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Hydroxyl anion


Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas,1 bar172.47J/mol*KReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in December, 1970

Reaction thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
B - John E. Bartmess

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. A general reaction search form is also available. Future versions of this site may rely on reaction search pages in place of the enumerated reaction displays seen below.

Individual Reactions

Hydroxyl anion + Water = (Hydroxyl anion bullet Water)

By formula: HO- + H2O = (HO- bullet H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar113. ± 4.kJ/molAVGN/AAverage of 3 out of 7 values; Individual data points
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar118.J/mol*KPHPMSPaul and Kebarle, 1990gas phase; M
Deltar91.2J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1986gas phase; deuterated; M
Deltar87.0J/mol*KHPMSPayzant, Yamdagni, et al., 1971gas phase; M
Deltar79.9J/mol*KPHPMSArshadi and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; deuterated; M

(Hydroxyl anion bullet Water) + Water = (Hydroxyl anion bullet 2Water)

By formula: (HO- bullet H2O) + H2O = (HO- bullet 2H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar73.6kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1986gas phase; deuterated; M
Deltar75.kJ/molCIDHierl and Paulson, 1984gas phase; M
Deltar74.9kJ/molHPMSPayzant, Yamdagni, et al., 1971gas phase; M
Deltar68.6kJ/molPHPMSArshadi and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; deuterated; M
Deltar96.kJ/molCIDDePaz, Giardini, et al., 1970gas phase; deuterated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar89.5J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1986gas phase; deuterated; M
Deltar88.7J/mol*KHPMSPayzant, Yamdagni, et al., 1971gas phase; M
Deltar80.8J/mol*KPHPMSArshadi and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; deuterated; M

(Hydroxyl anion bullet 3Water) + Water = (Hydroxyl anion bullet 4Water)

By formula: (HO- bullet 3H2O) + H2O = (HO- bullet 4H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar50.2kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1986gas phase; deuterated; M
Deltar59.4kJ/molPHPMSArshadi and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; deuterated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar88.3J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1986gas phase; deuterated; M
Deltar123.J/mol*KPHPMSArshadi and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; deuterated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.kJ/molFAFehsenfeld and Ferguson, 1974gas phase; M

(Hydroxyl anion bullet 2Water) + Water = (Hydroxyl anion bullet 3Water)

By formula: (HO- bullet 2H2O) + H2O = (HO- bullet 3H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar67.8kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1986gas phase; deuterated; M
Deltar63.2kJ/molPHPMSArshadi and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; deuterated; M
Deltar75.kJ/molCIDDePaz, Giardini, et al., 1970gas phase; deuterated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar101.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1986gas phase; deuterated; M
Deltar104.J/mol*KPHPMSArshadi and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; deuterated; M

(Hydroxyl anion bullet 4Water) + Water = (Hydroxyl anion bullet 5Water)

By formula: (HO- bullet 4H2O) + H2O = (HO- bullet 5H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar48.1kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1986gas phase; deuterated; M
Deltar59.0kJ/molPHPMSArshadi and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; deuterated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar101.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1986gas phase; deuterated; M
Deltar139.J/mol*KPHPMSArshadi and Kebarle, 1970gas phase; deuterated; M

(Hydroxyl anion bullet 7Water) + Water = (Hydroxyl anion bullet 8Water)

By formula: (HO- bullet 7H2O) + H2O = (HO- bullet 8H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar41.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1986gas phase; deuterated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1986gas phase; deuterated; M

Free energy of reaction

DeltarG° (kJ/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
16.245.PHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1986gas phase; deuterated; M

(Hydroxyl anion bullet 4294967295Oxygen, atomic) + Oxygen, atomic = Hydroxyl anion

By formula: (HO- bullet 4294967295O) + O = HO-

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar533.21kJ/molN/ASmith, Kim, et al., 1997gas phase; Given: 14741.02(3) cm-1. dHacid(0K) = 389.11±0.014; B
Deltar533.88 ± 0.84kJ/molTherSchulz, Mead, et al., 1982gas phase; Given: 1.82767±0.00021 eV; B

(Hydroxyl anion bullet 5Water) + Water = (Hydroxyl anion bullet 6Water)

By formula: (HO- bullet 5H2O) + H2O = (HO- bullet 6H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar46.9kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1986gas phase; deuterated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar97.1J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1986gas phase; deuterated; M

(Hydroxyl anion bullet 6Water) + Water = (Hydroxyl anion bullet 7Water)

By formula: (HO- bullet 6H2O) + H2O = (HO- bullet 7H2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.5kJ/molPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1986gas phase; deuterated; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar100.J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1986gas phase; deuterated; M

Hydroxyl anion + Deuterium oxide = (Hydroxyl anion bullet Deuterium oxide)

By formula: HO- + D2O = (HO- bullet D2O)

Bond type: Hydrogen bond (negative ion to hydride)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar112.kJ/molPHPMSMeot-ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; OD-, D2O; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar92.9J/mol*KPHPMSMeot-ner and Sieck, 1986gas phase; OD-, D2O; M

Hydroxyl anion + Hydrogen = (Hydroxyl anion bullet Hydrogen)

By formula: HO- + H2 = (HO- bullet H2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar30.kJ/molCIDPaulson and Henchman, 1984gas phase; approximate value; M

Hydroxyl anion + Carbon dioxide = (Hydroxyl anion bullet Carbon dioxide)

By formula: HO- + CO2 = (HO- bullet CO2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar370.kJ/molCIDHierl and Paulson, 1984gas phase; M

Constants of diatomic molecules

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Klaus P. Huber and Gerhard H. Herzberg

