Osajima, Y., Analysis of aromatic volatile compounds in 'Miyabi' melon (Cucumis melo L.) using the Porapak Q column, J. Jpn. Soc. Hortic. Sci., 2002, 71, 4, 517-525, https://doi.org/10.2503/jjshs.71.517 . [all data]

Ducruet, Fournier, et al., 2001
Ducruet, V.; Fournier, N.; Saillard, P.; Feigenbaum, A.; Guichard, E., Influence of packaging on the aroma stability of strawberry syrup during shelf life, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49, 5, 2290-2297, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0012796 . [all data]

Weckerle, Bastl-Borrmann, et al., 2001
Weckerle, B.; Bastl-Borrmann, R.; Richling, E.; Hör, K.; Ruff, C.; Schreier, P., Cactus pear (Opuntia ficus indica) flavour constituents - chiral evaluation (MDGC-MS) and isotope ratio (HRGC-IRMS) analysis, Flavour Fragr. J., 2001, 16, 5, 360-363, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1012 . [all data]

Franco and Shibamoto, 2000
Franco, M.R.B.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile composition of some Brazilian fruits: umbu-caja (Spondias citherea), camu-camu (Myrciaria dubia), araca-boi (Eugenia stipitata), and cupuacu (Theobroma grandiflorum), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 4, 1263-1265, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9900074 . [all data]

Kim, Kim, et al., 2000
Kim, H.-J.; Kim, K.; Kim, N.-S.; Lee, D.-S., Determination of floral fragrances of Rosa hybrida using solid-phase trapping-solvent extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 2000, 902, 2, 389-404, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00863-3 . [all data]

Korány, Mednyánszky, et al., 2000
Korány, K.; Mednyánszky, Zs.; Amtmann, M., Preliminary results of a recognition method visualizing the aroma and fragrance features, Acta Aliment., 2000, 29, 2, 187-198, https://doi.org/10.1556/AAlim.29.2000.2.9 . [all data]

Paniandy, Chane-Ming, et al., 2000
Paniandy, J.-C.; Chane-Ming, J.; Pierbattesti, J.-C., Chemical Composition of the Essential Oil and Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction of the Guava Fruit (Psidium guajava L.), J. Essent. Oil Res., 2000, 12, 153-158. [all data]

Umano, Hagi, et al., 2000
Umano, K.; Hagi, Y.; Nakahara, K.; Shoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile chemicals identified in extracts from leaves of Japanese mugwort (Artemisia princeps Pamp.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 2000, 48, 8, 3463-3469, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0001738 . [all data]

Ong, Acree, et al., 1998
Ong, P.K.C.; Acree, T.E.; Lavin, E.H., Characterization of volatiles in rambutan fruit (Nephelium lappaceum L.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 2, 611-615, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf970665t . [all data]

Wada and Shibamoto, 1997
Wada, K.; Shibamoto, T., Isolation and identification of volatile compounds from a wine using solid phase extraction, gas chromatography, and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1997, 45, 11, 4362-4366, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf970157j . [all data]

Shuichi, Masazumi, et al., 1996
Shuichi, H.; Masazumi, N.; Hiromu, K.; Kiyoshi, F., Comparison of volatile compounds berween the crude drugs, Onji-tsutsu and Onji-niki, Nippon nogei kagaku kaishi, 1996, 70, 2, 151-160. [all data]

Wong and Lai, 1996
Wong, K.C.; Lai, F.Y., Volatile constituents from the fruits of four Syzygium species grown in Malaysia, Flavour Fragr. J., 1996, 11, 1, 61-66, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1026(199601)11:1<61::AID-FFJ539>3.0.CO;2-1 . [all data]

Young, Gilbert, et al., 1996
Young, H.; Gilbert, J.M.; Murray, S.H.; Ball, R.D., Causal effects of aroma compounds on Royal Gala apple flavours, J. Sci. Food Agric., 1996, 71, 3, 329-336, https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(199607)71:3<329::AID-JSFA588>3.0.CO;2-8 . [all data]

Girard and Lau, 1995
Girard, B.; Lau, O.L., Effect of maturity and storage on quality and volatile production of 'Jonagold' apples, Food Res. Int., 1995, 28, 5, 465-471, https://doi.org/10.1016/0963-9969(96)81393-7 . [all data]

Anker, Jurs, et al., 1990
Anker, L.S.; Jurs, P.C.; Edwards, P.A., Quantitative structure-retention relationship studies of odor-active aliphatic compounds with oxygen-containing functional groups, Anal. Chem., 1990, 62, 24, 2676-2684, https://doi.org/10.1021/ac00223a006 . [all data]

Engel, Flath, et al., 1988
Engel, K.-H.; Flath, R.A.; Buttery, R.G.; Mon, T.R.; Ramming, D.W.; Teranishi, R., Investigation of volatile constituents in nectarines. 1. Analytical and sensory characterization of aroma components in some nectarine cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1988, 36, 3, 549-553, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00081a036 . [all data]

Hamilton-Kemp, Andersen, et al., 1988
Hamilton-Kemp, T.R.; Andersen, R.A.; Rodriguez, J.G.; Loughrin, J.H.; Patterson, C.G., Strawberry foliage headspace vapor components at periods of susceptability and resistance to Tetranychus urticae Koch, J. Chem. Ecol., 1988, 14, 3, 789-796, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01018773 . [all data]

Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1988
Mihara, S.; Tateba, H.; Nishimura, O.; Machii, Y.; Kishino, K., The volatile components of Chinese quince (Pseudocydonia sinensis Schneid) in Flavors and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Essential Oils, Fragrances and Flavors, Lawrence,B.M.; Mookherjee,B.D.; Willis,B.J., ed(s)., Elsevier, New York, 1988, 537-550. [all data]

Takeoka, Flath, et al., 1988
Takeoka, G.R.; Flath, R.A.; Güntert, M.; Jennings, W., Nectarine volatiles: vacuum steam distillation versus headspace sampling, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1988, 36, 3, 553-560, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00081a037 . [all data]

Mihara, Tateba, et al., 1987
Mihara, S.; Tateba, H.; Nishimura, O.; Machii, Y.; Kishino, K., Volatile components of Chinese quince (Pseudocydonia sinensis Schneid), J. Agric. Food Chem., 1987, 35, 4, 532-537, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00076a023 . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp, References