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Benzyl nitrile

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Gas Chromatography

Go To: Top, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, William E. Wallace, director

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
CapillarySE-30100.1097.5Tudor, 199740. m/0.35 mm/0.35 «mu»m
PackedApiezon L130.1097.Wehrli and Kováts, 1959Celite; Column length: 2.25 m

Kovats' RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1143.Alissandrakis E., Tarantilis P.A., et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 40C(3min) => 3C/min => 160C => 10C/min => 200C

Kovats' RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-Wax1938.Tatsuka, Suekane, et al., 199060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1941.Tatsuka, Suekane, et al., 199060. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1890.Buttery, Kamm, et al., 1982He, 50. C @ 30. min, 1. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Tend: 170. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51160.Rout, Rao, et al., 200725. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryBPX-51161.Dickschat J.S., Wagner-Dobler I., et al., 200525. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillaryHP-5MS1140.Pino, Mesa, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryBPX-51161.Dickschat, Wenzel, et al., 200425. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 300. C
CapillarySPB-51137.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryHP-51145.Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 60. C @ 10. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryDB-51148.Dallüge, van Stee, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/1. «mu»m, He, 2.5 K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-51135.Nogueira, Bittrich, et al., 200130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-11103.Stashenko, Prada, et al., 199660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 3.5 K/min; Tend: 250. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-5MS1141.3Andriamaharavo, 201430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C (1 min) => 5 C/min => 210C => 10 C/min => 280C (15 min)

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1893.Verzera, Campisi, et al., 200560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 0.17 min, 2. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillaryAT-Wax1902.Pino, Almora, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 65. C @ 10. min, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1893.Verzera, Campisi, et al., 200160. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 45. C @ 0.17 min, 2. K/min; Tend: 250. C
CapillarySupelcowax-101919.Chung, 199960. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 35. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min, 195. C @ 90. min
CapillaryDB-Wax1927.Cha, Kim, et al., 199860. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 40. C @ 5. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1877.Schwab, Mahr, et al., 198930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 3. min, 4. K/min; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryCP-WAX 57CB1901.Baltes and Mevissen, 1988He, 50. C @ 5. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.24 mm; Tend: 210. C

Van Den Dool and Kratz RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryCP-Wax 52CB1931.Condurso, Verzera, et al., 200660. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 45C(5min) => 10C/min => 80C => 2C/min => 240C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, isothermal

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Column type Active phase Temperature (C) I Reference Comment
PackedApieson L200.1122.Wahlroos and Saarivirta, 1964Argon, Chromosorb P, silanized + 1 % Na caproate (60-80 mesh); Column length: 1.8 m

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryVF-5 MS1142.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryVF-5 MS1144.Leffingwell and Alford, 201160. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min; Tstart: 30. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1154.Miyazawa, Marumoto, et al., 201130. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 4. K/min, 260. C @ 5. min; Tstart: 40. C
CapillaryHP-5 MS1143.Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 201030. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 5. K/min, 290. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 70. C
CapillaryZB-51143.Harrison and Priest, 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 1. min, 6. K/min, 280. C @ 9. min
CapillaryHP-11112.Nyegue, Ndoye, et al., 200930. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 10. K/min; Tstart: 70. C; Tend: 220. C
CapillaryRTX-5 MS1145.Edris, Chizzola, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min
CapillaryZP-51144.Füssel, Dötterl, et al., 200760. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 40. C @ 7. min, 6. K/min, 260. C @ 1. min
CapillaryHP-1011162.Mastelic, Jerkovic, et al., 200625. m/0.2 mm/0.2 «mu»m, He, 70. C @ 2. min, 3. K/min, 200. C @ 15. min
CapillaryDB-51149.Rout, Naik, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryDB-51150.Rout, Naik, et al., 200630. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 200. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-11098.Valette, Fernandez, et al., 200650. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 40. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryHP-11095.Bendimerad and Bendiab, 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryBPX-51163.Dickschat, Martens, et al., 200525. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 5. K/min; Tend: 320. C
CapillaryHP-51138.1Leffingwell and Alford, 200560. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 30. C @ 2. min, 2. K/min, 260. C @ 28. min
CapillaryDB-11104.Nyegue, Belinga-Ndoye, et al., 200530. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-5MS1154.Robledo and Arzuffi, 200430. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, 30. K/min, 200. C @ 10. min; Tstart: 90. C
CapillaryOV-1011095.Agnaniet, Mounzeo, et al., 200325. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-51140.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200330. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, H2, 60. C @ 10. min, 4. K/min, 280. C @ 40. min
CapillarySPB-51150.Pino, Marbot, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 60. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 250. C @ 20. min
CapillaryDB-51142.Tellez, Khan, et al., 200230. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 3. K/min; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 240. C
CapillaryDB-11111.Stashenko, Torres, et al., 199560. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He, 50. C @ 5. min, 3.5 K/min; Tend: 250. C

