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Chromium ion (1+)


Ion clustering data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
M - Michael M. Meot-Ner (Mautner) and Sharon G. Lias
RCD - Robert C. Dunbar

Note: Please consider using the reaction search for this species. This page allows searching of all reactions involving this species. Searches may be limited to ion clustering reactions. A general reaction search form is also available.

Clustering reactions

Chromium ion (1+) + Argon = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Argon)

By formula: Cr+ + Ar = (Cr+ bullet Ar)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar6.9 ± 0.4kcal/molSIDTKemper, Hsu, et al., 1991gas phase; «DELTA»rH(0 K) = 6.55 kcal/mol, «DELTA»rS(100 K) = 14.4 cal/mol*K; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar15.8cal/mol*KSIDTKemper, Hsu, et al., 1991gas phase; «DELTA»rH(0 K) = 6.55 kcal/mol, «DELTA»rS(100 K) = 14.4 cal/mol*K; M

Chromium ion (1+) + Methylene = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Methylene)

By formula: Cr+ + CH2 = (Cr+ bullet CH2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar53.8 ± 1.9kcal/molCIDTGeorgiadis and Armentrout, 1989RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + Methyl radical = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Methyl radical)

By formula: Cr+ + CH3 = (Cr+ bullet CH3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar30.2 ± 2.3kcal/molCIDTGeorgiadis and Armentrout, 1989RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + Carbon monoxide = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Carbon monoxide)

By formula: Cr+ + CO = (Cr+ bullet CO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar21.4 ± 0.9kcal/molCIDTKhan, Clemmer, et al., 1993RCD

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
21.5 (+1.0,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet Carbon monoxide) + Carbon monoxide = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 2Carbon monoxide)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet CO) + CO = (Cr+ bullet 2CO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.6 ± 0.7kcal/molCIDTKhan, Clemmer, et al., 1993RCD

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
22.7 (+0.7,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet 2Carbon monoxide) + Carbon monoxide = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 3Carbon monoxide)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet 2CO) + CO = (Cr+ bullet 3CO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.9 ± 1.4kcal/molCIDTKhan, Clemmer, et al., 1993RCD

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
12.9 (+1.4,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet 3Carbon monoxide) + Carbon monoxide = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 4Carbon monoxide)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet 3CO) + CO = (Cr+ bullet 4CO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.2 ± 1.8kcal/molCIDTKhan, Clemmer, et al., 1993RCD

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
12.2 (+1.9,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet 4Carbon monoxide) + Carbon monoxide = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 5Carbon monoxide)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet 4CO) + CO = (Cr+ bullet 5CO)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.8 ± 0.7kcal/molCIDTKhan, Clemmer, et al., 1993RCD

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
14.8 (+0.7,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet 5Carbon monoxide) + Carbon monoxide = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 6Carbon monoxide)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet 5CO) + CO = (Cr+ bullet 6CO)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
31.0 (+1.9,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

Chromium ion (1+) + Carbon monosulfide = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Carbon monosulfide)

By formula: Cr+ + CS = (Cr+ bullet CS)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar38.9 ± 1.4kcal/molCIDTRue, Armentrout, et al., 2001RCD
Deltar37.8 ± 2.2kcal/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 2000RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + Acetylene = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Acetylene)

By formula: Cr+ + C2H2 = (Cr+ bullet C2H2)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
44.0 (+4.8,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

Chromium ion (1+) + Vinyl radical = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Vinyl radical)

By formula: Cr+ + C2H3 = (Cr+ bullet C2H3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar59.0 ± 2.3kcal/molCIDTFisher and Armentrout, 1992RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + Ethylene = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Ethylene)

By formula: Cr+ + C2H4 = (Cr+ bullet C2H4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar22.9 ± 2.6kcal/molCIDTSievers, Jarvis, et al., 1998RCD

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
29.9 (+4.5,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; «DELTA»rH>=, guided ion beam CID; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet Ethylene) + Ethylene = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 2Ethylene)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet C2H4) + C2H4 = (Cr+ bullet 2C2H4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.8 ± 2.6kcal/molCIDTSievers, Jarvis, et al., 1998RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + CHCH3 = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet CHCH3)

By formula: Cr+ + C2H4 = (Cr+ bullet C2H4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar52.0 ± 3.0kcal/molCIDTFisher and Armentrout, 1992RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + Ethyl radical = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Ethyl radical)