Data collected through May, 1977

Symbols used in the table of constants
SymbolMeaning
State electronic state and / or symmetry symbol
Te minimum electronic energy (cm-1)
ωe vibrational constant – first term (cm-1)
ωexe vibrational constant – second term (cm-1)
ωeye vibrational constant – third term (cm-1)
Be rotational constant in equilibrium position (cm-1)
αe rotational constant – first term (cm-1)
γe rotation-vibration interaction constant (cm-1)
De centrifugal distortion constant (cm-1)
βe rotational constant – first term, centrifugal force (cm-1)
re internuclear distance (Å)
Trans. observed transition(s) corresponding to electronic state
ν00 position of 0-0 band (units noted in table)
Diatomic constants for 16OH-
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
a (3Pi) (28000) 1           
Merkel and Hamill, 1971
X 1Sigma+ 0 (3700) 2   (18.9) 2     (0.970) 2  

Notes

1Absorption (lambda < 3500 Å) and long lived emission (lambdamax ~4000 Å) in aqueous solutions.
2Estimates based on the analysis of photodetachment data, Branscomb, 1966, Celotta, Bennett, et al., 1974, Hotop, Patterson, et al., 1974.
3From D00(OH) and the electron affinities of OH and O.
4From high-resolution photodetachment studies of OH- and OD- Hotop, Patterson, et al., 1974; see also Branscomb, 1966, Kay and Page, 1966, Celotta, Bennett, et al., 1974.
5Anagolous to 3.

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Reaction thermochemistry data, Constants of diatomic molecules, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Chase, 1998
Chase, M.W., Jr., NIST-JANAF Themochemical Tables, Fourth Edition, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, Monograph 9, 1998, 1-1951. [all data]

Paul and Kebarle, 1990
Paul, G.J.C.; Kebarle, P., Thermodynamics of the Association Reactions OH- - H2O = HOHOH- and CH3O- - CH3OH = CH3OHOCH3- in the Gas Phase, J. Phys. Chem., 1990, 94, 12, 5184, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100375a076 . [all data]

Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Speller, 1986
Meot-Ner (Mautner), M.; Speller, C.V., The Filling of Solvent Shells in Cluster Ions: Thermochemical Criteria nd the Effects of Isomeric Clusters, J. Phys. Chem., 1986, 90, 25, 6616, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100283a006 . [all data]

Payzant, Yamdagni, et al., 1971
Payzant, J.D.; Yamdagni, R.; Kebarle, P., Hydration of CN-, NO2-, NO3-, and HO- in the gas phase, Can. J. Chem., 1971, 49, 3308. [all data]

Arshadi and Kebarle, 1970
Arshadi, M.; Kebarle, P., Hydration of OH- and O2- in the Gas Phase. Comparative Solvation of OH- by Water and the Hydrogen Halides. Effect of Acidity, J. Phys. Chem., 1970, 74, 7, 1483, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100702a015 . [all data]

Hierl and Paulson, 1984
Hierl, P.M.; Paulson, J.F., Translational energy dependence of cross sections for reactions of OH- (H2O)n with CO2 and SO2, J. Chem. Phys., 1984, 80, 4890. [all data]

DePaz, Giardini, et al., 1970
DePaz, M.; Giardini, A.G.; Friedman, L., Tandem-Mass-Spectrometer Study of Solvated Derivatives of OD-. Total Hydration Energy of the Proton, J. Chem. Phys., 1970, 52, 2, 687, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1673041 . [all data]

Fehsenfeld and Ferguson, 1974
Fehsenfeld, F.C.; Ferguson, E.E., Laboratory studies of negative ion reactions with atmospheric trace constituents, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 61, 3181. [all data]

Smith, Kim, et al., 1997
Smith, J.R.; Kim, J.B.; Lineberger, W.C., High-resolution Threshold Photodetachment Spectroscopy of OH-, Phys. Rev. A, 1997, 55, 3, 2036, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.55.2036 . [all data]

Schulz, Mead, et al., 1982
Schulz, P.A.; Mead, R.D.; Jones, P.L.; Lineberger, W.C., OH- and OD- threshold photodetachment, J. Chem. Phys., 1982, 77, 1153. [all data]

Meot-ner and Sieck, 1986
Meot-ner, M.; Sieck, L.W., Relative acidities of water and methanol, and the stabilities of the dimer adducts, J. Phys. Chem., 1986, 90, 6687. [all data]

Paulson and Henchman, 1984
Paulson, J.F.; Henchman, M.J., NATO Advanced Study Institute, Ionic Processes in the Gas Phase, Series C, M. A. Almoster - Ferreira, ed(s)., Reidel, Boston, 1984, 331. [all data]

Merkel and Hamill, 1971
Merkel, P.B.; Hamill, W.H., Evidence for a low-lying triplet state of the hydroxide ion, J. Chem. Phys., 1971, 55, 2174. [all data]

Branscomb, 1966
Branscomb, L.M., Photodetachment Cross Section, Electron Affinity, and Structure of the Negative Hydroxyl Ion, Phys. Rev., 1966, 148, 1, 11, https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.148.11 . [all data]

Celotta, Bennett, et al., 1974
Celotta, R.S.; Bennett, R.A.; Hall, J.L., Laser Photodetachment Determination of the Electron Affinities of OH, NH2, NH, SO2, and S2, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 60, 5, 1740, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1681268 . [all data]

Hotop, Patterson, et al., 1974
Hotop, H.; Patterson, T.A.; Lineberger, W.C., High resolution photodetachment study of OH- and OD- in the threshold region 7000-6450 Å, J. Chem. Phys., 1974, 60, 1806. [all data]

Kay and Page, 1966
Kay, J.; Page, F.M., Determination of electron affinities. Part 10. Electron affinity of hydroxyl, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1966, 62, 3081. [all data]


Notes

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