Normal alkane RI, non-polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryDB-51140.Yusuf and Bewaji, 2011Helium; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified
CapillaryDB-5 MS1150.Cajka, Hajslova, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium; Program: 45 0C (0.75 min) 10 0C/min -> 200 0C 30 0C/min -> 245 0C (1.25 min)
CapillaryHP-5 MS1161.Chuang, Lee, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Hydrogen; Program: 50 0C (15 min) 2 0C/min -> 150 0C (10 min) 2 0C/min -> 220 0C (20 min)
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxane with 5 % Ph groups1137.Pino, Marbot, et al., 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryBPX-51144.Machiels, van Ruth, et al., 200360. m/0.32 mm/1. «mu»m, He; Program: 40C (4min) => 2C/min => 90C => 4C/min => 130C => 8C/min => 250 C (10min)
CapillaryPolydimethyl siloxanes1108.Zenkevich and Chupalov, 1996Program: not specified
CapillaryRSL-1501096.Buchbauer, Nikiforov, et al., 199460. m/0.32 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 30c (1.5min) => 20C/min => 55C => 6C/min => 200C(10min)
CapillaryOV-1, SE-30, Methyl silicone, SP-2100, OV-101, DB-1, etc.1094.Waggott and Davies, 1984Hydrogen; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Program: not specified

Normal alkane RI, polar column, temperature ramp

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryHP-Innowax1947.Soria, Sanz, et al., 200850. m/0.20 mm/0.20 «mu»m, Helium, 45. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 50. min
CapillaryInnowax1896.Bendimerad and Bendiab, 200550. m/0.2 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He, 2. K/min, 250. C @ 60. min; Tstart: 60. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1946.de la Fuente, Martinez-Castro, et al., 200550. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, Helium, 40. C @ 2. min, 4. K/min, 190. C @ 30. min
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1950.Agnaniet, Mounzeo, et al., 200325. m/0.22 mm/0.25 «mu»m, N2, 5. K/min; Tstart: 50. C; Tend: 200. C
CapillaryDB-Wax1910.Iwatsuki, Mizota, et al., 19994. K/min; Column length: 30. m; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Tstart: 60. C; Tend: 210. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1871.Kawakami, Ganguly, et al., 199560. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 60. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryPEG-20M1871.Togari, Kobayashi, et al., 199550. m/0.25 mm/0.15 «mu»m, He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1871.Kawakami and Kobayashi, 1991He, 60. C @ 4. min, 2. K/min; Column length: 50. m; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Tend: 180. C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1920.Buttery, Parker, et al., 198150. C @ 30. min, 1. K/min; Column length: 150. m; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Tend: 170. C

Normal alkane RI, polar column, custom temperature program

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Column type Active phase I Reference Comment
CapillaryBP-201907.Pontes, Marques, et al., 200730. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(1min) => 2.5C/min => 100C => 2C/min => 180C => 15C/min => 220C
CapillaryCarbowax 20M1893.Editorial paper, 2005Program: not specified
CapillaryHP-Innowax FSC1957.Demirci, Demirci, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C(10min) => 1C/min => 240C
CapillaryHP-Innowax1947.Piasenzotto, Gracco, et al., 200330. m/0.32 mm/0.5 «mu»m, He; Program: 50C(4min) => 10C/min => 230C(10min) => 10C/min => 250C
CapillaryHP Innowax FSP1957.Tasdemir, Demirci, et al., 200360. m/0.25 mm/0.25 «mu»m, He; Program: 60C(10min) => 4C/min => 220C (10min) => 1C/min => 240C

References

Go To: Top, Gas Chromatography, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Tudor, 1997
Tudor, E., Temperature dependence of the retention index for perfumery compounds on a SE-30 glass capillary column. I. Linear equations, J. Chromatogr. A, 1997, 779, 1-2, 287-297, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(97)00453-6 . [all data]

Wehrli and Kováts, 1959
Wehrli, A.; Kováts, E., Gas-chromatographische Charakterisierung ogranischer Verbindungen. Teil 3: Berechnung der Retentionsindices aliphatischer, alicyclischer und aromatischer Verbindungen, Helv. Chim. Acta, 1959, 7, 7, 2709-2736, https://doi.org/10.1002/hlca.19590420745 . [all data]

Alissandrakis E., Tarantilis P.A., et al., 2007
Alissandrakis E.; Tarantilis P.A.; Harizanis P.C.; Polissiou M., Comparison of the volatile composition in thyme honeys from several origins in Greece, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2007, 55, 20, 8152-8157, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf071442y . [all data]