By formula: Cr+ + C2H5 = (Cr+ bullet C2H5)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar35.0 ± 2.1kcal/molCIDTFisher and Armentrout, 1992RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + Acetone-D6 = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Acetone-D6)

By formula: Cr+ + C3D6O = (Cr+ bullet C3D6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar37.3 ± 3.3kcal/molRAKLin, Chen, et al., 1997RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + Allene = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Allene)

By formula: Cr+ + C3H4 = (Cr+ bullet C3H4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar42.0 ± 2.0kcal/molCIDTFisher and Armentrout, 1992propyne or allene; RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + Acetone = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Acetone)

By formula: Cr+ + C3H6O = (Cr+ bullet C3H6O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar41.8 ± 3.3kcal/molRAKLin, Chen, et al., 1997RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + CHCH2CH3 = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet CHCH2CH3)

By formula: Cr+ + C3H6 = (Cr+ bullet C3H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar36.0 ± 3.0kcal/molCIDTFisher and Armentrout, 1992RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + C(CH3)2 = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet C(CH3)2)

By formula: Cr+ + C3H6 = (Cr+ bullet C3H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar39.0 ± 3.0kcal/molCIDTFisher and Armentrout, 1992RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + Isopropyl radical = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Isopropyl radical)

By formula: Cr+ + C3H7 = (Cr+ bullet C3H7)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar28.5 ± 1.3kcal/molCIDTFisher and Armentrout, 1992RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + n-Propyl radical = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet n-Propyl radical)

By formula: Cr+ + C3H7 = (Cr+ bullet C3H7)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar32.1 ± 1.4kcal/molCIDTFisher and Armentrout, 1992RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + 1,3-Diazine = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 1,3-Diazine)

By formula: Cr+ + C4H4N2 = (Cr+ bullet C4H4N2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar42.4 ± 1.5kcal/molCIDTAmunugama and Rodgers, 2001RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + Pyrrole = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Pyrrole)

By formula: Cr+ + C4H5N = (Cr+ bullet C4H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar42.5kcal/molRAKGapeev and Yang, 2000RCD

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet Pyrrole) + Pyrrole = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 2Pyrrole)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet C4H5N) + C4H5N = (Cr+ bullet 2C4H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar34.9kcal/molRAKGapeev and Yang, 2000RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + Pyridine = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Pyridine)

By formula: Cr+ + C5H5N = (Cr+ bullet C5H5N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar47.1 ± 2.8kcal/molCIDTRodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + Adenine = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Adenine)

By formula: Cr+ + C5H5N5 = (Cr+ bullet C5H5N5)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar55.1 ± 1.8kcal/molCIDTRodgers and Armentrout, 2002RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + Benzene, hexafluoro- = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Benzene, hexafluoro-)

By formula: Cr+ + C6F6 = (Cr+ bullet C6F6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar18.9kcal/molRAKRyzhov, 1999RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + Benzene, pentafluoro- = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Benzene, pentafluoro-)

By formula: Cr+ + C6HF5 = (Cr+ bullet C6HF5)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar23.7kcal/molRAKRyzhov, 1999RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + Benzene, 1,2,4,5-tetrafluoro- = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Benzene, 1,2,4,5-tetrafluoro-)

By formula: Cr+ + C6H2F4 = (Cr+ bullet C6H2F4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.6kcal/molRAKRyzhov, 1999RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + Benzene, 1,2,3,4-tetrafluoro- = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Benzene, 1,2,3,4-tetrafluoro-)

By formula: Cr+ + C6H2F4 = (Cr+ bullet C6H2F4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar25.4kcal/molRAKRyzhov, 1999RCD
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1.2350×10+6cal/mol*KRAKRyzhov, 1999RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + Benzene, 1,2,3,5-tetrafluoro- = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Benzene, 1,2,3,5-tetrafluoro-)

By formula: Cr+ + C6H2F4 = (Cr+ bullet C6H2F4)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar24.6kcal/molRAKRyzhov, 1999RCD
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1.2450×10+6cal/mol*KRAKRyzhov, 1999RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + 1,2,4-Trifluorobenzene = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 1,2,4-Trifluorobenzene)

By formula: Cr+ + C6H3F3 = (Cr+ bullet C6H3F3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar29.9kcal/molRAKRyzhov, 1999RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + 1,3,5-Trifluorobenzene = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 1,3,5-Trifluorobenzene)

