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Nickel monochloride


Gas phase thermochemistry data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
Deltafgas182.00kJ/molReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in September, 1977
Quantity Value Units Method Reference Comment
gas,1 bar251.88J/mol*KReviewChase, 1998Data last reviewed in September, 1977

Gas Phase Heat Capacity (Shomate Equation)

Cp° = A + B*t + C*t2 + D*t3 + E/t2
H° − H°298.15= A*t + B*t2/2 + C*t3/3 + D*t4/4 − E/t + F − H
S° = A*ln(t) + B*t + C*t2/2 + D*t3/3 − E/(2*t2) + G
    Cp = heat capacity (J/mol*K)
    H° = standard enthalpy (kJ/mol)
    S° = standard entropy (J/mol*K)
    t = temperature (K) / 1000.

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View table.

Temperature (K) 298. - 1900.1900. - 6000.
A 31.48242-7.167234
B 21.1601227.70975
C -16.30392-4.470646
D 4.2124090.244915
E -0.09273938.41075
F 171.5030239.2625
G 283.8371289.2521
H 182.0040182.0040
ReferenceChase, 1998Chase, 1998
Comment Data last reviewed in September, 1977 Data last reviewed in September, 1977

Gas phase ion energetics data

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Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled as indicated in comments:
RDSH - Henry M. Rosenstock, Keith Draxl, Bruce W. Steiner, and John T. Herron

View reactions leading to ClNi+ (ion structure unspecified)

Ionization energy determinations

IE (eV) Method Reference Comment
11.4 ± 0.5EIMcKinley, 1964RDSH

Constants of diatomic molecules

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, References, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Data compiled by: Klaus P. Huber and Gerhard H. Herzberg

Data collected through March, 1975

Symbols used in the table of constants
SymbolMeaning
State electronic state and / or symmetry symbol
Te minimum electronic energy (cm-1)
ωe vibrational constant – first term (cm-1)
ωexe vibrational constant – second term (cm-1)
ωeye vibrational constant – third term (cm-1)
Be rotational constant in equilibrium position (cm-1)
αe rotational constant – first term (cm-1)
γe rotation-vibration interaction constant (cm-1)
De centrifugal distortion constant (cm-1)
βe rotational constant – first term, centrifugal force (cm-1)
re internuclear distance (Å)
Trans. observed transition(s) corresponding to electronic state
ν00 position of 0-0 band (units noted in table)
Diatomic constants for (58)Ni(35)Cl
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
Large number of R shaded emission bands in the regions 11000 - 15000 and 18000 - 26000 cm-1. The ground state has not been identified and all assignments must be considered as preliminary.
System A1: 24623.7 394.5 HQ 0.35 1        R 24613.4 HQ
More, 1938; missing citation
System A2: 2           R 24411.6 HQ
More, 1938; Mesnage, 1939; missing citation
System A3: 24138.3 380 H 3         R 24129.8 H
More, 1938; missing citation
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
System B1: 23347.1 375 H 4         R 23333.6 H
Reddy and Rao, 1960
System B2: 23233.1 406.6 H 2.75 5        R 23223.0 H
More, 1938; Mesnage, 1939; missing citation
System C: 22749.0 397.8 HQ 0.75 6        R 22738.8 HQ
More, 1938; Mesnage, 1939; missing citation
System D: 21914.7 398 HQ 7         R 21905.2 HQ
missing citation
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
System E1: 21762.2 405.2 H 1.3 8        R 21747.3 H
missing citation
System E2: 21649.4 383.1 HQ 9         R 21639.4 HQ
missing citation
System I: 20545.3 409.6 HQ 0.80 10         20534.4 HQ
Rao and Rao, 1969
System II: 20284.2 382.8 HQ 11         R 20264.0 HQ
Rao and Rao, 1969
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
System III: 19980.1 403.6 HQ 0.05 12         19967.0 HQ
Rao and Rao, 1969
System IV: 18689.4 412.6 H 1.60 13        R 18679.1 H
Rao and Rao, 1969
System F: 14441.2 407.2 H 2.5 14        R 14434.2 H
Rao, Reddy, et al., 1962
System G: 12976.5 395.0 H 1.55 15        R 12961.6 H
Rao, Reddy, et al., 1962
StateTeomegaeomegaexeomegaeyeBealphaegammaeDebetaereTrans.nu00
System H: 12276.8 416.0 HQ 16         R 12270.8 HQ
Rao, Reddy, et al., 1962
System I: 11913.1 395.0 H 1.40 17        R 11909.3 H
Rao, Reddy, et al., 1962
System J: 11511.3 398.7 HQ 1.45 18        R 11508.0 HQ
Rao, Reddy, et al., 1962