Tatsuka, Suekane, et al., 1990
Tatsuka, K.; Suekane, S.; Sakai, Y.; Sumitani, H., Volatile constituents of kiwi fruit flowers: simultaneous distillation and extraction versus headspace sampling, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 12, 2176-2180, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00102a015 . [all data]

Buttery, Kamm, et al., 1982
Buttery, R.G.; Kamm, J.A.; Ling, L.C., Volatile components of alfalfa flowers and pods, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1982, 30, 4, 739-742, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00112a028 . [all data]

Rout, Rao, et al., 2007
Rout, P.K.; Rao, Y.R.; Sree., A.; Naik, S.N., Composition of essential oil, concrete, absolute, wax and headspace volatiles of Murrarya paniculata (Linn.) Jack flowers, Flavour Fragr. J., 2007, 22, 5, 352-357, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1804 . [all data]

Dickschat J.S., Wagner-Dobler I., et al., 2005
Dickschat J.S.; Wagner-Dobler I.; Schulz S., The chafer pheromone buibuilactone and ant pyrazines are also produced by marine bacteria, J. Chem. Ecol., 2005, 31, 4, 925-947, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10886-005-3553-9 . [all data]

Pino, Mesa, et al., 2005
Pino, J.A.; Mesa, J.; Muñoz, Y.; Martí, M.P.; Marbot, R., Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53, 6, 2213-2223, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0402633 . [all data]

Dickschat, Wenzel, et al., 2004
Dickschat, J.S.; Wenzel, S.C.; Bode, H.B.; Muller, R.; Schulz, S., Biosynthesis of Volatiles by the Myxobacterium Myxococcus xanthus, ChemBioChem, 2004, 5, 6, 778-787, https://doi.org/10.1002/cbic.200300813 . [all data]

Pino, Marbot, et al., 2004
Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Rosado, A.; Vázquez, C., Volatile constituents of Malay rose apple [Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. Perry], Flavour Fragr. J., 2004, 19, 1, 32-35, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1269 . [all data]

Flamini, Luigi Cioni, et al., 2003
Flamini, G.; Luigi Cioni, P.; Morelli, I., Short communication. Use of solid-phase micro-extraction as a sampling technique in the determination of volatiles emitted by flowers, isolated flower parts and pollen, J. Chromatogr. A, 2003, 998, 1-2, 229-233, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(03)00641-1 . [all data]

Dallüge, van Stee, et al., 2002
Dallüge, J.; van Stee, L.L.P.; Xu, X.; Williams, J.; Beens, J.; Vreuls, R.J.J.; Brinkman, U.A.Th., Unravelling the composition of very complex samples by comprehensive gas chromatography coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Cigarette smoke, J. Chromatogr. A, 2002, 974, 1-2, 169-184, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(02)01384-5 . [all data]

Nogueira, Bittrich, et al., 2001
Nogueira, P.C.L.; Bittrich, V.; Shepherd, G.J.; Lopes, A.V.; Marsaioli, A.J., The ecological and taxonomic importance of flower volatiles of Clusia species (Guttiferae), Phytochemistry, 2001, 56, 5, 443-452, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9422(00)00213-2 . [all data]

Stashenko, Prada, et al., 1996
Stashenko, E.E.; Prada, N.Q.; Martínez, J.R., HRGC/FID/NP and HRGC/MSD study of Colombian Ylang-Ylang (Cananga odorata) oils obtained by different extraction techniques, J. Hi. Res. Chromatogr., 1996, 19, 6, 353-358, https://doi.org/10.1002/jhrc.1240190609 . [all data]

Andriamaharavo, 2014
Andriamaharavo, N.R., Retention Data. NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center., NIST Mass Spectrometry Data Center, 2014. [all data]

Verzera, Campisi, et al., 2005
Verzera, A.; Campisi, S.; Zappalá, M., SUPELCO. Using SPME-GC-MS to characterize volatile components of honey as indicators of botanical origin, 2005, retrieved from http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/Brands/SupelcoHome/TheReporter.html. [all data]

Pino, Almora, et al., 2003
Pino, J.; Almora, K.; Marbot, R., Volatile components of papaya (Carica papaya L., maradol variety) fruit, Flavour Fragr. J., 2003, 18, 6, 492-496, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1248 . [all data]

Verzera, Campisi, et al., 2001
Verzera, A.; Campisi, S.; Zappalá, M.; Bonaccorsi, I., SPME-GC-MS analysis of honey volatile components for the characterization of different floral origin, Am. Lab. Fairfield Conn., 2001, 33, 15, 18-21. [all data]