By formula: Cr+ + C6H3F3 = (Cr+ bullet C6H3F3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar26.3kcal/molRAKRyzhov, 1999RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + 1,2,3-Trifluorobenzene = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 1,2,3-Trifluorobenzene)

By formula: Cr+ + C6H3F3 = (Cr+ bullet C6H3F3)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar29.3kcal/molRAKRyzhov, 1999RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + Benzene, 1,2-difluoro- = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Benzene, 1,2-difluoro-)

By formula: Cr+ + C6H4F2 = (Cr+ bullet C6H4F2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar32.9kcal/molRAKRyzhov, 1999RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + Benzene, 1,3-difluoro- = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Benzene, 1,3-difluoro-)

By formula: Cr+ + C6H4F2 = (Cr+ bullet C6H4F2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar32.0kcal/molRAKRyzhov, 1999RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + Benzene, 1,4-difluoro- = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Benzene, 1,4-difluoro-)

By formula: Cr+ + C6H4F2 = (Cr+ bullet C6H4F2)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar29.0kcal/molRAKRyzhov, 1999RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + Benzene, fluoro- = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Benzene, fluoro-)

By formula: Cr+ + C6H5F = (Cr+ bullet C6H5F)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar39.2kcal/molRAKRyzhov, 1999RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + Benzene = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Benzene)

By formula: Cr+ + C6H6 = (Cr+ bullet C6H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar40.2kcal/molMIDLin, Chen, et al., 1997, 2RCD
Deltar39.2 ± 3.3kcal/molRAKLin and Dunbar, 1997RCD
Deltar40.6 ± 2.4kcal/molCIDTMeyer, Khan, et al., 1995RCD

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
40.6 (+2.3,-0.) CIDMeyer, Khan, et al., 1995gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet Benzene) + Benzene = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 2Benzene)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet C6H6) + C6H6 = (Cr+ bullet 2C6H6)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar50.7 ± 9.1kcal/molRAKLin and Dunbar, 1997RCD
Deltar55.4 ± 4.3kcal/molCIDTMeyer, Khan, et al., 1995RCD

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
55.3 (+4.4,-0.) CIDMeyer, Khan, et al., 1995gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

Chromium ion (1+) + Toluene = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Toluene)

By formula: Cr+ + C7H8 = (Cr+ bullet C7H8)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar42.1 ± 3.3kcal/molRAKLin and Dunbar, 1997RCD

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet Toluene) + Toluene = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 2Toluene)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet C7H8) + C7H8 = (Cr+ bullet 2C7H8)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar53.1 ± 9.1kcal/molRAKLin and Dunbar, 1997RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + p-Xylene = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet p-Xylene)

By formula: Cr+ + C8H10 = (Cr+ bullet C8H10)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.0 ± 4.5kcal/molRAKLin and Dunbar, 1997RCD

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet p-Xylene) + p-Xylene = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 2p-Xylene)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet C8H10) + C8H10 = (Cr+ bullet 2C8H10)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar50.7 ± 6.9kcal/molRAKLin and Dunbar, 1997RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + Mesitylene = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Mesitylene)

By formula: Cr+ + C9H12 = (Cr+ bullet C9H12)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar46.1 ± 6.9kcal/molRAKLin and Dunbar, 1997RCD

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet Mesitylene) + Mesitylene = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 2Mesitylene)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet C9H12) + C9H12 = (Cr+ bullet 2C9H12)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar50.7 ± 9.1kcal/molRAKLin and Dunbar, 1997RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + chromium = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet chromium)

By formula: Cr+ + Cr = (Cr+ bullet Cr)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar37. ± 5.kcal/molICRCDHouriet and Vulpius, 1989gas phase; M
Deltar42.kcal/molEIHilpert and Ruthardt, 1987gas phase; from IP(Cr2) by EI and D(Cr2) by Knudsen cell, and IP(Cr); M
Deltar43. ± 5.kcal/molKC-MSHilpert and Ruthardt, 1987gas phase; data as evaluated by Houriet and Vulpius, 1989; M