Notes

1omega"e = 415.5 omega"ex"e = 1.3 20
20-0 sequence only. 25
3omega"e = 397 21
4omega"e = 402 22
5omega"e = 426.3 omega"ex"e = 1.9 23
6omega"e = 418.2 omega"ex"e = 0.70 24
7omega"e = 417 25
8omega"e = 435.3 omega"ex"e = 1.85 25
9omega"e = 404.0 omega"ex"e = 1.65 25
10omega"e = 431.1 omega"ex"e = 0.20 $TRANS R
11omega"e = 423.9 omega"ex"e = 1.35
12omega"e = 430.0 omega"ex"e = 0.30 $TRANS R
13omega"e = 433.2 omega"ex"e = 1.65
14omega"e = 420 26
15omega"e = 424
16omega"e = 428
17omega"e = 402
18omega"e = 405.2 omega"ex"e = 1.15
19Thermochemical value (flame photometry.) Bulewicz, Phillips, et al., 1961.
20System 4 of More, 1938. Alternative assignments in Krishnamurty, 1952.
21System 3 of More, 1938. Alternative assignments in Mesnage, 1939, Krishnamurty, 1952.
22Alternative assignments in Mesnage, 1939, Krishnamurty, 1952.
23System 2 of More, 1938. Alternative assignments in Krishnamurty, 1952.
24System 1 of More, 1938. Alternative assignments in Krishnamurty, 1952.
25Alternative assignments in Krishnamurty, 1952.
26Results of a rotational analysis in Rao and Rao, 1969. Uncertain.

References

Go To: Top, Gas phase thermochemistry data, Gas phase ion energetics data, Constants of diatomic molecules, Notes

Data compilation copyright by the U.S. Secretary of Commerce on behalf of the U.S.A. All rights reserved.

Chase, 1998
Chase, M.W., Jr., NIST-JANAF Themochemical Tables, Fourth Edition, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, Monograph 9, 1998, 1-1951. [all data]

McKinley, 1964
McKinley, J.D., Mass-spectrometric investigation of the high-temperature reaction between nickel and chlorine, J. Chem. Phys., 1964, 40, 120. [all data]

More, 1938
More, K.R., Spectra of the monochlorides of nickel, cobalt and iron, Phys. Rev., 1938, 54, 122. [all data]

Mesnage, 1939
Mesnage, P., Recherches sur les decharges de haute frequence et leur application a la spectroscopie moleculaire, Ann. Phys. (Paris), 1939, 12, 5. [all data]

Reddy and Rao, 1960
Reddy, S.P.; Rao, P.T., The band spectra of NiCl and NiBr in the visible, Proc. Phys. Soc. London, 1960, 75, 275. [all data]

Rao and Rao, 1969
Rao, N.V.K.; Rao, P.T., The emission spectrum of nickel monochloride, Curr. Sci., 1969, 38, 589. [all data]

Rao, Reddy, et al., 1962
Rao, S.V.K.; Reddy, S.P.; Rao, P.T., New band systems of NiCl in the photographic infrared, Z. Phys., 1962, 166, 261. [all data]

Bulewicz, Phillips, et al., 1961
Bulewicz, E.M.; Phillips, L.F.; Sugden, T.M., Determination of dissociation constants and heats of formation of simple molecules by flame photometry. Part 8. Stabilities of the gaseous diatomic halides of certain metals, Trans. Faraday Soc., 1961, 57, 921. [all data]

Krishnamurty, 1952
Krishnamurty, V.G., The complex band spectrum of nickel chloride (NiCl), Indian J. Phys., 1952, 26, 207. [all data]


Notes

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