Chung, 1999
Chung, H.Y., Volatile components in crabmeats of Charybdis feriatus, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1999, 47, 6, 2280-2287, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf981027t . [all data]

Cha, Kim, et al., 1998
Cha, Y.J.; Kim, H.; Cadwallader, K.R., Aroma-active compounds in Kimchi during fermentation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1998, 46, 5, 1944-1953, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf9706991 . [all data]

Schwab, Mahr, et al., 1989
Schwab, W.; Mahr, C.; Schreier, P., Studies on the enzymic hydrolysis of bound aroma components from Carica papaya fruit, J. Agric. Food Chem., 1989, 37, 4, 1009-1012, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00088a042 . [all data]

Baltes and Mevissen, 1988
Baltes, W.; Mevissen, L., Model reactions on roast aroma formation. VI. Volatile reaction products from the reaction of phenylalanine with glucose during cooking and roasting, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 1988, 187, 3, 209-214, https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01043341 . [all data]

Condurso, Verzera, et al., 2006
Condurso, C.; Verzera, A.; Romeo, V.; Ziino, M.; Trozzi, A.; Ragusa, S., The leaf volatile constituents of Isatis tinctoria by solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, Planta Medica, 2006, 72, 10, 924-928, https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2006-946679 . [all data]

Wahlroos and Saarivirta, 1964
Wahlroos, O.; Saarivirta, M., Benzyl cyanide, benzyl thiocyanate, and benzyl isothiocyanate, gas chromatographic data and determination, Acta Chemica Scandinavica, 1964, 18, 2191-2193, https://doi.org/10.3891/acta.chem.scand.18-2191 . [all data]

Leffingwell and Alford, 2011
Leffingwell, J.; Alford, E.D., Volatile constituents of the giant pufball mushroom (Calvatia gigantea), Leffingwell Rep., 2011, 4, 1-17. [all data]

Miyazawa, Marumoto, et al., 2011
Miyazawa, M.; Marumoto, S.; Kobayashi, T.; Yoshida, S.; Utsumi, Y., Determination of characteristic components in essential oils from Wisteria braphybotrys using gas chromatography - olfactometry incremental dilution technique, Rec. Nat. Prod., 2011, 5, 3, 221-227. [all data]

Radulovic, Blagojevic, et al., 2010
Radulovic, N.; Blagojevic, P.; Palic, R., Comparative study of the leaf volatiles of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. and Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. (Ericaceae), Molecules, 2010, 15, 9, 6168-6185, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules15096168 . [all data]

Harrison and Priest, 2009
Harrison, B.M.; Priest, F.G., Composition of peaks used in the preparation of malt for Scotch Whisky production - influence of geographical source and extraction depth, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2009, 57, 6, 2385-2391, https://doi.org/10.1021/jf803556y . [all data]

Nyegue, Ndoye, et al., 2009
Nyegue, M.; Ndoye, F.; Zollo, P.-H.A.; Etoa, F.-X.; Agnaniet, H.; Menut, C., Chemical and biological evaluation of essential oil of Pentadiplandra brazzeana (Nail.) roots from Cameroon, Adv. Phytoterapy Res., 2009, 91-107. [all data]

Edris, Chizzola, et al., 2007
Edris, A.E.; Chizzola, R.; Franz, C., Isolation and characterization of the volatile aroma compounds from the concrete headspace and the absolute of Jasminum sambac (L.) Ait. (Oleaceae) flowers grown in Egypt, Eur. Food Res. Technol., 2007, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-007-0623-y . [all data]

Füssel, Dötterl, et al., 2007
Füssel, U.; Dötterl, S.; Jürgens, A.; Aas, G., Inter- and intraspecific variation in floral scent in the genus Salix and its implication for pollination, J. Chem. Ecol., 2007, 33, 4, 749-765, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10886-007-9257-6 . [all data]

Mastelic, Jerkovic, et al., 2006
Mastelic, J.; Jerkovic, I.; Mesic, M., Volatile constituents from flowers, leaves, bark and wood of Prunus mahaleb L., Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 2, 306-313, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1596 . [all data]

Rout, Naik, et al., 2006
Rout, P.K.; Naik, S.N.; Rao, Y.R., Composition of the concrete, absolute, headspace and essential oil of the flowers of Michelia champaca Linn., Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 6, 906-911, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1742 . [all data]

Valette, Fernandez, et al., 2006
Valette, L.; Fernandez, X.; Poulain, S.; Lizzani-Cuvelier, L.; Loiseau, A.-M., Chemical composition of the volatile extracts from Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis 'Romanesco' cauliflower seeds, Flavour Fragr. J., 2006, 21, 1, 107-110, https://doi.org/10.1002/ffj.1530 . [all data]

Bendimerad and Bendiab, 2005
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Notes

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