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
29.9 CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet chromium) + chromium = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 2chromium)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet Cr) + Cr = (Cr+ bullet 2Cr)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
46.4 CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet 2chromium) + chromium = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 3chromium)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet 2Cr) + Cr = (Cr+ bullet 3Cr)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
23.9 CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet 3chromium) + chromium = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 4chromium)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet 3Cr) + Cr = (Cr+ bullet 4Cr)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
51.4 CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet 4chromium) + chromium = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 5chromium)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet 4Cr) + Cr = (Cr+ bullet 5Cr)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
40.9 CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet 5chromium) + chromium = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 6chromium)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet 5Cr) + Cr = (Cr+ bullet 6Cr)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
58.8 CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet 6chromium) + chromium = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 7chromium)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet 6Cr) + Cr = (Cr+ bullet 7Cr)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
51.9 CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet 7chromium) + chromium = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 8chromium)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet 7Cr) + Cr = (Cr+ bullet 8Cr)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
59.5 CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet 8chromium) + chromium = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 9chromium)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet 8Cr) + Cr = (Cr+ bullet 9Cr)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
55.4 CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet 9chromium) + chromium = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 10chromium)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet 9Cr) + Cr = (Cr+ bullet 10Cr)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
59.3 CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet 10chromium) + chromium = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 11chromium)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet 10Cr) + Cr = (Cr+ bullet 11Cr)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
61.7 CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet 11chromium) + chromium = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 12chromium)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet 11Cr) + Cr = (Cr+ bullet 12Cr)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
69.1 CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet 12chromium) + chromium = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 13chromium)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet 12Cr) + Cr = (Cr+ bullet 13Cr)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
70.3 CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet 13chromium) + chromium = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 14chromium)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet 13Cr) + Cr = (Cr+ bullet 14Cr)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
63.8 CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet 14chromium) + chromium = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 15chromium)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet 14Cr) + Cr = (Cr+ bullet 15Cr)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
67.4 CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet 15chromium) + chromium = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 16chromium)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet 15Cr) + Cr = (Cr+ bullet 16Cr)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
65.3 CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet 16chromium) + chromium = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 17chromium)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet 16Cr) + Cr = (Cr+ bullet 17Cr)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
49.7 CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet 17chromium) + chromium = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 18chromium)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet 17Cr) + Cr = (Cr+ bullet 18Cr)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
55.7 CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet 18chromium) + chromium = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 19chromium)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet 18Cr) + Cr = (Cr+ bullet 19Cr)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
69.1 CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet 19chromium) + chromium = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 20chromium)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet 19Cr) + Cr = (Cr+ bullet 20Cr)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
60.5 CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

Chromium ion (1+) + Water = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Water)

By formula: Cr+ + H2O = (Cr+ bullet H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar29. ± 3.kcal/molCIDMagnera, David, et al., 1989gas phase; M
Deltar21.9kcal/molCIDMarinelli and Squires, 1989gas phase; M

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
30.8 (+2.2,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet Water) + Water = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 2Water)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet H2O) + H2O = (Cr+ bullet 2H2O)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar29.5kcal/molCIDMarinelli and Squires, 1989gas phase; M

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
33.9 (+1.4,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet 2Water) + Water = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 3Water)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet 2H2O) + H2O = (Cr+ bullet 3H2O)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
12. (+12.,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet 3Water) + Water = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 4Water)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet 3H2O) + H2O = (Cr+ bullet 4H2O)

Enthalpy of reaction

DeltarH° (kcal/mol) T (K) Method Reference Comment
12.2 (+1.7,-0.) CIDArmentrout and Kickel, 1994gas phase; guided ion beam CID; M

Chromium ion (1+) + Ammonia = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet Ammonia)

By formula: Cr+ + H3N = (Cr+ bullet H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar43.5 ± 2.4kcal/molCIDTWalter and Armentrout, 1998RCD
Deltar37.4kcal/molCIDMarinelli and Squires, 1989gas phase; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet Ammonia) + Ammonia = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 2Ammonia)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet H3N) + H3N = (Cr+ bullet 2H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar42.8 ± 2.2kcal/molCIDTWalter and Armentrout, 1998RCD
Deltar40.8kcal/molCIDMarinelli and Squires, 1989gas phase; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet 2Ammonia) + Ammonia = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 3Ammonia)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet 2H3N) + H3N = (Cr+ bullet 3H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar12.9 ± 1.4kcal/molCIDTWalter and Armentrout, 1998RCD

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet 3Ammonia) + Ammonia = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 4Ammonia)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet 3H3N) + H3N = (Cr+ bullet 4H3N)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar7.2 ± 2.2kcal/molCIDTWalter and Armentrout, 1998RCD

Chromium ion (1+) + helium = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet helium)

By formula: Cr+ + He = (Cr+ bullet He)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1.3 ± 0.1kcal/molSIDTKemper, Hsu, et al., 1991gas phase; «DELTA»rH(0 K) = 0.98 kcal/mol, «DELTA»rS(100 K) = 13.3 cal/mol*K; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.8cal/mol*KSIDTKemper, Hsu, et al., 1991gas phase; «DELTA»rH(0 K) = 0.98 kcal/mol, «DELTA»rS(100 K) = 13.3 cal/mol*K; M

Chromium ion (1+) + neon = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet neon)

By formula: Cr+ + Ne = (Cr+ bullet Ne)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar1.6 ± 0.1kcal/molSIDTKemper, Hsu, et al., 1991gas phase; «DELTA»rH(0 K) = 1.38 kcal/mol, «DELTA»rS(100 K) = 13.3 cal/mol*K; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar14.6cal/mol*KSIDTKemper, Hsu, et al., 1991gas phase; «DELTA»rH(0 K) = 1.38 kcal/mol, «DELTA»rS(100 K) = 13.3 cal/mol*K; M

(Chromium ion (1+) bullet neon) + neon = (Chromium ion (1+) bullet 2neon)

By formula: (Cr+ bullet Ne) + Ne = (Cr+ bullet 2Ne)

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar0.9 ± 0.1kcal/molSIDTKemper, Hsu, et al., 1991gas phase; «DELTA»rH(0 K) = 0.90 kcal/mol, «DELTA»rS(100 K) = 6.8 cal/mol*K; M
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltar5.7cal/mol*KSIDTKemper, Hsu, et al., 1991gas phase; «DELTA»rH(0 K) = 0.90 kcal/mol, «DELTA»rS(100 K) = 6.8 cal/mol*K; M

References

Go To: Top, Ion clustering data, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Kemper, Hsu, et al., 1991
Kemper, P.R.; Hsu, M.T.; Bowers, M.T., Transition - Metal Ion - Rare Gas Clusters: Bond Strengths and Molecular Parameters for Co+(He/Ne)n, Ni+(He/Ne)n, and Cr+(He/Ne/Ar), J. Phys. Chem., 1991, 95, 26, 10600, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100179a022 . [all data]

Georgiadis and Armentrout, 1989
Georgiadis, R.; Armentrout, P.B., Reactions of Ground State Cr+ with C2H6, C2H4, cyclo-C3H6, and cyclo-C2H4O: Bond Energies for CrCHn+ (n= 1-3), Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Proc., 1989, 89, 2-3, 227, https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1176(89)83062-9 . [all data]

Khan, Clemmer, et al., 1993
Khan, F.A.; Clemmer, D.E.; Schultz, R.H.; Armentrout, P.B., Sequential Bond Energies of Cr(CO)x+, x=1-6, J. Phys. Chem., 1993, 97, 30, 7978, https://doi.org/10.1021/j100132a029 . [all data]

Armentrout and Kickel, 1994
Armentrout, P.B.; Kickel, B.L., Gas Phase Thermochemistry of Transition Metal Ligand Systems: Reassessment of Values and Periodic Trends, in Organometallic Ion Chemistry, B. S. Freiser, ed, 1994. [all data]

Rue, Armentrout, et al., 2001
Rue, C.; Armentrout, P.B.; Kretzschmar, I.; Schroeder, D.; Schwarz, H., Guided Ion Beam Studies of the Reactions of the State-Specific Reactions of Cr+ and Mn+ with CS2 and COS, Int. J. Mass Spectrom., 2001, 210/211, 283, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1387-3806(01)00400-6 . [all data]

Rodgers and Armentrout, 2000
Rodgers, M.T.; Armentrout, P.B., Noncovalent Metal-Ligand Bond Energies as Studied by Threshold Collision-Induced Dissociation, Mass Spectrom. Rev., 2000, 19, 4, 215, https://doi.org/10.1002/1098-2787(200007)19:4<215::AID-MAS2>3.0.CO;2-X . [all data]

Fisher and Armentrout, 1992
Fisher, E.R.; Armentrout, P.B., Activation of Alkanes by Cr+: Unique Reactivity of Ground-State Cr+(6S) and Thermochemistry of Neutral and Ionic Chromium-Carbon Bonds, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1992, 114, 6, 2039, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00032a017 . [all data]

Sievers, Jarvis, et al., 1998
Sievers, M.R.; Jarvis, L.M.; Armentrout, P.B., Transition Metal Ethene Bonds: Thermochemistry of M+(C2H4)n (M=Ti-Cu, n=1 and 2) Complexes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1998, 120, 8, 1891, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja973834z . [all data]

Lin, Chen, et al., 1997
Lin, C.-Y.; Chen, Q.; Chen, H.; Freiser, B.S., Bond Dissociation Energy Determinations for MOC(CH3)2+ and MOC(CD3)2+ (M=Cr, Mn) Using Continuous Ejection and Radiative Association Methods, Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Proc., 1997, 167/168, 713, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-1176(97)00131-6 . [all data]

Amunugama and Rodgers, 2001
Amunugama, R.; Rodgers, M.T., Periodic Trends in the Binding of Metal Ions to Pyrimidine Studied by Threshold Collision-Induced Dissociation and Density Functional Theory, J. Phys. Chem. A, 2001, 105, 43, 9883, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp010663i . [all data]

Gapeev and Yang, 2000
Gapeev, A.; Yang, C.-N., Binding Energies of Gas-Phase Ions with Pyrrole. Experimental and Quantum Chemical Results, J. Phys. Chem. A, 2000, 104, 14, 3246, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp992627d . [all data]

Rodgers, Stanley, et al., 2000
Rodgers, M.T.; Stanley, J.R.; Amunugama, R., Periodic Trends in the Binding of Metal Ions to Pyridine Studied by Threshold Collision-Induced Dissociation and Density Functional Theory, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2000, 122, 44, 10969, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja0027923 . [all data]

Rodgers and Armentrout, 2002
Rodgers, M.T.; Armentrout, P.B., Influence of d orbital occupation on the binding of metal ions to adenine, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2002, 124, 11, 2678, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja011278+ . [all data]

Ryzhov, 1999
Ryzhov, V., Binding Energies of Chromium Cations with Fluorobenzenes from Radiative Association Kinetics, Int. J. Mass Spectrom., 1999, 185/186/187, 913. [all data]

Lin, Chen, et al., 1997, 2
Lin, C.-Y.; Chen, Q.; Chen, H.; Freiser, B.S., Observing Unimolecular Dissociation of Metastable Ions in FT-ICR: A Novel Application of the Continuous Ejection Technique, J. Phys. Chem. A, 1997, 101, 34, 6023, https://doi.org/10.1021/jp970446a . [all data]

Lin and Dunbar, 1997
Lin, C.-Y.; Dunbar, R.C., Radiative Association Kinetics and Binding Energies of Chromium Ions with Benzene and Benzene Derivatives, Organometallics, 1997, 16, 12, 2691, https://doi.org/10.1021/om960949n . [all data]

Meyer, Khan, et al., 1995
Meyer, F.; Khan, F.A.; Armentrout, P.B., Thermochemistry of Transition Metal Benzene complexes: Binding energies of M(C6H6)x+ (x = 1,2) for M = Ti to Cu, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1995, 117, 38, 9740, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00143a018 . [all data]

Houriet and Vulpius, 1989
Houriet, R.; Vulpius, T., Formation of Metal Cluster Ions by Gas - Phase Ion - Molecule Reactions: the Bond Energies of Cr2+ and Mn2+, Chem. Phys. Lett., 1989, 154, 5, 454, https://doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(89)87130-1 . [all data]

Hilpert and Ruthardt, 1987
Hilpert, K.; Ruthardt, K., Determination of the dissociation energy of the Cr2 molecule, Ber. Bunsen-Ges. Phys. Chem., 1987, 91, 724. [all data]

Magnera, David, et al., 1989
Magnera, T.F.; David, D.E.; Michl, J., Gas -Phase Water and Hydroxyl Binding Energies for Monopoisitive First - Row Transition - Metal Ions, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1989, 111, 11, 4101, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00193a051 . [all data]

Marinelli and Squires, 1989
Marinelli, P.J.; Squires, R.R., Sequential Solvation of Atomic Transition Metal Ions: The Second Solvent Molecule Can Bind More Strongly than the First, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1989, 111, 11, 4101, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja00193a052 . [all data]

Walter and Armentrout, 1998
Walter, D.; Armentrout, P.B., Periodic Trends in Chemical Reactivity: Reactions of Sc+, Y+, La+, and Lu+ with H2, D2 and HD, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1998, 120, 13, 3176, https://doi.org/10.1021/ja973202c . [all data]


Notes

Go To: Top, Ion clustering data, References